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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Signaling Analysis Guide

11 Mobile Originating Call Establishment

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Mobile Originating Call Establishment

About This Chapter


Mobile originating call refers to an MS calling another MS or a fixed phone. 11.1 Mobile Originating Call Establishment Procedure In terms of the assignment type, the mobile originating call establishment procedure is categorized into the early assignment procedure, late assignment procedure, and very early assignment procedure. The MSC determines the early assignment procedure and the late assignment procedure. The BSS determines the very early assignment procedure based on the radio resources. 11.2 Internal BSC Signaling Procedure of Mobile Originating Call Establishment This describes the internal BSC signaling procedure of mobile originating call establishment. 11.3 Abnormal Mobile Originating Call Establishment Cases This topic describes the abnormal mobile originating call establishment cases.

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11.1 Mobile Originating Call Establishment Procedure


In terms of the assignment type, the mobile originating call establishment procedure is categorized into the early assignment procedure, late assignment procedure, and very early assignment procedure. The MSC determines the early assignment procedure and the late assignment procedure. The BSS determines the very early assignment procedure based on the radio resources. 11.1.1 Early Assignment Procedure This topic describes the early assignment procedure, namely the mobile originating call establishment without OACSU procedure. 11.1.2 Late Assignment Procedure This topic describes the late assignment procedure, namely the mobile originating call establishment with OACSU procedure. 11.1.3 Very Early Assignment Procedure This topic describes the very early assignment procedure, namely the Mobile Originating Call Establishment with OACSU procedure.

11.1.1 Early Assignment Procedure


This topic describes the early assignment procedure, namely the mobile originating call establishment without OACSU procedure. Figure 11-1 shows the early assignment procedure.

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Figure 11-1 Early assignment procedure


MS BTS BSC MSC

Immediate Assignment Procedure Establish Indication (CM Service Request)(1)

CR(L3:CM Service Request)(2) CC(3)

CM Service Accepted(4) FACCH Setup(5) SDCCH Call Proceeding(6) SDCCH TCH Assignment Procedure Alerting(7) FACCH Connect(8) FACCH Connect Acknowledge(9) SDCCH Talking(10) Release Procedure

The early assignment procedure is as follows: 1. The BTS sends the BSC an Establishment Indication message. The Establishment Indication message accurately indicates the reason for the access of an MS, for example, the cause values for mobile originating call establishment and for IMSI detach are different. The message also carries the content of the CM Service Request message. The BSC establishes an SCCP link connection on the A interface and sends the MSC a CM Service Request message. The MSC sends the BSC a Connect Confirm message. The MSC sends the MS a CM Service Accepted message on the SDCCH on the Um interface.

2. 3. 4.

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5.

The calling MS sends a Setup message on the SDCCH. The Setup message carries all the information required on the network side for processing the call, including the number of the called MS. The MSC sends the calling MS a Call Proceeding message on the SDCCH on the Um interface. The Call Proceeding message indicates that a call is being processed and the mobile originating call processing procedure is initiated. The MSC sends the MS an Alerting message on the FACCH on the Um interface. Then the calling MS hears a ringing tone. The MSC sends the calling MS a Connect message on the FACCH on the Um interface. The Connect message is used to notify the MS that the connection is established. The calling MS responds to the MSC with a Connect Acknowledge message on the FACCH.

6.

7. 8. 9.

10. The calling and the called MSs enter the session state.

11.1.2 Late Assignment Procedure


This topic describes the late assignment procedure, namely the mobile originating call establishment with OACSU procedure. Figure 11-2 shows the late assignment procedure.

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Figure 11-2 Late assignment procedure


MS BTS BSC MSC

Immediate Assignment Procedure Establish Indication (CM Service Request)(1)

CR(L3:CM Service Request)(2) CC(3)

CM Service Accepted(4) SDCCH Setup(5) SDCCH Call Proceeding(6) SDCCH Alerting(7) SDCCH TCH Assignment Procedure Connect(8) FACCH Connect Acknowledge(9) SDCCH Talking(10) Release Procedure

For details about the late assignment procedure, refer to 11.1.1 Early Assignment Procedure. 1. The difference between the late assignment procedure and the early assignment procedure is that the assignment procedure of the former takes place after the Alerting message is sent. The late assignment saves the seizure time of speech channels. The disadvantage of the procedure shown in Figure 11-2 is that if the subsequent assignment is unsuccessful, the called MS can only hear the ring tone but cannot make calls. Therefore, in actual application, the early assignment procedure is used instead of the late assignment procedure.

2. 3.

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11.1.3 Very Early Assignment Procedure


This topic describes the very early assignment procedure, namely the Mobile Originating Call Establishment with OACSU procedure. Figure 11-3 shows the very early assignment procedure. Figure 11-3 Very early assignment procedure
MS BTS BSC MSC

Immediate Assignment TCH Procedure Establish Indication (CM Service Request)(1)

CR(L3:CM Service Request)(2) CC(3)

CM Service Accepted(4) FACCH Setup(5) FACCH Call Proceeding(6) FACCH TCH Mode Modify Alerting(7) FACCH Connect(8) FACCH Connect Acknowledge(9) FACCH Talking(10) Release Procedure

For details about the very early assignment procedure, refer to 11.1.1 Early Assignment Procedure. 1. The difference between the very early assignment procedure and the 11.1.1 Early Assignment Procedure is that in the former, the TCH is assigned as a signaling channel during the immediate assignment procedure. Therefore, no TCH needs to be assigned during the assignment procedure, and the assigned TCH is adjusted to a speech channel through the Mode Modify message.
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2.

During the immediate assignment procedure, if no idle SDCCHs but TCHs are available and TCH immediate assignment is allowed in the BSC data configuration, the very early assignment procedure will take place.

11.2 Internal BSC Signaling Procedure of Mobile Originating Call Establishment


This describes the internal BSC signaling procedure of mobile originating call establishment. The internal BSC signaling procedure of mobile originating call establishment is as follows: 1. On receiving the Channel Required message from the BTS, the BSC assigns a signaling channel according to the channel type and channel assignment algorithm in the Channel Required message. The TCH Immediate Assignment Allowed in the Cell Attributes window may be involved in the channel assignment. During random access, on receiving the Establish Indication message from the BTS, the BSC sends the MSC a CM Service Request message that carries the target CGI based on the MCC, MNC, LAC, and CI. On receiving the Assignment Request message from the MSC, the BSC checks the channel type. Choose Other Attributes > Advanced > Other Parameters. Check whether Data Service Allowed is supported. If the data service is not supported, an Assignment Failure message is returned. Based on the CIC in the Assignment Request message, the BSC checks the E1 timeslots on the A interface and confirms the existence of CIC. It also checks whether the circuit pool of the configured CIC, the channel type in the Assignment Request message, and the capacity of the GDPUC are collided. If they are collided, the BSC responds with an Assignment Failure message. On receiving the Assignment Complete message from the MS, the BSC fills the message with the A Interface Tag and sends the message to the MSC. You can choose BSC Property > Basic Data to display the A Interface Tag.

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11.3 Abnormal Mobile Originating Call Establishment Cases


This topic describes the abnormal mobile originating call establishment cases. 11.3.1 Calling MS Cannot Be Heard This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions. 11.3.2 MSC Releasing the Call after Sending a CM Service Reject Message This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions. 11.3.3 Abnormal Procedure Caused by MS in Busy State This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions. 11.3.4 MSC Sending a Disconnect Message Instead of an Assignment Request Message This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions. 11.3.5 Abnormal Procedures Caused by MS Hangup This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.
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11.3.6 Abnormal Procedures Caused by MSC Sending a Clear Command Message or a Disconnect Message This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions. 11.3.7 LAPD Reporting an Error Indication Message During Call Establishment This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

11.3.1 Calling MS Cannot Be Heard


This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
When late assignment is enabled, the called MS cannot hear the calling MS.

Probable Causes
TCH assignment fails.

Handling Suggestions
Disable the late assignment.

11.3.2 MSC Releasing the Call after Sending a CM Service Reject Message
This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
After sending a CM Service Reject message, the MSC sends a Clear Command message to release the call.

Probable Causes
The probable causes are as follows:
l l l l

The MSC cannot find the subscriber information and considers that the subscriber is illegal. Authentication or encryption fails. The MSC does not support the applied service in the CM Service Request message. The MSC has no sufficient resources for the access, for example, no idle CICs.

Handling Suggestions
The handling suggestions are as follows:
l l l l

The MS makes a subscription under the MSC. Check the subscriber information. Hand over the MS to a cell under another MSC. Wait for the MSC to release the resources, or expand the MSC transmission capability on the A interface.
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11.3.3 Abnormal Procedure Caused by MS in Busy State


This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
After the assignment success of the calling MS, the network sends a Disconnect message with the cause value User Busy. The onhook by the calling MS or a Clear Command message sent by the MSC triggers the release of the BSC resources.

Probable Causes
The MS is busy.

Handling Suggestions
Wait for the onhook of the called MS and make a second call.

11.3.4 MSC Sending a Disconnect Message Instead of an Assignment Request Message


This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
The MSC does not send an Assignment Request message. It sends a Disconnect message to clear the call.

Probable Causes
The A interface may be faulty.

Handling Suggestions
Check the following:
l l

The state of the A interface circuit on the MSC side The consistency of the A interface data on the MSC and the BSC, especially the circuit pool data

11.3.5 Abnormal Procedures Caused by MS Hangup


This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
The call establishment procedure is terminated.

Probable Causes
l l

The MS hangs up. The calling or the called MS hangs up during a procedure, which causes abnormality in the subsequent procedures. For example, after the BSC receives an Assignment Request
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message from the MSC, the MS suddenly hangs up. In that case, the call establishment procedure may be terminated before the BSC responds to the MSC with an Assignment Complete message or an Assignment Failure message. As a result, the procedure is neither a successful assignment procedure (The BSC sends an Assignment Complete message.) nor an unsuccessful assignment procedure (The BSC sends an Assignment Failure message.).

Handling Suggestions
No handling is required.

11.3.6 Abnormal Procedures Caused by MSC Sending a Clear Command Message or a Disconnect Message
This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
The MSC sends a Clear Command message or a Disconnect message.

Probable Causes
Check the following:
l

The cause value in the Clear Command message If a call terminates normally, the cause value in the Clear Command message is Call Control. Otherwise, the cause value may be Protocol Error or Equipment Failure.

The time difference between the previous message and the Clear Command message or the Disconnect message Check whether the abnormal procedure is triggered by timeout.

Handling Suggestions
l

If the cause value in the Clear Command message is Call Control, no abnormality exists. If the cause value in the Clear Command message is Protocol Error, refer to the related protocols. If the cause value in the Clear Command message is Equipment Failure, check the related BSC hardware:

Connection on the Ater interface GEIUA in the GTCS

Check the timeout values of the related timers.

11.3.7 LAPD Reporting an Error Indication Message During Call Establishment


This topic describes the fault, probable causes, and handling suggestions.

Fault
The LAPD reports an Error Indication message during call establishment.
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Probable Causes
The probable causes are as follows:
l l l l

Inconformity with protocols LAPD link failure Timer T200 expiry MS failure in receiving a UA frame

Handling Suggestions
The handling suggestions are as follows:
l l l l

Check the contents of the frames at the data link layer. Check the status of the data link layer. Check the timeout value of timer T200. Check contents of the SABM frame.

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