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Psychology February 8, 2011

Anorexia nervosa an excessive and intense fear of gaining weight coupled with a refusal to maintain a normal body weight. These persons have a distorted perception of their bodies as they believe they are much heavier than they really are causing them to starve themselves. They tend to suffer from Amenorrhea the menstrual cycle stops. Bulimia nervosa persons consume large amounts of food in a quick space of time and then engage in some compensatory behavior that prevents them from gaining weight Compensatory behaviors include: Vomiting Laxative Excessive exercising Fasting They are able to maintain normal body weight.

Bigorexia primarily affects body builders Depression this is one of the most common known disorders. It is referred to as the common cold of psychological disorder. It can begin at any age and women are twice as likely to be depressed as men. A person must display 5 or more of the following symptoms at once during the same 2 wk period to be considered depressed. Unhappiness most of the day nearly every day Diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain Insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleep) Fatigue or loss of energy Diminished ability to think or concentrate Feeling of worthlessness, hopelessness and guilt Recurrent thoughts of death Causes of depression Stressful events Bipolar disorder (manic depressive disorder) it is characterized by wide swings in mood from deep depression to mania. There is also an increase in irresponsible behavior. Causing of committing suicide - homosexuals, unemployment, old age (especially for men), divorce, family history, substance abuse, Chronic painful or disfiguring illness

Anxiety disorder Phobia is an irrational intense persistent fear of certain situations, objects, activities, or persons most phobias involve a fear of animals, the natural environment, illness and injections and various specific situations. Phobias are classified into specific phobias, social phobia and agoraphobia Specific phobia a fear of something specific Social phobia a marked fear of public appearances in which embarrassment or humiliation is possible Agoraphobia - intense fear of specific situations in which individuals that help will not be available if they experience an incapacitating or embarrassing event Obsessive compulsive disorder an anxiety disorder in which individuals have recurrent disturbing thoughts they cannot prevent unless they engage in specific behaviors. The recurrent thoughts are the obsessions and the behaviors are the compulsions. The most common obsessions are contamination, germs, need for symmetry and order, and the most common compulsion are cleaning, checking, hoarding and counting. Post-traumatic stress disorder an anxiety can develop after a person has experienced or witnessed a traumatic or terrifying event in which serious physical harm occurred or was threatened. Also hearing about it can cause PTSD.