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Formula list Below is the formula list that will be given during examination.

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are the ones commonly used.
ALGEBRA 1 x=

b b 2 4ac 2a m n 2 a a = a m+ n

8 log a b =

log c b log c a

9 Tn = a + ( n 1)d 10 S n =

## 3 a m a n = a mn 4 ( a m ) n = a mn 5 log a mn = log a m + log a n 6 log a

n [2a + ( n 1)d ] 2

11 Tn = ar n 1 12 S n = 13 S CALCULUS

m = log a m log a n n

a( r n 1) a(1 r n ) = ,r 1 r 1 1 r a , r <1 1 r

7 log a m n = n log a m

1 y = uv ,

dy dv du =u +v dx dx dx
v du dv u dx dx 2 v

## 4 Area under a curve

= =

y dx
a

or

2 y=

u dy = , v dx

x dy
a

dy dy du = dx du dx

5 Volume generated

= =

y
a

dx or

x
a

dy

## SPM Additional Mathematics STATISTICS 1 x=

x N
fx f

7 I =

Wi I i Wi

2 x=

8 n Pr =
2 x2 x N

n! (n - r)! n! (n - r)!r !

3 =

( x x ) 2 = N

9 nCr = 10

4 =

f ( x x) 2 = f
N F C fm
1 2

2 fx 2 x f

P( A B ) = P( A) + P( B ) P( A B )

5 m = L+

11 P( X = r )= n C r p r q n r 12 Mean, = np 13 = 14 Z =

6 I =

Q1 100 Qo

npq

GEOMETRY 1 Distance

= ( x 2 x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 y1 ) 2
2 Midpoint

( x, y ) = (

x1 + x 2 y1 + y 2 , ) 2 2

## 3 A point dividing a segment of a line

( x, y ) = ( nx1 + mx 2 ny1 + my 2 , ) m+n m+n

4 Area of triangle

=
5

1 ( x1 y 2 + x 2 y3 + x3 y1 ) ( y1 x 2 + y 2 x3 + y3 x1 ) 2
r = x2 + y2
^ ~

xi+y j
~

6 r=

x2 + y

~ 2

SPM Additional Mathematics TRIGONOMETRY 1 Arc length, s = r 2 Area of sector, A = 3 sin 2 A + cos 2 A = 1 4 sec 2 A = 1 + tan 2 A 5 cos ec 2 A = 1 + cot 2 A 6 sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A 7 cos 2 A = cos 2 A sin 2 A

1 2 r 2

= 2 cos 2 A 1 = 1 2 sin 2 A
8 sin( A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B 9 cos( A B) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B 10 tan( A B ) =

## tan A tan B 1 m tan A tan B

11 tan 2 A =

2 tan A 1 tan 2 A

12

1 ab sin C 2