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COMPUTER STUDIES
Paper 1
1 Hour 40 minutes
SENIOR ONE
END OF YEAR 2011
COMPUTER STUDIES EXAMINATION
Paper 1
Time: 1 HOURS
Instructions:

Write your name, stream and signature in the spaces provided above.

This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.

Section A contains twenty compulsory objective type questions. Choose the most
correct alternative A, B, C or D for each question and write it in the box provi
ded at the right hand side of each question.

Section B contains four compulsory structured questions. Write all answers in th


e spaces provided for each question.

Section C consists of two questions. Attempt only ONE Question in this section
C. All questions in section C carry equal marks.

Poor handwriting and unnecessary crossing out of work may lead to loss of marks.
.

No mark will be given for simply restating of the question or setting your own q
uestions.
For official use only
Section Marks
A
B
C
%
SECTION A: (20marks) Attempt all Questions in this section.
1.
One advantage of a hard disk over a floppy diskette is;
A. durability
C. low access time
B. Portability
D. low cost
2.
Offsite storage of data backups is used mainly to:
A. prevent simultaneous destruction of original and backup
B. save storage space at the primary site
C. provide a time lag when a decision to restore is taken
D. save the storage media from deterioration
3.
Before a disk is used for data storage, it has to be prepared through a
process referred to as;
A. Formatting
C. defragging
B. Scanning
D. labelling
4.
What is the exact numerical value of a number that displays as 10%?
A. 0.1
C. 100
B. 10
D. 1
5.
Which of the following is NOT true for a CRT monitor?
A. It is relatively cheaper than a(n) LCD
.
B. it emits low radiations
C. It has a rotating neck
D. It is bulkier than a(n) LCD monitor
6.
All the following have the same access methods except which one?
A. Hard Disk
C. Floppy Diskette
B. Magnetic tape
D. RAID

7.
When an application or a file is opened onto a computer, it is loaded in
to what?
A. ROM
D. Monitor
B. RAM
E. Motherboard
C. Hard disk drive
F. Video Card
8.
The memory capacity of computers is measured in units known as:
A. bauds
C. sectors
B. megabyte
D. Disks
9.
The major difference between ROM and RAM is that:
A. ROM is not for storage
C. RAM is software
B. RAM is volatile
D. ROM is for temporary storage
10.
The Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a computer consists of all the foll
owing except;
A. Control Unit
C. Arithmetic Logic Unit
B. Hard Disk
D. Registers
11.
Which of the following is both an input and output device of a computer?
A. Trackball
C. Visual Display Unit
B. Keyboard
D. Printer
12.
One advantage of storing computer based information on a flash instead o
f a hard disk is?
A. high access speed
C. portability
B. security
D. high storage capacity
13.
The total time you take waiting between inserting your CD-ROM in the dri
ve until you see the file you want on the screen is called
A. Refresh Rate
C. Access time
B. Latency
D. Settling time
14.
The maximum quantity of information held by a 3" floppy diskette is;
A. 720KB
C. 1.44MB
B. 1024Bytes
D. 1.44KB
15.
A Gigahertz is a computer speed that is approximately equal to pulses per
second.
A. 1,000,000
C. 1,000,000,000
B. 1,000
D. 1 10-9
16.
All these are information storage devices of a computer except which one
?
A. Floppy Diskette
C. Control Unit
B. RAID
D. Memory stick
17.
Which component of the CPU carries out all the logic and arithmetic oper
ations?
A. Control Unit
D. ALU
B. System Clock
E. Expansion slots
C. Memory Register
F. Hard Disk
18.
The time lag between the keying in of the last character on the keyboard
and the appearance of the first output on the screen is called the monitors
A. Colour depth
C. Response time
B. Recess time
E. Access Time
19.
All the following techniques will help reduce the processing time of a c
omputer except;
A. increase the processor speed
B. Increase the size of the data bus
C. decrease the access time of the hard disk
D. increase monitor resolution.
20.
During the data processing cycle, the CPU exchanges data with what?
A. RAM
C. Output devices
B. Storage devices
D. All of these
SECTION B: (60marks) . Attempt all questions in this section.
21.
(a) Define a computer peripheral and give any four examples.
(5mks)

..
..
..
..
(b) Give another name that means the same thing as each of the given terms.
(5mks)
No.
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(b)
d list

Item
Other name
Motherboard
Monitor
Secondary memory
Dot pitch
Cathode Ray Tube monitor
Match the statement with the most correct term it describes from the wor
given below the table.
(10mks)

No.
Statement
Answer
(i)
Refers to the contents of ROM
(ii)
Device with only keyboard and Monitor
(iii) Refers to amount of data your computer can process at a go.
(iv)
Hollow parts on the motherboard for inserting new devices to expand your
system.
(v)
The type of memory found on the compact disc.
(vi)
Collective name for a combination of at least two data types.
(vii) The process of converting digital data into analog data.
(viii) Useful work done by a computer system in a given time.
(ix)
A set of wires for pathways on which data travels inside the PC.
(x)
Computer storage capacity equivalent to one billion characters.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
(F)
(G)
(H)
(I)
(J)
(K)
(L)
(M)
(N)
(O)
22.
.
(i).

Multimedia
RAM
Wordlength
Throughput
Buses
Expansion slots
Dumb terminal
Gigabyte
ROM
Megabyte
Demodulation
Firmware
Hub
Modulation
Bays

(a)
Write the following acronyms in full as used in Computer Studies
(10mks)
EEPROM
.
(ii). MOBO
(iii). CMOS..
(iv). VDU.
(v).
ZIF
(vi). PCMCIA..
(vii). NIC..
(viii). UPS..
(ix). PSU..

(x).
LCD.
(b) Give brief differences between the following computer jargon.
(10mks)
(i)
Softcopy and hardcopy
(2mks)
..
..
(ii)
Software and hardware
(2mks)
..
..
(iii) Bridge and gateway
(2mks)
..
..
(iv)
Dynamic RAM and Static RAM
(2mks)
..
.
.
(v)
Seek time and Rotational delay;
(2mks)
..
.
.
23.
(a) State, explain and illustrate with a clears diagram the four pro
cesses of the machine cycle.
(5mks)
..
.
.
..
.
.
.
(b) Give four differences between RAM and ROM.
(4mks)
..
..
.
(c) State and explain any three types of ROM known to you.
(3mks)
...
...
.
.
(d) Name the four sections of Random Access Memory (RAM).
(4mks)
(i)
...
(ii)
...
(iii)
...
(iv)
...
(e) Give four differences between CRT and LCD monitors.
(4mks)
...
...
..
...
..

SECTION C: (20mks) Attempt only ONE Question in this section.


24.
(a)
What do you understand by formatting a disk?
(1mk)
(b)
Define the following terms and draw a well-labeled cross-section of a
formatted disk to indicate each of them.
(15mks)
(i)
Track(s)
(ii)
Track sector
(iii)
Disk sector
(iv)
Cluster
(v)
Track zero
(vi)
Cylinder
(vii)
Slack areas
(c)
List four precautions that can ensure proper disk care.
(4mks)
25.
(a)
Draw a well-labeled diagram of a front view of a system unit.
(8mks)
(b)
State and explain the function of any four parts of a system unit fou
nd as specified below; ;
(i)
at the front
(4mks)
(ii)
Inside (Internal)
(4mks)
(iii)
at the rear (back)
(4mks)
END
Merry Xmas & Happy New Year!!