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ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

28 Oct 2012
ASTRO TUTOR TV SPM
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SOALAN #1
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
Given a quadratic function,



a) By using completing the square,
express in the form of


where a, p and q are constants

2
4 21 ) ( x x x f + =
q p x a x f + + =
2
) ( ) (
) (x f
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
Fundamental of completing square :
2 2 2
2 ) ( b bx x b x + + = +
bx x b b x 2 ) (
2 2 2
+ = +
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
2 2 2
) ( ) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
e.g.
2 2 2
) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
2 2 2
2 2 4 + = + x x x
4 2 4
2 2
+ = + x x x
Completed Square Form
e.g.
? 5 4
2
= + x x
5 4 2
2
+ = x
5 2 2 5 4
2 2 2
+ = + x x x
9 2
2
+ = x
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
2 2 2
) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
2
4 21 ) ( x x x f + =
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
+ = x x x f
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
21 ) 2 ( 2 ) (
2 2
+ = x x f
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
b) Find the maximum or minimum
value of the function .
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
q p x a x f + + =
2
) ( ) (
max / min point coordinates = (p , q )
max pt.
max pt. ( 2 , 25 )
max value = 25
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
c) Sketch the graph for
7 3 s s x
points needed :
i) turning point
ii) y-intercept
iii) x-intercept (if there are any)
, 21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
25 2 0
2
+ = x
25 2
2
= x
25 2 = x
5 2 = x
0 , 7 & 0 , 3
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
7 3 s s x , 21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21
-3 7
25
y
x
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
d) State the equation of the curve when
the graph is reflected in the x-axis.
-21
-3 7
-25
x
21
-3 7
25
x
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
= x x x f
-21
-3 7
-25
Hi, can you please give me an example on how to
answer Circular Measure questions?

a) the value of

b) the area of the
shaded region
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
SOALAN #2
Find :

a) the value of

b) the area of the
shaded region
7cm
5cm
6cm

r
r
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
2 2 2
) 6 ( ) 7 ( 5 r r + + =
Pythagoras Theorem
7cm
5cm
6cm

r
r
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
r 2 12 =
25 12 36 14 49
2 2
= + + r r r r
cm r 6 =
2 2 2
5 ) 6 ( ) 7 ( = + + r r
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
1
rad
7
5
6

6
6
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS


7
5
6
6
6
Area of shaded region

= Area of triangle Area of sector
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
|
.
|

\
|
5 12
2
1
|
.
|

\
|
3948 . 0 6
2
1
2
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS


7
5
6
6
6
Area of shaded region

=
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS


7
5
6
6
6
Area of shaded region

= 22.894 cm
2

Stannum is extracted from tin ore obtained from certain mine.
During the first year of operation, the ore obtained yielded
20 000kg stannum.
The production of stannum in each subsequent year decreases
by 8% of the production of the previous year. For economic
reasons, mining is abandoned once the annual output falls
below 2000kg.

Calculate the number of years the mining is in operation.
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
SOALAN #3
U
n
= annual production of
Stanum in the nth year

U
1
= 20000

U
2
= 20000 (0.92)

U
3
= 20000 (0.92)
2
U
4
= 20000 (0.92)
3
U
n
= 20000 (0.92)
n-1
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
.. For economic reasons,
mining is abandoned once the
annual output falls below
2000kg. Calculate the number
of years the mining is in
operation.
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
U
n
= 2000 , solve for the value of n.

U
n
= 2000

20000 (0.92)
n-1
= 2000

(0.92)
n-1
= 0.1

lg (0.92)
n-1
= lg 0.1

(n-1)lg (0.92) = lg 0.1

n = 28.62

(n-1) = 27.62

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
n = 28 n = 29
years
annual
productions
2,105.24 1,936.82
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
therefore, the mining is in operation
for 29 years.
- Tamat-