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Introduction to Engineering Systems, ESD.00 Lecture 1 Lecturers: Professor Joseph Sussman Dr . Afreen Siddi

Introduction to Engineering Systems, ESD.00

Lecture 1

Lecturers:

Professor Joseph Sussman Dr. Afreen Siddiqi TA: Regina Clewlow

to Engineering Systems, ESD.00 Lecture 1 Lecturers: Professor Joseph Sussman Dr . Afreen Siddi q i
to Engineering Systems, ESD.00 Lecture 1 Lecturers: Professor Joseph Sussman Dr . Afreen Siddi q i
to Engineering Systems, ESD.00 Lecture 1 Lecturers: Professor Joseph Sussman Dr . Afreen Siddi q i
to Engineering Systems, ESD.00 Lecture 1 Lecturers: Professor Joseph Sussman Dr . Afreen Siddi q i

Motivation I

Motivation I † Society faces many large-scale problems-- we call them critical contemporary issues (CCIs) †

† Society faces many large-scale problems-- we call them critical contemporary issues (CCIs)

† They arent simply CEE problems or ME problems or econmics problems or physics problems or management problems

† Approaching them requires an integrative, interdisciplinary perspective

† They are systemsproblems

† Approaching them requires an integrative , interdisciplinary perspective † They are “ sy stems ”

Motivation II

Motivation II † A re we g oin g to solve these p roblems this semester?

† Are we going to solve these problems this semester? Of course not

† Can we give you a sense of the nature of these problems and the kind of approaches that can lead to answers? Yes, we can

Can we give you a sense of the nature of these problems and the kind of

Critical Contemporary Issues (CCI) I

Critical Contem p orar y Issues (CCI) I † Mobilit y † Energy † En v

† Mobility

† Energy

† Environmental Issues (clean air, clean water, land use, habitat preservation)

† Global Climate Change

† Urbanization

( c l ea n a ir , c l ea n water, land use, habitat

Critical Contemporary Issues (CCI) II

Critical Contem p orar y Issues (CCI) II † Population „ Growth in developing world „

† Population

„ Growth in developing world

„ Shrinkage in parts of developed world and an aging society in mnay nations

† Economic development/ growth and the global economy

† Security (individual and national)

† Social Equity

† Economic development/ growth and the g l o b a l economy † Security (individual

Critical Contemporary Issues (CCI) II

Critical Contem p orar y Issues (CCI) II † Sustainable Develo p ment-- the 3 Es

† Sustainable Development-- the 3 Es

„ E conomic Development

„ E nvironmental Protection

„ Social E quity

II † Sustainable Develo p ment-- the 3 Es „ E conomic Development „ E nvironmental

Connections

Connections † Lady Bird Johnson found that in dealing with highway beautification it was like "picking

† Lady Bird Johnson found that in dealing with highway beautification it was like "picking up a tangled skein of wool; all the threads are interwoven - recreation and pollution and mental health. and the crime rate, and rapid transit and the war on poverty, and

parks

everything

leads to something else."

† Lady Bird Johnson's Obituary in the Economist, July 21,

2007

everything leads to something else." † Lady Bird Johnson's Obituary in the Economist, July 21 ,

Complex Sociotechnical System (CSS)

Com p lex Sociotechnical S y stem (CSS) † “ Com plexity ” of man y

† Complexityof many t ypes

† Sociotechnicalsuggests that systems we are interested in

„ have important social impacts

„ have a vital technical component

” suggests that systems we are interested in „ have important social impacts „ have a

ESD.00 Content

ESD . 00 Content † Core En g ineerin g Systems Concep ts and Methods „

† Core Engineering Systems Concepts and Methods

„ System Dynamics

„ Dealing with Uncertainty

„ Networks

† Core En g ineerin g Systems Concep ts and Methods „ Sy stem D y

ESD.00 Content II

ESD . 00 Content II † Proj ects „ Air/HSR and the Environment „ Energy/Water Nexus:

† Projects

„ Air/HSR and the Environment

„ Energy/Water Nexus: Masdar City

„ Internet Governance: The Digital Divide

„ The Stroke Care Chain

Each project is illustrative of one or more CCI is a CSS will use the three core methods and concepts plus other techniques relevant to the particular application

CCI is a CSS will use the three core methods and concepts plus other techniques relevant

ESD.00 Philosophy

ESD . 00 Philoso p h y † Integrative approach † Recognize complexity and try to

† Integrative approach

† Recognize complexity and try to deal with it

† Engineering approach: we need to make a decision on what to do, often with information that is incomplete and with a future that is uncertain. We are not simply observers

to do, o f ten with in f ormation that is incomplete and with a future

CSS Example

CSS Exam p le † We now introduce a number of CSS concepts. We will use

† We now introduce a number of CSS concepts. We will use the Boston/Cambridge transportation system as a CSS example to illustrate some of the concepts.

concepts. We will use the Boston/Cambridge transportation system as a CSS example to illustrate some of

Systems Parallel to our CSS I

S y stems Parallel to our CSS I † Our CSS has various parallel systems .

† Our CSS has various parallel systems. These might include:

„ the air quality in Boston/Cambridge,

„ MIT itself, whose behavior will affect the Boston/Cambridge transportation system:

when MIT is on spring break, the loads on the transportation system are certainly lower (and further our CSS affects MIT as well)

Parallel

Systems

“Larger System” CSS
“Larger
System”
CSS

“Larger

lower (and further our CSS affects MIT as well) Parallel Systems “Larger System” CSS “Larger System”

System”

Boundary

lower (and further our CSS affects MIT as well) Parallel Systems “Larger System” CSS “Larger System”

Systems Parallel to our CSS II

S y stems Parallel to our CSS II † the commuter rail system which provides service

† the commuter rail system which provides service from the outlying suburbs to Boston/Cambridge (commuter trains provide service to both North and South Stations)

† the economic system in Boston/Cambridge, clearly affected by the effective delivery of goods, the ability of people to get to work or school and the vibrancy of the economy clearly relates to the loads on the transportation system

to get to work or school and the vibrancy of the economy clearly relates to the

Systems Parallel to our CSS II

Systems Parallel to our CSS II † The real estate market in Boston/Cambridge, will relate to

† The real estate market in Boston/Cambridge, will relate to accessibility of a residence to job opportunities

II † The real estate market in Boston/Cambridge, will relate to accessibilit y of a residence

Subsystems of our CSS I

Subsystems of our CSS I subsystems CSS CSS Boundary subsystems

subsystems

CSS

CSS
CSS
Subsystems of our CSS I subsystems CSS CSS Boundary subsystems
Subsystems of our CSS I subsystems CSS CSS Boundary subsystems

CSS

Boundary

subsystems

Subsystems of our CSS I subsystems CSS CSS Boundary subsystems

Subsystems of our CSS II

Subsystems of our CSS II † Subs y stems of our CSS include: „ The highway

† Subsystems of our CSS include:

„ The highway network

„ The MBTA system,which would in turn include vehicles buses and trains, and the infrastructure needed for the MBTA to operate which includes the rail network, the highway network on which the MBTAs buses operate, fare collection systems, operating staffs

the highway network on which the MBTA ’ s buses ope r ate, f a r

Subsystems of our CSS III

Subsystems of our CSS III † Travelers who will make a choice of what mode to

† Travelers who will make a choice of what mode to use: driving, taking public transportation of one sort or another, traveling intermodally (bike to the station and take the train from there)

transportation of one sort or another, traveling intermodally (bike to the station and take the train

The Micro-Macro Question

The Micro - Macro Question † In our CSS , do we need to know how

† In our CSS, do we need to know how an internal combustion engine works? Probably not. Do we have to know if a street has bike lanes? Probably. But it depends upon the questions we want to answer about our CSS.

have to know if a street has bike lanes? Probably. But it depends upon the questions

Other CSS characteristics

Other CSS characteristics † Nonlinearit y † Feedback † Uncertainty † Emergent properties The Teaching Note

† Nonlinearity

† Feedback

† Uncertainty

† Emergent properties

The Teaching Note discusses these and others.

† Nonlinearit y † Feedback † Uncertainty † Emergent properties The Teaching Note discusses these and

The Projects

The Projects † You’ll now hear about the four proj ects we have designed– let’s put

† You’ll now hear about the four projects we have designed– let’s put some meat on the bones!

The Projects † You’ll now hear about the four proj ects we have designed– let’s put

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ESD.00 Introduction to Engineering Systems

Spring 2011

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