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York Factory Metis Scrip Applications

From the 17th through late 19th century, the depot at York Factory and its predecessors
were the central base of operations for the Hudsons Bay Company's control of the fur
trade. York Factory is situated on a low-lying narrow peninsula that separated the mouth
of the Hayes River from that of the Nelson to the northwest, York Factory was built in
1684.
The first three HBC posts were established on James Bay. In 1684 Fort Nelson was
established at the mouth of the Nelson River. The company also built a second fort on the
Hayes River, naming it after the Duke of York. Between 1788 and 1795 the company
constructed an octagonal star fort of stone and brick on the site. The choice of material
was poor, however, as the stone and brick could not stand up to heaving permafrost, and
in 1831 the stone fort was razed. The three-story center section of the current compound
was completed that same year, with the two-story wings finished within the two years
that followed.
The establishment of these forts provoked a response from New France via the Hudson
Bay expedition of 1686. The French marched overland from Quebec and captured all the
posts on James Bay. During King Williams War France several times sent a naval force
to Hudson Bay to capture or destroy the fort. In 1694 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville
captured the factory and renamed it Fort Bourbon. English forces returned the next year
and retook the fort from its small French garrison. In 1697, d'Iberville won the Battle of
Hudsons Bay the largest northern naval battle in North American history. Fort Nelson
was held by the French until 1713, when it was returned to the British in the Treaty of
Utrect. After 1713, the headquarters was relocated to the current site on the mouth of the
Hayes River. The post was finally closed in 1957.

Bagg, James (dit Cochrane); heir of his deceased son, John George; claim no. 849;
address: Norway House; born: April, 1880 at York Factory; father: James Bagg dit
Cochrane (Mtis); mother: Margaret Wilson (Mtis); died: when 3 days old at York
Factory; file ref. 1230142 and 292902

Bear, David; address: Cumberland House; claim no. 1872; born: 1807 at Fox Lake,
York Factory; father: Mes-ka-nee-powit, Turner (Mtis); mother: A-kee-na-a-son (Cree
Indian); married: at Red River to Eliza Smith, and at Red River to Maria Tait about 1847;
children living: 1; children deceased: 5; scrip for $160.00

Gills, Eliza - Concerning her claim as a head of family - Address, Edmonton P.O. [Post
Office] - Born, 1845 at York Factory - Father, Robert Gills, (Mtis) - Mother, Sophia
Harper, (Mtis) - Married, 1859 at Portage la Prairie to Andrew Whitford - Children
living, eight (names on declaration) - Children deceased, three - Scrip for $160 - Claim
1169.

1
Halcro, Margaret; address: Manitoba House, Kenesota P.O; claim no. 1539; born: 1815
at York Factory; father: Shakway-eh-moon Halcro (Mtis); mother: (Mtis); married:
1840 at St. Peter's Manitoba to Edward McKay; children living: 3.

Halcrow, Peter; address: Black Rive; claim no. 833; born: Spring, 1876 at York Factory;
father: Etienne Halcrow (Whiteman); mother: Mary Ann Sanders (Indian); married: 1898
to Maria Boyd; scrip for 240 acres of land; file ref. 766881.

Harrold Jr. Alexander; address: Spirit River; claim no. 289; born: 13 June, 1862 at
York Factory; father: Alexander Harrold Sr. (White); mother: Nancy Deik or Dixon
(Mtis); married: July, 1891 at Dunvegan to Rosalie Tastawitch; children living: Sarah,
Elizabeth, Charles & Angus Norman; Alexander Harrold Jr., scrip cert. no. 601 A; Sarah
Harrold, scrip cert. no. 602 A; Elizabeth Harrold, scrip cert. no. 603 A; Charles Harrold,
scrip cert. no. 604 A; Angus Norman Harrold, scrip cert. no. 605 A.

Kirkness, Jacob; address: Fisher Bay; claim no. 818; born: 1850 at York Factory;
father: John Kirkness (Mtis); mother: Anna (Indian); married: to Martha Ap-ta-gun
(deceased); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3651.

Kirkness, Jacob; for his deceased wife, Martha Ap-ta-gun; claim no. 814; address:
Fisher Bay; born: 1861 at York Factory; died: 1891 at Fisher Bay; father: John Ap-ta-
gun (Indian); mother: Anne (Indian); married: 1878 to Jacob Kirkness, deponent.

Lachlin, Robert; for his deceased mother, Mary Lachlin; claim no. 1964; address: Birch
River; born: 1810 at York Factory; died: 5 Feb., 1876 at The Pas; father:
Kitchewabekoiou or Joe Lachlin (Mtis); mother: Assatte (Indian); married: 1835 at The
Pas to Andrew Lachlin; children living: Robert (deponent); children deceased: George,
William, James, Jenny, & Andrew; heirs: Mary Thomas, $7.61; Henry Thomas, $7.61;
Isabella Budd, $26.66; Nancy Thomas, $7.61; Maria Thomas, $7.61; William Thomas,
$7.61; George Thomas, $7.61; Robert Thomas, $7.61; Robert Lachlin, $53.33.

Mi-ah-han, John; address: St. John's, Winnipeg; born: March, 1872 at York Factory;
father: John Mi-ah-han (Mtis); mother: Mary Kee-see-kow-squasis or Day (Indian);
married: 1894 at Norway House, to Bella Walker; scrip Issued for 240 acres; file ref.
768445; claim no. 1851.

Morris, Joseph; heir to his deceased daughter, Nellie Morris; address: St. Andrews;
born: 10 December, 1877 at York Factory; died: 9 December, 1893 at St. Andrews;
father: Joseph Morris (Mtis and deponent); mother: Bella Crowhead (Mtis); claim no.
1677.

Nolin, Andrew; Adopted child of Charles Nolin; address: St. Laurent, Saskatchewan;
born: 1854 at York Factory; father: Indian; mother: Mtis; scrip for $240.00; claim no.
1761.

2
Ross, John Edward; address: York Factory, Hudson's Bay; born: 1 May, 1864 at Fort
Vermillion; father: Roderick Ross (Scot); mother: Victoria Harriott (Mtis); scrip for
$240.00; claim no. 2245.

Sinclair, Harriet; address: The Pas; born: 1842 at York Factory; father: Francis Sinclair
(Mtis); mother: Maria Sinclair (Mtis); married: 1856 at St. Peter's to Peter Badger;
children living: Sarah Jane, Maria, Ellen and Caroline; children deceased: Sophia, John
Richard, Mary Anne, Henry, Rachel, Peter, Rosie, William Charles and Alenander
James: scrip for $160.00; claim no. 2009.

Smith, Margaret for her deceased brother, William Smith; address: Mapleton, East
Selkirk; born: 1850 at York Factory; died: 1875 at York Factory; father: Jacob Osimow
(Mtis); mother: Margaret Morris (Whitewoman); file ref. 743610; claim no. 777.

Smith, Margaret; for her deceased sister, Mary Osimon; address: Mapleton; born: 1861
at York Factory; died: 1891 in England; father: Jacob Osimon (Mtis); mother: Margaret
Morris (Indian); file ref. 743610; claim no. 778.

Squirrell, John; for his deceased son, Alexander Squirrell; address: St. Peters; born: 10
July, 1882 at York Factory; died: 6 November, 1887 at Oxford; father: John Squirrell
(Mtis and deponent); file ref. 774308; claim no. 839.

Squirrell, John; for his deceased son, Jacob Squirrell; address: St. Peters; born: January
1868 at York Factory; died: March 1869; father: John Squirrell (Mtis and deponent);
mother: Sophie Miss-we-kaw (Mtis); file ref. 774308; claim no. 840.

Squirrell, John; for his deceased son, Isaiah Squirrell; address: St. Peters; born: 24 June,
1874 at York Factory; died: 19 January, 1895 at St. Peters; father: John Squirrell (Mtis
and deponent); mother: Sophie Miss-we-kaw (Mtis); file ref. 774308; claim no. 843.

Squirrell, John; for his deceased daughter, Mary Squirrell; address: St. Peters; born:
March, 1865 at York Factory; died: 1867 at York Factory; father: John Squirrell (Mtis
and deponent); mother: Sophia Miss-we-kaw (Mtis); file ref. 774308; claim no. 838.

Squirrell, John; for his deceased daughter, Jane Squirrell; address: St. Peters; born: 4
June, 1880 at York Factory; died: 4 July, 1880 at York Factory; father: John Squirrell
(Mtis & deponent); mother: Sophie Miss-we-kaw (Mtis); file ref. 744308; claim no.
844.

Swain, Timothy; address: Black River; born: 1877 at York Factory; father: Charles
Swain (Mtis); mother: Mary Ann Sanderson (Cree Indian); married: May, 1901 to
Elizabeth Passage; file ref. 766881; scrip issued for 240 acres; claim no. 774.

Thorn Jr., George - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, Fort
Qu'Appelle - Born, York Factory - Father, George Thorn Sr., (Englishman) - Mother,

3
Marie McKay, (Mtis) - Married, no details - Children living, three (names on
declaration) - Children deceased, one - Claim 96

Todd, James - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, St. Franois Xavier -
Born, 1825 at York Factory - Father, William Todd, (Irish) - Mother, Elizabeth Dennett,
(Mtis) - Married, 1852 to Josephine Deslauriers at St. Boniface - Children living, seven
(names on declaration) - Children deceased, two - Scrip for $160 - Claim 1643.

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell


Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research
Louis Riel Institute