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Integral Evangelization & Spiritual Life Proclaiming the Word of God and sacrament through personal conversion and involvement in human development and liberation Living the gospel into our everyday lives (earthing the gospel through spiritual, social, and economic life) 3 Aspects: o Evangelizing Presence (self) Become living symbols that manifest His presence (ex. Mother Teresa, Gandhi) o Building a Community of Dialogue (to others) Involvement in both religious and human concerns (socio-economic, political issues to safeguard human) o Human Development and Liberation (Church Mission) Foster and proclaim the kingdom of God (justice and peace to this evil world) Renewed Integral Evangelization (OPEN NOTES) o Evangelization and Liberation to Social Doctrine of the Church (8)

2. Liberation Theology Awakening from the Sleep of Inhumanity (SEE NOTES) Liberation Theology o An effort to make the Word of life present in a world of oppression, injustice and death o Commitment to the poor o Medellin Conference (OPEN NOTES) o Puebla Conference (OPEN NOTES) o 3 Dimensions of Liberation Liberation from Structural Injustice Institutionalized Violence Violence that cause injustice and oppression among the poor due to unjust social structures present in society Internal Colonialism Domination of the elite over the masses External Neo-colonialism Indirect control of previous colonial power on their former colonies through entertainment, export, products, etc. Liberation from Sin Sin is the breaking off of our friendship with God and others. Tendency of human beings to become self-centered. It is our refusal to love or to do acts of love. must look past our selfish wants and desires Liberation from Human Weakness obsession with wealth and abundance, lust look to our faith for guidance so that we may be able to resist temptation The Preferential Option for the Poor o Definition of poor Lack the basic needs for human life (food, clothing, shelter, and medical care) Beyond physical and biological terms, the poor are: Oppressed Marginalized and do not participate in the power and decision making that determine their destiny Left out, ignored, unattended and bypassed Hated and despised, and very often the victims of violence Those who suffer in the hands of other human beings

o Option for the Poor It seemed as if that the Church was taking sides in the rift between the rich and the poor that those who are poor are the friends of the Church and that those who are rich, otherwise. o Preferential Option for the Poor (substitute for the one above) We should not see the church as a hierarchy with the pope and bishop choosing the poor over the rich whole church comes together as the rich opting for the poor Option is not against anyone. An option for justice will go against the interests of those who either perpetuate injustice or benefit by it. 3. Pastoral Circle and Social Analysis Pastoral Cycle single practical experience with 4 consecutive, inter-related, and unified moments which constantly interact each other o Insertion Actual immersion into the lives of a poor family Students leave their comfort zones and enter the lives of the poor in order to see Christ in them o Social Analysis Understand the conditions of the poor families/communities o Theological Reflection Reflecting on the analyzed situation from Gods POV o Pastoral Action What could be done to change the situation of injustice? Free people from every oppressive social situation and promote the common good Social Theory and Social Change o Consensus Theory Members of society as united by a common culture, goals and values which man and community should be pursuing Most talented people be attracted to the most demanding jobs with high incomes This makes sense and contribute to the good of the whole society Power is the servant of society and of its values o Coercion Theory Society as primarily a structure of power Talented people connive among themselves to keep their skills in short supply by limiting entrance to the field Legitimate a structure of inequality and defend the interests of the elite Values as the servants of power o Philippine context (coercion theory)

Power determining who gets what Distribution of income (wages) Social services expenditures corruption Asks the elite to lose some of its power and wealth to take a stand with the poor for genuine structural change o The Filipino National Tradition Pagsasarili the will to secure for every Filipino the means to develop himself as a responsible human being Pakikisama The willingness to share with one another the burdens as well as the rewards of living together Pagkakaisa Building up a national community through social organizations Pagkabayani Putting the common good of the nation above the private interest Pakikipagkapwa-tao Development of ones own nation so as to develop the mankind

4. Theology of Creation World has its origin (past), ground (present), and final goal (future) = GOD o God is the author not just beginning but its development and fulfillment o Creation is a pure gift of Gods love Gods continuing involvement in the world and its history by His divine providence o Wrong to think God as being absent or abandoning us o bahala na attitude o Evolution is a continuing creation Man has the responsibility in cooperating in Gods work of creation o God gave man the dominion over His creation, be the master not the exploiter of nature o Do not blame God for poverty and injustices; we should do our part in bringing a more just society Not only material creation but creation of new persons and community o What is the use of science and technology if our end-being becomes a robot? o Love transforms street gangs to human again o Working children in Cebu slaughterhouse Faith value of creation o Human Dignity Man is created in image and likeness of God The poor have become dehumanized restore the image of God in man o Incarnation Gods Son becoming one of us o Human work Work is creative and self-creating o Human Liberation Liberation from sin; we need the redeeming grace of Jesus Christ. REDEMPTION is the new creation o Human Development Good of every man and of the whole man What is happening to Our Beautiful land? (OPEN NOTES)

5. The Reality of Sin (Original, Personal, and Social) & Mystery of Redemption Original Sin o Sin is all around us and in us; state of Sin from the Fall of Man Inclined to sin (concupiscence) the heart of darkness Each human enters into world without grace (separated from God) Salvation = baptism o Sin of the world Sinful situation we live in this world Social Sin and Fundamental Option o Sin cannot be understood in terms of individual acts but of the persons basic life direction; innate human longing for God; either says yes/no to God o Categorical Freedom Freedom to do this and not that Freedom to choose among options; yes to 1 option, no to other options o Transcendental Freedom Freedom to be or not to be o Fundamental option as decision-making My actions shape me determine the kind of person who I become I shape my actions kind of person that I am determines the acts that I do

o FACTACT Direction Being born to a sinful world where evil exists Expression of human freedom of choice (categorical) Power to shape their life; choose their direction Redemptor Hominis (OPEN NOTES) o Redemption (accomplished by the Incarnation) o God entered the history of humanity and as a human being, became an actor in that history o Worked with human hands, thought with human mind, loved with human heart

6. Biblical Perspectives Biblical Perspectives o Created in Gods Image Faithful steward in caring for earth and all creation Freedom to choose between good/evil, ability to love or hate Adam & Eve, Killing of Abel, and Tower of Babel o People of the Covenant God liberated the Israelites from slavery Giving of 10 commandments Promise God chose us as His people Agreement response from us Bond binding relationship Fidelity Obedience to God and concern for neighbor o Jesus brings the Kingdom of God and Justice Love of God & Love of neighbor Parable of Good Samaritan exercise compassion (stop and help; not ignore those in need) Parable of the last judgement Jesus identifies himself with the poor and wea o Called to be disciplines in community

To be Christian is to join with others in responding to Gods covenant and Call Pentecost - Holy Spirit empowers us Pattern of Jesus life by openness to Gods will in the service of others Jesus Christ and Justice (Catholic Documents on Peace, justice, and liberation) (OPEN NOTES) & REDEMPTOR HOMINIS o Descending Christology Descent of the eternal Word into this world, The Word becoming Flesh Christs metaphysical identity and function as redeemer of the human race In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was made flesh God entered the history of humanity and as a human being, became an actor in that history Worked with human hands, thought with human mind, loved with human heart Pure God and Pure Human o Ascending Christology Jesus of Nazareth lived a genuinely free and historical life, and the story of his compassionate ministry Promised of redemption has begun but fulfillments awaits in the future day Gospel memory of the life of Jesus, and finds basis for the discernment of how the risen Christ is operative in the world today Imitating the pattern of Jesus life and proclamation of Gods kingdom He made the tender mercy of God present in a world which knew violence, oppression, and injustice Forgave sins, healed peoples bodies and spirits Beatitudes: mourners are comforted, hunger are satisfied, peacemakers are children of God, persecuted are blessed by God God raised the crucified Jesus to Life

7. The Social Teaching of the Church