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PHYSICS
28 Oct 2012

PHYSICS

SOALAN #1

Dear Mr. Seow, can you explain more about lenses, particularly telescope?

PHYSICS
Light Lenses & Telescope SPM Physics Paper 2

Diagram shows two convex

lenses, X & Y, used in an astronomical telescope. The focal length for X is 40cm and for Y is 10cm.

Lens X

Lens Y

PHYSICS
Light Lenses & Telescope SPM Physics Paper 2

Using lenses

X and Y, draw a ray diagram to the formation of the final image by the telescope at normal adjustment. Use a scale of 10cm to 1cm.

Lens X

Lens Y

PHYSICS

Characteristics of Telescope
Lens Power of lens, P Focal Length, f
Object distance, u

Objective Lens Low Long =

Eyepiece High Short

ue = f e Image distance, v ve = Distance between lenses = ( fo fe )

uo = vo = fo

Light Lenses & Telescope - ANSWERS 4 cm 1 cm

PHYSICS

Fo ,Fe
Objective lens Lens X Fe Eyepiece Lens Y First Image, I1

PHYSICS SOALAN #2
Hi, I would like to understand more about electromagnetism, especially magnetic force acting on a current carrying wire in a magnetic field.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism
Diagram shows an electric motor which is supplied with

12V d.c.

Switch

Explain how the motor is able to rotate.


[4 marks]

PHYSICS

FLEMINGS LEFT HAND RULE (3) THUMB FORCE,F


(Output)

(1)First Finger
- Magnetic Field, B

(2) Second Finger

- Electric Current, I

PHYSICS

FLEMINGS LEFT HAND RULE


Magnetic field I FORCE

FORCE I
I

Switch

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism - ANSWERS
I
I

SIDE VIEW

When the power supply is switched on, the flow of the current in the coil forms a magnetic field.

PHYSICS

RIGHT HAND GRIP RULE (Straight Wire)


Thumb Direction of current

The other four fingers


Direction of magnetic field

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism

SIDE VIEW

When the power supply is switched on, the flow of the current in the coil forms a magnetic field.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism

The magnetic field due to the current carrying coil and the magnetic field due to the permanent magnet interact.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism

This causes a catapult field which is formed around each side of the coil.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism

FORCE

FORCE

A pair of equal but opposite forces is formed which rotates the armature.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetism When the power supply is switched on, the flow of the current in the coil forms a magnetic field. The magnetic field due to the current carrying coil and the magnetic field due to the permanent magnet interact. This causes a catapult field which is formed around each side of the coil.

A pair of equal but opposite forces is formed which rotates the armature.

PHYSICS SOALAN #3

Hi Mr. Seow, could you explain the working principle of a generator?

PHYSICS

Electromagnetic Induction AC Generator


Diagram shows the structure of an alternating

current generator.

Explain the working principle of the generator.

[4 marks]

PHYSICS

FLEMINGS RIGHT HAND RULE

(1)First Finger
- Magnetic Field, B

(2) THUMB Motion, F

(3) Second Finger


- Induced Current, I (Output)

PHYSICS

FLEMINGS RIGHT HAND RULE

MOTION Magnetic field

I
I MOTION

Electromagnetism - ANSWERS
MOTION Magnetic field MOTION

PHYSICS

When the coil rotates, it cuts the magnetic field of the permanent magnet.
There is a change in magnetic flux linkage.

PHYSICS
MOTION

I
MOTION

There is a change in magnetic flux linkage. Electric current is induced within the coil. The direction of induced current passes through the resistor changes when the coil is vertical.

PHYSICS

Electromagnetic Induction AC Generator

When the coil rotates, it cuts the magnetic field of the permanent magnet. There is a change in magnetic flux linkage. Electric current is induced within the coil. The direction of induced current passes through the resistor changes when the coil is vertical.

PHYSICS SOALAN #4
I am having difficulties in solving problem involved resolution of forces. Can you help me?

PHYSICS

Resolution of Forces
Diagram shows a man exerts a force of 50 N along the handle of the lawnmower with 10kg of mass. The friction between the lawnmower and the ground

is 15N. What is the resultant force acting on the lawnmower?

50 N

PHYSICS

Resultant force, Fnet


Given:

Direction of motion

m = 10 kg f = 15 N F = 50 N Fnet = ?

50 N

f = 15 N

PHYSICS

Resolution of Forces

Direction of motion

q q

Fx
Fx = F cosq F = 50 N

Fy

PHYSICS

Resultant force,

Fnet

Direction of motion

Fx = F cosq
f = 15 N

Fnet = Fx - f

Resolution of Forces - ANSWERS

PHYSICS

Given:

m = 10 kg f = 15 N F = 50 N Fnet = ?

Fnet = Fx - f Fnet = F cos q - f o) - (15) Fnet = (50)cos(60 Fnet = 10 N

The resultant force acting on the lawnmower is 10N.

- Tamat-