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The Inventor of the Phonograph Thomas Alva Edison

Although Thomas Edison is famous for inventing the electric light bulb, he also invented many other things, such as the phonograph and the motion picture camera. Today were going to talk about Thomas Edison as the phonograph, or you might as well know it as the gramophone, inventor. The phonograph, record player, or gramophone is a device introduced in 1877 by Thomas Edison that has had continued common use for playing sound recordings, although when first developed, the phonograph was used to both record and reproduce sounds. Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. and Nancy Matthews Elliott. In school, Thomass mind often wandered, and his teacher was overheard calling him "addled". This ended his three months of official schooling. Edison recalled later, "My mother was the making of me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had something to live for, someone I must not disappoint." His mother taught him at home. Edison's family moved to Port Huron, Michigan. His life there was bittersweet. He sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit, and he sold vegetables to supplement his income. On December 25, 1871, Edison married Mary Stilwell, whom he had met two months earlier, she was an employee at one of his shops. They had three children whose names were Marion Estelle Edison, Thomas Alva Edison, Jr., and William Leslie Edison. His wife later died at age 29. On February 24, 1886, he married Mina Miller in Akron, Ohio. They also had three children, Madeleine, Charles, and Theodore Edison. Thomas Edison began his career as an inventor in Newark, New Jersey, with the automatic repeater and his other improved telegraphic devices, but the invention that first gained him notice was the phonograph in 1877. This accomplishment was so unexpected by the public at large as to appear almost magical. Edison became known as "The Wizard of Menlo Park." His first phonograph recorded on tinfoil around a grooved cylinder, but had poor sound quality and the recordings could be played only a few times. In the 1880s, a redesigned model was produced by Alexander Graham Bell, Chichester Bell, and Charles Tainter. This was one reason that Thomas Edison continued work on his own "Perfected Phonograph." He patented the sound recording and reproducing phonograph in 1878. Edison was active in business right up to the end. Thomas Edison died of complications of diabetes on October 18, 1931, in his home, "Glenmont" in Llewellyn Park in West Orange, New Jersey, which he had purchased in 1886 as a wedding gift for Mina. He is buried behind the home. We think that the invention of the phonograph is very useful, although people have made smaller and portable versions of it, like CD players. Nowadays, lots of people use CD players but some people still use the gramophone to play their favourite albums. We also admire Edisons characteristics, he is hardworking, he doesnt give up easily, and he believes in himself. By Dion N. James I. Jeremy I. Samuel A. IX4/24 IX4/28 IX4/29 IX4/34