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Synthesis and characterization of new complexex of oxolato (tetra amine)cobalt(III) containing organic anions

1.INTRODUCTION The word cobalt is derived from the German kobalt, from kobold meaning "goblin" , a superstitious term Used for the ore of cobalt by miners[1]. Cobalt has been detected in Egyptian sculpture and Persian jewelry from the third millennium BC, in the ruins of Pompeii (destroyed in 79 AD), and in China dating from the Tang dynasty (618 907 AD) and the Ming dynasty (1368 1644 AD)[2]. Swedish chemist Georg Bran dt (1694 1768) is credited with discovering cobalt circa 1735, showing it to be a ne w previously unknown element different from bismuth and other traditional metals , and calling it a new "semi-metal[3]. In 1938, John Livingood and Glenn T. Seab org discovered cobalt-60[4].This isotope was famously used at Columbia Universit y in the 1950s to establish parity violation in radioactive beta decay[5].Cobalt is a trasition element with symbol co and atomic number 27 having electronic co nfiguration [Ar]4s23d7 with atomic weight 58.933 and density 8.9g.cm-3. Pure cob alt is not found in nature, but compounds of cobalt are common.The free cobalt i s a hard, metallic grey with melting point- 14950c and boiling point-29270c. Com mon oxidation states of cobalt include +2 and +3, although compounds with oxidat ion states ranging from 3 to +4 are also known. 59Co is the only stable cobalt isot ope and the only isotope to exist in nature. Twenty two radioisotopes have been characterized with the most stable being 60Co with a half-life of 5.2714 years, 57Co with a half-life of 271.79 days, 56Co with a half-life of 77.27 days, and 5 8Co with a half-life of 70.86 days. All of the remaining radioactive isotopes ha ve half-lives that are shorter than 18 hours, and the majority of these are shor ter than 1 second. This element also has 4 meta states, all of which have half-l ives shorter than 15 minutes. The main application of cobalt is as the metal in alloys. Cobalt-based superalloys consume most of the produced cobalt. Cobalt-bas ed alloys are also corrosion and wear-resistant. This makes them useful in the m edical field, where cobalt is often used (along with titanium) for orthopedic im plants that do not wear down over time. Special cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy s like Vitallium are used for prosthetic parts such as hip and knee replacements . Cobalt alloys are also used for dental prosthetics, where they are useful to a void allergies to nickel. Lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2) is widely used in lithiu m ion battery cathodes. The material is composed of cobalt oxide layers in which the lithium is intercalated. During discharging the lithium intercalated betwee n the layers is set free as lithium ion. Several cobalt compounds are used in ch emical reactions as oxidation catalysts. Cobalt acetate is used for the conversi on of xylene to terephthalic acid, the precursor to the bulk polymer polyethylen e terephthalate. Typical catalysts are the cobalt carboxylates (known as cobalt soaps). They are also used in paints, varnishes, and inks as "drying agents" thr ough the oxidation of drying oils. Several cobalt compounds are used in chemical reactions as oxidation catalysts. Cobalt acetate is used for the conversion of xylene to terephthalic acid, the precursor to the bulk polymer polyethylene tere phthalate. Typical catalysts are the cobalt carboxylates (known as cobalt soaps) . They are also used in paints, varnishes, and inks as "drying agents" through t he oxidation of drying oils.