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AS/400 HTTP Server Performance and Capacity Planning Gottfried Schimunek, Erich Noriega, Greg Paswindar, George Weaver

AS/400 HTTP Server Performance and Capacity Planning

Gottfried Schimunek, Erich Noriega, Greg Paswindar, George Weaver

Schimunek, Erich Noriega, Greg Paswindar, George Weaver International Technical Support Organization

International Technical Support Organization

http://www.redbooks.ibm.com

SG24-5645-00

International Technical Support Organization S G 2 4 - 5 6 4 5 - 0

International Technical Support Organization

SG24-5645-00

AS/400 HTTP Server Performance and Capacity Planning

January 2000

Take Note!

Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information in Appendix D, “Special notices” on page 195.

First Edition (January 2000)

This edition applies to Version 4 Release 4 of OS/400.

Comments may be addressed to:

IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization Dept. JLU Building 107-2 3605 Highway 52N Rochester, Minnesota 55901-7829

When you send information to IBM, you grant IBM a non-exclusive right to use or distribute the information in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.

© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2000.

Note to U.S Government Users - Documentation related to restricted rights - Use, duplication or disclosure is subject to restrictions

set forth in GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

All rights reserved.

Contents

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vii

Tables

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xi

. The team that wrote this redbook

Preface

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xiii

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Comments welcome

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. xiv

Chapter 1. AS/400 HTTP server performance overview

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1.1 . Integrating different Web server components into one

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.1

Understanding the .

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1.1.4

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1.2 Basic queuing theory

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1.2.1 Queuing Multiplier effect

 

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1.2.2 Additional queuing considerations

 

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1.3 Commonly used metrics for Web applications

 

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1.4 AS/400 performance metrics

 

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1.5 Concepts of Web application performance

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1.5.1

Measurement

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1.5.2

Analysis and correlation

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1.5.3

Sizing

 

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1.5.4

Capacity planning

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1.6 road

The

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Chapter 2.

Characteristics of Web-based

 

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2.1 Basic Web serving

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2.2 Static

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2.3 Dynamic page

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.21

2.4 Interactive application page serving

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.21

2.5 Persistent connection

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2.6 Internet, intranet, and extranet deployment

 

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2.7 Integrated commercial applications

 

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Chapter 3. Performance measurement and analysis tools

 

.27

3.1 AS/400 data

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.27

3.1.1 CPU utilization

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.27

3.1.2 Communication IOP performance

 

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3.1.3 Main memory and

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3.2.1 Network latency

3.2.2 Throughput

3.2.3 Utilization

3.2.4 Efficiency

3.2.5 Network measurement tools

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3.2 Network data.

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.34

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3.3 Client data

 

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.41

3.4 Web server access log analysis

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3.4.1 Common access log file format

 

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3.4.2 Extended access code format

 

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3.4.3 Editing the logs format

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3.4.4 Other logs

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47

3.4.5 Log

maintenance

 

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48

3.5

Access log analysis

 

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48

3.5.1 What we want to get from AS/400 system log files

 

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3.5.2 AS/400 Web analysis tools

 

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49

3.5.3 PC-based

 

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Chapter 4.

Correlation of measured performance data

 

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4.1 Measuring AS/400 system resource usage

 

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65

 

4.1.1 Analysis

measurements

 

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65

4.1.2 Sizing measurements

 

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4.2 Correlation of Web hits to AS/400 system resources

 

66

 

4.2.1 Correlation of jobs

to hits

 

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66

4.2.2 Correlation of CPU utilization to hits

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4.2.3 Main memory and system pool

 

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4.2.4 Disk arms

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4.2.5 Transaction

trace .

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4.3 Correlation of Web hits to network

 

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4.3.1 Bytes per second per IOP traffic

 

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4.3.2 Correlation to the bytes transmitted

 

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4.3.3 Correlation to IOP utilization

 

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4.4 Correlation of Web hits to client activity and client

 

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Chapter 5.

Security implications and performance

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5.1 Security characteristics and components

 

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5.2 Secure Sockets Layer

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5.2.1 SSL components

 

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5.2.2 SSL performance implications

 

84

5.3 Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)

 

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5.3.1 Objects used by VPN inside the AS/400 system

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5.3.2 VPN performance implications

 

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5.4 Firewall

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5.5 Internet security terminology

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Chapter 6.

Sizing Web-based applications

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91

6.1 Sizing

basics .

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6.2 Sizing for different application characteristics

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91

 

6.2.1 Static Web page serving

 

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6.2.2 Static Web page serving example

 

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6.2.3 Dynamic Web page serving and application sizing

 

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6.3 Sizing AS/400 resources

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96

 

6.3.1 Main processor

 

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