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Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on

Nanostructures (ICNS4)

12-14 March 2012, Kish Island, I.R. Iran

investigate the phase evolution of the product during heat treatment and to identify the appropriate heating temperatures. The procedure of synthesis was optimized to obtain the maximum purity and consequently the maximum ionic conduction in the final product. The obtained structure can be used as separators, ion-exchange membranes, and sensors. Keywords: NASICON; Zirconium; Pechini method; Heat treatment. SYN 175

Influence of Refluxing Time on Optical Properties of Water-soluble Cd1-xZnxTe Nanoparticles


S. Gholami-Kaliji, E. Saievar-Iranizad* Department of Physics, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, Iran *saievare@modares.ac.ir

Synthesis and characterization of LaVO4:Dy3+ nanosheets as down converter in dye sensitized solar cells
Z. Chamanzadeha, M. Zahedifara, b*, S.M. Hosseinpoorc a Institute of nanoscience and nanotechnology, University of kashan, kashan, 8731751167, I.R.Iran b Physics Department, University of kashan, University of kashan, kashan, 8731751167, I.R.Iran c Center for nanoscience and technology, IS, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad *Zhdfr@kashanu.ac.ir

In this paper, synthesis of water-soluble Cd1-xZnxTe alloyed nanoparticles has been based on thermochemical method using short chain thiol, TGA, as capping ligand. Structural characterization studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern which indicates the FCC zinc blende type of crystallographic structure for the particles. Refluxing time effect on optical properties was evaluated by UV-vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. As refluxing time increases, the band gap becomes narrower due to the size growth of Cd1-xZnxTe nanoparticles; So PL peaks and absorption edges shift to the larger wavelengths. In this case, green-blue, green, yellow and red optical region of visible window were covered by good luminescence intensity. Emission maximum near to the absorption edge is significantly narrow. Keywords: Nanoparticles; Cd1-xZnxTe; Water-soluble; Photoluminescence SYN 178

LaVO4:Dy3+ nanosheets having tetragonal (t-) structure have been prepared using a facile hydrothermal method at 140 oC for 4 h. The as-prepared samples were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UVvis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UVVis) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The room temperature photoluminescence spectrum showed that sheet-like LaVO4:Dy3+ nanocrystals (NCs) could absorb UV light and down convert it to visible light. Keywords: Nanocrystals; Hydrothermal; Luminescence; LaVO4:Dy3+ nanosheet SYN 176

Photo-potential Response of CdS/TiO2 Nanotube Array Thin Films


M. Qorbania, O. Moradloub, N. Naseria, R. Azimiradc, A. Z. Moshfegh a, d* a Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, 11555-9161, Tehran, Iran b Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Alzahra University, 1993891176, Tehran, Iran c Nanophysics Group, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran d Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Sharif University of Technology, 14588-8969, Tehran, Iran *moshfegh@sharif.edu

Preparation of Tungsten Trioxide Nanostructured Thin Films Using Combination of Sputtering and Anodization Techniques
M.B. Rahmania, b.*, M.H. Yaacobb, c, A.Z. Sadekb, Y.M. Sabrib, W. Wlodarskib, K. Kalantar-zadehb a Department of Physics, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran b Sensor Technology Laboratory, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia c Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia *mbrahmani@shahroodut.ac.ir

Among transition metal oxides, tungsten trioxide (WO3) is of great interest and has been investigated extensively due to its many interesting structural and defect properties. Tungsten trioxide (WO3) nanostructured thin films were prepared onto quartz substrates via a two stage growth method. The employed method, entailed the deposition of tungsten thin films via R.F. magnetron sputtering onto quartz substrates, followed by a high temperature anodization of tungsten (W) thin films forming nanostructured platelets. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy techniques (SEM) were employed to analyse the structure and the morphology of the fabricated thin films. Keywords: Tungsten trioxide; Nanostructures; Thin film; Sputtering; Anodization

Free-standing TiO2 nanotube array (TNA) films were fabricated via anodization of titanium (Ti) sheet. After annealing, the resulting film consisted of well ordered, vertically oriented, nanocrystalline TNAs of 125 nm diameter, 30 nm wall thickness, and 1.5 m length. The surface modification of the TNA film using a simple solution-based method was carried out to fabricate a CdS nanoparticle-sensitized TNA (CdS/TNA) thin film. The Maximum photocurrent density calculated for CdS/TiO2 system of about 26 mA/cm2 which is 28 times higher than the pure TNAs. Photopotential study of the CdS modified TNA measured open-circuit voltage of Voc= -1.37 V as compared to pure TNA of Voc= -1.06 V. Moreover, the electron lifetime obtained about 20 ms and 26 ms for pure TNA and CdS/TNA, respectively. Keywords: TNA; S-CBD; Photoelectrochemical

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Abstract Book |INST| Sharif University of Technology|

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SYN 177