Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

28 Oct 2012
ASTRO TUTOR TV SPM
ONLINE LIVE TUTORIAL
SOALAN #1

a) By using completing the square,
express in the form of

where a, p and q are constants

2
4 21 ) ( x x x f + =
q p x a x f + + =
2
) ( ) (
) (x f
Fundamental of completing square :
2 2 2
2 ) ( b bx x b x + + = +
bx x b b x 2 ) (
2 2 2
+ = +
2 2 2
) ( ) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
e.g.
2 2 2
) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
2 2 2
2 2 4 + = + x x x
4 2 4
2 2
+ = + x x x
Completed Square Form
e.g.
? 5 4
2
= + x x
5 4 2
2
+ = x
5 2 2 5 4
2 2 2
+ = + x x x
9 2
2
+ = x
2 2 2
) ( 2 b b x bx x + = +
2
4 21 ) ( x x x f + =
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
+ = x x x f
21 ) 2 ( 2 ) (
2 2
+ = x x f
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
b) Find the maximum or minimum
value of the function .
q p x a x f + + =
2
) ( ) (
max / min point coordinates = (p , q )
max pt.
max pt. ( 2 , 25 )
max value = 25
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
c) Sketch the graph for
7 3 s s x
points needed :
i) turning point
ii) y-intercept
iii) x-intercept (if there are any)
, 21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
25 2 ) (
2
+ = x x f
25 2 0
2
+ = x
25 2
2
= x
25 2 = x
5 2 = x
0 , 7 & 0 , 3
7 3 s s x , 21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21
-3 7
25
y
x
d) State the equation of the curve when
the graph is reflected in the x-axis.
-21
-3 7
-25
x
21
-3 7
25
x
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
+ + = x x x f
21 4 ) (
2
= x x x f
-21
-3 7
-25
Hi, can you please give me an example on how to

a) the value of

b) the area of the
SOALAN #2
Find :

a) the value of

b) the area of the
7cm
5cm
6cm

r
r
2 2 2
) 6 ( ) 7 ( 5 r r + + =
Pythagoras Theorem
7cm
5cm
6cm

r
r
r 2 12 =
25 12 36 14 49
2 2
= + + r r r r
cm r 6 =
2 2 2
5 ) 6 ( ) 7 ( = + + r r
1
7
5
6

6
6

7
5
6
6
6

= Area of triangle Area of sector
|
.
|

\
|
5 12
2
1
|
.
|

\
|
3948 . 0 6
2
1
2

7
5
6
6
6

=

7
5
6
6
6

= 22.894 cm
2

Stannum is extracted from tin ore obtained from certain mine.
During the first year of operation, the ore obtained yielded
20 000kg stannum.
The production of stannum in each subsequent year decreases
by 8% of the production of the previous year. For economic
reasons, mining is abandoned once the annual output falls
below 2000kg.

Calculate the number of years the mining is in operation.
SOALAN #3
U
n
= annual production of
Stanum in the nth year

U
1
= 20000

U
2
= 20000 (0.92)

U
3
= 20000 (0.92)
2
U
4
= 20000 (0.92)
3
U
n
= 20000 (0.92)
n-1
.. For economic reasons,
mining is abandoned once the
annual output falls below
2000kg. Calculate the number
of years the mining is in
operation.
U
n
= 2000 , solve for the value of n.

U
n
= 2000

20000 (0.92)
n-1
= 2000

(0.92)
n-1
= 0.1

lg (0.92)
n-1
= lg 0.1

(n-1)lg (0.92) = lg 0.1

n = 28.62

(n-1) = 27.62

n = 28 n = 29
years
annual
productions
2,105.24 1,936.82
therefore, the mining is in operation
for 29 years.
- Tamat-