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Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on

Nanostructures (ICNS4)

12-14 March 2012, Kish Island, I.R. Iran

APP 160

Palladium/Hydroxyapatite/Fe3O4 as a Catalyst for Degradation of Azo Dyes


A. Safavia, b*, S. Momenia, b a Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. b Nanotechnology Research Institute, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran safavi@chem.susc.ac.ir

Palladium/Hydroxyapatite/Fe3O4 (Pd/HAP/Fe3O4) nanocatalyst was synthesized and evaluated for its catalytic activity towards the degradation of azo dyes (methyl red and methyl orange). The Pd/HAP/ Fe3O4 was employed as a novel catalyst that offers high catalytic activity, magnetic separate ability and good stability. The concentrations of dyes change exponentially with time and high rate constants were obtained for the degradation of these dyes. The pseudo-first-order equation was shown to fit degradation kinetics in most cases. Therefore, the Pd/HAP/Fe3O4 nanostructures are considered as a highly efficient and promising catalyst in degradation systems and they can be effectively recovered after use. Such abilities promote new opportunities for a wide range of analytical and environmental applications. Keywords: Magnetic nanoparticles; Palladium; Hydroxyapatite; Degradation; Azo dye APP 161

products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that bundle-like nanostructures composed of single crystalline nanorods with 70-80 nm in width and 200-300 nm in length was obtained. -Fe2O3 nanorods was deposited on patterned alumina substrates through AC electrophoretic deposition (ACEPD) as sensing material for CO sensing. The fabricated gas sensor was tested in dilute CO gas with different concentrations in the temperature range of 300-400C. Results indicated that using ACEPD technique for deposition of sensing layer, can present adequate sensitivity to CO. Keywords: Bundle-like -Fe2O3 nanorods; Hydrothermal synthesis; AC electrophoretic deposition; CO sensing APP 163

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Ionic Liquid-functionalized Silica-coated Magnetic Nanoparticle Catalyst


L. Torkiana, S. Vahabzadehb, M. Dabiria* a Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 1983963113, Iran. b Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 1983963113, Iran * m-dabiri@sbu.ac.ir

The Catalytic Activities of Tungstic Acid Dispersed on Hydroxyapatite-Encapsulated -Fe2O3 Nanocrystallites


L. Mamani, a, b* M. Mejlej nejad, b A. Foroumadi, a A. Shafieec* a Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 14176, Iran b Chemistry Department, Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Amol, Iran c Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 14176, Iran * ashafiee@ams.ac.ir

The heterogenisation of catalysts and reagents can offer important advantages in handling and in separation and reuse thus lowering the risks and hazards of a chemical process. Ionic liquids are most commonly thought of in the context of alternative greener solvents but they can also be designed to offer high activity, for example as acidic catalysts. Here, novel Brnsted acidic catalysts based on immobilised 1-methylimidazolium trifluoroacetate ionic liquids are described, which combine the advantages of the liquids catalytic activity and heterogenisation. Keywords: Immobilisation of ionic liquids; 1-methylimidazolium trifluoroacetate; Silica-coated nanoparticle; -acetamido ketone; DakinWest reaction APP 164

A novel magnetically recoverable nano-catalyst was fabricated by dispersion of tungstic acid on the surface of hydroxyapatite encapsulated iron oxide nanoparticles. The magnetic catalyst could be easily separated by the application of an external magnetic field. The samples have been characterized by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM & TEM), which reveal of the superparamagnetic nano-nature of the particles. From these studies we can infer that the particles are mostly spherical in shape and have an average size of 10 nm. The catalytic ability of tungstic acid supported on the magnetic nanocarier was found to be quite excellent and cleanly oxidizes primary amines to N-monoalkylated hydroxylamines. Keywords: Magnetically recoverable nano-catalyst; Hydroxyapatite encapsulated iron oxide nanoparticles; Oxidation of primary amines; Green chemistry. APP 162

Reduction of p-Nitrotoluene with Hydrazine Hydrate in the Presence of the Plain and Supported Platinum Nanoparticles as Catalysts
S. Mehdizadeha, M. Outokesha*, S. S. Sadjadib, S. J. Ahmadib a Department of Energy Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, 113658639, Tehran, Iran b Nuclear fuel cycle school, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, 1439951113, Tehran, Iran *outokesh@sharif.edu

Synthesis of Bundle-Like -Fe2O3 Nanorods and Gas Sensing Properties of Sensor Fabricated Using AC Electric Field
J. Esmaeilzadeh*, N. Kazemi, E. Marzbanrad Ceramic department, Material and Energy Research Center, Tehran, Iran * J_es65@yahoo.com

Bundle-like -Fe2O3 nanorods were successfully synthesized from hydrothermal method in presence of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone). The

The current study aimed at application of the plain and supported platinum nanoparticles as a liquid phase catalyst for the reduction of p-Nitrotoluene (PNT), one of the most hazardous environmental pollutant. Monodispersed Pt nanoparticles were synthesized by reduction of H2PtCl6 by polyvinyl pyrolidone in ethanol medium, and then were immobilized on four types of zeolites. The obtained catalyst granules were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (FTIR). The study then focused on elaboration of the catalytic activity of the nano catalysts under different operational conditions. It was found that reaction is adequately rapid at ambient temperature, and by utilizing a sufficient amount of catalyst, can be completed in nearly 30 min. Between the utilized zeolitic supports, zeolite 4A had the highest performance, but the mechanism of its synergetic effect on the activity of

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Abstract Book |INST| Sharif University of Technology|

Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on

Nanostructures (ICNS4)

12-14 March 2012, Kish Island, I.R. Iran

Pt nano catalyst was not found and require more investigation. Keywords: Platinum nanoparticle; Zeolite supports; p-Nitrotoluene reduction; synergetic effect of supports APP 165 p-Xylene Oxidation Over Trimetallic Hybrid Nanomixed

*amirmoghadam272@gmail.com

Oxide (Ru/Co/Ce)

The paper deals with the reactivity of RuO2/Co3O4/CeO2 nanoparticles prepared by a reverse micelle approach, which was precipitated by alkali-hydrolysis of RuCl3, Co(NO3)2 and Ce(NO3)2 and transformed into RuO2/Co3O4/CeO2 catalyst by calcinations in air at 400C. The catalysts were investigated with X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Brunner Emmet Teller (BET) techniques and were tested for oxidation of p-Xylene. The nanocatalyst exhibited high catalytic activities for the oxidation of p-Xylene to the terephthalic acid under heterogeneous condition. In order to obtain maximum conversion of p-Xylene, the reaction parameters, like reaction temperature and time, were optimized. Under the optimized conditions, a maximum of 98% p-Xylene conversion and 96% selectivity were achieved with RuO2/ Co3O4/CeO2 mixed oxide nanocatalyst. Keywords: Nanocatalyst; Mixed oxide; p-Xylene; Terephthalic acid; Heterogeneous catalysis APP 166

Keywords: Photocatalyst; TiO2; Zeolite ZnX; Nitrophenol; Phenol APP 168

Structural Features and Performance of LaxSm1-xNiO3- Nanosolid Solutions for the Combine Reforming of Methane
A. Jahangiri a, H. R. Aghabozorgb, H. Pahlavanzadeha* a Department of Chemical engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran b Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Catalyst Research Center, Tehran, Iran *pahlavzh@modares.ac.ir

Effect of Ultrasound on Modified Nano Catalyst of Transition Metal-Zeolite in VOC Catalytic Oxidation
N. Ghavidel Maroufi*, M. Khatamian, D. Salari, A. Niaei Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran *na.ghavidel@yahoo.com

In these days, air pollution is a serious global problem and legal regulation has been tightened. The catalytic oxidation of ethyl acetate in low concentration was studied over nano Cu-zeolite catalysts, which differ in the preparation methods. The catalysts were prepared using both of ultrasound (US) and ion-exchange (IE) methods. The synthesized catalysts were investigated and characterized by means of X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. These studies indicated the nanostructure form of catalyst. Activity of catalysts was measured in a catalytic packed bed reactor under atmospheric pressure and reaction temperatures were between 200 to 450C. The results of volatile organic compound (VOC) catalytic oxidation were investigated by GC and GCmass. Keywords: Nano catalyst; Ultrasound; Ethyl acetate; Zeolite; Volatile organic compound APP 167

La1-xSmxNiO3- solids (x=0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9 and 1) have been prepared by fine chemical using the modified citrate sol-gel method. The prepared compounds were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The results showed that highly homogeneous and crystalline oxides with particle sizes in the range of nanometers were obtained through this synthesis method. The XRD patterns of the prepared samples confirmed that at x>0.1, the rate of perovskite structure formation decreased drastically and different phases containing La2NiO4, NiO and Sm2O3 were produced. For all of the samples, catalytic activities in various reaction temperatures and atmospheric pressure were investigated in process of combined carbon dioxide reforming and partial oxidation of methane (CDRPOM). All samples presented similar activity at 800 C while at lower temperatures, the La1-xSmxNiO3- catalysts (x= 0.1, 0.9, 1) showed the highest activity. Keywords: Sol-gel; Perovskite; Nanocatalyst; Substitution; CDRPOM process

Synthesis and Photocatalytic Activity Study of Zeolite ZnX Containing Titania Nanoparticles
H. Amirmoghadama*, H. R. Aghabozorgb a Faculty of chemistry, Islamic Azad University- North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran b Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Tehran, Iran

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Abstract Book |INST| Sharif University of Technology|

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B. Aghabarari, M. Ghiaci* Department of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 8415683111, Iran m.ghiacil@cc.iut.ac.ir

In this research, titania nanoparticles was encapsulated into the prepared zeolite ZnX. The synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Morphology of the samples was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The photocatalytic behavior of the prepared samples was studied in decomposition of nitrophenol and phenol under UV irradiation. The obtained results showed that the photocatalytic activity of ZnTiX nanoparticles was more than that of ZnX nanoparticles.