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Plan 9 from Outer Space

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Plan 9 from Outer Space

Theatrical release poster design by Tom Jung

Directed by

Ed Wood

Produced by

J. Edward Reynolds Ed Wood

Written by

Ed Wood

Narrated by

Criswell

Gregory Walcott Mona McKinnon Starring Tom Keene Tor Johnson Dudley Manlove Joanna Lee

John Breckinridge Vampira Bela Lugosi

Music by

Gordon Zahler

Cinematography William C. Thompson

Editing by

Edward D. Wood Jr.

Distributed by

Distributors Corporation of America (under Valiant Pictures)

Release date(s)

July 22, 1959

Running time

79 minutes

Country

United States

Language

English

Budget

$60,000

Plan 9 from Outer Space (originally titled Grave Robbers from Outer Space) is a 1956 American science fiction film written and directed by Edward D. Wood, Jr. which premiered in 1957 and was released in 1959. The film features Gregory Walcott, Mona McKinnon, Tor Johnson and Maila "Vampira" Nurmi. The film bills Bela Lugosi posthumously as a star, although silent footage of the actor had been shot by Wood for other, unfinished projects just before Lugosi's death in 1956. The plot of the film involves extraterrestrial beings who are seeking to stop humans from creating a doomsday weapon that would destroy the universe. In the course of doing so, the aliens implement "Plan 9", a scheme to resurrect Earth's dead as what modern audiences would consider zombies (called "ghouls" in the film itself) to get the planet's attention, causing chaos. For years the film played on television in relative obscurity, until 1980, when authors Michael Medved and Harry Medved dubbed Plan 9 from Outer Space the "worst movie ever made". Wood was posthumously awarded the Medveds' Golden Turkey Award as the worst director ever.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 2.1 Credited 2.2 Uncredited 3 Production o 3.1 Music 4 Documenting the film 5 Legacy o 5.1 Comic books o 5.2 Video game o 5.3 RiffTrax 6 Revisions 7 Remakes 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links
o o

Plot

A flying saucer is seen flying over the cemetery. The film is often criticized for the poor quality of its special effects. In San Fernando, California, two gravediggers are filling the grave of the young wife of an unnamed old man. Hearing a strange noise, they decide to leave the cemetery but are attacked and killed by the resurrected corpse of the young woman. Meanwhile, in the skies nearby, a pilot named Jeff Trent and his co-pilot Danny encounter a flying saucer. Absorbed in his grief over his wife's death, the old man walks into the path of an oncoming automobile. At his funeral, mourners discover the bodies of the gravediggers. Inspector Daniel Clay and other police officers come to the cemetery to investigate. While searching the graveyard, Clay encounters the female zombie, now joined by the reanimated corpse of the old man, and is killed. Jeff Trent is watching the cemetery with his wife, Paula, and tells her about his flying saucer encounter, stating that the Army has sworn him to secrecy. He suspects the

events at the cemetery are related to his encounter with the UFO. A powerful wind knocks everyone to the ground, and a spaceship lands nearby. In the weeks that follow, newspaper headlines report other flying saucer sightings. The military, under the command of Col. Thomas Edwards, Chief of Saucer Operations, attacks the alien spaceships, which flee Earth. Edwards reveals that the government has been covering up the flying saucers, and wonders if the aliens are connected to other disasters on Earth. The aliens return to Space Station 7 for regeneration. Their commander, Eros, informs their ruler that he has attempted, unsuccessfully, to contact the governments of Earth. He says that to force the people of Earth to acknowledge his people's existence, he is implementing Plan 9, which involves resurrecting the recently dead by stimulating their pituitary and pineal glands. The three alien ships return to Earth. Trent is about to leave home for another flight. Concerned for Paula's safety, he urges her to stay with her mother while he's gone, but she insists on staying home. That night, the corpse of the old man rises from his crypt and sneaks into their house. Joined by the corpse of his wife and the newly resurrected Daniel Clay, he chases Paula through the cemetery. Paula collapses and is found by a passing motorist. All three zombies return to Eros's ship, which lifts off.

Eros is nearly killed by the corpse of Inspector Clay. At the Pentagon, Gen. Roberts informs Edwards that the government has been receiving messages from the aliens. Roberts plays the last message, which has been translated into English by a recently invented "language computer". The general sends Edwards to San Fernando, California, where most of the aliens' activities have occurred. In California, the police interview the Trents about their experiences with the aliens. Unbeknownst to them, the alien saucer has returned to the graveyard. While waiting by the police car, Officer Kelton encounters the old man. The old man chases the officer to the Trents' yard, where they shoot him, with no effect. The nearby aliens strike the old man with a ray, causing his body to decompose, leaving only his skeleton. Not knowing what to make of this, the Trents and the police decide to drive to the cemetery.

Pilot Jeff Trent confronts the aliens. Eros and fellow alien Tanna send Clay to kidnap Paula in order to lure the other three to their spaceship. Meanwhile, seeing a glow in the distance, Trent and the police head toward the ship. Kelton stays with Paula, but is incapacitated by Clay. Upon awakening, he calls for help, and Officer Larry comes to aid him. Eros allows Trent and the police to enter, and they board with guns drawn. Eros tells them that human weapons development will inevitably lead to the discovery of solarbonite, a substance that has the effect of exploding "sunlight molecules". A solarbonite explosion would set off a chain reaction that would destroy the entire universe. Eros believes humans are too immature to not use this power, and intends to destroy mankind to prevent this. Outside the ship, Clay arrives with Paula. Eros threatens to have her killed if they try to force him to go with them. Officers Kelton and Larry arrive and spot Clay with Paula. Realizing their guns are useless, they approach Clay from behind with a stick. Eros sees this and shuts off the ray controlling Clay, allowing Paula to go free. A fight ensues between Eros and Jeff, during which the ship's delicate equipment is damaged, setting off a fire. The humans flee the ship, and Tanna flies it into the atmosphere. The flaming ship explodes with both aliens. As a consequence of the explosion, Clay and the female zombie are decomposed in the same manner as the old man.

Cast
Credited

Gregory Walcott as Jeff Trent Mona McKinnon as Paula Trent Duke Moore as Lt. John Harper Tom Keene as Col. Tom Edwards (this was his final film) Carl Anthony as Patrolman Larry Paul Marco as Patrolman Kelton Tor Johnson as Insp. Dan Clay Dudley Manlove as Eros Joanna Lee as Tanna John Breckinridge as The Ruler Lyle Talbot as General Roberts David De Mering as Danny Norma McCarty as Edith

Bill Ash as Captain Rev. Lynn Lemon as Minister at Insp. Clay's funeral Ben Frommer as Mourner Gloria Dea as Mourner Conrad Brooks as Patrolman Jamie Maila Nurmi (credited as Vampira) as Vampire Girl Bela Lugosi as Old Man/Ghoul Man (via stock footage, since he died in 1956) Criswell as Himself / Narrator

Uncredited

Donald A. Davis as Drunk Johnny Duncan Karl Johnson as Farmer Calder Tom Mason as Ghoul Man with Cape Over Face J. Edward Reynolds as Gravedigger (he was also the exec producer) Hugh Thomas Jr. as Gravedigger (he doubled as an associate producer) Edward D. Wood Jr. as Man Holding Newspaper Marcus Hutton as Synth Player

Bela Lugosi, in silent footage for the abandoned Tomb of the Vampire, which was later recycled for Plan 9.

Production
Shortly before Bela Lugosi's death in 1956, he had been working with Wood on numerous half-realized projects, variously titled Tomb of the Vampire or The Ghoul Goes West.[1] Scenes unconnected to Plan 9, featuring Lugosi weeping at a funeral, walking in front of Tor Johnson's house at daytime, walking in and out of Johnson's side door at nighttime, and walking through a graveyard at daytime, had been shot. Only the first two sequences had reached any level of completion. When Lugosi died, Wood shelved these projects.[1] Shortly thereafter Wood developed the story and screenplay for Grave Robbers from Outer Space, planning to use the unconnected, unrelated footage of Lugosi to put a credit for him on the picture. Wood hired his wife's chiropractor, Tom Mason, as a stand-in for Lugosi, even though Mason was taller than Lugosi and bore no resemblance

to him.[1] Narration from Criswell was also employed in an attempt to better link Lugosi's footage with the rest of Plan 9. Grave Robbers from Outer Space was shot in 1956, and finished the following year, when it had its preview in March at the Carlton Theatre in Los Angeles. It would be another year before DCA (Distributors Corp. of America) picked it up and copyrighted it, intending to distribute it during the spring of 1958, but the company folded and it was not released until July 1959 through Valiant Pictures, the receiver of DCA. By then the film had been retitled Plan 9 from Outer Space (one story is that the film's financiers, two local Baptist ministers, objected to the "Grave Robbers" part of the title, so Wood changed it to "Plan 9"). The original title is mentioned at the end of Criswell's opening narration when he asks the audience, "Can your heart stand the shocking facts about grave robbers from outer space?" Like many independent films of the period, Plan 9 was distributed under a states' rights basis[clarification needed]. Not long after, the picture was distributed through a television package.

Criswell's opening narration Plan 9 From Outer Space gained notoriety through the Medveds' book because of its multiple continuity problems.[2] Critics say the absurdity of the film is found in the dialogue rather than on-screen action. Criswell's opening narration redundantly informs the viewer that "future events such as these will affect you in the future", while referring to viewers as "my friends" four times in the same minute.[2] Criswell also begins the narration by referring to future events, only to later describe them in the past tense ("...the full story of what happened on that fateful day"), and inexplicably calling for "the guilty" to be punished. Other examples of misleading lines include Jeff Trent describing the flying saucers to his wife as cigar-shaped, even though the craft seen in the film is of saucer form. Several exterior sets on sound-stages are interspersed with second-unit footage shot outdoors (for example, the old man's reanimated corpse chasing Paula Trent through the cemetery). In a number of these scenes the outdoor footage was intended to be shot dayfor-night, but this is not apparent in video transfers of the film, making these scenes contrast harshly against the on-set footage.

A visible shadow of the boom microphone (center of photo's upper edge) in a cockpit scene. During the first airplane cockpit scene, the first officer is visibly reading from the script which is in his lap, and a flash of light from a flying saucer reveals the shadow of the boom microphone.[2] The boom mic and first officer's script are not visible in the film's original theatrical release, as they do not fit in the frame in its intended projection aspect ratio of 1.85:1.[3] These mistakes are noticeable only in the film's open matte transfer on video.

Music
The music for Plan 9 from Outer Space was compiled by Gordon Zahler. Zahler used stock recordings of works by about a dozen composers, which was a fairly common procedure in the 1950s for scoring low-budget films and television programs. However, Zahler apparently never provided a reliable accounting for the score.[4] In 1996, Paul Mandell produced a CD that recreated the film's score by tracking down the stock recordings and the composers;[5] Mandell subsequently wrote an article about the film's music for Film Score Monthly.[6] Some websites do now credit these composers.[7]

Documenting the film


The movie is the subject of a documentary entitled Flying Saucers Over Hollywood: The Plan 9 Companion. The documentary is included on Image Entertainment's DVD edition of Plan 9. The documentary visits many locations related to the film, including the building with Ed Wood's former office at 4477 Hollywood Blvd. and what was left of the small soundstage used for the film's interiors, which is down a small alley next to the Harvey Apartments at 5640 Santa Monica Boulevard. Rudolph Grey's book Nightmare of Ecstasy: The Life and Art of Edward D. Wood Jr. contains anecdotes regarding the making of this film. Grey notes that participants in the original events sometimes contradict one another, but he relates each person's information for posterity regardless. In 1994 Tim Burton directed a fictionalized biopic, Ed Wood, which climaxes with the making and release of Plan 9. Ed Wood starred Johnny Depp in the title role, Martin Landau as Bela Lugosi, and Bill Murray as John Breckinridge (who played the alien "Ruler" in Plan 9). Ed Wood also featured frequent Wood cohorts Conrad Brooks and Gregory Walcott, both of whom appeared in Plan 9. The gala premiere depicted in the film never took place; Wood's films were always released quietly and on a limited basis.

In 2007 a documentary by Kevin Sean Michaels entitled Vampira: The Movie, was produced chronicling Maila Nurmi's work with Wood and her role as television's first horror host.

Legacy

As an ode to Plan 9 being famously known as "the worst film of all time," pre-release copies of the colorized DVD included this limited edition air freshener. The film is widely considered the worst of all time. However, when as many reviews as possible were collected on the review site Rotten Tomatoes, the report was that 66% of critics gave the film positive reviews.[8] Many of them stated that the film is simply too amusing to be considered the worst film ever made, claiming that its ineptitude added to its charm. There were also claims that the director managed to convey some interesting ideas. As of 2011, Plan 9 has failed to place in the IMDB Bottom 100, a list compiled using average scores given by Internet Movie Database users.[9] In 1979, the gothic punk band The Damned released a song called "Plan 9, Channel 7" on their third album, Machine Gun Etiquette. Also in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the hardcore punk group The Misfits named their label Plan 9 Records, which released much of the band's material during their first incarnation. Additionally, Ace Frehley, the spaceman guitar player from rock group Kiss, donned a Plan 9 t-shirt often in their concerts. In 1991, the film was referenced in the television series Seinfeld by Jerry in the episode "The Chinese Restaurant," in which he said, "This isn't like plans one through eight. This is plan nine, the one that worked! The worst movie ever made!" In a later episode "The Postponement," Jerry and Kramer attend a one-night showing of the film. In 1993, the British electronic music band 808 State released a single titled "Plan 9" from their album, Gorgeous. In 1994, director Tim Burton released the biopic Ed Wood, which starred Johnny Depp in the title role and Martin Landau, who won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Bela Lugosi. It also won an Academy Award for Best Makeup for Rick Baker. The film received mass critical acclaim, but did poorly at the box office. It has since developed a cult following.

In 1996, the film received a salute by author of the Cult Flicks and Trash Pics edition of VideoHound, in which its stated that, "The film has become so famous for its own badness that it's now beyond criticism." In 1996, Paul Mandell produced a CD that recreated the musical score from the film; the CD was released by the now-defunct Retrosonic Corp.. The score of the film had originally been assembled by Gordon Zahler from stock music recordings of the work of several composers, but Zahler did not provide documentation of his sources. Mandell tracked down the music to produce the CD.[5] In 1997, David G. Smith wrote and composed the music for Plan 9 from Outer Space: The Musical.[10] In 1998, the film is seen playing in the opening scene of the horror film, Halloween: H20. In 2000, when the film Battlefield Earth was reviewed by The New York Times, film critic Elvis Mitchell referred to it as being "Plan Nine From Outer Space for a new generation."[11] In 2000, the film was referenced in the television series The X-Files, wherein an episode Fox Mulder watches Plan 9 whenever he needs to focus on a difficult problem, claiming that the film is so incredibly bad that it shuts down the logic centers of his brain, allowing him to make intuitive leaps of logic. He has seen the movie 42 times. In 2002, the film was mocked on an episode of Mission Hill titled "Plan 9 from Mission Hill". At the end of the episode, the people watching the film started to laugh and cheer, because they could not help but laugh at the "worst thing they've ever seen". In 2005, the cast of Plan 9 from Outer Space were lampooned in an episode of the television show, Deadly Cinema, and, the following year, clips of this episode were featured in the documentary, Vampira: The Movie.[12] In 2005, the video game Destroy All Humans! follows the same format as the film, has a similar title sequence, and includes many other references to the film. Upon the game's completion, a large portion of footage from the actual film is given as a bonus/reward, stored under the name plan9.bik on the actual ISO DVD. In 2006, the film was featured on Turner Classic Movies program, TCM Underground, hosted by Rob Zombie. [13] In 2006, a stage adaptation of the film, Plan LIVE from Outer Space! , was staged in the Toronto Fringe Festival. The play was written by James Gordon Taylor (based entirely on Wood's script) and featured well-known Canadian comedians (most of them Second City alumni) such as Lisa Brooke, Aurora Browne, Brandon Firla, Chris Gibbs, Sandy Jobin-Bevans and Ron Sparks.[14] The play won a Canadian Comedy Award the following year, and a bootleg video of it was also released.

In 2010, a theatrical adaptation of the film was staged at The Brick Theater in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.[15] In its review, The New York Times said, "Buried deep below the layers of knowing humor, however, is an earnest appreciation."[16]

Comic books
In 1991, Eternity Comics released a 3-issue series entitled Plan 9 from Outer Space: Thirty Years Later! which served as an unofficial sequel to the film.[17] In 2009, Bluewater Productions released Plan 9 From Outer Space Strikes Again!

Video game
An adventure game of the same name was made in which the player must recover the film from Lugosi's double, who has stolen it.[18] The movie was packaged with the game as a VHS tape.

RiffTrax
The film was never featured in the comedy series Mystery Science Theater 3000, which mocked B-movies. It has been reported that the reasons for this were the problem of running the commentary format of the series over the film's narrator, as well as the fact that the film was already very well known, and the show's crew preferred more obscure films.[19] However, the film was included in live performances at the SF Sketchfest by The Film Crew, composed of former Mystery Science Theater 3000 cast members Michael J. Nelson, Kevin Murphy and Bill Corbett. A commentary based on these performances was released by RiffTrax, advertised as a "Three Riffer Edition", due to the fact that Nelson's solo commentary for the film's colorized DVD release had already been sold as an audio file on the Rifftrax website. Many of the jokes from Nelson's commentary carried over to the new commentary.[20] On August 20, 2009, the RiffTrax trio performed the commentary at a live event in Nashville, Tennessee, and the performance was broadcast to theaters across the United States. The live version of the show was released on DVD on December 8, 2009[21] and in Blu-ray on December 15, 2011.[22]

Revisions
In 2006 Legend Films released a colorized version of Plan 9 from Outer Space on DVD.[23] Though the colorization process was largely done straight, unlike the campy bright colors used in the studio's release of Reefer Madness, there were a few alterations. Legend had auctioned off the opportunity to insert new material into the film through two auctions on eBay. The first allowed the auction winner to provide a photograph that is digitally inserted into part of the scene between the Ghoul Man and Paula Trent. The second allowed the winner to have his or her name placed on a gravestone during a scene with Wood regular Tor Johnson. The third alteration is at a point where Eros gets punched and his skin briefly turns green.[23] The Legend Films colorized Plan 9 from Outer Space was screened in Atlanta, Georgia at the Plaza Theatre on September 9, 2006, and was hosted live by Elvira impersonator

Patterson Lundquist with a live running commentary. As a part of the promotion sets of the autographed Michael J. Nelson DVD were given away as prizes. The event was featured in The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and served as the grand re-opening of the theatre which had fallen on hard times under previous ownership. Autographed pre-release copies of the DVD were made available in 2005, and the colorized version was also given special theatrical screenings at various theaters throughout the United States, including the Castro Theatre.[24][25] The DVD featured an audio commentary track by comedian Michael J. Nelson of Mystery Science Theater 3000 fame, in which he heckles, or "riffs" the film in a style similar to an episode of the series, a restored black-and-white version of Plan 9, a home video of Wood in drag performing a striptease (Wood, in real life, was a transvestite) and a comedic feature narrated by Nelson detailing the "lost" Plans 1-8. The autographed edition also came with a limited edition air freshener.[25] Nelson's commentary is also available through his company RiffTrax, where it can be downloaded as either an MP3 audio file or a DivX video file with the commentary embedded into the colorized version of the film.[26][27] The San Diego-based 3-D production & conversion studio PassmoreLab is currently working on the 3-D version of the original film.[28]

Remakes
Filmmaker Ernie Fosselius created the short film, Plan 9.1 From Outer Space, which featured hand-carved wooden puppets of the characters from the film. The puppets acted out the scenes along with the edited soundtrack of the original film. As of September 2009, there are two more proposed remakes:

Grave Robbers From Outer Space was written and directed by Christopher Kahler for Drunkenflesh Films.[29] The remake being produced by Darkstone Entertainment is being written and directed by John Johnson. The teaser trailer was released on the movie's official website on September 9, 2009.[30] Horror host Mr. Lobo and Internet celebrities Matt Sloan, Aaron Yonda, James Rolfe, Monique Dupree and Ryan Higa have been slated to perform in the movie.The film is currently in post-production and has a planned release for 2013[31]

See also

Edward D. Wood, Jr. filmography

References

The Haunted World of Edward D. Wood, Jr. (1996), documentary film directed by Brett Thompson Rudolph Grey, Nightmare of Ecstasy: The Life and Art of Edward D. Wood, Jr. (1992) ISBN 978-0-922915-24-8

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

21. 22. 23. 24.

25.

26.

27.

28. 29.

^ a b c Peary, Danny (1981). Cult Movies. New York: Delacorte Press. pp. pages 266270. ISBN 0-440-01626-6. ^ a b c "Goofs for Plan 9 from Outer Space (1959)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0052077/goofs. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ BoxOffice Barometer. "Plan 9 From Outer Space" February 29, 1960. Pages 117, 130. ^ Jacobs, Chip (October 25, 2011). "The shocking musical truth of 1950s sci-fi". http://chipjacobs.com/blog/?p=993. ^ a b "Plan 9 from Outer Space Soundtrack (Retrosonic)". http://digitalmeltd0wn.blogspot.com/2010/07/plan-9-from-outer-space-soundtrack.html. ^ Mandell, Paul (May 1996). "Forty Year Mystery Solved: The Music Behind Plan 9 From Outer Space". Film Score Monthly 1 (69). http://web.archive.org/web/20100406001125/http://sammelsurium.heim.at/soundtracks/P9FSM.html. ^ "Plan 9 from Outer Space (1956) - Cast and Crew". AllMovie. http://www.allmovie.com/movie/plan-9-from-outer-space-v38287/cast-crew. ^ "Plan 9 on RT". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/plan-9-from-outerspace/. Retrieved 2010-07-14. ^ IMDB. "IMDB Bottom 100". IMDB. http://www.imdb.com/chart/bottom. Retrieved 2 October 2011. ^ "Plan 9 from Outer Space: The Musical". http://www.queenstheatre.co.uk/archive/plan9fromouterspace1996.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ Mitchell, Elvis (2000-05-12). "`Battlefield Earth': Earth Capitulates in 9 Minutes to Mean Entrepreneurs From Space". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/library/film/051200earth-film-review.html. Retrieved 2007-05-13. ^ http://www.vampirathemovie.com/cast.php ^ http://voices.yahoo.com/plan-9-outer-space-airing-turner-classic-movies-88043.html ^ Plan Live from Outer Space at the Internet Movie Database ^ [1] ^ Goosebumps and Aliens on a Mission, The New York Times 10/19/2010 ^ "Plan 9 From Outer Space: Thirty Years Later". Atomic Avenue. http://www.atomicavenue.com/atomic/TitleDetail.aspx?TitleID=7548. Retrieved 2007-05-13. ^ "Amiga Reviews: Plan 9 From Outer Space". http://amigareviews.classicgaming.gamespy.com/plan9fro.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ "Mystery Science Theater 3000 FAQ: Subtleties, Obscurities, Odds and Ends". MST3K Info. http://www.mst3kinfo.com/mstfaq/subtle.html. Retrieved 2007-05-13. ^ "Plan 9 From Outer Space Three Riffer Edition!". RiffTrax. January 22, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20080119144804/http://shop.rifftrax.com/rifftrax/plan-9-outer-spacethree-riffer-edition. Retrieved 2008-01-16. ^ http://www.rifftrax.com/dvds/rifftrax-live-plan-9-from-outer-space ^ http://www.rifftrax.com/blu-ray/plan9livebluray ^ a b "Alternate versions for Plan 9 from Outer Space (1959)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0052077/alternateversions. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ Hartlaub, Peter (March 10, 2006). "What makes a bad movie? For starters, take a look at Plan 9 From Outer Space". San Francisco Chronicle. http://sfgate.com/cgibin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/03/10/DDGIKHG4IH23.DTL. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ a b McMillan, Dennis (March 16, 2006). "Ed Wood Festival Comes To The Castro". San Francisco Bay Times. http://www.sfbaytimes.com/index.php?sec=article&article_id=4781. Retrieved 2007-05-06. ^ "Plan 9 from Outer Space". RiffTrax. Archived from the original on 2007-12-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20071216165552/http://shop.rifftrax.com/rifftrax/plan-9-outer-space. Retrieved 2007-12-21. ^ "Plan 9 from Outer Space VOD". RiffTrax. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. http://web.archive.org/web/20071223200023/http://shop.rifftrax.com/ondemand/plan-9-outerspace-vod. Retrieved 2007-12-21. ^ "BD Horror News - Ha! Ed Wood's Disasterpiece 'Plan 9' Gets 3-D Treatment!". http://www.bloody-disgusting.com/news/20611. ^ "New Stills From Grave Robbers From Outer Space.". July 1, 2009. http://robojapan.blogspot.com/2009/07/new-stills-from-grave-robbers-from.html. Retrieved 2009-07-01.

30. ^ "Plan 9's teaser trailer.". September 9, 2009. http://www.plan9movie.com/trailer.html. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 31. ^ "PLAN 9 - News". http://www.plan9movie.com/news.html.

Further reading

Will Sloan, "Can Your Heart Stand the Shocking Facts About Kelton the Cop A/K/A Paul Marco?" Filmfax (April 2005), p. 88-89

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Plan 9 from Outer Space Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Plan 9 from Outer Space

Plan 9 from Outer Space at the Internet Movie Database Plan 9 from Outer Space is available for free download at the Internet Archive
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Plan 9 from Outer Space at AllRovi Plan 9 from Outer Space at Rotten Tomatoes Review at The Second Supper Plan 9 from Outer Space at YouTube

v t e

Edward D. Wood, Jr.


Feature films directed

Glen or Glenda Jail Bait Bride of the Monster Plan 9 from Outer Space Night of the Ghouls The Sinister Urge Take It Out in Trade Excited The Only House in Town Necromania The Young Marrieds Trick Shooting with Kenne Duncan Final Curtain The Night the Banshee Cried

Short films directed

Television films directed


The Sun Was Setting Crossroad Avenger: The Adventures of the Tucson Kid Boots The Violent Years The Unearthly The Bride and the Beast Anatomy of a Psycho Shotgun Wedding Orgy of the Dead One Million AC/DC The Love Feast Venus Flytrap The Undergraduate Drop-Out Wife Class Reunion The Snow Bunnies The Cocktail Hostesses Five Loose Women The Beach Bunnies Hot Ice Crossroads of Laredo (filmed 1948, released 1995) Hellborn (filmed mid-1950s, released 1993) Take it Out in Trade: The Outtakes (filmed 1970, released 1995) I Woke Up Early the Day I Died (written 1970s, released 1999) Bela Lugosi The Golden Turkey Awards Dolores Fuller Conrad Brooks Paul Marco Tor Johnson Vampira Bunny Breckinridge The Amazing Criswell Stephen C. Apostolof Tom Mason Ed Wood (biopic)

Films written; not directed

Posthumous films

Related articles

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English-language films 1959 films Alien visitation films Alien invasions in fiction Films directed by Ed Wood Zombie films American science fiction horror films 1950s horror films 1950s science fiction films Black-and-white films Films shot in Los Angeles, California

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