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Jet Dyeing Machine:

The Jet dyeing machine is the dyeing machine which dyes the fabric by forcibly contacting with the jet flow of the dyestuff solution. By this dyeing machine the tension on the fabric is reduced as much as possible and the dyeing of the fabric is done evenly with fewer amounts of dyestuff and liquor. The dyestuff solution is partially taken into the Dyebath along with the fabric through a venture tube and it circulates with the fabric in the central zone of the Dyebath which causes the dyeing of the fabric. The dyeing machine used in ECHOTEX is economy flow high temperature jet dyeing machine having liquor ratio of 1:6-1:8.

Calculations related to Jet dyeing machine: Grams per linear meter = Meters per Chamber/Reel speed = Meters per Chamber/Reel speed = Cycle time = Dye Absorption Time= M/min



Parts of Dyeing Machine:

The functions of various parts of the dyeing machine are different. The parts of the dyeing machine are briefly discussed below:

Loading & Unloading Reel Meterin g Reel

Loadin g Port

1st & 2nd Nozzles Throttle Fabric Tube Guide Tube Viewing Light J-Box

Additio n Motor Additio n Tank

Heat Exchang er

Main Vessel

Centrifugal pump System Drain Line

Figure: Schematic View of a Economical Flow Pressure Jet Dyeing Machine.



Loading & Unloading Reel: The fabric is loaded in the dye bath by the rotating motion of the loading and unloading reel. Reel speed is previously set in the computer of the dyeing machine. The Reel speed is expressed as below:

Meters per Chamber/Reel speed =

Metering Reel: Metering Reel is used for measuring the total amount of fabric passed through the nozzle of the Dyeing machine during dyeing. It is also known as the winch of the dyeing machine. Loading Port: The function of loading port is to load the fabric needed to be dyed and it also prevents the hot steam of the bath to come out of the dyeing machine. Addition Motor: The function of addition motor is to dissolve the solid salt, soda and dye particles for creating salt, soda and dye solutions to apply in the dye bath. Chemical solutions confirm uniform dispersion to the chemicals. Addition Tank: Addition Tank is the tank where the dyeing chemicals are dissolved. Nozzles: Nozzles are used for both the passage of the fabric and also dye liquor into the dye bath and it is also used for controlling the speed of the dye liquor. The optimum geometry of the nozzle system in dyeing machines is given below: Separation= 1, 4.H. = 5. = 2%.

Heat Exchanger: Heat Exchanger is used for heating and cooling the dye bath liquor. It contains both regulating valve for heating and cooling which controls the temperature of the dye bath. Main Vessel:



Main Vessel is where the fabric is dyed and the dye liquor is heated by applying steam flow in the dye bath. Fabric Guide Tube: Fabric guide tube is a tube which passes the dry fabric from the nozzle to the container storage chamber or J-box of the dyeing machine. It contains plaiter and bypass through which dye is passed into the main vessel. Throttle Tube: Throttle tube passes the hot steam required for dyeing the fabric from the heat exchanger to the main vessel of the dyeing bath.

J-Box: J-Box is where the fabric is dyed by continuous rotating motion of the fabric. The J-Box contains a deposition tube line attached to the fabric guide tube which contains plaiter and a bypass device for flowing dye liquor into the J-Box and thus dyeing the fabric. Centrifugal Pump System: Centrifugal pump is used for passing the liquor from the soft water tank of water treatment plant to the dyeing machine through heat exchanger. Viewing Light: Viewing light is given in the dyeing machine to see how the dyeing of the fabric is advancing in the dyeing machine from outside of the dyeing machine as it is impossible to look into the dyeing machine while dyeing due to high steam temperature. Drain Line: Drain Line is used for extracting the liquor out of the dyeing automatically.