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ENGM042 (SE1M81)/Autumn 2007/5pp

Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences Postgraduate Programmes in Civil Engineering Level M Examination

Module ENGM042 (SE1M81); 15 Credits Steel Building Design

Time allowed: 3 hours

Autumn 2007

Answer 3 questions only

The mark associated with each question or part question is shown in brackets [ ]. If a candidate attempts extra questions, all questions will be marked and the weaker solutions discarded so as to optimise the aggregate mark. Documents supplied to candidates: None Reference documents candidates may use: Any Please avoid the use of red and green inks Calculator restrictions: None.


ENGM042 (SE1M81)/Autumn 2007/5pp 1. (a)

Describe, using sketches where appropriate, how the type of beam-column connection used in a steel framework affects both the behaviour and load carrying capacity of the steel columns. [6]


Figure 1 shows details of the corner column used in the construction of an office building. The column is effectively continuous and is considered to be pinned about both axes at the base. Lateral stability of the office building is ensured by a combination of reinforced concrete stairs and lift shafts. Determine a suitable Grade S275 universal column steel section that is capable of supporting the factored beam end reaction shown in the figure. State clearly any assumptions that you have made in your design. [14]

Level 3
R 13 202

4000 Level 2

R 23

Level 3


R 12 202


R 22

Level 2

Factored Beam Reactions R 13 = 120 kN R 23 = 250 kN R 12 = 230 kN R 22 = 280 kN Note : S275 steel All dimensions in mm.

Figure 1

ENGM042 (SE1M81)/Autumn 2007/5pp


Figure 2 shows a steel portal frame supporting individual factored purlin loads of 6.0kN. As shown in the figure, the ratio of the plastic moment of resistance of the rafters to that of the columns is 1:2. (a) Check that if the frame is adequately restrained it will collapse by forming plastic hinges in the columns at the base of each haunch, at point B and at the first purlin point down from the apex in the rafters at point C. [10] If the frame is to be constructed from grade S275 steel, determine suitable universal beam sections for both the columns and rafters. [2] Check the sway stability for the framework using the BS5950, and comment on your results. [8]



6 3.0 0.5 5.5

6 X

6 C

6 D

6 C

B 1.8 2M P A



B 1.8 2M P

All dimensions are in metres

Figure 2


ENGM042 (SE1M81)/Autumn 2007/5pp


Figure 3 shows a typical beam column connection made using a combination of welding and bolting. Check whether the connection is capable of transmitting an ultimate bending moment of 160 kNm, together with an ultimate shear force of 200 kN. State clearly any assumptions you have made. [20]

6 No total M20 bolts 750 x 125 x 20 plate

6 mm fillet weld

4 No total M20 bolts

2 No 10 x 75 stiffeners

305 x 127 x 37 UB 356 x 171 x 67 UB

NOTES: All dimensions in mm Grade S355 steel Grade 8.8 bolts

Figure 3

ENGM042 (SE1M81)/Autumn 2007/5pp 4. (a)

Explain with the aid of sketches the concept of an effective width beff for thin plate elements used in the design of cold formed steel sections. Explain the difference between the effective width of a plate with edge stiffeners and an unstiffened plate. [5] Figure 4 shows a cross sectional view of a cold formed lipped C section, used in a braced structure as a beam. Calculate the reduced elastic section modulus, second moment of area, and the elastic bending resistance of the cross-section taking account of local buckling of the flange in compression. If the beam is 3.5 metres long, and is laterally restrained by the flooring material,. check that the C section can support a floor load of 2.5 kN/m2 imposed load and 0.7 kN/m2 dead load for a beam spacing of 0.4m. Calculate the imposed load deflection. Steel is S350 (yield strength = 350 N/mm2). Use load factors in BS5950 part 5. [10]



For the same section used as a column, calculate the effective area of the whole cross-section in compression. Calculate the slenderness of the column in major axis buckling for a 3.5m height. [5]
Effective width beff

b = 60
b/ t beff/b 1.0 0.92 0.80 0.67 0.57 0.50 0.40 0.34 0.27


30 40 50 60 70 80


Thickness, t = 1.5

100 120 150

15 beff/b data for S280 steel. Elastic modulus of steel=210 kN/m2 All dimensions in mm. Figure 4.

Internal Examiners: Prof G A R Parke Prof M Lawson External Examiner: Prof J G A Croll