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GE Energy Power Conversion

XXXXXXX XXXXXXX HT CABLE SIZING CALULATION

Change Number: Author: Design Office: Reason for new revision: (see last page for modification record)

ChangeNo Selvan Sakthivelu Initial Issue

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Customer Project Document File

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CONTENTS
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1.0 OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this document is for calculation of HT power cables.

2.0 REFERENCES:
The following references are used for this calculation: 2.1. Gloster cable catalogue. 2.2. Fault current considered as 26.2 kA for 0.16 second (Operating time for VCB and Numerical Relay) Operating time for VCB = 65 ms = 0.065 s ; Numerical Relay = 40 ms = 0.040 s, Total time = 0.065+ 0.040 =0.105 s Fault duration considered = 0.16 s 2.3. Derating factor = Temperature factor x grouping factor Temperature factor = 1.0 for 40 deg C ambient Grouping factor = 0.68 for 6 layers of cable trays with 6 cables in each tray touching each other Therefore, Derating factor = 1.0 x 0.68 = 0.68

3.0 DESIGN CRITERIA:


The cable selected shall fulfill the following criteria: 3.1. To be able to withstand the short circuit current. 3.2. To be able to carry full load current after considering appropriate derating factor for ambient temperature variation, method of laying (in air and in trays in our case). 3.3. Voltage drop limited to 1% for cables to switchgear and transformers feeders and 3% for cables to motor feeders .

4.0 INCOMING CABLE FOR 33 kV SWITCHGEAR


4.1 SHORT CIRCUIT WITHSTAND CAPABILITY OF CONDUCTOR Fault current is taken as 26.2 kA for 0.16 second Minimum cross section required = Fault current x Eme k k = 0.094 (constant for Aluminium) Minimum cross section required = 26.2 x 0.16 0.094

Customer Project Document File

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= 111.49 sq.mm Therefore, minimum cable cross section selected is 120 sq.mm

4.2 CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY :


Full load current of switchboard Cable selected Current rating of 3C X 120 sq.mm cable Derating factor Therefore, thermal ampacity of the conductor = 347.39 A (Assumption) = 2 runs of 3C x 120 sq.mm (Earthed cable) = 270 A = 0.68 = Current Rating x Deration Factor x Number of runs = 270 x 0.68 x 2 = 367.2 A Hence, thermal ampacity is more than the full load current.

4.3 VOLTAGE DROP (OPTIONAL)


Let PF Cos = 0.8 , Sin = 0.6 Voltage drop in % = 3 x Full load Current x (Rc cos + Xc sin ) x L x 100 Number of Runs x 1000 x V Here, L = 800 m (assumed) Rc = 0.325 W/km Xc = 0.124 W/km Substituting the values in the above equation, we get, Voltage drop in % = 3 x 347.39 x ((0.325 x 0.8)+ (0.124 x 0.6)) x 800 x 100 2 x 1000 x 33000 = 0.244 %

Permitted percentage voltage drop = 1% From above results, we see that maximum steady state voltage drop calculated is less than permitted 3% of normal voltage (V1).

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MODIFICATION RECORD Revision Date A0 05 June 12 Author Selvan Sakthivelu Details

Customer Project Document File

: xxxxxxx : xxxxxxx : HT CABLE SIZING CALULATION : xxxxxxx / Document1

CLASS II (GE INTERNAL NON-CRITICAL) Ref : Reference Revision : A0 Date : 05 Jun 12 Page : 5/5

COPYRIGHT 2012 GE ENERGY (USA), LLC AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. All rights reserved. GE Energy Power Conversion Proprietary Technical Information