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Kathrein Features

Relevant antenna characteristics for Xpol antennas


Electrical and mechanical benefits of KATHREIN antennas

Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Increasing requirements

Antennas have to fulfill stringent specifications for the growing complexity of modern networks regarding - radiation pattern exactness - cross polar ratio (dual polarization) - isolation - intermodulation - adjustable electrical downtilt (specificlly for UMTS / IMT 2000) - mechanical performance

These characteristics have to meet the specifications - over the whole frequency range - over the whole temperature range and other environmental influences - over the whole range of adjustable downtilt
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Adjustable Electrical Downtilt

Electrical adjustable downtilt Outstanding technical advantage of electrical compared to mechanical downtilt (downtilt angle is constant over the whole azimuth range / reliable network planning) Readjustment during operation: - Switching-off of the RBS (Radio Base Station) is not necessary - The antenna remains operational during readjustment - The adjustment mechanism near the connectors is easily accessible
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Adjustable Electrical Downtilt

Mechnical down-tilt kit becomes redundant (exept for extraordinary large down-tilt angles) - Fewer components / Less installation work / Mechanical tools are not required Logistic benefit due to a reduction in the number of antenna types in the network - 2-3 types with fixed tilt are replaced by one antenna type with variable tilt - Mistaken antenna type ruled out - Reduced type variety on stock Optical aspect : electrical downtilted antennas are always positioned upright compact appearance Option of remote controlled adjustable electrical downtilt
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Adjustable Electrical Downtilt

The heart of antennas with adjustable electrical downtilt is the phase shifting element Dipoles


Power splitter

Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Adjustable Electrical Downtilt

Kathreins sophisticated phase shifters - provide a continuous downtilt angle adjustment (not in steps) - avoid any metal parts being shifted across, but uses capacitively coupling (no risk of intermodulation, no limitation of lifetime) - ensure that the defined specifications apply to the whole downtilt range - can be offered for a reasonable price

Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Minimum Squint

Minimum Squint Deviation of the main direction of the horizontal pattern compared to the direction orthogonal to the reflector screen, measured over the frequency range Definition of main direction : bisector of the angle between the -3 dB points of the pattern Kathrein value : +/- 5% of half power beam width

Antenna 742 212 1710 MHz / 0DT / -45 2110 MHz / 0DT / -45

Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Minimum Tracking

Minimum tracking Symmetry between the +45 and the -45 polarized horizontal pattern, measured at +/- 60 from the direction orthogonal to the reflector screen, at same frequency and same downtilt angle tracking compensation reduces the difference to 2 dB

Antenna 742 212 2140 MHz / 8 DT + 45 pattern - 45 pattern

Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features
Cross polar ratio (+/- 45 polarization) Cross polar ratio describes the correlation between two orthogonal polarizations measured in the farfield (accurate +/- 45) Ratio between the co-polar and the cross-polar signal (identical compared to opposite polarization) orthogonal polarizations high cross polar ratio excellent diversity performance
CPR

High CPR

Excellent cross-polar ratio (CPR) values for the complete sector, performed by a complete new dipole element (patent pending)
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features
recommended values: main direction >20 dB sector +/- 60 degree >10 dB measured CPR values of Kathrein antennas :
Antenna 739 638 : Xpol A-Panel 824-960 65 15.5 dBi 2- 12 T
DT Tilt 2 Tilt 4 Tilt 6 Tilt 8 Tilt 10 Tilt 12 -60 18,6 20,3 24,9 31,6 32,5 26,2 -50 22,4 22,7 24,5 24,8 23,1 21,6 -40 22,9 21,6 21,8 21,5 20,6 19,9 -30 22,5 21,1 20,7 20,6 20,2 20 -20 22,7 21,2 20,9 20,8 20,8 20,8 -10 23,3 21,9 21,6 21,8 22,1 22,3 0 24,8 23,4 23 23,3 23,9 24,3 10 27,3 25,7 25,2 25,6 26,3 26,5 20 32,4 30,1 29,1 29,2 29 28 30 60,9 45,3 37,6 32,3 28,3 25,6 40 28,9 30 30 26,8 23,5 21,4

High CPR

50 21,4 21,7 22 20,6 18,8 17,3

60 16,4 16,7 17,1 16,1 14,7 13,6

Antenna 742 212 : Xpol F-Panel 1710-2170 65 18 dBi 0- 8 T


DT Tilt 0 Tilt 2 Tilt 4 Tilt 6 Tilt 8 -60 17,7 13,1 10,9 10,6 13,8 -50 22,4 15,7 13,1 12,5 15,2 -40 24,1 17,9 15,1 14 16,4 -30 23 19,9 17,1 15,5 18 -20 21,9 21,4 19,3 17,3 20 -10 21,4 22,4 21,5 19,2 22,5 0 21,3 23,3 23,7 21,2 25,3 10 21,7 24,5 26,3 23,4 28,6 20 22 26,2 29,6 26 32,3 30 21,6 28,6 35,3 28,6 35,4 40 19,3 27,1 33,3 28,4 34 50 16,2 22,2 26,6 25,7 30,2 60 13,3 18,4 22,1 23 24,5

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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features
High isolation required because both terminations of a Xpol antenna are used for Rx and Tx

High isolation

Due to patented decoupling elements Kathrein antennas provide an isolation of > 30 dB between - the different polarizations - the frequency bands Examples : 742 212 (1710-2170 MHz / variable downtilt) 739 638 ( 824-960 MHz / variable downtilt)

-45

+45

Isolation (Decoupling)

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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

High isolation

Xpol antennas (one per sector) can be mounted around a mast under minimum spacing; isolation for any port combination better 30 dB ! Specific 3-unit clamp available
Dualband antennas (4 ports)
Antenna 1 +45 / 900 MHz Antenna 2 +45 / 900 MHz - 45 / 900 MHz +45 / 1800 MHz - 45 / 1800 MHz +45 / 900 MHz - 45 / 900 MHz +45 / 1800 MHz - 45 / 1800 MHz +45 / 900 MHz - 45 / 900 MHz +45 / 1800 MHz - 45 / 1800 MHz +45 / 900 MHz - 45 / 900 MHz +45 / 1800 MHz - 45 / 1800 MHz Isolation [dB] 872 960 MHz 47 50 >50 >50 50 47 >50 >50 >50 >50 NA NA >50 >50 NA NA Isolation [dB] 1710 1880 MHz NA NA >50 >50 NA NA >50 >50 >50 >50 44 43 >50 >50 44 43

- 45 / 900 MHz

+45 / 1800 MHz

- 45 / 1800 MHz

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N/A not applicable Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features
Low intermodulation products > -150 dBc for 3rd order products at 2 x 20 W (43 dBm)

Low intermodulation

research on intermodulation since 15 years 100 % final test during production for UMTS and Dualband antennas (AQL test for all Xpol antennas)
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Low internal losses

Low internal losses (gain optimized dipole design) The low loss cable harness enables to reduce the antenna height by about 20% compared to printed circuit harnesses (bigger cross-section of the cable inner conductor compared to the printed board strip line)

Comparison of lengths 900 MHz 739 632 65/15dBi/6DT length 1296mm

900 MHz 739 623 65/17dBi length 1936mm

1900 MHz 741 794 65/18dBi length 1302mm Dezibel DB932DD65 65/18dBi length 1829 mm (+40%)
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Huber&Suhner 1309.41.0033 Racal 1730 65/15dBi/6DT 65 16.5dBi length 1655mm (+27%) length 2340mm (+21%)

minimum wind load !

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Kathrein Features

Environment

Constant electrical performance under environmental conditions

Kathrein antennas : Rain, snow, ice do not significantly effect the electrical parameters

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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features

Environment

Rain, snow or ice create a load on the radiating elements; this additional capacitance depends on the surface area of the radiators

dipole design Patch design

due to the slim structure of dipoles and small surface (e.g. compared to patches), the created additional capacitance is relatively low

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Kathrein Features

Mechanical performance

Excellent mechanical performance New A- and F-Panel construction provide a maximum weather protection

completely closed radome made of an extruded fiberglass profile separated electrical and mechanical components reduced sealing procedure by top and bottom caps no drilling holes

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Kathrein Features

Reliability

Reliability

environmental tests according ETS 300 019-2-4 regarding vibration shock, temperature a.s.o. on our own premises Extensive final tests during production (VSWR,isolation, intermodulation) recorded failure rate in the field below 0,05% of produced units Long service life
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Kathrein Scholz/0302

Kathrein Features
Firearm resistance

Mechanical performance

Bullets sticking in the radome

Housing after 12 gauge shotgun blast

Walls of housing are not penetrated completely

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Kathrein Scholz/0302