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lower c u r r e n t , l o w e r t e m p e r a t u r e , optimized z-pinch might t h e r e f o r e produce l i n e p o w e r s a t 48.338A t h a t a p p r o a c h t h e t h e o r e t i c a l e s t i m a t e s of IS-ZOGW.

Since t h e l i n e p o w e r required for unity gain is only a l G W , a v e r y high gain laser a t 2 3 0 A is t h u s possible, using a n -1TW pulsed p o w e r d r i v e r . T h e p r o s p e c t s f o r d e m o n s t r a t i n g t h e AI-Mg l a s e r a r e discussed i n light of t h e s e theoretical a n d e x p e r i m e n t a l findings.
* These efforts w e r e s u p p o r t e d b y SDIO/I/ST a n d b y

attenuated by an opacity defined by C-/vz (we assume vKL-vK). The material is thus heated. As a consequence, in the neighbourhood of vK.the opacity is broadened and the importance of fluorescence decreases. We shall calculate formally the albedo of the plane layer in the most general case, i.e. when it has a non-zero temperature. Finally, we apply our result to the particular case when the material is cold.

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1.M.Krishnan and J.Trebes. App. Phys. Lett.45(3),189 ( 1 9 8 4 ) 2.N.Qi a n d M.Krishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 5 9 ( 1 8 ) . 2051 ( 1 9 8 7 ) 3.M.Krishnan. SRL Tech. Memo. SRL-TM-01-1989 ( u n p u b . ) 4J.P.Apruzese and J.Davis. Phys. Rev. A , 31, 2 9 7 6 ( 1 9 8 5 )

Tuesday Morning, 22 May 1990 9:40 am -- Calvin Simmons Ballroom

3D-7
REFLECTION DUE TO FLUORESCENCE OF A RADIANT ENERGY FLUX IMPINGING ON A PLANAR SURFACE
A. Bourdier

Poster Session 3P1 Microwave-Plasma Interactions

t,

J.F. Desfond $, J.J. Frey

3P1-1
t Centre &Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, B.P.27. 94195 Villeneuve-Saint-CeorgesCCdex

BROADBAND PLASMA ABSORBER* Robert J. Vidmar SRI International Menlo Park, CA 94025

and Laboratoire de Physique des Milicux Ionises. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Ecole Polytechnique. 91 128 Palaiseau Cedex,tCentre &Etudes de Vaujours-Moronvilliers,B.P. 7, 77181 Courtry Cedex and $Centre &Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, B.P. 27. 94195 Villeneuve-Saint-Georges-CCdex. France
In this paper, we describe a study of the manner in which L-K transitions reflect radiation impinging upon a plane layer or thickness f. We assume that the energy distribution of the incident photons is a Planck function. Fluorescence due to K-shell vacancies produced by photoionisation is the only effect taken into consideration. Fluorescence due other inner-shell processes is neglected. We consider that the atoms of the material have a Kshell binding energy much greater than those of the L or M-subshells. We also assume that the temperature of the blackbody spectrum is sufficiently high for K-shell ionizations. Moreover, the fluorescence yields due to other inner-shell vacancies are small. By solving lhe uansfcr equation, we shall be able to calculate the re-emitted flux and. consequently,the albedo of the layer.

A tenuous plasma generated in a background gas at atmospheric pressure is highly collisional. The cold collisional dispersion relation is used to model electromagnetic effects. For a plasma generated by a point source such as an ultraviolet flash lamp the electron number density decreases as a function of distance from the source. An Epstein profile is used to model the plasma gradient. Calculations based on an Epstein profile quantify the reflection coefficient and absorption for propagation through the plasma as a function of frequency. These effects are quantified for air and noble gases. Generation of plasma can be achieved by photoionization of the organic vapor TMAE and containment in a thin shell Mylar structure. This containment vessel has low backscatter and is suitable for electromagnetic measurements. Details of plasma eneration and confinement as well as estimates of performance versus frequency are described.

Photons with energy greater than the K-shell binding energy photoionize the K-shell of the atoms and induce immediate L-K transitions. thus causing emission of photons with energy hvKL = EK - EL or Auger electrons. We give numerical results to the case when the Augcr effect is not taken into account. This neglect can be justified when induced processes are very important. We shall then compare our results wilh those obtained when account is taken of maximum ejections of Augcr clcctrons. When the material has a given temperature, the fluorescencephotons have frequencies in the range (vo,vK). When the material is cold, the absorption coefficient is oV = poC / v 3 for v 2 vK,

* Supported by AFOSR/NP Contract

F49620-85-K-0013.

3P1-2
Anomalous A b s o r p t i o n o f E l e c t r o m a g n e t i c R a d i a t i o n

H.L. Rowland S p a c e Plasma Branch Plasma P h y s i c s D i v i s i o n Naval Research L a b o r a t o r y W a s h i n g t o n , D.C. 20375-5000


A f u l l y nonlinear electromagnetic fluid simulation code h a s been used t o s t u d y t h e i n t e r a c t i o n of e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c waves w i t h a p l a s m a a t t h e c r i t i c a l l a y e r . The c o d e is two a n d o n e h a l f D ( t w o s p a t i a l dimensions and t h r e e v e l o c i t i e s ) and r e p r e s e n t s t h e e l e c t r o n s a n d i o n s e a c h a s a f l u i d . The e l e c t r i c a n d m a g n e t i c f i e l d s are d e t e r m i n e d s e l f c o n s i s t e n t l y from Maxwell's e q u a t i o n s . The s y s t e m is f o l l o w e d on e l e c t r o n plasma f r e q u e n c y t i m e s c a l e s . F o r t h e case of a s m o o t h l y v a r y i n g d e n s i t y g r a d i e n t i n a c o l l i s i o n l e s s p l a s m a , w o b t a i n t h e classical e
150

ov

= POC+/v3

for v > v K ,

where C-and C+ are two constants which depend only on lhc material ; po is the material density. Photons with frequcncy greater Ihsn vK which arc first absorbed ionizing the K-shell of the atoms are re-emitted with frequcncy vKL and are then