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Removing a Tick

It seems like everyone has their own home remedy for removing ticks, such as using heat or even using nail polish. But according to the CDC (Center for Disease Control), the proper technique to remove a tick is using fine tipped tweezers and to pull upward without twisting to prevent the ticks mouth-parts from remaining in the skin. Then finish the process with cleaning the area where the tick was attached using rubbing alcohol or soap and water.

Environment
The environment is the dominant factor in determining high risk times for acquiring Lyme disease, as well as high risk locations. The months of June and July represent 2/3 of all Lyme disease transmissions in the United States. This disease is predominantly transmitted in wooded areas, or on the border of woodlands. Areas with mixtures of conifer and hardwood trees that have an abundance of shrubbery tend to be the most dangerous locations. There seems to be a strong correlation between populations of the white-footed mouse and tick populations. This explains why tick populations tend to be down a year and a half after a severe winter. Cold winters knock mouse populations; this in turn reduces the probability of a tick larvae finding a host in the spring and maturing the following year. The same effect can be observed with other rodents and mammals, such as deer. Many believe that dry summers cause a dip in tick populations for that year, but they actually cause the young ticks to perish, causing a decrease in population the following year. It is vital to understand the environment's effect on ticks so that we can better defend ourselves against Lyme disease.

Lyme Disease
Darren, Brandi, Matt, Amelia

Preventing Lyme Disease


The CDC recommends several methods for preventing tick bites including: using repellants such as DEET, wearing long pants and sleeves when walking in grassy areas, clear brush and leaves in your yard and to make sure to bathe immediately after walking in brushy area.

Future of Lyme Disease


With the planets climate changing, temperatures rise earlier and earlier each year. It is suspected the amount of Lyme Disease cases will sky-rocket. Not only will there a rise in cases earlier in the year, Lyme Disease is also likely to spread further South and West. As the summer seasons get longer so does the tick season. It is also predicted that with a rise in Lyme Disease cases there will be further development in Lyme Disease vaccines, as well a steady demand, unlike previous unsuccessful vaccines.

Map
Lyme disease hot spots in the United States

[Map Image here ]

How it spreads:

What is Lyme Disease?


Lyme disease is a condition that is created by a specific bacterium called Borrelia Burgdorferi. Humans can get this condition if bitten by a blacklegged tick that is infected with lyme disease. Lyme disease has many symptoms some are minor while others are major.

History
The first reported cases of Lyme Disease started in Europe and date back to 1883. A German physician, Alfred Buchwald discovered that it began with ring-like lesions and degenerative skin disorders. In 1921, Arvid Afzelius connected the disease with the Ixodes Scapularis tick and

Lyme disease is spread by receiving bite from a tick that is infected with the disease. This disease is found in every state bit Montana The disease is most commonly transmitted from a nymphs which are immature ticks nymphs feed during the spring and summer months

How does it affect the body?


Lyme disease has many side effects on the body This condition can affect every person differently The first most common symptom is red bullseye near the bite this disease can affect the organs,joints,the nervous system, and the heart other symptoms are migraines severe neck pain swelling of joints palpitation of the heart mild to severe dizziness

found joint pain to be another symptom. Shortly thereafter arthritic problems were found to be caused by the disease. Lyme Disease has its namesake from the town of Old Lyme, Connecticut. In this town in 1975, researchers began studying patients who had all been diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis; they found the symptoms were congruent with the cases from Europe, but were unsure if the cause was also the same. They found that it was and it was renamed Lyme Arthritis and then later called Lyme disease. In 1985 Dr. Burgdorfer discovered that the causative agent for Lyme Disease was a bacterium and named it

What causes Lyme disease?


this disease is caused by a tick carrying Lyme disease. generally Lyme disease is carried by the deer tick or the wood tick ticks are generally found in forests and tall grassy areas the average deer carries 200 or more ticks on them at one time

Life cycle of a tick:

Borrelia Borderferi. In 1988, the Lyme Disease Foundation was founded to raise awareness of the disease. In 1999, the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) was formed as a nonprofit organization devoted to the treatment and diagnosis of Lyme Disease.

If you would like to learn more about Lyme Disease here is a link to a list of websites with more in depth information about the disease. http://goo.gl/UZtiK