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A Practical Training Report On

KOTA SUPER THERMAL POWER STATION

TRAINING HELD FROM (10 June 2009 to 10 July 2009)

Submitted to:
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Submitted By: Abhishek Dave Electrical Engineer

Mr. XYZ AEN , KSTPS

For Full Report Contact me @ dave_abhishek@ymail.com or aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com

PREFACE
Practical knowledge means the visualization of the knowledge, which we read in books. For this we perform experiments and get observations. Practical knowledge is very important in every field. One must be familiar with the problems related to that field so that he may solve them and became successful person. After achieving the proper goal of life an Engineer has to enter in professional life. According to this life he has to serve an industry, may be public or private sector or self-own. For the efficient work in the field he must be well aware of practical knowledge as well as theoretical knowledge. To be a good Engineer, one must be aware of the industrial environment & must know about management, working in industry, labour problems etc., so he can tackle them successfully. Due to all the above reasons & to bridge the gap between theory and practical, our engineering curriculum provides a practical training course of 30 days. During this period a student in industry and gets all type of experience and knowledge about the working and maintenance of various types of machinery. I have undergone by 30 days of training ( after II yr.) at KOTA SUPER THERMAL POWER STATION,KOTA (Raj.). This report has been prepared on the basis of the knowledge which I acquired during my 30 days (10-06-2009 to 1007-2009) training at plant.

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INDEX
S.No. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 INTROCUTION ELECTRICITY GENERATORS AT KTPS SWITCHYARD DC SYSTEM TURBO GENERATOR STEAM TURBINE BOILER COAL HANDLING PLANT ASH HANDLING PLANT ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITOR CONTROL ROOM PROTECTION SALIENT FEATURES CONCULSION Topic Page No. 1-7 8-10 11-15 16-18 19-34 35-40 41-47 48-54 55-56 57-59 60-62 63-65 66-68 69

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INTRODUCTION
For the power generation with 2x110 MW and 3x210 MW of K.T.P.S. authorities are required to be operative to active full operation. The

auxiliaries are basically operation either on L.T. System i.e. 415 V 3 power supply is made available to the system after providing the station transformer of 3x50 MVA capacity with voltage 220 KV/ 7.2/7.2 KV & different service transformers of capacity 1.0 MVA , 1.5 MVA , 2.0 MVA , which are located near the load centre as the transformer having the voltage of 6.6 KV /415 V. The 6.6 KV power is distributed through 6.6 KV interconnected Bus System for all the five units with a control through DC of 220 V.

The 415 V power supply is done through a L.T. SWGR (Switchgear) which are located nearby the distribution transformer as well as the load centers. The all in -comers, which are breaker controlled , are having the control the L.T. SWGR are having the control system on 110/ 220 V AC. The 6.6 KV power supply which are either MOCB (Minimum Oil Circuit Breaker) of JYOTI MAKE or Air Circuit Breakers. The 6.6 KV power supply to various draining equipments i.e. more is made through breakers which are either MOCB of Jyoti make air circuit breaker which are either of voltage makers as well as SF 6 of NGEF make.
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The LT supply is also controlled through air break circuit breaker which are either L&T make or English Electric Company of India. The various H.T. motors are switched on / started through on direct ON line (DOL) in

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order to inverse the availability of equipment at full efficiency without time gap.

Further , the 6.6 KV system which is normally in delta configuration and terms as an unearthed system so also to keep the running motor complete in operating condition in case of any one .phase of motor winding is earthed due to any one reason. Earthling is detected by an protection system with alarm facility to take remedial measures immediately and at the same time to maintain the generation level in the same condition, prior to occurring the earth fault the single phase earth fault is detected in due course till the motor is not earthed to other or another phase. PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM is available through in area of each unit which helps in fast communication for prompt remedial measure. Soot Blowers are there in the boiler area on the furnace side or Zone which helps in blowing the soot / ash deposition regularly of the furnace wall / economizer tubes to keep heat transfer at the required parameter.

In April 1973, Central Electricity Authority prepared a Project Report for power station comprising of the two units of each of capacity 110 MW for RSEB subsequently in September., 1975 this was revised by the Consultant Thermal Design Organization , Central Electricity Authority for invention of 2x110 MW units being manufactured by BHEL, Hyderabad in 1st Stage.
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The planning commission cleared the project report in Sept., 1976 for installation of two units each of 110 MW in first estimated cost of Rs. 143 Crores.
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K.T.P.S. IS DESISIGNED IN FOUR STAGES

STAGE I STAGE II STAGE III STAGE IV

2x110 MW 2X210 MW 1X210 MW 1X195 MW *

Total Power Generation -

1045 MW

* To be commissioned shortly in August, 2003.

LOCATION

The Kota Thermal Power Station is ideally on the left bank of Chambal River at Up Stream of Kota Barrage . The large expanse of water reached by the barrage provides an efficient direct circulation of cooling system for the power station. The 220 KV GSS is within Kms. from the power station.

For Full Report Contact me @ dave_abhishek@ymail.com or aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com

For Full Report Contact me

aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com or dave_abhishek@ymail.com
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For Full Report Contact me @ dave_abhishek@ymail.com or aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com

CONCLUSION

The first phase of practical training has proved to be quiet fruitful. It provided an opportunity for encounter with such huge machines like wagon tippler .110 MW & 210 MW turbines and generators.

The architecture of the power plant the way various units are linked and the way working of whole plant is controlled make the student realize that engineering is not just learning the structured description and working of various machines, but the greater part is of planning proper management.

It also provides an opportunities to lean low technology used at proper place and time can cave a lot of labour e.g wagon tippler(CHP).

But there are few factors that require special mention. Training is not carried out into its tree sprit. It is recommended that there should be some
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project specially meant for students where presence of authorities should be ensured. There should be strict monitoring of the performance of

students and system of grading be improved on the basis of work done.

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However training has proved to be quite fruitful. It has allowed an opportunity to get an exposure of the practical implementation to theoretical fundamentals.

For Full Report Contact me @ dave_abhishek@ymail.com or aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com

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For Full Report Contact me @ dave_abhishek@ymail.com or aloneabhi_21@yahoo.com

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