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ChargingCapacitor

c R
V V E V + = = ,
dt
dQ
I =
,
C
Q
V
V
Q
C
c
c
= =
IR E V
c
= R
dt
dQ
E
C
Q
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
.
|

\
|

RC
Q Q
RC
Q CE
R
C
Q
E
dt
dQ
o

=

=

[ where CE Q
o
= ]
RC
dt
Q Q
dQ
o
=

t Q
o
RC
dt
Q Q
dQ
0 0

( ) | |
t
Q
o
RC
t
Q Q
0
0
ln

= ( ) | | ( ) | | { }

=
RC
t
Q Q Q
o o
ln ln

|
|
.
|

\
|

RC
t
Q
Q Q
o
o
ln
RC
t
o
o
e
Q
Q Q

=


RC
t
o o
e Q Q Q

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

RC
t
o
e Q Q 1

|
|
.
|

\
|
= =

RC
t
o
c
e
C
Q
C
Q
V 1
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

RC
t
e E V 1

|
|
.
|

\
|
= =

RC
t
o
e Q
dt
d
dt
dQ
I 1

|
|
.
|

\
|
=

RC
t
o
e
RC
Q
I

RC
t
o
e I I

=

[ where
RC
Q
RC
CE
R
E
I
o
o
= = = ]
[ where
R
Q
E CE Q
o
o
= = ]










DischargingCapacitor

c R
V V =
,
dt
dQ
I =
[the negative sign shows the charge stored in capacitor is decreasing]
C
Q
IR =
,
CR
Q
I =
,
CR
Q
dt
dQ
=

CR
dt
Q
dQ
=
,

=
t Q
Q
CR
dt
Q
dQ
o
0

| |
t
Q
Q
RC
t
Q
o
0
ln

=

| |

=
RC
t
Q Q
o
ln ln

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
RC
t
Q
Q
o
ln

RC
t
o
e
Q
Q

=
RC
t
o
e Q Q

=
RC
t
o
c
e
C
Q
C
Q
V V

= = =

RC
t
Ee V

=



RC
t
o
e I I

=