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STRATEGIES AND PRACTICES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA Presentation Amit Jha, Joint Secretary National Disaster Management Authority
National Association of Geographers India (NAGI) Chandigarh : November 21, 2010.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

VULNERABILITY PROFILE OF INDIA


India is vulnerable in varying degrees to a large number of natural as well as man-made disasters. 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity. Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion. Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis. 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought and hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches. Further, the vulnerability to Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) disasters and terrorism has also increased manifold.

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

HISTORY OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

1. Until 2001 Responsibility with Agriculture Ministry, transferred to Ministry of Home Affairs in June 2002. 2. High Powered Committee set up in August 1999. 3. National Disaster Management Authority established. 4. Disaster Management Act passed in December 2005.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

SALIENT FEATURES DM ACT


APPROACH Paradigm Shift. Institutional Framework and Legal Authority. Financial Mechanism. DM STRUCTURE NDMA set up as the Apex Body with Honble PM as Chairperson. DM Structure At all three levels i.e. National, State and District.

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SALIENT FEATURES DM ACT


NATIONAL, STATE AND DISTRICT LEVEL
At the Centre Central Ministries and NDMA. State Level SDMA headed by Chief Minister. State Executive Committee (SEC). District Level DDMA headed by District Magistrate. Chairperson of Zila Parishad as Co-Chairperson interface between Govt. and Public. Others National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). National Institute of Disaster Management.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

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MANDATE OF NDMA
1. 2. Lay down Policy and Guidelines. Approve National Disaster Management (DM) Plan and DM Plans of Ministries & Departments. 3. 4. Coordinate enforcement and implementation of Disaster policy and plans. Take Measures for : Prevention. Preparedness (including Capacity Development). Mitigation. Awareness Generation. Rehabilitation and Recovery.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

VISION
To build A SAFE AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA by developing a holistic, proactive, multidisaster and technology-driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and efficient response.

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

TASKS TO BE DEALT WITH BY EXTANT MECHANISM


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Terrorism (Counter-Insurgency). Law and Order Situation. Serial Bomb Blasts. Hijacking. Air accidents. Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Weapon Systems. Mine Disasters. Ports and Harbour Emergencies. Forest Fires. Oil Field Fires. Oil Spills. All Cross Cutting Themes will be handled by the NDMA.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

CROSS CUTTING THEMES


TO BE HANDLED BY THE NDMA 1. Formulation of Guidelines, training and preparedness activities in respect of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) emergencies. 2. Medical Preparedness, Psycho-Social Care and Trauma Management, Community Based Disaster Management, Information & Communication Technology, Training, Preparedness, Awareness Generation, etc.

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

ROLE OF NODAL MINISTRIES


(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Drought Epidemics & Biological DisasterChemical Disaster Nuclear Accidents & LeakagesRailway Accidents Air Accidents Natural Disasters & Civil Strife Ministry of Agriculture. Ministry of Health. Ministry of Environment. Dept. of Atomic Energy. Ministry of Railways. Ministry of Civil Aviation. Ministry of Home Affairs.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

STAKEHOLDERS
1. WORKING WITH STATES Primary Responsibility rests with States. Our Approach is to act as facilitators. Pre- Disaster Assist in various DM related issues. Facilitate preparation / execution of Mitigation Projects. Assist in running Mock Exercises. Organize Awareness and preparedness campaigns in partnership with States. Impending / During Disaster Ensure prompt availability of NDRF and other Central Resources. Assist in any other form as required.

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

STAKEHOLDERS
2. WORKING WITH MINISTRIES/ DEPARTMENTS OF GOI Assist Mainstreaming of DM projects into developmental plans. Preparation / execution of mitigation projects.

3. WORKING WITH THE S & T INSTITUTIONS, COMMUNITY, NGOs / CBOs AND THE CORPORATE SECTOR Forum for dialogue, discussion and role-definition. Assimilation of Highest Academic, Technical & Scientific experience and effort into DM.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

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TASKS ACCOMPLISHED

National Policy on Disaster Management (DM)

Approved by the Government on 22 Oct 09.

Guidelines
Guidelines for NIDMs Functioning. Recommendations on Revamping of CD & Fire Services. Earthquakes. Chemical (Industrial) Disasters. Formulation of State DM Plans. Medical Preparedness and Mass Casualty Management. Floods.

Issued 23
13 Apr 06. Dec 06. 16 May 07. 28 May 07. 16 Aug 07. 14 Nov 07. 17 Jan 08.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

TASKS ACCOMPLISHED

Guidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health. Cyclones. Biological. Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies (Unclassified, Part I). Guidelines for Disaster Response Training at the Centre & States NDRF & SDRFs. Landslides & Snow Avalanches. Chemical Terrorism Disasters. Psycho Social and Mental Health Care. Incident Response System. Strengthening of Safety and Security for Transportation of POL Tankers.

22 Apr 08. 24 Apr 08. 22 Aug 08. 24 Feb 09. Mar 09. 23 Jun 09. 04 Aug 09. 20 Jan 10. 21 Jul 10. 26 Jul 10.

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TASKS ACCOMPLISHED Threats to Municipal Water Supply and Water Reservoirs. Mechanism to Detect, Prevent and Respond to Radiological Emergencies in India. Management of the Dead in the Aftermath of Disaster. Minimum Standards of Relief Food in Relief Camps. Sanitation & Hygiene in Disaster Relief. Water Supply in Relief Camps. Medical Cover in Relief Camps. Tsunami. Drought. 26 Jul 10. 11 Aug 10. 17 Aug 10.

30 Aug 10.

03 Sep 10. Handed over to Secretary Agriculture on 24 Sep 10. Handed over on 24 Sep 10. 27 Sep 2010.

Role of NGOs in Disaster Management Urban Flooding

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

MAINSTREAMING DM INTO DEVELOPMENTAL PLAN


1. All new Projects/ Programmes will mandatorily have DM resilience inbuilt (at times of conceptualization itself). 2. Planning Commission and the Ministry of Finance to give approval to the projects only if disaster resilience self certification is provided. 3. Ongoing Projects to be revisited to include disaster resilience audit. 4. Infrastructural loans to be sanctioned by the Banks only after due diligence on DM resilience audit. 5. Existing Lifeline Projects to be selectively revisited and retrofitted. 6. Reporting Item in the National Development Council the Highest National Planning Body.

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Advocacy with Central Ministries and States to Enact/ Amend Zoning/ Building Regulations and Codes. Education Schools. Higher/ Technical Education. All Undergraduate Courses. Medical. Engineering. Architecture. Agriculture.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

MITIGATION PROJECTS
Cyclones.

World Bank Project Phase I

: :

Rs. 1496.71 Cr. (308.6 Million US $). 2 States (Finally 13 States/ UTs).
EFC Note Submitted to the Govt. Case under consideration by the Govt. DPR Completed.

Approval by the World Bank received.

Earthquakes (Rs. 1597.79 Cr). Pilot Project for School Safety (Rs. 48 Cr). National Disaster Information and Communication Network (Rs. 821 Cr). Landslides. Floods. Medical Preparedness. Creation of National Disaster Response Reserves (for 400,000 Personnel, including 150,000 Personnel for Hilly Terrain) (Rs. 229 Cr).

Process for Preparation of DPRs in Progress. Proposal with the Govt. for Approval.

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CAPACITY BUILDING
Capacity Building Project (in Partnership with IGNOU) and Ministry of Rural Development. States. Districts. Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives. Training of Government Functionaries. : 11. : 55. : 12,375 (225 Per District). : 4,125 (75 Per District). IGNOU

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

Panchayati Raj Institutions in DM


Training in State Institutes of Rural Development and National Institute of Rural Development for PRIs is under active planning with Ministry of Panchayati Raj. Awareness Generation and Preparedness through PRI Training Institutes. Disaster Resilience ensured in their Projects.

Note:

Similar consultation is in progress with Ministry of Urban Development for Training of Urban Local Bodies.

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Partnership with Corporate Sector through Responsibility and Public Private Partnership.
VC has written to CEOs of all major Business Houses. Positive response.

Corporate

Social

Modalities being finalized with help of IIM Ahmedabad. FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, PHD Chamber of Commerce and NASSCOM etc. being consulted. Through interaction with States. Corporate Disaster Resource Network.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

Mock Exercises (Districts & Schools) Conducted so far. : 209 (including 80 Schools/ Colleges). Community and First Responders : Sensitized.

Over 15.0 Lakhs.


States/ UTs Covered 35. Districts Covered 84. Exercises Conducted on all Natural Disasters, Fire, Man-made Disasters and School Safety.

Commonwealth Games (All Competition/ Practice Venues, Games Village & Places of Stay) Conducted. : 55.

Delhi Metro, 26 March 2010

Flood, Bellary, 14 Sep 2009

Cyclone, Porbander, 19 Jun 09

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

Chemical (Industrial) Disasters.


Exercises. Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units Exercised. MAH Industries Sensitized. On Site Workers Participated. Off-Site People Sensitized. On-Site Plans Prepared. Off-Site Plans Prepared. : 26. : 49. : 120. : 79,700.

: 2.03 Lakhs.
: 1833 (Out of 1866 in 304 Districts) 98%. : 171 (For Remaining Work in Progress).

IOCL PANIPAT, HARYANA, 21 MAY 2010

SURAT, HAZIRA, GUJARAT, 28 MARCH 2008

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL INITIATIVES


1. Preparation of Digital Maps. 2. Preparation of Upgraded Hazard Maps. 3. Development of GIS Platform for Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment. 4. Seismic Microzonation. 5. Improved Modelling for Advanced Forecasting Capability. 6. National Disaster Management Information System (NDMIS).

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS
Structural Measures: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Upgradation of Poison Information Centres and related Laboratories. Bio Safety Laboratories (BSL). Mobile Field Hospitals. Ambulance Services. Trauma Centres. Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP). Training.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

13th FINANCE COMMISSION AWARD

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

13th FINANCE COMMISSION AWARD FIRE SERVICES AND CAPACITY BUILDING


1. Finance Commission has recognized the need for modernization of the Fire Services. 2. Finances allotted to ULBs for revamping and upgradation of Fire Services in Cities over one Million population. 3. Compliance to be confirmed through Gazette Notification.

In addition to the above, Finance Commission has allotted specific funds for revamping Fire Services to Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Orissa, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. For Capacity Building and upgradation of SDRF Rs. 525 Cr allotted. For National Disaster Response Reserves Rs. 250 Cr allotted.

4. 5.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE


1. Composition. 2. 3. Existing Approved

(DEDICATED FORCE FOR DM)


: : 8 Bns.

10 Bns.

Tasks. Specialized Response during disasters. Assist in Community Training & Preparedness. Impart basic and operation level training to State Disaster Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards). Proactive Deployment during impending disaster situations. Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills. Inflatable Boats Available BAUTS ordered National Response Reserve : 576 (72x8) + 48 (6x8) = 624. : 288 (36x8). : Inflatable: 480 + BAUTS: 120 = 600.

Equipment.

912.

1512.
1740.

Availability of Boats with 10 BNs

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

NDRF BNS LOCATIONS


PATNA BHATINDA GHAZIABAD BHUBANESHWAR (Mundali)

GUWAHATI

KOLKATA

VADODARA PUNE (Talegaon) VIJAYAWADA

CHENNAI (Arakkonam)

LEGEND
BNs CBRN BNs New Raisings

Two more Battalions Approved.

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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

THANK YOU

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