You are on page 1of 11

Contents

LTE
Technologies, Roadmap and Strategies
Peretz Shekalim
December 2010

3GPP standardization activities LTE Release 8 and 9 LTE-Release 10 and beyond (LTE-Advanced) Details of some major features:
CoMP SON Multicarrier Relay

IEEE802.16m performance

Runcom
12/11/2010

1
1 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 2

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

3GPP Standardisation Process


ITU Recommendations

3GPP Standardisation Activities

Partners

ITU
Existing process

Organisational PartnersOP

Project Coordination Group PCG Technical Specification Groups TSGs

TTC, ARIBETSI, TTA, CCSA, ATIS

Member companies
Technical proposals and contributions

Market Representation Partners MRP


GSMATD-SCDMA Forum Femto ForumCDG, etc 14 partners

Technical specifications
Local specifications Runcom Technologies Ltd. Runcom Technologies Ltd.
Source: 3GPP 2009

Standardisation process in each OP

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

Standardisation Organisations Communicating with 3GPP


Developing Recommendations Referring to specs Developing internet protocol specs

3GPP Structure

ITU-R/T
Developing Wireless LAN/MAN specs Developing Mobile application specs li ti Cross reference of specs

Input specs

Requirements Referring to 3GPP specs (contributed by individual members) Cross reference of specs Partners of 3GPP Referring to 3GPP specs for the local specs

MRP

Terminal certification based on 3GPP specs Terminal Certification

Organisational Partners
EU Japan Korea China North America

Source: Runcom3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura Technologies Ltd. 5

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Roadmaps

LTE Release 8 and 9

7
Runcom Technologies Ltd.
Source: Qualcomm

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

LTE Core and Radio Access Network

LTE overall architecture

Core Network (CN)

EPC (Evolved Packet Core) ( )

Radio Access Network (RAN)


MME - (Mobility Management Entity) by means of the S1-MME S-GW - (Serving Gateway) by means of the S1-U.

9
Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 9 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 10

10

SAE System Architecture Evolution

Functional Split between E-UTRAN and EPC


Logical Nodes Functional Entities Radio Protocol layers
S1
X2

S1

12/11/2010

11
11

12/11/2010

S1

S1

X2

12
12

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

LTE Frame structure


Sampling period

Recourse Grid

Sampling Rate

12/11/2010

13
13

12/11/2010

14
14

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Mapping of Cell-specific Reference signals

Dedicated RS

4 4

4 4

44

12/11/2010

15
15

12/11/2010

16
16

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

LTE Release 8 Major Parameters


AccessScheme Bandwidth MinimumTTI Subcarrierspacing Cyclicprefixlength Modulation Spatialmultiplexing Short Long UL DL DFTSOFDM OFDMA 1.4,3,5,10,15,20MHz 1msec 15kHz 4.7sec 16.7sec QPSK,16QAM,64QAM SinglelayerforULperUE Upto4layersforDLperUE MUMIMOsupportedforULandDL
12/11/2010

LTE developed protocol stack

18
18

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

17

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

LTE Release 8 Key Features


High spectral efficiency
OFDM in Downlink DFTS-OFDM(Single-Carrier FDMA) in Uplink Multi-antenna application

LTE performances
Peak DL rates (for 20MHz): 326.4 Mbit/s for 4x4 antennas, 172.8 Mbit/s for 2x2 antennas for every 20 MHz of spectrum. Peak upload rates of 86.4 Mbit/s p / 5 different terminal classes. All terminal will be able to process 20 MHz bandwidth. At least 200 active users in every 5 MHz cell Sub-5ms latency for small IP packets Transmission Time Intervals: 1 msec HARQ Retransmission Time: 8msec Bearer Services: Packet only y Optimal cell size of 5 km, 30 km sizes with reasonable performance, and up to 100 km cell sizes supported with acceptable performance Co-existence with legacy standards (smooth HO with GSM, GPRS, WCDMA-based UMTS or even 3GPP2) Supports MBSFN. This feature can deliver services such as Mobile TV, and is a competitor for DVB-H-based TV broadcast. 20
Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 20

Very low latency (TTI, RRC procedure, ) Support of variable bandwidth


1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz Simple protocol architecture (PS for VoIP) Simple Architecture Compatibility and inter-working with earlier 3GPP Releases Inter-working with other systems, e.g. cdma2000 g y , g FDD and TDD Efficient Multicast/Broadcast (Single frequency network by OFDM) Support of SON

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

19

Achievable Peak Data Rates

LTE-Release 8 User Equipment Categories

Category Peakrate Mbps DL UL

1 10 5

2 50 25

3 100 50 20MHz

4 150 50

5 300 75

Capabilityforphysicalfunctionalities RFbandwidth Modulation DL UL QPSK,16QAM,64QAM QPSK,16QAM QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM

Multiantenna 2Rxdiversity 2x2MIMO 4x4MIMO


12/11/2010

Assumedinperformancerequirements. Not supported Notsupported Mandatory Mandatory

21
21 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 22

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

IMT advanced General requirements (1)


ITU IMT advanced is the base line for the 4G requirement Higher spectral efficiencies and peak data rates up to 1Giga bps. Lower latencies (air-link access latency, [Inter-FA HO, Intra-FA HO, interRAN HO] latencies) to enable new delay sensitive applications delay-sensitive applications. Mobility Support: Cellular systems including IMT-Advanced are required to support the environments described in following:
Pedestrian (Pedestrian speeds up to 10 km/h) Typical Vehicular (Vehicular speeds up to 120 km/h) High Speed Vehicular (Vehicular speeds up to 500 km/h) Seamless application connectivity to other mobile networks and other IP networks (global roaming capabilities).

LTE Release 10 and Beyond l d d (LTE(LTE-Advanced)

Support for larger cell sizes and improved cell-edge performance. Low-cost and low-complexity terminals for worldwide use. Improved Unicast and multicast broadcast services. Provision for PAN/LAN/WAN Co-location / Coexistence.
And more 24

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

23

Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd.

24

IMT advanced detailed requirements (2)


Multiple access methods OFDMA, CDMA and also Single-carrier/Multi-carrier operation, .. FDD H FDD and TDD modes FDD, H-FDD DL:UL ration configurable Different Ch-BW configurable for FDD mode (e.g. 10MHz downlink, 5MHz uplink ) scalable bandwidths from 5 to 20 MHz Support of Advanced Antenna Techniques: Mi i Minimum antenna configuration requirements shall be: t fi ti i t h ll b
For the base station, a minimum of 2xTX and 2xRX antennas For the MS, a minimum of 1xTX and 2xRX antennas

IMT advanced detailed requirements (3)


Link Adaptation and Power Control Maximum Latency (MAC to MAC): 10msec BS and MS BS State transition latency: IDLE_STATE to ACTIVE_STATE : 100msec Maximum Handover Interruption :
Intra-frequency: 50 msec, Inter-frequency: 150 msec

MS

E h Enhanced Location Based Services (LBS) dL ti B dS i Enhanced Multicast Broadcast Service (E-MBS)

25
Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 25 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 26

26

Current agreements on the requirements for LTE Advanced


Peak data rate DL: 1 Gbps, UL: 500 Mbps Transmission bandwidth: Wider than ~70 MHz in DL and 40 MHz in UL Latency: C-plane from Idle (with IP address allocated) to Connected in <50 ms and U-plane latency shorter than 5 ms one way in RAN taking into account 30% retransmissions ( (FFS) ) Cell edge user throughput 2 times higher than that in LTE Average user throughput 3 times higher than that in LTE Capacity (spectrum efficiency) 3 times higher than that in LTE Peak spectrum efficiency DL: 30 bps/Hz, UL: 15 bps/Hz Spectrum flexibility: Support of scalable bandwidth and spectrum aggregation Mobility: Same as that in LTE bl h Coverage should be optimized or deployment in local areas/micro cell environments with ISD up to 1 km Backward compatibility and interworking with LTE with 3GPP legacy systems
27
Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 27

LTE Advanced RAN1 issues under discussion


Various concepts for Relay Nodes UE Dual TX antenna solutions for SU-MIMO and diversity MIMO Scalable system bandwidth exceeding 20 MHz, Potentially up to 100MHz (for stationary devices) Local area optimization of air interface Nomadic / Local Area network and mobility solutions Flexible Spectrum Usage Cognitive Radio Automatic and autonomous network configuration and operation Enhanced precoding and forward error correction Interference management and suppression Asymmetric bandwidth assignment for FDD Hybrid OFDMA and SC-FDMA in uplink UL/DL inter eNB coordinated MIMO
28
Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 28

System Performance Requirements


Peak data rate
1 Gbps data rate will be achieved by 4-by-4 MIMO and transmission p y y bandwidth wider than approximately 70 MHz

System Performance Requirements (Contd)


Capacityandcelledgeuserthroughput
TargetforLTEAdvancedwassetconsideringgainof1.4to1.6fromRelease8LTEperformance
Ant. Config. Capacity [bps/Hz/cell] DL 2-by-2 4-by-2 4-by-4 UL 1-by-2 2-by-4 Celledgeuser throughput thro hp t [bps/Hz/cell/user] DL 2by2 4by2 4by4 UL 1by2 2by4 Rel. 8 LTE*1 1.69 1.87 2.67 0.74 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.024 x1.4-1.6 LTE-Advanced*2 2.4 2.6 3.7 1.2 2.0 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.04 0.07 IMT-Advanced*3 2.2 1.4 0.06 0.03

Peak spectrum efficiency


DL: Rel. 8 LTE satisfies IMT-Advanced requirement UL: Need to double from Release 8 to satisfy IMT-Advanced requirement
Rel. 8 LTE Peak data rate Peak spectrum efficiency [bps/Hz] DL UL DL UL 300 Mbps 75 Mbps 15 3.75 LTE-Advanced 1 Gbps 500 Mbps 30 15 IMT-Advanced
() 1 Gbps(*)

15 6.75

*100 Mbps for high mobility and 1 Gbps for low mobility is one of the key features as written in Circular Letter (CL)

*1 See TR25.912(Case 1 scenario) *2 See TR36.913(Case 1 scenario) *3 See ITU-R M.2135(Base Coverage Urban scenario)

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

29

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

30

Carrier Aggregation

Major features j f LTELTE-Advanced Technologies

System bandwidth, e.g., e g 100 MHz UE capabilities


100-MHz case 40-MHz case 20-MHz case (Rel. 8 LTE)

CC, e.g., 20 MHz

Frequency

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

31

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

32

DL/UL Uplink Multiple Access Scheme


Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. Mapping CC Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. Mapping Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. Mapping Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. Mapping

MIMO variance

SingleuserMIMO (SUMIMO)
Ex)

Singlelayerbeamforming (SinglelayerBF)
Ex)

MultiuserMIMO (MUMIMO)
Ex)

Singleinputmultipleoutput (SIMO) ( )
PUCCH region N-times DFT-Spread OFDM CC

MultiuserMIMO (MUMIMO) ( )
Ex)

Ex)
CC

Parallel Rel. 8 LTE transmission PUSCH (Physical uplink shared channel)

Freq.

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

33

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

34

Enhanced Multi-antenna Techniques in DL/UL


CSI feedback Max. 8 streams

CoMP
Coherent combining or dynamic cell selection

Higher-order MIMO up to 8 streams

Enhanced MUMIMO

Joint transmission/dynamic cell selection

Coordinated scheduling/beamforming

Receiver signal processing at central eNB (e.g., MRC, MMSEC)

Max. 4 streams

SU-MIMO up to 4 streams

Multipoint reception

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

35

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Source: 3GPP 2009

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

36

Relaying

LTE-A Relay RN Tree

: Rel-8 frame structure LTE-A Relay : Rel-10 frame structure

Type-II Relay
Type I & Type 1a

Type-I Relay

TDD Type-II Relay

FDD Type-II Relay

Out-of-band Relay

In-band Relay

TDD Out-of-band Relay

FDD Out-of-band Relay

TDD In-band Relay

FDD In-band Relay

11-Dec-10

37
37 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 38

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

User plane latency


LTE fulfills ITU-R requirements on user plane latency

LTE Advanced requirements

FDD

TDD

UE

TTI 1 ms

eNB

UE

TTI 1 ms

eNB

1.5 ms

1.5 ms

1.5ms

1ms+ t FA

HARQ RTT 8 ms

(a) Downlink
UE
TTI

eNB

1.5 ms

1 ms

1.5 ms

1ms+ t FA

1 ms

1.5ms

(b) Uplink 0%BLER 10%BLER Runcom Technologies Ltd.


Source: 3GPP 2009

4.0msec 4.8msec 39

0%BLER 10%BLER

4.9msec 6.035msec
12/11/2010

40
40

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

10

Summary of IEEE802.16m objectives

Thank You!

Peretz Shekalim Runcom Tech LTD VP System and Standards mobile: +972 54 3108448 office: +972 3 9428850 email: peretzs@runcom.co.il
12/11/2010

41
41 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 42

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

11