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International School of Theology-Asia Rev.

Bong Baylon 2nd Trimester 2012

Preaching 1 Session 13

Sermon Applications
Sources: Adams, Jay. Pulpit Speech. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1971. Baumann, J. Daniel. An Introduction to Contemporary Preaching. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1972. Chapell, Bryan. Christ-Centered Preaching. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1994. Hostetler, Michael. Introducing the Sermon: The Art of Compelling Beginnings. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1986. Mager, Robert. Preparing Instructional Objectives (Rev.Second Ed.) Belmont, CA: David S. Lake Publishers, 1984. Hobson, Steve. Class Notes: Preaching One. ISOT-Asia, 1993. Robinson, Haddon. The Heresy of Application. Leadership Journal. Fall, 1997. Weirsbe, Warren and Weirsbe David. The Elements of Preaching. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale, 1986. Introduction. "Where the application begins the sermon begins" C.H. Spurgeon "The layman should leave the church on Sunday morning not so much impressed with what happened during the hour he spent there as with what is going to happen because of the hour he spent there." Daniel D. Walker, Enemy in the Pew? (New York: Harper and Row, 1967), p. 94. I. Marks of An Effective Application

It is...

A. Personal - Answering "What shall we do?" (Acts 2:37; also 3:12) Use the word you, not just "we" or "they". Jesus in Sermon on Mount uses "you" over 100 times and "your" in addition! B. Relational - "Today if you hear my voice..." (Heb 3:7,15; 4:7) Not just "thus said the Lord," but "thus says the Lord". Speak to the needs of today, right now, in contemporary language. C. Specific - "Save yourselves from this corrupt generation." (Ac 2:40) Spirit guided to meet changing needs of audience. Prayerful audience analysis is crucial to determine real needs. (Acts 3:13-15) D. Clear and Concise - "how to" steps "Repent and be baptized..." (Ac 2:38)


Developing Biblical Applications A. The need to stay Biblical The nature of the Word, as Gods inspired, authoritative and holy Word, demands that we be true to the text. As we stand up to preach we are saying Thus sayeth the Lord. We better be sure that that is what the Lord sayeth or we loose our authority and our integrity. If we are free to grab any application from a text which seems to fit for our day, then we begin to teach our people that it is okay to apply Scripture in any way that seems to fit my own given situation. Always when we preach we want to be modeling an approach to the Scripture that is sensitive to the context of the text and to the purpose of the author. B. Application and Christ Centered Preaching In many cases the most effective place for developing the Christ-focus of the text will be in the application of the biblical principles derived from the text. First we state the biblical principles from the text as they would have been understood in the original authors time. Then we bring that principle across to our time by asking three important questions. 1. What does the passage teach us about God? (Theocentric focus). - His character, - His deeds towards man, - His purposes toward His creation - Etc. 2. What does the passage teach us about human nature? (Fallen Condition Focus). - Our need for strength - Our need for forgiveness - Our rebellion towards God and His Law - Our rejection of Gods Lordship - Our idolatrous heart 3. How does this passages teaching about God (Theocentric focus) and Man (Fallen Condition Focus) find its fulfillment in Christ? - Christ as the source of Grace for strength - Christ as the source of forgiveness for sin - Christ as motivation for obedience - Etc.

If we take the time to answer these three questions then we will most likely be able to apply the text in a way that is true to the context of the text, true to the redemptive purposes of the Scriptures and true to the contemporary situational needs of our audience. III. Types of Application A. Direct (you give them the "how to") 1. 2. 3. 4. Clear steps to accomplish Questions to answer for self-analysis and response Multiple choice of application, choose one Project to complete

B. Indirect (they must determine the "how to") 1. 2. 3. 4. Illustration of how truth applies to specific person Narration Testimony Hyperbole to prompt action

IV. Placement in the Sermon A. At the Introduction (in general terms) - show how the "Felt Need to Know" will be met though the Homiletical Idea's application to life. B. At every Main Point - but keep them general. Probing questions are especially good used this way. C. At the Conclusion - bear down on application here and develop into clear action step(s). The final challenge should be an ACTION POINT that AIMS at the sermon purpose. It is the core of the invitation. V. Common Mistakes A. Predictability - same generic prescriptions (EX. More Bible study, More prayer, Memorize, Tithe!) B. Insulting - the audience by giving no freedom to individualize, or insignificant action points that have no value for meeting real needs. Guilt, producing moralistic mini-sermons are insulting. C. Generalized - vague, moralism, guilt producing. Instead of convicting with a specific hook, bite, point to meet real need.

VI. Follow Through - (More when we get to lecture on Invitations) A. With response during service B. With steps following the service C. In other meetings during the week, especially accountability groups VII. The ACTION POINT Gives A Final Focused Challenge to Action. It A-I-M-S at accomplishing the purpose of the sermon. At the conclusion there should be a clear review of applications and focus on an Action Point that AIMS. It should be a focussed application directly related to the Purpose Statement. Here is where you challenge for life change!! This is the purpose of the sermon! This is critical! Don't be haphazard here! This application AIMS to be: A. The form of the Action Point. 1. A chieveable - it is an action that you can know when you have completed it. And, it is in reality do-able. 2. I ndividualized - it is flexible enough to be customized to the specific needs of an individual. Ex. - "Write your wife a love letter of at least 100 words describing the best memories you have of romantic times together. Give it to her before next Sunday." Ex. - "Choose an area of struggle in your life and commit for one week to praying every night for at least 5 minutes about the it claiming the promise we have studied this morning Jn 15:6,7." 3. M easurable (see below) - it is measurable in terms of outward behavior that may in fact be a process designed to produce inward change. 4. S ignificant - it is a life change in thinking, attitude or action. The commitment may be to stop thinking or doing something in a decisive act of repentance; or to begin thinking or doing something. It may be a one time act or the beginning of a longer term process. But it is life changing! B. Making The Action Point(s) Measurable (The form of Learning Objectives in these notes - specific action verbs used to clarify the outward expressions of the inner change. These actions can be observed & measured. See attached sheet & Robinson p. 111)

1. Performance - (Achievable, Measurable) what should a person in the audience be able to do? Ex. "Hey, watch me...[action verb]" Words like: "understand, appreciate, know" are not measurable How can you know when someone "understands, appreciates or knows"? You can't unless they can "explain, describe or list" 2. Conditions - under what conditions should he be able to do it? Ex. Explain without notes, in one sentence the task of World Missions as summarized in class. Ex. Recite word perfect 10 new memory verses each week without prompting. 3. Criterion - (Measurable) level of performance, how well should it be done? a) Time Ex. Spend at least 10 minutes each night before going to sleep in Scripture based prayer. b) Quality Ex. Explain without notes, in one sentence the task of World Missions as summarized in class. Ex. Recite word perfect 10 new memory verses each week without prompting. c) Quantity Ex. Recite word perfect 10 new memory verses each week without prompting.


Workshop #4 Sermon Applications

I. You are preaching a devotional message to the elders of your church at an elders retreat. Your church has just come through a difficult year of problems and challenges and your elders are discouraged and uncommitted to the work of shepherding. Your purpose is to renew their vision for ministry and motivation for continued service. Your text is 1 Peter 5:1-4. Your preaching idea is Hang on to Christ to keep on in the ministry. Your Functional Question is Why? (ie, why should I keep going in the ministry?) and your Point name is reasons. Your Outline is: I. Our authority comes from Christ (vs. 1), II. Our ministry comes from Christ (vss. 2-3), III. Our reward comes from Christ (vs. 4). Using the material covered in our class lecture on sermon applications, develop one application point for each of your main points of your sermon outline and one final Action Point that AIMS and accomplishes your sermons purpose. Using your Sermon One Text and Outline, write out your sermon purpose and your outline. Then write out one application point for each main point and one final Action Point that AIMS and accomplishes your sermons purpose. Note: you may utilize the applications and action points that you already developed for your sermon one, provided that they model effective sermon applications according to the guidelines in our class discussion.

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