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EVOLIUM Alcatel BSC/TC Description

TRAINING MANUAL 3FL 10474 ACAAWBZZA ed 1 November 2005

All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.
Alcatel 1

Safety Warning Both lethal and dangerous voltages are present within the equipment. Do not wear conductive jewelry while working on the equipment. Always observe all safety precautions and do not work on the equipment alone. Caution The equipment used during this course is electrostatic sensitive. Please observe correct anti-static precautions. Trade Marks Alcatel and MainStreet are trademarks of Alcatel. All other trademarks, service marks and logos (Marks) are the property of their respective holders including Alcatel. Users are not permitted to use these Marks without the prior consent of Alcatel or such third party owning the Mark. The absence of a Mark identifier is not a representation that a particular product or service name is not a Mark. Copyright This document contains information that is proprietary to Alcatel and may be used for training purposes only. No other use or transmission of all or any part of this document is permitted without Alcatels written permission, and must include all copyright and other proprietary notices. No other use or transmission of all or any part of its contents may be used, copied, disclosed or conveyed to any party in any manner whatsoever without prior written permission from Alcatel. Use or transmission of all or any part of this document in violation of any applicable Canadian or other legislation is hereby expressly prohibited. User obtains no rights in the information or in any product, process, technology or trademark which it includes or describes, and is expressly prohibited from modifying the information or creating derivative works without the express written consent of Alcatel. Alcatel, The Alcatel logo, MainStreet and Newbridge are registered trademarks of Alcatel. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Alcatel assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of the information presented, which is subject to change without notice. 2004 Alcatel. All rights reserved. Disclaimer In no event will Alcatel be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, including lost profits, lost business or lost data, resulting from the use of or reliance upon the information, whether or not Alcatel has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Mention of non-Alcatel products or services is for information purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Please refer to technical practices supplied by Alcatel for current information concerning Alcatel equipment and its operation.

Alcatel

Contents
ALCATEL 9120 Base Station Controller Description 1. Base Station Controller Introduction 1.1 BSS Architecture 1.2 BSC Main Functions 1.3 BSC Main Functional Units 2. BSC Functional Description 2.1 Telecommunication Functions 2.2 Transmission Functions 2.3 O&M functions 3. BSC Hardware Description 3.1 Global Overview 3.2 TSUs 3.3 DSN 3.4 Clocks 3.5 Broadcast Bus 3.6 TSCA 3.7 Power Supply 9 11 13 15

20 22 26 29 33 35 39 63 66 71 75 80

4. BSC Configurations 4.1Configurations and Boards Location 4.2 BSC Capacities 4.3 DTC Function Mapping 5. BSC Software Architecture 5.1 Definitions 5.2 Master File Organisation 5.3 BSS Files Names 5.4 BSS Files Numbers

95 97 99 104 107

85 87 89 91

Alcatel

Contents
ALCATEL 9120/9125 Transcoder Description 6 Transcoder Situation in the PLMN 1.1 Transcoder Situation 1.2 Transcoder Telecom Functions 1.3 Transcoder O&M Functions 1.4 Network Design for Alcatel 9125 TC 7 Transcoder Functional Architecture 2.1 Alcatel 9125 TC 2.2 MT120 Board Description 2.3 MT120 Board in Alcatel TC G2 8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture 3.1 Alcatel 9125 TC 3.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT 120 Board 3.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT 120 Board 9 Transmission Interfaces 4.1 Transmission Interfaces 4.2 Alcatel 9125 TC Interconnection 4.3 Cluster Definition 4.4 A, A-ter, A-ter Mux Time Slot Mapping Principle 10 Appendix

113 115 117 119 121 125 127 129 132 135 137 142 146 151 153 155 157 159 162

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Objectives
Course title : Language : Client (Company, centre) : Number of trainees : Location : dates from :

Contract number :

to :

Surname, First name :

Did you meet the following objectives ? Tick the corresponding box Please, return this sheet to the trainer at the end of the training
Instructional objectives 1 To be able to Describe the functions, the hardware, the configurations and the software architecture of the Alcatel 9120 BSC Describe the functions, the hardware and the transmission interfaces of Alcatel 9125 TC and TC G2 Yes (or Globally yes) No (or globally no) Comments

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Alcatel 9120 Base Station Controller (BSC) Description

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

1 Base Station Controller Introduction

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Alcatel

1 BSC introduction Objective and program


> Objective: To be able to define the role of the BSC in the GSM network > Program: page number

1.1 BSS Architecture

1.2 BSC main functions

11 13

1.3 BSC main functional units

15

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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1 Base Station Controller Introduction

1.1 BSS Architecture

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1.1 BSS Architecture Architecture of the BSS


> BSS location in the PLMN BSSs
B T S

B T S

b is A -

BSC

A-t er

T C

MSC

BSC
B T S

Alcatel 9135 MFS


HLR

Lg Lh
GMLC

Public Switched Network

Gb
CBC
OMC-R MSC

SAGI

SGSN

IP GPRS Backbone

GGSN

Internet

NMC
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

A-GPS server

GPS Receivers Reference network


12 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> This course is the BSC and TC G2 description. > The BSC is connected to the BTS with Abis links and to MFS or TC using Atermux links. > During this course we are going to study the BSC in details: architecture and functions. > On this drawing you can see equipment which belong to the BSS: BTS, BSC, MFS and TC. > MSC belongs to the NSS, SGSN and GGSN belong to the GSS (GPRS sub system)

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1 Base Station Controller Introduction

1.2 BSC Main Functions

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> The BSC performs:


1.2 BSC Main Functions List of the BSC main functions


Telecommunication functions Transmission functions O&M functions
B T S

BSC

T C

> BSC functions are divided into sub-functions:


B T S

Provision of signaling links to the MSC Signaling control of BTSs and MSs

Signaling control of the links with the MFS

Switching of traffic between the MSC and the BTSs Routing of traffic between the MFS and the BTSs Provision of O&M facilities

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

14 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The BSC provides GSM facilities for circuit-switched traffic and GPRS facilities to allow the transfer of data in packet mode. > The BSC manages radio resources and radio parameters. It shares the resources between circuit-switched and packet-switched traffic. > The BSC performs fault management and correlation for the various transmission equipments.

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1 Base Station Controller Introduction

1.3 BSC Main Functional Units

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> BSC basic architecture


TSCA FUNCTION
Transmission Submultiplexer Controller

1.3 BSC Main Functional Units Main functional units

Qmux bus TC and/or MFS

BTS

Abis TSU TCU FUNCTION


TM Terminal

DSN

Ater TSU DTC FUNCTION


TM Terminal

COMON FUNCTIONS
OMC-R Cell Broadcast BSC Center Terminal
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Common TSU

Broadcast, Clock & Alarm System

Clock A Clock B

External Alarms

BC Buses to all CEs

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> The BSC is made of several entities interconnected each other by the Digital switch network (DSN). > The main entities are ABIS TSU, ATER TSU and COMMON TSU. > On the ABIS TSU are connected the BTS. One ABIS TSU have 6 ABIS links. > The number of BTSs that can be connected to one ABIS TSU depends on the number of TRXs per BTS and on the TRX transmission pool configuration. > The TransCoder ( TC) and/or the MFS are connected to the Ater TSU by means of links called Ater Mux in the Alcatel Solution instead of Ater due to the multiplexing done at BSC and TC level. One Ater Tsu can handle 4 links. > The BSS Software is handled by the COMMON TSU. During commissioning, the BSS build is downloaded and saved using the Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT). If the OMC-R is connected directly to the BSC (this solution is not usually used), the connection is done on the COMMON TSU. > ATER, ABIS and COMMON TSUs are going to handle telecom and O&M functions. Depending on the software release, some functions may be implemented in different components of the BSC. > Although clocks and alarms are provided by the BSC, redundancy is used for clocks for safety reasons. > The TSCA board ensures the collection of transmission faults and configuration files from the COMMON TSU. This is done using the Qmux bus connecting the TSCA board to the transmission boards.

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> The BSC is made up of several entities:

1.3 BSC Main Functional Units Main functional units


Terminal Sub Units (TSUs)

A Digital Switching Network (DSN) Common resources


Abis TCU functions Ater DTC functions Common CPRC functions

A transmission controller TSCA Power supply

Broadcast bus Clock synchronization and generation Alarm system

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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Alcatel

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1 Base Station Controller Introduction Exercises

What are the BSC main functions ? What are the different external interfaces involved in the BSC ? Give the BSC main entities Draw the interconnections between BSC entities

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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Alcatel

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1 Base Station Controller Introduction Evaluation


> Objective: to be able to define the role of the BSC in the GSM network

Thank you for answering the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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2 BSC Functional Description

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2 BSC functional description Objective and program


> Objective: to be able to describe BSC functions.

> Program:

2.1 Telecommunication functions 2.2 Transmission functions 2.3 O&M Functions

page number
26 22 29

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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2 BSC Functional Description

2.1 Telecommunication Functions

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2.1 Telecommunication Functions GSM & GPRS Telecommunication Functions of the BSC

GSM Radio Frequency Management


Broadcast and Common control channels Signaling channels Radio measurement processing In Call Modification handling

GPRS Radio Frequency Management


Packet Broadcast and Common control channels Packet Signaling channels Packet Data channels

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

23 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> In the Alcatel system, BTSs are responsible to handle physical resources. > Logical resources like Radio frequency management (GSM & GPRS) and TCH management are handled by the BSC. Every half second, each BTS sends radio measurements to the BSC. Those measurements are processed by the BSC which can take the handover decision in some cases. > In order to use Packet Broadcast and Common channels (PBCCH, PRACH, PPCH, PAGCH) in a GPRS context, a Master PDCH has to be activated in the corresponding cell. > Otherwise the GPRS will use the normal GSM Broadcast and Common channels (BCCH, RACH, PCH, AGCH).

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2.1 Telecommunication Functions GSM & GPRS Telecommunication Functions of the BSC

GSM & GPRS Traffic Channel Resource Management


Establishes and releases radio resources Queues requests Selects TCH for handovers

GSM & GPRS Supervision


Central Trace

Monitors and controls mobile traffic Processes overloads

Short Message Service

Interface with the MSC and the MFS (SMLC function) for LCS
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Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> SMLC > LCS

Serving Mobile Location Centre Location Service

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2.1 Telecommunication Functions GSM & GPRS Telecommunication Functions of the BSC

BSSAP: BSS Application Part handles message distribution between the MSC and MSs.

DTAP: Direct Transfer Application Part

BSSMAP: BSS Management Application Part


Transparent messages dedicated to mobiles Non-Transparent messages Radio Channel Management

BSCGP: BSC GPRS Protocol Alcatel proprietary protocol


(de)allocation of PDCH and MPDCH within a cell activation / release of PDCH GSM / GPRS paging, GPRS access procedure
25 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> The BSSAP protocol handles the messages which are really generated or interpreted by the BSC itself. > In fact this protocol is split in two: one is called BSSMAP and concerns messages between the BSC and the MSC (TCH allocation between BSC and MSC, handover execution, dedicated channel release, ciphering, etc.). The other one is called DTAP and is used as a transparent relay in the BSC for messages between MSs and the MSC (setup, alert messages).

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2 BSC Functional Description

2.2 Transmission Functions

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2.2 Transmission Functions BSCs Transmission functions


BSC ADAPT: Base station Interface Equipment

The Sub-Multiplexer (SM) is used between BSC and TC TSCA: Transmission Sub-system Controller

Performs signaling and sub-multiplexing on the Abis interface minimizes the number of PCM links

TSL link

Manages the Qmux submultiplexer bus Polling of the transmission elements Sending data to the transmission elements allows BSC to receive fault messages and reports enables data transfer between TSC and BSC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

27 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> For transmission, two kinds of functions are used in the BSC: The BTS ADAPT between the BSC and BTSs. This function performs an 8 to 6 sub-multiplexing, traffic and signaling resources re-organization as we are going to see later. The SM between the BSC and the TC. This function performs a 4 to 1 sub multiplexing on the Ater link. > The 16-kbit/s TCH channels converted in the TC from 64-kbit/s channels are inserted 4 by 4 on one 64-kbit/s TS between the BSC and the TC. > Signaling channels like (No.7, X.25) are sent transparently on the link, the sub-multiplexing allows of course alarms reporting on PCM links. > The Transmission Sub-system Controller is used to report transmission faults to the Common TSU and to program the transmission boards configuration. The last function is done using transmission configuration information which are part of the BSS DB. The TSC is connected to the transmission boards using a Qmux bus. When the equipment to manage is distant (BTS, TC), a remote Qmux bus is used as well as a nibble (2 bits on a TS) to transport the necessary information. > The TSCA function is hosted by the BSC but is not correlated with any other BSC function. The TSC is not connected to the Common TSU by the DSN. A special link called TSL is then used between the TSC and the Common TSU. This link uses the first BIE of the first ABIS TSU of each BSC rack.

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2.2 Transmission Functions BSCs Transmission architecture


>
A-bis Interface
BSC Site

Transmission architecture in the BSC


A-ter Mux Interfaces

To / From BTS

BSC ADAPT +++++++


********* +++ ****

SM
Qmux Bus Qmux Bus

Qmux Bus
2

TSL

SM

Qmux Bus

TSCA
Qmux Bus Qmux Bus

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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2 BSC Functional Description

2.3 O&M Functions

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2.3 O&M Functions List of the O&M functions


Database management

Downloading

Performance management

Hardware configuration management Logical configuration management Fault management Software & Database configuration management Radio resource configuration Data server functions Network element supervision

BSC
BSC terminal OMC-R MSC

Transmission module maintenance On-line extension & reduction

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

30 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> All those functions are performed by the BSC and the OMC/R. > If the OMC/R is not connected, the network is still operational, but these tasks may not be performed.

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2 BSC Functional Description Exercises

Give at least 2 examples of :


Transmission functions O&M functions

Telecommunication functions

What is the purpose of the TSL link ? What kind of board manages the TSCA ? What is the purpose of BSC ADAPT and SM functions ?
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 31 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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2 BSC Functional Description Evaluation

> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC functions

Thank you for answering the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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3 BSC Hardware Description

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3 BSC Hardware Description Objective and program


> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC hardware. > Program:

3.1 Global Overview 3.2 TSUs 3.3 DSN

page number

35 39 63 66 71 75 80

3.4 Clocks 3.6 TSCA

3.5 Broadcast Bus 3.7 Power supply


34 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.1 Global Overview

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> Definitions

3.1 Global Overview Definitions


Control Element (CE): There are three types of control elements. Each control element comprises a single PBA

CPRC DTCC TCUC

CPR DTC TCU

Common Processor Function Digital Trunk Controller Function Terminal Contriller Function

Terminal Sub Units (TSU). Each TSU has eight control elements. All the control elements in a TSU are connected to the DSN via an Access Switch pair Digital Switching Network (DSN): an 8-plane group switch which interconnects TSUs
36 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> Those definitions dont take into account the transmission equipment of the BSC. A transmission equipment is called Network Element (NE). The NE in the BSC are BIUA and ASMB boards. In the TC a NE is associated with ASMC, ATBX and MT120 boards. > There are three types of CPRC: System, broadcast and OSI. > The DSN is composed of switch boards interconnected together. The DSN provides time-space switching.

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> EVOLIUM BSC consists of three building blocks:


3.1 Global Overview Building blocks

A-bis TSU to connect BTS and TRX (or TRE)

A-ter TSU to provide the connection to the Transcoder

Capacity of 32 FR TRXs per TSU (16 DR TRXs) and 8 extensions nibbles Capacity of 240 channels per TSU and 2 N7 signalling Channels All modules in hot-standby Two spare slots for future extensions

Common Functions TSU to provide the O&M and system functions for the BSC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

37 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> One ABIS TSU can handle a maximum of 32 TRXs because one ABIS TSU is able to carry 256 TCHs maximum. (One FR TRX manage 8 FR TCHs and max. 16 HR TCHs maximum). More details will be given after. > One ATER TSU can handle a maximum of 240 traffic channels because one ATER TSU provides 8 PCM links to the transcoder. Some TSs are reserved for PCM transmission monitoring, other TSs are reserved for signaling (X25, No 7, etc.). > The COMMON TSU has 6 boards instead of 8.

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> BSC architecture

3.1 Global Overview BSCs functional architecture


Group Switch 8 Planes 2 Stages self-routing

Abis TSU
TCUC TCUC

Ater TSU
DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC

6x G.703 Abis I/F


BIUA

TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC

ASMB

AS

AS

DTCC

ASMB

2x G.703 Ater mux I/F

TSL

Q1 bus
AS
TSCA

CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC

Broadcast bus

Common TSU Functions


38 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> This is the BSC architecture. > ABIS TSU : composed of 8 TCUC boards, performing TCU functions, one BIUA board and 2 AS boards. As you can see the BIUA provides an 8 to 6 sub-multiplexing function. The BTS capacity per TSU depends directly on the TCUC hardware capability. TCUC boards have two outputs to reach AS boards. This for redundancy purposes. > ATER TSU : composed of 8 DTCC boards, performing DTC functions, two ASMB boards, performing SM ADAPT functions and 2 AS boards. One ASMB provides 1 Ater mux link for 4 DTCC boards. The link between DTCC and ASMB boards is called Ater. At the other end of the Ater mux link, the ASMC in the TC G2 handles the same function as ASMB. > COMMON TSU: even if 8 CPRC boards (performing BSC common functions CPR) are shown on the drawing, only 6 are really present in the system. The two other slots are reserved for future extensions. As for other TSUs the common TSU is connected to the DSN or Group Switch using 2 AS boards. > The Group Switch or DSN is composed of 2 stages and 8 planes. Depending on the BSC configuration, the number of boards in both stages may change. The 8 planes give more path between 2 NE, reducing the probability of lock condition. > Transmission boards (BIUA performing BTS ADAPT, ASMB performing Submultiplexer function) are locally connected to the TSCA board with the Qmux (or Q1) bus. It is not shown on the drawing but the Qmux bus also links distant transmission boards (BTS, TC). > The TSL link is used to send faults and configuration information from / to the Common TSU and TSCA boards.

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.2 TSUs

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> An A-bis TSU:

3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU

The A-bis TSU provides the A-bis interface between the BSC and the BTSs. This interface performs the A-bis sub-multiplexing function (BTS ADAPT). The A-bis TSU comprises one BIUA PBA for BSC ADAPT functions and 8 TCUC PBAs for 8 TCU functions + 2AS.

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

40 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU


> A-bis TSU Architecture
1 TCUC TCU 1 0 8

BSC ADAPT A-bis Interfaces BIUA BS Interfaces

Access Switch

To/From Group Switch

TCUC TCU

15

Qmux Bus
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

LAPD Interface
41 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The LAPD interface is only used on one TSU ABIS position in each BSC rack. In fact its the TSL link. It uses the first TCUC to reach the Common TSU. > As you can see there are 8 BS interface links, but only 6 ABIS links. Depending on the automatic configuration performed from the OMC-R, TCH and signaling channels on ABIS links are going to be handled by one or more TCUCs. It depends on the TCUC hardware capability and the number of TRXs and BTSs on each ABIS link. > ASs are duplicated for safety reasons. If one AS is faulty or removed, the other one can handle routing.

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> The BIUA is controlled by the TSCA

3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU - BIUA

It interconnects the BTSs and the BSC via terrestrial 2Mbps links It interconnects the BS Interfacess of the BSC and the A-bis interfaces of the transmission system It multiplexes and de-multiplexes:

It provides TSCA interface and LAPD channel interface


42 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

traffic channels signaling BSS O&M Qmux informations

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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> BIUA PBA hardware


LAPD Remote Qmux Abis 1 Abis 2 TCC TCC TCC TCC Time Space Switches (1 to 4) Sub-rate Switch 2 (Bit Switch) BSI 3 BSI 4 BSI 5 BSI 6 BSI 7 BSI 8 Selected Clock Alarms LEDs Local Qmux MMI Sub-rate Switch 1 (Bit Switch) BSI 1 BSI 2 Clocks A B

3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU - BIUA

Abis 3 Abis 4

Sub-rate Switch 3 (Bit Switch)

Abis 5 Abis 6

TCC TCC TS0 Logic Sub-rate Switch 4 (Bit Switch)

Control and Status Registers

OBC (80C188 XL)

EPROM

SRAM

EEPROM

SCC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

43 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU - TCUC


> Each TCUC:

Provides access to the DSN for 32 traffic channels Handles two Half Rate or four Full Rate TRXs at 16 Kbps or 64 Kbps

Has six HDLC controllers for 6 LAPD link. Each controller operates Manages Abis TCH as:

a single 16-kbit/s Full Rate channel two 8-kbit/s Half Rate channels

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

44 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The HDLC controllers of a TCUC manage signaling channels (OML, RSL, TSL). There are six HDLC controllers per TCUC. Restrictions for the use of these 6 controllers: less than 4 RSLs and less than 3 OMLs. Depending on the BTS connection on the ABIS BIUA side, one or more TCUCs are going to be involved in signaling management. > Due to OBCI interface hardware limitation, only the first nibble of each TS on the link between the Access Switch and the TCUC may be used. As a consequence, only 32 TCHs can be managed by a TCUC board. One FR TRX manages 8 TCHs maximum which give a maximum of 4 FR TRXs per TCUC board. One HR TRX manages 16 TCHs maximum which give a maximum of 2 HR TRXs per TCUC board. > When using extra time slots (EGPRS) in order to calculate the FR TCU occupancy, we use the "Equivalent FullRate" (Eq-FR): Number of Eq-FR available on a TCU 4 Number of Eq-FR needed for an FR TRE 1 Number of Eq-FR needed for a DR TRE 2 Number of Eq-FR needed for an extra Abis time slot 0.5 > To summarize, for TSU connectivity: 1 Dual rate TRX is equivalent to 2 full rate TRXs. 1 TRX with a Transmission pool type 2 is equivalent 1 TRX with a Transmission pool type 3 is equivalent 1 TRX with a Transmission pool type 4 is equivalent 1 TRX with a Transmission pool type 5 is equivalent

to 2 full rate TRXs. to 3 full rate TRXs. to 4 full rate TRXs. to 5 full rate TRXs.

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> The TCUC TCU function performs the telecommunications functions and the O&M functions to connect the BSC to the BTSs

3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU - TCUC

Telecommunications

Radio Frequency Management Radio Frequency GPRS TCUC Device Handler Overload Detector SMS - CB local

O&M

Hardware configuration management Performance management Fault management


45 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> The RFM manages the RF channels associated with the TRXs of a BTS. The TRXs are physically connected to and controlled by the TCUC via the ABIS interface. Up to 4 TRXs are controlled by the RFM. Extended cells can be handled by the RFM. > The RF GPRS handles all the GPRS functions associated with the RF channels used for transferring packet data. > At the request of the RFM, the TCU DH: - sets up and releases speech paths across the DSN. - performs the physical connection of an ABIS channel to a terrestrial A channel previously selected by the MSC. - sets up paths at the request of the RF GPRS. > The overload detector detects overloads by first calculating the occupancy of the processor. It then compares the occupancy with two thresholds to determine the overload level. > The SMS-CB local function performs local control to provide the cell broadcast service. The function receives commands from the SMS-CB master function. > At the request of the hardware configuration management in the OSI-CPRC, hardware configuration management in the TCUC collects local parameters. It sends these parameters to the hardware configuration management in the OSI-CPRC. > In addition, hardware configuration management allows an operator to configure and reconfigure the following transmission SBLs: BSC_ADAPT, BTS_ADAPT, SM_ADAPT, TC_ADAPT. > Performance management comprises the local data collector which sends events to the central data collector in the OSI-CPRC and the local alerter.

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> TCUC PBA hardware


BSI-A BSI-B BSI Buffers Multirate Switch L port OBCI A B PCM Links To/From DSN

3.2 TSUs A-bis TSU - TCUC

HDLC-0/1

HDLC-0/1

HDLC-0/1

OBC (32-bit 386 DX)

Common DRAM (8 MB)

Microprocessor Bus

OBC Peripherals

BCU

BC Bus A in BC Bus B in

BCU = Broadcast Control Unit EPROM BSI = Base Station Interface (256 KB) DRAM = Dynamic Random Access Memory EPROM = Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory HDLC = High Level Data Link Controller OBC = On-Board Controller OBCI = OBC Interface
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 46 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

FLASH Memory (512 KB)

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> A-ter TSU Functions:

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU

The A-ter TSU provides the A-ter interface between the BSC and the MSC and/or MFS This interface performs the A-ter sub-multiplexing function The A-ter TSU comprises two ASMB PBAs performing submultiplexer function and 8 DTCC PBAs performing Digital Trunk controller function DTC + 2 AS.

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

47 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU

> A-ter TSU Architecture


1 8 0 DTCC 1

DTC function

Submultiplexer
ASMB

Ater-mux Interface 1

4 DTCC To/ From Group Switch Access Switch 1 DTCC 1 4

Function

DTC
Qmux Bus

DTC

Submultiplexer
ASMB Ater-mux Interface 2

4 DTCC 15 7 4

Function DTC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

48 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> One ASMB board is associated with 4 DTCC boards to provide a 4 to 1 sub-multiplexing. > The ATER TSU provides 2 Ater mux links from the BSC to the TC. > As for ABIS TSU, ASs are duplicated for safety reasons.

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> The ASMB is controlled by the TSCA

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU ASMB (1/2)

It multiplexes and de-multiplexes the A-ter channel tributaries and the Ater mux highway:

Up to 120 16-kbits/s sub-rate channels are multiplexed into one 2 Mbit/s link One highway is de-multiplexed in a maximum of four tributaries from a tributary to a highway from a highway to a tributary

It connects N7 and X25 signaling links:


It generates and handles tributary information bits It provides TSCA interface ( qmux access )
49 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

49

> ASMB PBA hardware


Ater 1 Ater 2 TCC TCC

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU ASMB (2/2)

Sub-rate Switch 1

Ater 3 Ater 4

TCC TCC Sub-rate Switch 2 TS0 Logic

Remote Qmux

TSSWs (1 and 2) TCC Ater-mux

OBC (80C188 XL)

Control and Status Registers

LEDs Local Qmux MMI

EPROM

SRAM

EEPROM

SCC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

50 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

50

> Depending on their physical position in the rack, the DTCC boards perform one of the following functions:
All the DTCC boards are performing the normal Digital Trunk Controller functions but some other are performing other functions as

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU - DTCC(1/3)

Non signaling: Signaling:


Traffic Channel Resource Management TCHRM Message Distribution Radio Channel Management Signaling Connection Control Part functions SCCP Connections to the MFS (GPRS Signaling Link) Connection to the MSC
51 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

N7 terminating:

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> Two pairs of DTCC boards in each rack perform TCHRM functions (one active board and one standby). DTC 3 and 4 allocating TCH managed by the TCU in the lower part of the rack DTC 9 and 10 allocating TCH managed by the TCU in the upper part of the rack > The first board in a group of 4 (connected to one ASMB) performs the N7 terminating. Time slot 16 is used to carry the No.7 signaling. > All other boards perform signaling functions SCCP.

Alcatel

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> The DTCC performs telecommunications functions and O&M functions, to connect the BSC to the MSC or MFS:

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU - DTCC (2/3)

Telecommunications:

Traffic Channel resource Manager BSS Application Part BSC GPRS Protocol DTC Device Handler Overload Detector Hardware configuration management Performance management Fault management GPRS O&M
52 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

O&M:

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> TCHRM: provides centralised allocation of the TCH to calls in response to channel requests initiated by an MS, the MSC, the MFS. Selection of a TCH can be requested for various reasons, for example, initial assignment, handover of a channel. The allocation is done immediately or queued if no resources are available. > BSSAP: handles messages passing between the MSs and the MSC over the A interface link which is controlled by the DTCC processor. These messages concern the Call Control (CC), Mobility Management (MM), supplementary services and radio resources functions. Two types of messages are handled. Transparent messages are passed from one side of the call to the other. Non transparent messages are analysed to determine the action required (TCH assignment for example). > BSCGP: performs paging procedures, resources allocation, call handling, controls the GSL link. > DTCDH: automatically links a new speech path, set up in the DSN, to the correct terrestrial or satellite channel. During an internal handover, automatically switches the terrestrial or satellite channel to the MSC, to the new speech path through the DSN. Sends block and unblock messages. Disable trunks to the MSC at the request of the O&M function. > The overload detector detects overloads by first calculating the occupancy of the processor. It then compares the occupancy with two thresholds to determine the overload level. > At the request of the hardware configuration management in the OSI-CPRC, hardware configuration management in the DTCC collects local parameters. It sends these parameters to the hardware configuration management in OSI-CPRC. > Performance management comprises the local data collector which sends events to the central data collector in the OSI-CPRC and the local alerter.

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> DTCC PBA hardware


PCM Links To/From DSN A B

3.2 TSUs A-ter TSU - DTCC (3/3)

L port OBCI

Multirate Switch

Trunk Access Circuit

Ater Interface

OBC (32-bit 386 DX)

HDLC-0/1

Microprocessor Bus

Common DRAM (8 MB)

BC Bus A in BC Bus B in

Broadcast Control Unit

OBC Peripherals

FLASH Memory (512 KB)


Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 53

EPROM (256 KB)

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

53

> COMMON TSU Functions:

3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU (1/3)

The Common TSU provides centralized functions:


Processing common applications Managing the common database Providing non-volatile backup memory for code and data Providing X25 interface Providing Man-Machine Interface (MMI) Handling centralized protocol functions Downloading software and data to other control elements Downloading software and data to the BTSs Configuring the transmission network elements

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

54 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The functions given here are handled by the Common TSU. Three kind of boards are available in this TSU, so the functions are mapped in those three different boards type.

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> The Common TSU has three pairs of CPRC PBA according to the function they provide:

3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU (2/3)

SYS CPRC BC CPRC

OSI CPRC

OSI common processor

system common processor

Broadcast Common processor

> SYS - CPRC and OSI - CPRC operate in master / slave mode > BC - CPRC act as two master boards

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

55 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The SYS-CPRC and OSI - CPRC operate in master / slave mode for safety reasons. Both slave boards have the same context as their associated master board. In case of failure, an automatic switchover is performed from the master to the slave board without loosing any connection. > Broadcast CPRCs handle the broadcast buses A and B. In case of failure, messages are sent using bus B instead of A or bus A instead of B. When both boards are working fine, bus A is used by default.

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3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU (3/3)

> COMMON TSU Architecture


2
Man-Machine Interface X.25 Interface

2 1 0 8

1
SYS-CPRC

4
Man-Machine Interface X.25 Interface 1 3 OSI-CPRC

Access Switch

To/ From Group Switch

6
Man-Machine Interface X.25 Interface BC Bus Out SCSI Bus
56

2 1 7 15

5
BC-CPRC

BC Bus A In BC Bus B In

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> This is the architecture of the Common TSU. Like any other TSUs CPRC are connected to the DSN using a pair of AS. > Even if RS232 and X25 connections are physically available on each CPRC, only RS232 on CPRC -SYS is used, X25 on CPRC - SYS and CPRC - OSI. > On the SYSCPRC, RS232 and X25 are used for LMT connection (BSC Local Terminal winbsc). > On the OSICPRC, X25 is used for OMC-R connection. > The SCSI bus shown on the drawing is not used as Solid State Disks (SSDs) are available for software and data storage called BUILD on CPRC-SYSs and OSIs.

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> The CPRC SYS performs Telecommunication functions:


3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC SYS (1/2)

GSM telecommunication supervision Processor overload detection

GPRS telecommunication supervision

> The CPRC SYS performs O&M functions:


Configuration management Performance management Fault management

Hardware / Logical / Software and database

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

57 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The Telecommunication Supervision Module (TSM) supervises all the circuit-switched traffic in the BTSs controlled by the BSc. It performs overload control, mobile traffic management, reset procedures. > The GPRS TSM supervises all the packet switched mobile traffic in the BTSs controlled by the BSC. It initiates both internal and external reset procedures at the request of the MFS. It performs traffic management on the channel used for the transfer of packet data. It performs state change procedures, e.g., when a DTCC goes out of service. It starts and stops GPRS traffic in cells when requested. It attaches and detaches cells from the GPRS at the request of the MFS. If marks in the database a PDCH as being the master channel when requested. > The overload detector detects overloads by first calculating the occupancy of the processor. It then compares the occupancy with two thresholds to determine the overload level. > The hardware configuration management allows: changes in BSS configuration, to update the extensive logical configuration of the BSC logical parameters, on-line extension and reductions of the BSC and BTS hardware, to display of the resource usage and availability on the OMC-R or BSC terminal. > The logical configuration management allows either the OMC-R or the BSC terminal to control the BSS date and time. > The software and database configuration management controls software and DB replacements. > Performance management in the CPRC - SYS includes: collecting statistical information about events which occur in the CPRC-SYS (assignment and release of TCH, X25 and N7 observations). sending statistical information to the central data collection function in the CPRC-OSI.

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> Main hardware features:

3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC SYS (2/2)


It is made up of one motherboard and a daughter board Each CPRC SYS has one SSD ( solid state disk ram disk) which:

Provides 124 MB of flash memory Provides 4 MB of non-volatile memory Is used to store the BSS build Is located on the daughter board

Each CPRC has an X25 interface and an RS232 (MMI) interface to connect the LMT (BSC local terminal) at high speed (64 kbit/s) or at low speed
58 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

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> The CPRC OSI performs Telecommunication functions:


3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC OSI (1/2)


Processor overload detection Central tracing SMS - CB Master

> The CPRC OSI performs O&M functions:


Configuration management (Hardware / Logical) Performance management:


> The CPRC OSI handles the OSI protocol to / from CBC OMC-R
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 59 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Fault management

Centralizes and stores measurement datas of each CE Radio measurement statistics

> The processor overload detection is the same as for the CPRC-SYS. > The central trace function manages the trace administration functions and audit. > The SMS - CB master feature broadcasts short messages to the MSs connected to the cells controlled by the BSC. The SMS - CB master supervises and controls the SMS - CB feature. The SMS - CB local in the TCUCs sends the short messages to the cells. > Hardware configuration management allows an operator to: display the BSS hardware configuration, perform file management, display a snapshot of the current resource usage and availability (USOD). > Logical configuration management allows an operator to: display logical parameters, modify BSC, BSS, BTS, cell, radio definition, frequency parameters. > The CPRC - OSI performs the central level functions for performance management and reports faults detected in the BSC to the OMC-R.

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> Main hardware features:


3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC OSI (2/2)


It is made up of one motherboard and a daughter board Each CPRC OSI has one SSD (RAM disk) which:

Provides 32 MB of DRAM memory Does not have a battery backup Is used as a data backup storage Is located on the daughter board

Each CPRC has an X25 interface and an RS232 (MMI):


The X25 is used for the OMC-R connection RS232 is not used
60 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

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> The CPRC Broadcast handles the Broadcast Management Subsystem


3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC BC (1/2)

It initializes the broadcast hardware It transmits broadcast messages It receives broadcast messages It reports errors

It executes maintenance actions on the broadcast buses

CPRC - BC are not involved in SMS management


61 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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> Main hardware features:


3.2 TSUs COMMON TSU - CPRC BC (2/2)


It is made up of one motherboard Each BC-CPRC has an X25 interface and an RS232 (MMI)

X25 and RS232 are not used

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

62 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.3 DSN

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> Digital Switching Network

3.3 DSN DSN definition

Uses internal addresses and control datas transmitted by the CE to establish autonomous routes Allows the following types of informations to be transferred between the CEs of the BSC:

Speech and data Internal signaling Test patterns Internal communication messages

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

64 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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3.3 DSN DSN architecture


> DSN Architecture > Group switch 1:

Up to 6 boards

> Group switch 2:

per plane (BSC config. 6) Up to 8 boards

per plane (all boards are present for BSC or equal to 3) configurations higher

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

65 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> This drawing shows the DSN layout for the maximum 24 TSUs allowed in the BSC. > The address and control data transmitted by the control elements via the PCM links, controls the DSN. Using this information, the DSN: performs autonomous route selection to a given destination. establishes independent forward and return paths through its switching stages. > Standard Digital Switching Elements (DSEs) are used for both the Access Switch (AS) and the Group Switch (GS) stages. AS boards connect the Control Elements (CEs) of the BSC to the GS. > The DSEs performs space-time switching between 16 incoming 32-channel PCM links and 16 outgoing 32channel PCM links. Matrix 16x16 > The path through the DSN always crosses to the GS.

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.4 Clocks

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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> The system clock is divided in four main functional parts handled by two board types:
The BCLA SYS handles:

3.4 Clocks Clock system definition and structure

System clock generation reference selection clock regeneration master selection Clock distribution

The BCLA RACK handles:



Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Rack clock regeneration Clock distribution at rack level


67 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> To comply with GSM 08.04, the basic synchronization for the BSC is derived from the ATER interfaces more precise than the local oscillator. It means that the BSC system clock is derived from a trunk connected to a DTCC. The system clock can also be derived from a local source clock. > Each BCLA - SYS selects the reference clock signal from either one of three 2 Mhz input clocks from the DTCCs or a locally generated 2 Mhz clock. > A stable 16 Mhz clock is regenerated from the selected 2 Mhz input clock. This regeneration is performed by a PLL. > The BCLAs - SYS exchange status information to determine which is the master. They also exchange clock signals. The best clock signal is used for distribution by selecting the same PLL output on both BCLA-SYS boards. > Each BCLA - SYS distributes the 8Mhz clock signal to each BCLAs - RACK. > The two BCLAs - RACK distribute the clock signal in the rack. Each user receives a clock signal from both BCLAs RACK.

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3.4 Clocks System Clock

> System Clock Generation

Extracted Clocks from DTCCs

Extracted Clocks from DTCCs

SYS-BCLA
Local Reference Clock 2 MHz To/from DTCC Status Control 16 MHz Reference Selection and Clock Generation

SYS-BCLA
Local Reference Clock 2 MHz Reference Selection and Clock Generation 16 MHz Status Control To/from DTCC

Master Clock Selection 8 MHz Clock Distribution

Master Clock Selection 8 MHz Clock Distribution

System Level

System Clock A to RACK BCLA


Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 68 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

System Clock B to RACK BCLA

> For reference selection, the following Ater links are used:

On Master BCLA SYS: DTCC with network address 020 (SAU 6 / slot 13) ATER MUX 1. DTCC with network address 030 (SAU 6 / slot 45) ATER MUX 3. DTCC with network address 120 (SAU 3 / slot 13) ATER MUX 5. On Slave BCLA SYS: DTCC with network address 024 (SAU 6 / slot 23) ATER MUX 2. DTCC with network address 034 (SAU 6 / slot 55) ATER MUX 4. DTCC with network address 124 (SAU 3 / slot 23) ATER MUX 6.

> Reference used from Ater have the same level of priority. > In case of lack of Ater, an internal clock is generated.

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3.4 Clocks Rack Clock


> Rack Clock Regeneration
System Clock A from System Level System Clock B from System Level

RACK-BCLA Reference Selection and Clock Generation 8 MHz Clock Distribution

RACK-BCLA Reference Selection and Clock Generation 8 MHz Clock Distribution

Rack Level System Clock To Users in Rack System Clock To Users in Rack

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

69 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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3.4 Clocks Clock extraction system


> An HW interface to DTCC is provided to receive BCLA status

On BCLA - SYS1 On BCLA - SYS2


DTCC with network address 020 (SAU 6 / slot 13) DTCC with network address 030 (SAU 6 / slot 45) DTCC with network address 021 (SAU 6 / slot 15) DTCC with network address 031 (SAU 6 / slot 47)

On BCLA - RCK1 On BCLA - RCK2

> BCLA - SYS and BCLA - RCK operate in Master / Slave mode
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 70 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The BCLAs cannot communicate with the common processor CPRC, therefore, status monitoring and control are performed via DTCCs. > The BCLA-SYS also performs the interface for BSC external alarms (10 inputs).

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.5 Broadcast Bus

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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> Broadcast Bus Distribution


3.5 Broadcast Bus Broadcast Bus distribution


It allows information to be broadcast to a large number of elements without establishing a connection in the DSN for each element Each BC-CPRCs sends the message to be broadcast to a SYS-BCLA

An originating CE sends the message to be broadcast to both BC-CPRC using two connections in the DSN The SYS-BCLA distributes the message to Bus A OR Bus B depending its position

A RACK-BCLA receives and distributes the messages from one broadcast bus to the slave CE in the rack

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

72 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The broadcast bus distribution sub-system has error detection and correlation mechanisms.

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3.5 Broadcast Bus Broadcast Bus architecture

> Broadcast Bus architecture


DSN

Originating CE (e.g., OSI-CPRC)

Slave CE (e.g., TCUC)

Slave CE (e.g., DTCC)

BC-CPRC B (Master)

BC-CPRC A (Master)

A BC Buses B = Message in transit (A) = Message A received in CE = Bus Select Switch

= Message in transit (B)

= Message B received in CE

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

73 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3.5 Broadcast Bus Broadcast Bus physical implementation


> Broadcast Bus Implementation
Network Connection to BC-CPRC A DSN Network Connection to BC-CPRC B

Rack 1
BC-CPRC A BC Bus A System Level Rack Level BC Bus A RACK-BCLA BC Bus B RACK-BCLA SYS-BCLA BC-CPRC A BC Bus B SYS-BCLA

Distributed BC Bus A to CEs

Distributed BC Bus B to CEs

Rack 2
RACK-BCLA RACK-BCLA RACK-BCLA

Rack 3
RACK-BCLA

Distributed BC Bus A to CEs Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Distributed BC Bus B to CEs 74

Distributed BC Bus A to CEs

Distributed BC Bus B to CEs

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.6 TSCA

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> The TSCA is the Transmission Sub System Controller

3.6 TSCA TSCA definition

The TSCA is directly configured by the BSC as the TSCA software and transmission files are part of the BSC software package Using the polling of the BSC, TC and BTS Network Elements, the TSCA supervises and controls:

Abis and Ater terminations (BSC / TC / BTS) A terminations at TC level TC equipment Transmission links

Supervision and control are performed using the Qmux protocol


76 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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> The TSCA performs five main functions:


3.6 TSCA TSCA functions

BSC interface

Alarm reporting

Network element configuration download TSC O&M

Elementary O&M procedures for Network elements

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

77 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The BSC interface provides LAPD and layer 3 facilities for communication between the TSCA and the BSC over the TSC Signalling Link (TSL). > The alarm reporting function performs all the activities related to monitoring the transmission network elements to detect and report fault conditions. > An elementary O&M procedure is a set of MMI commands executed from the PC terminal (BER measurements for example).

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3.6 TSCA Qmux bus description


> Qmux service buses > One TSCA per BSC Rack > 4 Omux per TSCA in order to reduce the polling time

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

78 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> In the TSCA there are 4 Qmux bus controllers then 4 qmux buses in order to reduce the polling cycle. > 3 controllers are used to access Remote equipment (R1 / R2 / R3), only one is used to access local equipment (L1). > Among those 3 remote controllers, 2 are used to access distant BTS (called remote bus type 1) and one is used to access distant TC (called remote bus type 2). > The remote bus type 1 is not redundant. > The remote bus type 2 is redundant: it uses one Qmux nibble (2 bits on a PCM time slot) over the first two Ater Mux links between the BSC and the TC to secure the communication.

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3.6 TSCA Qmux Addresses of BIUA & ASMB boards


> Qmux addresses on the BSC Local Bus
TSU Number 8 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 6 7 Rack 1
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Equipment in this TSU

And no transmission

TSU 0 common TSU

NE 16 17 18 18 19 19 20 21 22 22 23 Rack 3
79

Qmux Address 0 2 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 13 14

BIUA BIUA ASMB ASMB ASMB ASMB BIUA BIUA ASMB ASMB BIUA

9 10 10 11 11 12 13 14 14 15 Rack 2

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3 BSC Hardware Description

3.7 Power Supply

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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> Power supply


3.7 Power Supply Power Supply description


N +1 redundancy mechanism

One extra converter always available in the system There are two such chains per BSC rack

Converter outputs duplicated and connected to the chains

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

81 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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> Power supply chains

3.7 Power Supply Power Supply implementation

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

82 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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3 BSC Hardware Description Exercise


Give the main characteristics of :


TSU A-bis TSU A-ter Common TSU

Which board handles the N7 protocol ?

Which board distributes the Broadcast bus ? What is the purpose of the BC-CPRC ? Where is the TSCA software stored?
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 83 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Which board extracts the clocks in the BSC ? Is it possible to replace an Access switch board with an Group switch board ?

Alcatel

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3 BSC Hardware Description Evaluation

> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC hardware

Thank you for answering the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

84 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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4 BSC Configurations

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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4 BSC configurations Objective and program


> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC G2 configurations. > Program:

4.1 Configurations and Boards Location 4.2 BSC Capacities 4.3 DTC Function Mapping

page number

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91

89

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

86 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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4 BSC Configurations

4.1 Configurations and Boards Location

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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4.1 Configurations and Boards Location BSC configurations


>

Rack Layout, maximum Configuration (conf. 6):

Smaller configurations consist of less racks or half-filled racks

Group Switch

Stage 2

GS Stage 2

GS Stage 2 A-BIS TSU

Group Switch

Stage 2

GS Stage 2

GS Stage 2 A-BIS TSU

Conf 2

A-TER TSU

A-TER TSU

A-TER TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU

Conf 1

GS Stage 1 TSCA

A-BIS TSU

Clock GS Stage 2

GS Stage 1 TSCA

A-BIS TSU

Clock GS Stage 2

GS Stage 1 TSCA

A-BIS TSU

Clock

COMMON TSU

A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

88 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> For a detailed description of each rack, see appendix.

Alcatel

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4 BSC Configurations

4.2 BSC Capacities

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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89

> 6 configurations: up to 448 TRXs/264 cells

4.2 BSC Capacities Capacities

Maximum capacity can be achieved in a phased approach

Conf. Capacity in Nb. of Nb. of Nb. of Nb. of Erlang FR TRXs BTSs cells A interface trunks 1 2 3 4 5 6 160 620 1050 1300 1700 1900 32 128 192 288 352 448 23 95 142 214 255 255 32 120 180 240 264 264 16 24 40 48 64 72

Max. nb of #7 links (256 SCCP) 4 6 10 12 16 16

Nb. of A- bis interface trunks (chain/loop) 6/3 24/12 36/18 54/27 66/33 84/42

Number of racks 1 1 2 2 3 3

Nb. of A- bis/ A- ter TSU 1/2 4/3 6/5 9/6 11/8 14/9

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

90 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> This table gives maximum values per item, but not all these values cannot apply at the same time. As for the actual dimensioning of a BSC, Alcatel can only commit on values related to the customer traffic model. > Due to dimensioning rules, the maximum number of TRXs cannot be reached at any time. A specific study must be done on a case-by-case basis in order to compute the real maximum value according to the configurations of BTSs connected to the BSC.

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4 BSC Configurations

4.3 DTC Function Mapping

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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4.3 DTC Function Mapping DTC mapping


Rack 1
GS 2

> Function of the DTCC according to its location


Rack 2
GS 2 GS 2 GS 2 GS 2 GS 2

Rack 3

SSS N CCC 7 CCC PPP AterMux5

SS S NCC C 7 CC C PP P AterMux6

A-BIS

SSS SS S N C CC NCC C 7 C CC 7 CC C PPP PP P AterMux11 AterMux12

A-BIS

SSSS S SS S CCCC C CC C CCCC C CC C PPPP P PP P AterMux17 AterMux18

A-BIS

A-BIS

A-BIS

A-BIS

A-BIS

A-BIS

A-BIS

STT NC CC C HH 7 RR P MM AterMux1

AterMux2

SS S N CC C CC C 7 PP P

STT SS S NC CC NCC C C HH 7 CC C 7 RR P MM PP P AterMux3 AterMux4

STT NC CC C HH 7 RR P MM AterMux7

SS S N CC C CC C 7 PP P

AterMux8

STT NCCC CHH 7 RR P MM AterMux9

AterMux10

SS S NCC C CC C 7 PP P

STT SS S NC CC N CC C C HH 7 CC C 7 RR P MM PP P AterMux13 AterMux14

STT NCCC CHH 7 RR P MM AterMux15

AterMux16

SS S NCC C CC C 7 PP P

GS 1

A-BIS

Clock

GS 1

A-BIS

Clock

GS 1

A-BIS

Clock

TSCA

COMMON TSU

GS 2

TSCA

A-BIS

GS 2

TSCA

A-BIS

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

92 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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4 BSC Configurations Exercise


In configuration 3 and 5 :

Count the number of TSU A-bis Count the number of TSU A-ter Count the number of A links

Count the number of A-ter links

Count the number of A-ter mux links Count the number of A-bis links How many boards and planes are used in GS-1 ? How many boards and planes are used in GS-2 ? Where are located the TCHRM boards ? Give the traffic capacity in Erlang

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

93 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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4 BSC Configurations Evaluation

> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC G2 configurations

Thank you for answering the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

94 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

94

5 BSC Software Architecture

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Alcatel

95

5 BSC software architecture Objective and program


> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC software implementation > Program:

5.1 Definitions

page number

5.2 Master File Organisation 5.3 BSS Files Names 5.4 BSS Files Numbers

104 107

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97

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5 BSC Software Architecture

5.1 Definitions

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5.1 Definitions SW Definitions


> The BSS software consist of a collection of files, representing the programs, patches and data needed for a particular and complete load of every module in the BSS, BSC or BTS > The Master Files (MFs) concept is used in the BSS environment to define the software context of the complete BSS. An MF identifies clearly and unambiguously the set of files which together represent the software package and the database needed for the whole BSS, BSC or BTS types

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5 BSC Software Architecture

5.2 Master File Organisation

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> BSS Master file

5.2 Master File Organisation MF organisation (1/4)


This file, for a given BSS and a specific SW version, identifies the BSC SW Master file, BSC DB Master file, BSS Maping file, BTS DB Master file and the list of needed BTS SW Master files

> BSC SW Master file

This file, for a given SW version, identifies the code, the data and patch files associated to that version, for the CE CPRC, TCUC and DTCC

> BSC DB Master file

This file, for a given BSC SW version, identifies the BSS Database file (DLS) and the CPF files for the BSC and TC. The DLS gives the logical and hardware configuration of the BSS
100 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> DLS - Data Load Segment > CPF - Configuration Parameter data File This file defines the hardware of the concerned network element from a software point of view. Examples of CPF files are: OMU-CPF, FU-CPF, BSC-CPF and TC-CPF.

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5.2 Master File Organisation MF organisation (2/4)


> BTS DB Master file

This file identifies all the OMU-CPF files for the BTSs. The OMU-CPF file defines the HW for each type of BTS This file for a given BTS SW version gives the code files (but not the OMUCPFs) associated to that version. Because the name part of the BTS SW Master file does not identify the BTS in anyway, it is possible to assign BTS SW Master files to more than one BTS and consequently there are less BTS SW Master files in the BSS Master file than there are BTSs This file links each BTS index (corresponding to the declared BTSs in the BSS) to one BTS SW Master File and one OMU-CPF identified in the BTSDB-MSF
101 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> BTS SW Master file

> BSS Map file

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5.2 Master File Organisation MF organisation (3/4)


> MF concept (1)
Bootroot File

BSS Master File BSS-MSF

Master Files n BSC-SW-MSF BSS-Map File BSC-DB-MSF BTS-SW-MSF BTS-DB-MSF

Application Files n 1 Application File DLS BSC_G200 TC_CPF n 1 Application File OMU-CPF File n 1

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5.2 Master File Organisation MF organisation (4/4)


> MF concept (2)
BSS Master File BSS-MSF Header File Descriptor 1 (BSC-SW-MSF) File Descriptor 2 (BSC-DB-MSF) File Descriptor 3 (BSS-MAP) File Descriptor 4 (BTS-DB-MSF) Record Header (record 1) File Descriptor 5 (BTS-SW-MSF-1) File Descriptor 6 (BTS-SW-MSF-2) File Descriptor 7 (BTS-SW-MSF-3) Filler bytes Record Header (record 0) Record Header (record 0) BSC-MSF Header File Descriptor 1 (BSC-File 1) File Descriptor 2 (BSC-File 2) File Descriptor 3 (BSC File 3) File Descriptor 4 (BSC File 4) GLS PLS ELS1 ELS2 File size File type Number of files File number Release indicator File name Separator Version Sub-version Number of records Record length Unit identity Sub-unit identity Date Time

Record Header (record 1) File Descriptor 5 (BSC File 5) File Descriptor 6 (BSC File 6) File Descriptor 7 (BSC File 7) File Descriptor 8 (BSC File 8) File Descriptor 9 (BSC File 9) File Descriptor 10 (BSC File 10) ELS3 ELS4 ELS5 ELS6 ELS7 ELS8

File name Separator Version Sub-version Number of records Record length Unit identity Sub-unit identity Date Time File size File type File number

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5 BSC Software Architecture

5.3 BSS File Names

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> BSS File names convention (1)


5.3 BSS File Names File names convention (1/2)


The general format of a loadable file name is AAAAAAAA.BBC AAAAAAAA is the main part. It comprises a string of 8 characters between [ A .. Z ] and /or [ 0 .. 9 ] and / or [ - ] BBC is the extension part which has 3 characters, where:

BB is the file version number. The allowed range of values is between [ 00 .. 99 ] C is the sub-version character. Only one character between [ A .. Z ]
105 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5.3 BSS File Names File names convention (2/2)


General Format:

> BSS File names convention (2)

A A A A
File type dependent:

A F

A
BSS Release ( V B8; W B9)

A A
File version

.B

B C
FileSub version

BSS_MF BSC DB MF BSC SW MF BSS MAP Files DLS File BTS DB MF BTS SW MF
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

BSS Cipher BSS Cipher

M L

File version

B S C M
BSS Cipher BSS Cipher BSS Cipher BTS Type

F A F F

D C S

Character identifying the customer

F A
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5 BSC Software Architecture

5.4 BSS Files Numbers

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> BSS File numbers convention


5.4 BSS Files Numbers File numbers convention (1/2)


The file number is an internal BSC reference stored in the last field of the file descriptor

The following ranges of file numbers are allowed, depending on the subsystem involved BSC files:

BTS files

Most of the files have four-digit numbers, where the first digit indicates the release, e.g., the BSS Master File for the various releases is: 9100: release B7 1100: release B8 2100: release B9 For BTS files, the allowed range for file numbers is: [x700..x999]
108 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5.4 BSS Files Numbers File numbers convention (2/2)

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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> In the above table, x must be replaced according to the software release: x = 8 for B6 x = 9 for B7 x = 1 for B8

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5 BSC Software Architecture Exercise


Explain what is a master file Are there always the same number of BTS SW Master files as BTSs ? What is an OMU - CPF file ? How to identify BSS files ?

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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5 BSC Software Architecture Evaluation

> Objective: to be able to describe the BSC software implementation

Thank you for answering the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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Alcatel 9120/9125 Transcoder (TC) Description

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6 Transcoder Situation in the PLMN

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> Objective : to be able to situate the Transcoder in the PLMN > Program : page number
119 117 115

6 Situation in the PLMN Session presentation

6.1 Transcoder Situation

6.2 Transcoder Telecom Functions 6.3 Transcoder O&M Functions 6.4 Network Design for Alcatel 9125 TC

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Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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6 Transcoder Situation in the PLMN

6.1 Transcoder Situation

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6.1 Transcoder Situation


BSSs
B T S

B T S

b is A -

BSC

A-t er

T C

A
MSC

Public Switched Network


Lg

BSC
B T S

Alcatel 9135 MFS Gb

HLR

Lh

GMLC

CBC
OMC-R MSC

SAGI

SGSN

IP GPRS Backbone

GGSN

Internet

NMC

A-GPS server

GPS Receivers Reference network


116 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> The TC is normally located at MSC side. > The transcoder is connected to BSC or MFS with A-ter Mux interfaces and to MSC with A interfaces. > A-ter Mux interface : In case of connection to the MFS: the A-ter Mux interface between MFS and TC possibly conveys the N*64 Kbps GB interface and circuit traffic channels (TCH) . In this case, the GB interface goes transparently through the Transcoder. between MFS and BSC the A-ter-mux interface possibly conveys Packet and circuit traffic channel (TCH and PTCH). In this case, the TCHs goes transparently through the Multi BSS Functions Server (MFS). In case of the A-ter Mux interface directly connecting the BSC to the TC, the A-ter mux conveys only TCH. > A interface : A interface conveys circuit traffic channels and possibly Gb interface. > All these interfaces are standard 2.048 Kbps G703/704 interfaces. Both 75 ohms and 120 ohms are offered.

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6 Situation in the PLMN

6.2 Transcoder Telecom Functions

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6.2 Transcoder Telecom Functions


> Speech service
Speech encoding and decoding PCM A-law or -law Static audio level adjustment in uplink and downlink Discontinuous transmission (DTX) Voice quality improvement

Adaptive Multirate Speech Codec (AMR) Tandem Free Operation (TFO)

> Data service

Data rate adaptation with intermediate rates of 8 Kbps or 16 Kbps for data transmission in circuit switch mode
118 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> Speech functions Speech encoding and decoding for Enhanced, Full, Half and Adaptive multirate. PCM A-law or law configurable. Static audio level adjustment in uplink and downlink independently configurable. Range of adjustment is -6 db to +6 dB in steps of 1 dB. Framing and synchronization of the vocoder blocks. Discontinuous Transmission. This contains the voice activity Detection and the comfort noise measurement in the Downlink direction. In the Uplink direction, it contains the confort noise insertion and speech extrapolation. Voice quality improvement : Adaptive Multi Rate codec AMR is a set of 8 speech codecs with different codec rates from 12.2 Kbps to 4.75 Kbps. The codec rate is adapted dynamically depending on the radio interface quality. If the radio interface has a bad quality, the codec rate low and the codec will add a lot of redundancy. Tandem Free Operation. In the case of mobile to mobile call, the speech is transcoded in the mobiles and the transcoder could be by passed. This would result in a much better voice quality because it removes double transcoding. > Data service functions Data rate adapting for V110 formats with intermediate rates of 8 Kbps or 16 Kbps. Framing and synchronization of the data blocks.

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6 Situation in the PLMN

6.3 Transcoder O&M Functions

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6.3 Transcoder O&M Functions


> Local
Performed with the TC terminal

> Remote

Performed through the Qmux by the TSCA, and OMC trough TSL

> Autonomous Functions > Remote Inventory

> Alarm Time Slot Management


Implemented only on the new MT120 board

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

120 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Local functions: Software download and activation. Configuration of some parameters (e.g. Qmux address). Board status and alarms report . Display and modification of remote inventory and site data. Reset/restart command. All these functions are centralized. When the transcoder terminal is connected to one board, local functions can be performed on any board of the same rack (only for Alcatel 9125 TC). Remote functions (through Qmux): Configuration of some parameters (e.g.Loudness). Alarms reports (Failures,Temperature...). Autonomous functions: Supervision of A and A-ter Mux PCM link. Autoreset / restart. Temperature control and Fan management. LED's management. DSP Recovery (N+1 policy). Central software download: All the software of ALL the MT120 board is downloaded from the Transcoder terminal. The MT120 board has the capacity to store three software version (the first version (V0) is the production version, V1 is the running version and V2 is the previous version). Remote inventory data: It contains manufacturing data (e.g. Production date and serial number of the MT120 board) and maintenance information. Information about rack and fan are stored in the MT120 board. The whole information is available via the TC terminal.

> >

>

>

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6 Situation in the PLMN

6.4 Network Design for Alcatel 9125 TC

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6.4 Network Design for Alcatel 9125 TC


OMC 1 OMC 2

BSC BSC

Alcatel Alcatel 9125 TC 9125 TC

Alcatel Alcatel 9125 TC 9125 TC

BSC BSC Rack Sharing BSC BSC

BSC BSC

BSC BSC

BSC BSC

BSC BSC

Multiple BSCs up to 24 Alcatel 9125 TC rack can be spread over several OMC-R
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 122 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Multiple BSC connection Rack sharing The Alcatel 9125 TC is shared between several G2 BSC. Any MT120 board in any slot of any subrack can be allocated to any BSC. These BSC can belong to several OMC-R. This is a static allocation. The MT120 board is attached to a BSC at the installation time. Multiple BSC The Alcatel 9125 TC can serve up to 24 BSC. In the example, the TC can serve 4 BSC controlled by 2 OMC-R. BSC4 is connected to 2 different transcoder with the restriction than one BSC rack must be connected to the same transcoder rack (Qmux redundancy).

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6.4 Network Design for Alcatel 9125 TC Alcatel 9125 TC Configurations


How many BSCs per Alcatel 9125 TC rack ? Examples

Examples of possible Alcatel 9125 TC Configurations (per cabinet) Maximum 24 BSCs with 1 rack Maximum 24 BSC racks Minimum 8 BSCs configuration 2 Minimum 44 BSCs configuration 4 Minimum BSCs configuration 4 Minimum 2 BSCs configuration 6 If 6 A-ter Mux interfaces are equipped per BSC rack : 8 BSC racks If 4 A-ter Mux interfaces are equipped per BSC rack : 12 BSC racks If 2 A-ter Mux interfaces are equipped per BSC rack : 24 BSC racks

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

123 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Main configuration rules Alcatel 9125 Transcoder The Alcatel 9125 TC can be used for : New BSS, BSS extension with mixing TC Alcatel 9125 and TC G2, TC G1/G2 replacement. In this case, one Alcatel 9125 TC rack can replace several G1/G2 Transcoder racks. The Alcatel 9125 TC can be equipped with up to 48 MT120 boards. Each MT120 offers an A-ter Mux connection to a BSC G2 (the connection to G1 BSC is not allowed) and up to four A trunk connections to the MSC. The Alcatel 9125 Compact TC rack may have up to 192 A trunk connections to the MSC. For Qmux continuity, A-ter Mux PCMs from one BSC G2 rack must be connected to the same Alcatel 9125 TC. As in the Alcatel 9125 TC, we can have up to 12 MT120 per sub-rack, and up to 4 sub-racks in a rack, this leads to a maximum 48 MT120 per rack. We can then foresee to connect different BSC to the transcoder. For Qmux and N7 signaling redundancy it is advisable to connect one BSC to the TC (and MSC) with at least 2 A-ter Mux. If this is the case, then the maximum number of BSC to connect to transcoder is 24, with 2 MT120 for each BSC. Alcatel TC G2 Alcatel TC G2 extension is possible with MT120 boards. The TC G2 can process up to 6 A-ter Mux. It means that one TC G2 rack is needed for one BSC.

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6 Situation in the PLMN Evaluation

> Objective : to be able to situate the Transcoder in the PLMN

Thank you for answering the self-assessment of the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

124 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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7 Transcoder Functional Architecture

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> Objective : to be able to describe the Functional Architecture of the Transcoder

7 Transcoder Functional Architecture Session presentation

> Program :

7.1 Alcatel 9125 TC

page number
127 132 129

7.2 MT120 Board Description

7.3 MT120 Board in Alcatel TC G2

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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7 Transcoder Functional Architecture

7.1 Alcatel 9125 TC

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7.1 Alcatel 9125 TC Architecture and Interfaces


Alcatel 9125 TC
O&M functions TSC MT120 MT120

MSC

BSC / MFS

TCIL MT120

G.703 (A-ter mux interfaces)

FANs MMI TC terminal


128 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

G.703 (A interfaces ) X21 Test interfaces

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> Functional Blocks FANU board provides cooling for the MT120 boards in the rack.

MT120 board is the main functional unit. It provides the multi-rate transcoding for up to 120 channels. This board has interfaces for one A-ter mux trunk towards the BSC and up to four A trunks toward the MSC. TC Internal Link is a duplicated bus that connects all the MT120 boards of the rack. The TCIL bus is involved in the following functions:

Forwarding the configuration information coming from the BSC over the Qmux connection, to the other MT120 boards from the same cluster (see later for cluster definition). Downloading the software from the TC terminal. Sending alarm information to the TSCA board, via the MT 120 board that manage the Qmux connection with the BSC. Communication temperature measurement TC terminal is a personnel computer loaded with the TC terminal software and connected to Alcatel 9125 transcoder via MMI link. The MT120 physically connected to the TC terminal is the master on the TCIL bus and routes all the messages exchanged between the TC terminal and all the other MT120 boards > Interfaces A-ter mux Interface : The TC is connected to the BSC or MFS via the A-ter mux interface. In case of a connection to the MFS,the A-ter mux possibly conveys the Gb interface. All interface are standard 2048Kbits/s G703. Both 4:1 and 3:1 submultiplexing but only TS0 transparency are supported. The traffic channels are processed in the MT120 board. SS7,OMC-R X.25 and Gb channels go transparently through the MT120 It supports GPRS granularity mapping ( e.g. 3/4 GSM &1/4 GPRS) A interface connects the Transcoder to MSC . This is a standard G703 interface that carries 64Kbits/s channels O&M interface The BSC performs the O&M access via the Qmux bus. This access is used for configuration and supervision of MT120 board. There is a 1+1 connection,operating in active /standby mode,These 2 connections are carried on two 1200-bits/s channels conveyed by the the first 2 A-ter mux links. X21 interface: This interface is managed by MT120 board and supports X25 channels used to interconnect the BSC with the OMC-R.

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7 Transcoder Functional Architecture

7.1 MT120 Board Description

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7.1 MT120 Board Description


- MT120 Multi-rate Transcoder for 120 Channels - Use of powerful TI DSP C6202 ( 12 DSPs per board) * Multi-channel multi-codec DSP implementation * Each DSP handles up to 11 TCHs in HR,FR,EFR,AMR - DC/DC CONV - Hot Insertion - High speed interface as provision for 3G evolution
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

MT120 Architecture
Led 1&8 X21 - 64k MMI RS232/USB RI
Qmux logic 64k Add/Drop

OBC Controller

Fans alarms O&M Bus

A interfaces
G 7 0 3 /4

A-ter interfaces

Synchro DC/DC 12

HIS 1 and 2

HSI

DSP

DSP

130 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The MT 120 board includes the transmission and processing functions to support 120 channels. It has the following functional blocks : 12 DSPs.This devices allow multi-codec and multi channels implementation. The DSPs are capable of handling HR,FR,EFR and AMR( TI DSP C6202 @250 MHz) On Board Controller. It implements the O&M functions. G703.This device provides the A and A-ter mux interfaces. The impedance 75 or 120 ohms is selectable by software Qmux logic and 64 K Add/Drop devices On board DC/DC converter. This allows hot insertion Synchronization. Each MT120 board synchronizes itself on one of the following reference clocks: One of the two HSI interface clocks The extracted clock of one of the four A Interfaces The local oscillator High Speed Interface has provision for evolution (3G) > Recovery feature on DSP It is possible to transfer channel processing task from one DSP in failure to the 11 others. This recovery is performed autonomously by the MT120 board and keep call transmission in usage Recovery mechanism can only apply in case of a single DSP failure( failure on a second DSP requires the blocking of the corresponding traffic channel) A non urgent alarm will be reported on MT120 in case of the first DSP failure.An urgent alarm will be reported in case of second DSP failure.

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7.1 MT120 Board Description LED Convention

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

131 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> MT120 Board MT120 board format : It is on double Europe format card 6U:233.4mm (high)*280mmm(depth)*30mm( width).The same board may be used both in TC G2 and Alcatel 9125 TC rack. Power consumption : Current estimation MT120 is maximum 50w. As consequence the total power consumption of a full Alcatel 9125 TC configuration is lower than 2500 Watts MTBF : Hardware failure 18.4 years - 161000 h Hardware failure with recovery feature 22.5 years - 197000 hours Functional MTBF 22.5 years - 197000 hours > LEDs meaning The MT120 board front panel has 8 LEDs. They show the PCM links status, power supply and traffic indication and board fault status. > Interfaces The front panel is equipped with following interfaces: MMI interfaces :an RS232 and an Universal Serial board interface ( hardware ready) A test and debug interface in MTI RS232 connector.

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7 Transcoder Functional Architecture

7.3 MT120 Board in Alcatel TC G2

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7.3 MT120 Board in Alcatel TC G2


Local Qmux

ASMC

6 ASMC 24 ATBXS TSC 48 DT16 6 MT120 6FAN

ATBX DT16 DT16

ASMC BSC

ATBX DT16 DT16

MSC

MT120 ASMC +FAN or MT120

A-ter Mux interfaces


Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 133 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

A interfaces

> ASMC : The main task of this module is submultiplexing the A-ter interface. Two multiplexing configurations are possible 3:1 and 4:1 in release B6 ; from release B7 4:1 is always used. In addition it supports multiplexing of Packet Switch and Circuit Switch traffic on the same A-ter Mux ( e.g 75% GSM & 25% GPRS granularity ). > ATBX : The main task is to terminate the 2Mbps interfaces (A-ter and A) and re-route the TCH, CIC channels to/from the DT16 board > DT16 : The main task of this module is transcoding 16 traffic channels

> MT120 boards may be plugged in the TC G2 rack. Then the MT120 board replaces 1 AMC+ 4 ATBX + 8 DT16 modules and is compatible with all features supported by the ASMC board. One fan per MT120 board, must also be plugged in the MT120 vicinity.

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7 Transcoder Functional Architecture Evaluation

> Objective : to be able to describe the Functional Architecture of the Transcoder

Thank you for answering the self-assessment of the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

134 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

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8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture

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> Objective : to be able to describe the Hardware Architecture of the Transcoder > Program : page number
142 137 146

8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture Session presentation

8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC

8.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT120 Board 8.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT120 Board

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture

8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC

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8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC Power supply architecture


Top Rack Unit (JSTRU) Top Rack Unit Cabling (JSTRU)
Rack EMC enclosure
16 mm blue

BAT1 BATR BAT0 EMC filters


16 mm black 16 mm blue

JSTRU

JSTC

ALBAC Cables

JSTC
BAT1 Distribution BAT0 Distribution

JSTC

JSTC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

138 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Two redundant power lines input are provided by Alcatel 9125 cabinet; 2 circuit breakers (one per branch) are provided per subrack. BATR, BAT0 and BAT1 power lines are individually filtered, BATR is common to both distribution branches. > The Top Rack Unit (JSTRU) is in charge of power supply distribution and protection inside the rack. 10 circuit breakers are mounted on the TRU. Each one corresponds to one subrack and to one distribution branch. > The internal power distribution is done by : 16mm2 section power cables from the EMC filters to the TRU. ALBAC cables from the TRU to each subrack (Dual 4mm2 section conductor cable with T fast-on connectors at each ends). > When the so called 2wire connection mode is required, a strap connects the BATR signal to the rack protective ground terminal outside the EMC closure. > The power consumption for a full rack is lower than 2500 watts (power consumption for MT120 board = 50watts).

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8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC Rack presentation


TRU

Rack Filling
TRU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

Floor Plan for Alcatel 9125 Transcoder

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

1000 mm 600 mm

Alcatel Alcatel 9125 9125 TC TC

Alcatel 9125 TC

1000 mm

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

FANU

700 mm 600 mm

Stand (100mm)

Stand (100mm)

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

139 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> It is possible to put any MT120 board in any position of the subrack. However for easy operational procedures the simplest filling rule has been adopted: the rack is filled on a MT120 modularity from left to right and from bottom to top if cabling is performed from bottom or from top to bottom if cabling is performed from top. > The connection information (witch BSC A-ter Mux is connected to witch MT120) is available via the TC terminal. > Cooling : Each subrack is equipped ( when MT120 is present) with 3 fans cassette( identical to those use in Alcatel 9100BTS) Top and bottom plates as well as front and rear doors are perforated to provide sufficient air flow inside the rack for the cooling Each MT120 is equipped with a sensor for permanent temperature measurement.Three thresholds are defined : If the low threshold is reached, MT120 sends an alarm to BSC. This does not impact the traffic If the medium threshold is reached, the MT120 stops some DSPs and sends to the BSC alarms on these channels for blocking. These channels are no more available for traffic If the high threshold is reached, the MT120 sends to BSC alarm and goes to out of order state. MT 120 board is no more available for traffic; but automatic restart is performed when temperature decreases. The fan speed is software controlled to reduce at maximum the level noise. Each MT120 controls the fan on the same subrack ; the fan speed depends on the highest MT120 temperature in the rack (all fans in the rack have the same speed)

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8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC Cabling

Connection AREA

BOARD 11 & 12

BOARD BOARD BOARD 09 & 10 07 to 12 07 & 08

BOARD BOARD BOARD 05 & 06 01 to 06 03 & 04

BOARD 01 & 02

PCM Cabling
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 140 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Cables with 8 pairs ( either Flex 3 for 75 ohms coaxial or L 907 for 120 ohms pair) are used for connection to the customer Distribution frame ( DDF). This cabling is done from bottom or from the top of the rack. > This cabling is offered on subrack granularity

A-ter Mux Connector


RX TX A-ter Mux1 A-ter Mux2 A-ter Mux3 A-ter Mux4 A-ter Mux5 A-ter Mux6 Not used Not used

A interface Connector
RX A1 A2 A3 A4 A1 A2 A3 A4 TX

Board 02

Board 01

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8.1 Alcatel 9125 TC Rack front view


JSTRU
MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

JRTC
Top Rack Unit
002 005 008 011 016 019 022 025 030 033 036 039

MT 120 MT 120

MT 120

MT 120

MT 120 MT 120
24 25

MT 120
26

SR1
TEI

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120


40 41

002 005 008 011 016 019 022 025 030 033 036 039

MT 120
42

Rack Layout Front View

SR2

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120


56 57

002 005 008 011 016 019 022 025 030 033 036 039

MT 120
58

SR3

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120 MT 120 MT 120

FANU MT 120 MT 120


72 73

002 005 008 011 016 019 022 025 030 033 036 039

MT 120
74

SR4

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

FANU

FANU

FANU

Empty

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

141 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

MT 120
75

MT 120
59

MT 120
43

MT 120
27

Slot number

141

8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture

8.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT120 Board

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

142

8.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT120 Board TC G2 functional view


1 4th TRCU of ASMC 1 4th TRCU of ASMC 2 4th TRCU of ASMC 3 4th TRCU of ASMC 4 4th TRCU of ASMC 5 4th TRCU of ASMC 6

SAU 01
01 ASMC 33 63

2 3 4 5 6

TRCU 6a

TRCU 6b

TRCU 6c

TRCU 4d 4

TRCU 5d 5

TRCU 6d 6

SAU 02

01 ASMC

33

63

TRCU 4a

TRCU 4b

TRCU 4c

ASMC

TRCU 5a

TRCU 5b

TRCU 5c

SAU 03

4
01 ASMC

5
33 63

TRCU 3a

TRCU 3b

TRCU 3c

TRCU 1d 1

TRCU 2d 2

TRCU 3d 3

SAU 04

01 ASMC

33

63

TRCU 1a

TRCU 1b

TRCU 1c

ASMC

TRCU 2a

TRCU 2b

TRCU 2c

SAU 05

1 Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

2 143 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> The TC G2 is made up of a number of independent racks, each one corresponds to one G2 BSC rack. > Each TC G2 rack contains up to : 6 ASMC modules 24 ATBX modules (4 times the number of ASMC) 48 DT16 modules ( 2 times the number of ATBX) 6 MT120 modules (It is allowed to have a G2 rack fully equipped with MT120; in this case there are 6 fan modules)

> Technical Data: Power supply : -39 V DC to -72 V DC Power consumption : 50 W for each equipped A-interface trunk with DT16 (max.1200 W full-equipped cabinet) Transmission impedance 75 or 120 Cabinet dimensions : Height : 2200 mm Width : 900 mm (+ end covers : 100 mm/suite) Depth : 520 mm Weight : 300 kg

Alcatel

143

8.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT120 Board TC G2 rack presentation


01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A S M C D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A S M C D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 A S M C D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A S M C D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A S M C D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 A S M C D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6 D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6

1000 mm 520 mm 1000 mm

TC
900 mm

TC
900 mm

TC
900 mm

1st cabinet 2nd cabinet 3rd cabinet

Two side covers, 50 mm each

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

144 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

144

> TC configurations are numbered from 2 to 18 and are mapped as follows :


2 to 6 7 to 12 : cabinet 2 : cabinet 1 13 to 18 : cabinet 3 Configuration 1B : TRCU 1a-1d

8.2 Alcatel TC G2 without MT120 Board TC G2 Configurations

> Examples :

Configuration 2B : TRCU 1a-1d, 2a-2d

Configuration 3B : TRCU 1a-1d, 2a-2d, 3a-3d

Configuration 4B : TRCU 1a-1d, 2a-2d, 3a-3d, 4a-4d

Configuration 5B : TRCU 1a-1d, 2a-2d, 3a-3d, 4a-4d, 5a-5d


Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 145 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Configuration 6B : TRCU 1a-1d, 2a-2d, 3a-3d, 4a-4d, 5a-5d, 6a-6d

Alcatel

145

8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture

8.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT120 Board

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

146

8.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT120 Board MT120 board position in a TC G2 rack

01

03

05

07

09

11

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

TC G2 Subrack MT120 Board Fan

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

147 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Adding MT120 Board The MT120 board is plugged in the slot 01 (ASMC position) The fan is plugged in the slot 07 (ATBX position) The adaptation of PBAs for MT120 impacts only slightly the cabling without any impact on traffic

Alcatel

147

8.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT120 Board Recabling impact

M T 1 2 0

D T 1 6

A T B X
B A

D T 1 6

D T 1 6

A T B X
B A

D T 1 6

D T 1 6

A T B X
B A

D T 1 6

From the previous subrack

Minor recabling impact

A-ter links

A interfaces

TC G2 Backpanel view
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 148 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Cabling Impact A Interfaces Connection of the A interfaces to MT120 is achieved by changing position of the A interface cable ( from position A to B) on the ATBX backpanel connector

ATBX Connector

1 2

TX RX

14 18 22

Cabling TRCU with ATBX boards from DDF TX and RX

TX RX 26 32

Cabling TRCU with MT120 module from DDF TX and RX

Alcatel

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8.3 Alcatel TC G2 with MT120 Board Extension with MT120 board


01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 M T 1 2 0 G 2 F A N D T 1 6 A D T T B 1 X 6

Extension example :
Initial state
4 A-ter Mux equipped (1:4) 2 A-ter Mux extension 2 MT120 needed

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 M T 1 2 0 G 2 F A N A D S T M 1 C 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6

Extension

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A D S T M 1 C 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6

01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 A D S T M 1 C 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 A D S T M 1 C 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6 D T 1 6 A T B X D T 1 6

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

149 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> Example of Configuration

Alcatel

149

8 Transcoder Hardware Architecture Evaluation

> Objective : to be able to describe the Hardware Architecture of the Transcoder

Thank you for answering the self-assessment of the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

150 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

150

9 Transmission Interfaces

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

151

> Objective : to be able to describe the Transmission Interfaces > Program : page number
153 157 155 159

9 Transmission Interfaces Session presentation

9.1 Transmission Interfaces 9.3 Cluster Definition

9.2 Alcatel 9125 TC Interconnectio 9.4 A, A-ter, A-ter Mux Time Slot Mapping Principle

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

152 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

152

9 Transmission Interfaces

9.1 Transmission Interfaces

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

153

9.1 Transmission Interfaces


A-ter Mux interface
SM (ASMB)

A interface
MT120

DTC

DTC

SM (ASMB)

MT120

BSC

MFS

TC

MSC

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

154 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

154

9 Transmission Interfaces

9.2 Alcatel 9125 TC Interconnection

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

155

9.2 Alcatel 9125 TC Interconnection


Example:
DTC21

A-ter
N7

A-ter Mux
ASMB 6 ASMB 5 ASMB 4 ASMB 3 ASMB 2 ASMB 1
N7

A-ter Mux
N7

A
N7

MT120 MT120

N7

N7,GB

DTC17

N7

GB N7

N7

N7,GB

MT120

DTC13

N7

GB N7

MFS
N7 N7, Qmux, X25

MT120
N7

DTC9

N7

DTC5

X25 N7

MT120

X25 N7

BSC
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

DTC1

X25 N7

N7, Qmux, X25

MT120

TC
156 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

X25 N7

MSC

> Example of a Alcatel 9125 TC interconnection with one BSC and one MFS: The figure shows the connection of a BSC rack to a set of six MT120 boards (Cluster). In this example A-ter 1 to 3 carry just CS traffic and 4 to 6 mixed CS and Pstraffic. N7 CHANNELS The signalling number 7 channels are managed by the DTCs 1,5,9,13,17 and 21. These channels go transparently through the MFS and transcoder.The rate of this channel is 64Kbps X25 CHANNELS These channels are used for the connection of the OMC-R at the MSC side. It can be extracted at TC side. 2 channels are used for redundancy . These channels go transparently through the transcoder. The rate of this channel is 64Kbits/S. The X25 channels are managed by the DTCs 2and 6 GSM CIRCUITS ( TCH) In case of direct connection to the transcoder, they are transcoded in TC In case of a connection through the MFS a by pass is done in the MFS GPRS PACKET ( GCH) They are processed in the MFS and go to the SGSN through the transcoder ,the MSC using the GB channels. GB CHANNELS The rate of the GB channel is N*64Kbits/s. These channels go transparently through the transcoder. 2 channels are used for redundancy Qmux CHANNELS They are used for O&M functions from BSC (Alarms, object status..). The rate of the Qmux channel is 1200 bps. 2 channels are used for redundancy

Alcatel

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9 Transmission Interfaces

9.3 Cluster Definition

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

157

9.3 Cluster Definition


OMC-R BSC TSC
Qmux

MT120

TSC BSC TSC TSC OMC-R BSC TSC

Qmux

MT120
Qmux

MT120
Qmux

MT120
Qmux TCIL

MT120

TSC

Qmux

MT120
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 158 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> A Alcatel 9125TC cluster is a group of up to six MT120 board allocated to one BSC rack. The MT120 managing the first two A-ter Mux are the master,working in active / standby mode. These master manage the Qmux interface. The other MT120 boards of the cluster are attached to the master during installation phase. The members of a cluster can be any MT120 board in the rack.This simplifies extension and reduction. > Seen from the BSC, a cluster is a logical G2 Transcoder rack,a group of six A-ter Mux interfaces.The BSC supervises the related cluster and communicates with the master.The master forward the messages received from the BSC to the other MT120 board in the cluster via the TCIL bus. > As in Alcatel 9125 transcoder we can have up to 12 MT120 per sub-rack,and up to 4 sub-racks in a rack,this leads to a maximum 48 MT120 per modules.We can then foresee to connect different BSC to the transcoder. As in each cluster it is advisable to have at least 2 MT120 (for Qmux redundancy) then the maximum number of BSC to connect to transcoder is 24, with 2 A-ter Mux for each BSC

Alcatel

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9 Transmission Interfaces

9.4 A, A-ter, A-ter Mux Time Slot Mapping Principle

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

159

9.4 A, A-ter, A-ter Mux Time Slot Mapping Principle


A-ter 0
0

A-ter Mux (1 or 2)

14 15 16

N7

14 15 16

SN7 N7

31 0

31 0

2
14 15 16

ASMB
N7

14 15 16

Qmux Alarm byte N7

MT120

14 15 16

4
0

31 0

X25

31

X25

3
14 15 16 N7 14 15 16 N7

14 15 16

SN7

14 15 16

SN7

31
31 31

X25
160 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

31

31

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

> This figure gives the principle of the A, A-ter multiplexing / demultiplexing in A-ter Mux interface for the A-ter Mux1 and 2 of one BSC > For the other A-ter Mux (3 to 6) it is the same mapping with out X25 and Qmux channels .These are used for traffic channels > Alarm byte In the alarm byte, 2 bits are used for each tributary AI alarm indication RI remote alarm indication state Alarm byte status from MT120 to BSC The alarm byte is always sent with no alarm state : Advantage being in case of MSC reset to avoid any huge flow of blocking messages from BSC and to simplify alarm reporting from MT120 Alarm byte status from BSC to MT120 In case of a reception of an AI bit set to one, an AIS is inserted to MSC on A interface In case of a reception of an RI bit set to one, an RAI is inserted to MSC on A interface

Alcatel

160

9 Transmission Interfaces Evaluation

> Objective : to be able to describe the Transmission Interfaces

Thank you for answering the self-assessment of the objectives sheet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

161 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Alcatel

161

10 Appendix

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> 1 > 2 > 3

ASMC Board Description : Hardware and Functions ATBX Board Description : Hardware and Functions DT16 Board Description : Hardware and Functions

Alcatel

162

Appendix 1 BSC DSN

Alcatel

163

Appendix 2 BSC Rack 1

Alcatel

164

Appendix 3 BSC Rack 2

Alcatel

165

Appendix 4 BSC Rack 3

Alcatel

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> Hardware Architecture


Ater 1 Ater 2 TCC TCC

Appendix 5 ASMC Board Description : Hardware & Functions


SSR 1 +5V DC/DC Converter -48v Branch A -48v Branch B Remote Qmux (QRI) TS0 Logic

Ater 3 Ater 4

TCC SSR 2 TCC

Local Qmux Termination* TSSWs (1 and 2) TCC QEI Ater-mux

OBC (80C188 XL)

Control and Status Registers

LEDs Local Qmux (QLI) MMI

EPROM

SRAM

EEPROM

SCC

*The Local Qmux Termination is only used on one ASMC of a cabinet

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

167 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> ASMC Functions : Basic Functions Multiplexing and demultiplexing A-ter channel tributaries Multiplexing and demultiplexing A-ter Mux highway G. 703 specific functions Connection of N7 and X25 links Handling and generation of tributaries bits TSC interface O&M Functions Configuration management Performance management Fault management

Alcatel

167

> Hardware Architecture


Ater 1 TCC

Appendix 6 ATBX Board Description : Hardware & Functions

A Interface TCC TSSW

2 Mbit PCM links 64 kbit/s

DT16 Interface SSR 64 kbit/s Data Interface Clock Circuits -48v Branch A -48v Branch B LEDs

Switch

+5V

DC/DC Converter Control and Status Registers

OBC (80C188 XL)

EPROM

SRAM

EEPROM

SCC

Local Qmux MMI

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

168 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> ATBX Functions : Switches a maximum of 31 A-law PCM 64Kbps channels from A interface to DT16 Switches 31 channels from A-ter interface to DT16 Passes 64Kbps X25 and N7 channels transparently Perform local clock extraction

Alcatel

168

> Hardware Architecture

Appendix 7 DT16 Board Description : Hardware & Functions


128 kbyte SRAM Flash EEPROM Voltage Supervision Terminal +3.3 V BDM Chip Select Bus MMI LEDs JTAG/ OnCE 4 MHz Clock RS-485 1 RS-485 2 Trace/Test 2 Mbit/s Link A 2 Mbit/s Link B 2 Mbit/s Data Link DSP 15 SICU DSP 1 4 MHz Clock 384 kbyte SRAM 384 kbyte SRAM SPUs x 16 DSP 0 384 kbyte SRAM +5 V From ATBX TCCU Power ON and Reset Generation Reset DC/DC Converter

PSU -48V Branch A -48V Branch B

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

169 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

> DT16 Functions : Performs transcoding of 16 speech channels Performs rate adaptation for 16 channels

Alcatel

169

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


AGCH A-GPS AMR AN AS AS ASMB ASMC BC BCU BCLA BCR BCU BCCH BCF BG BIE BIEC Access Grant CHannel Assisted Global Positioning System Adaptive Multi Rate (TC) Antenna Network (BTS) Access Switch (BSC) Alarm Surveillance (O&M) A-ter Submultiplexer BSC A-ter Submultiplexer TC Broadcast Broadcast Unit BSC Clock A Broadcast Register Broadcast Unit Broadcast Common Control Channel (GSM TS) Base station Control Function (BTS) Border Gate (GPRS) Base Station Interface Equipment Base Station Interface Equipment (BSC)
170 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

BIUA BPA BSI BSC BSCGP

BSS BSSAP BSSMAP BSSGP BTS CAE CAL CBC CBCH CBE CC CCCH CCU

Base Station (sub)System BSS Application Part BSS Management Application Part Base Station System GPRS Protocol (GPRS) Base Transceiver Station Customer Application Engineering Current Alarm List (O&M) Cell Broadcast Center Cell Broadcast Channel (GSM TS) Cell Broadcast Entity Call Control Common Control Channel (GSM TS) Channel Coding Unit

Base Station Interface Unit A Back Panel Assembly Base Station Identifier Base Station Controller BSC GPRS Protocol

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

170

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


CDMA CE CEK CIC CLK CLSI CMA CMDA CMFA CPF CPR CRC CS CS CU DB DCE DH Code Division Multiple Access Control Element (BSC) Control Element Kernel Circuit Identification Code Clock Custom Large Scale Integrated circuit Configuration Management Application Common Memory Disk A Common Memory Flash A Configuration Parameter data File Common Processor (Type: CPRA, CPRC) Cyclic Redundancy Check Circuit Switching (Telecom) Coding Scheme (GPRS): CS-1, CS-2, CS-3, CS-4 Carrier Unit (BTS) Database Data Circuit Terminating Equipment Device Handler
171 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

DL DLS DMA DR DRAM DRFU DRX DSE DSN DTAP DTX DTC

DownLink Data Load Segment Direct Memory Access Dual Rate Dynamic RAM Dual Rate Frame Unit Discontinuous Reception (GSM TS) Digital Switching Element Digital Switching Network Direct Transfer ApplicationPart Discontinuous Transmission (GSM TS) Digital Trunk Controller (Type: DTCA, DTCC) DTE Data Terminal Equipment EGPRS Enhance GPRS EI Extension interface EML Element Management Level EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

171

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory FPE Functional and Protective Earth FR Full Rate (GSM TS) FR Frame Relay (Telecom) FRDN Frame Relay Data Network (Telecom) FU Frame Unit (BTS) FW Firmware GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node (GPRS) GMLC Gateway Mobile Location Center GMM GPRS Mobility Management (GPRS) GPRS General Packet Radio Service GPRS AP GPRS Application Part GPS Global Positioning System GPU GPRS Packet Unit GS-1 Group Switch of stage 1 (BSC) GS-2 Group Switch of stage 2 (BSC) GSL GPRS Signaling Link GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 172 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

GSM TS GSM Technical Specification HAL HCM HDSL HDLC HLR HMI HO HR HW IDR ILCS IMT IND IP ISDN IT Historical Alarm List (O&M) Hardware Configuration Management High rate Digital Subscriber Line High Level Datalink Control Home Location Register Human Machine Interface HandOver Half Rate Hardware Internal Directed Retry ISDN Link Controller Installation and Maintenance Terminal (MFS) Indoor (BTS) Internet Protocol Integrated Services Data Network Intelligent Terminal

Alcatel

172

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


LA LAC LAN LAPD LCS LED LLC LMT MA MAC MAN MCB MF MFS MLU MM MMI MMM Location Area (GSM TS) Location Area Code (GSM TS) Local Area Network Link Access Protocol on the D channel Location Service Light Emitting Diode Logical Link Control (GPRS) Local Maintenance Terminal Mobile Allocation (GSM TS) Medium Access Control (GPRS) MicroBTS Antenna Network (BTS) Multiplex Channel Block Master File Multi-BSS Fast Packet Server (GPRS) Massive Logical Update Mobility Management Man Machine Interface (3M) Maximum Multiband Mobile Control
173 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

MO MPDCH MPM MS MSC MSUM NE NMC NMI NPA NSS NTL NW OBC OBCI ODMC O&M OMC

Managed Object (O&M) Master Packet Data Channel Metrica Performance Management Mobile Station Mobile Switching Center MicroBTS Station Unit Module (BTS) Network Element Network Manager Center Non Maskable Interrupt Network Performance Analyser Network SubSystem Network Termination Line Network On Board Controller On Board Controller Interface On Demand Measurement Campaign (O&M) Operation and Maintenance Operation and Maintenance Center

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

173

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


OMC-R Operation and Maintenance Center Radio OML Operation and Maintenance Link OMU Operation and Maintenance Unit (BTS) OS Operating System OUT Outdoor (BTS) PAGCH Packet Access Grant Channel PBA Printed Board Assembly PBCCH Packet Broadcast Common Control CHannel (GPRS) PC Personal Computer PCCCH Packet Common Control Channel (GPRS) PCH Paging CHannel (GSM TS) PCM Pulse Code Modulation PCU Packet Control Unit (GPRS) PDCH Packet Data CHannel PDN Packet Data Network (Telecom) PLL Phase Locked Loop
Alcatel 9120 BSC Description 174 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

Public Land Mobile Network Prompt Maintenance Alarm (O&M) Permanent Measurement Campaign (O&M) PPCH Packet Paging CHannel (GPRS) PRACH Packet Random Access CHannel (GPRS) PRC Provisioning Radio Configuration (O&M) PS Packet Switching PSDN Packet Switching Data Network (Telecom) PSTN Public Switching Telephone Network (Telecom) PTP-CNLS Point To Point CoNnectionLeSs data transfer (GPRS) QEI Qmux Extension Interface QLI Qmux Local Interface QoS Quality of Service QRI Qmux Remote Interface RA Radio Access

PLMN PMA PMC

Alcatel

174

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


RACH RAM RF RFM RLC RLP RML RNO RNP RR RSL RTS RxLev RxQual SACCH SAU SC Random Access CHannel (GSM TS) Random Access Memory Radio Frequency Radio Frequency Management Radio Link Control (GPRS) Radio Link Protocol (GSM TS) Radio Management Level Radio Network Optimisation Radio Network Planning Radio Resource Radio Signaling Link Radio Time Slot Received Level Received Quality Slow Associated Control Channel (GSM TS) Subrack Assembly Unit (BSC) Supervised Configuration (O&M)
175 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

SCC SCCP SCSI SDCCH SGSN SIEA SM SMLC SMS SMS-CB SRAM SRS SS7 SSD SW SWEL TBF TC

Serial Communication Controller Signaling Connection Control Part Small Computer Systems Interface Standalone Dedicated Control Channel (GSM TS) Serving GPRS Support Node (GPRS) SCSI Interface Extension A Submultiplexer Serving Mobile Location Centre Short Message Service Short Message Service - Cell Broadcast Static RAM SubRate Switch Signaling System ITU-T N7 (ex CCITT) Solid State Disk Software Switch Element Temporary Block Flow (GPRS) Transcoder

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

Alcatel

175

BSS GLOSSARY Abbreviations and Acronyms


TCC TCH TCHRM TCIL TCSM TCU TDMA TFO TLD TMN TRAC TRAU TRCU TRE TRS TRU TRX TS Trunk Controller Chip Traffic CHannel (GSM TS) Traffic CHannel Resource Management TransCoder Internal Link TransCoder / SubMultiplexer equipment TRX Control Unit (Type: TCUA, TCUC) Time Division Multiple Access Tandem Free Operation (TC) Top Level Design Telecommunication Management Network Trunk Access Circuit Transcoder and Rate Adapter Unit Transcoder Unit Transceiver Equipment Technical Requirement Specification Top Rack Unit Transceiver Time Slot
176 All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

TS TSS TSC TSCA TSL TSU TU UL UMTS USO VLR VSWR WAN WAP

Technical Specification (GSM TS) Time Space Switch Transmission Sub-System Control Transmission Sub-System Controller A (BSC) TSC Signaling Link Terminal Sub Unit (BSC) Terminal Unit (BSC) UpLink Universal Mobile Transmission System Uasge State On Demand Visitor Location Register Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (BTS) Wide Area Network Wireless Application Protocol

Alcatel 9120 BSC Description

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www.alcatel.com

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