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Physics Important Questions Topic:- Capacitance

Q.1 Let C be the capacitance of a capacitor discharging through a resistor R. Suppose t1 is the time taken for the energy stored in the capacitor to reduce to half its initial value and t2 is the time taken for the t charge to reduce to one-fourth its initial value. Then the ratio 1 will be t2 a) 1 b)
1 4

c)

1 2

d) 2

Q2. A 1.0 F capacitor has a potential difference of 6.0 V applied across its plates. If the potential difference across its plates is increased to 8.0 V, how much additional energy does the capacitor store? a) 2.0 J b) 4.0 J c) 14 J d) 28 J

Q3. A parallel plate capacitor contains a positively charged plate on the left, and a negatively charged plate on the right. An electron in between the plates is moving to right. Which statement is true? a) The potential energy of the electron is increasing and it is moving to a region having a lower potential. b) The potential energy of the electron is increasing and it is moving to a region having a higher potential. c) The potential energy of the electron is decreasing and it is moving to a region having a lower potential. d) The potential energy of the electron is decreasing and it is moving to a region having a higher potential.

Q4. A parallel plate capacitor has plate area 25.0 and a separation of 2.00 mm between the plates. The capacitor is connected to a battery of 12.0 V. Find the charge on the capacitor and if the plate separation is decreased to 1.00 mm, find the extra charge given to the battery to the positive plate. a) 1.22 x 1 c) 1.42 x 1 C, 1.23 x 1 C, 1.43 x 1 C C b) 1.32 x 1 d) 1.52 x 1 C, 1.33 x 1 C, 1.53 x 1 C C

Q5. Find the charge applied by the battery in the arrangement shown in fig. A

Fig. A a) 220 C b) 180 C c) 160 C d) 110 C

Q6. When a capacitor is fully charged?


1 of the voltage from ground to one of its plates 2 b) when the voltage across its plates is same of the voltage from ground to one of its plates c) when the voltage across the plates is 0.707 of the input voltage d) when the current through the capacitor is directly proportional to the area of the plates

a) when the voltage across its plates is

Q7. If an open capacitor is checked with an ohmmeter, the needle will: a) stay on zero c) move from zero to infinity b) stay on infinity d) move from infinity to zero

Q8. As a capacitor is being charged, current flowing into the capacitor will: a) increase b) decrease c) remain same d) cant be determined

Q9. It is required to construct a 10 F capacitor which can be connected across a 200 V battery. Capacitors of capacitance 10 F are available but they can withstand only 50 V. Design a combination which can yield the desired result and determine how many capacitors are required. a) 4 capacitors b) 5 capacitors c) 6 capacitors d) 7 capacitors

Q10. Each capacitor shown in Fig. B has a capacitance of 5.0 F. The emf of the battery is 50 V. How much charge will flow through AB if the switch S is closed?

Fig. B a) 3.3 x 1 C b) 4.5 x 1 C c) 3.2 x 1 C d) 4.5 x 1 C

Q11. A capacitor stores energy within a dielectric between the conducting plates in the form of: a) a magnetic field b) positive voltage c) negative voltage d) an electric field

Q12. After a capacitor has charged for 1 time constant, what percentage of current remains in the resistor? a) 63.2 b) 36.8 c) 13.5 d) 5.0

Q13. What is the total opposition to current in a series RC circuit called? a) Impedance b) Inductance c) Reactance d) Resistance

Q14. Take the potential of point B in given figure to be zero. (i) Find the potential at points C and D, (ii) If capacitor is connected between C and D, what charge will appear on this capacitor?

Fig. C a)

400 V, 0 C 3

b)

400 50 V, C 3 3

c)

100 50 V, C 3 3

d)

50 V, 0 C 3

Q15. Which of the following statements is true? a) b) c) d) The voltage to which a capacitor is charged can change instantaneously. The current in a capacitive circuit takes time to change. A fully charged capacitor appears as a short to dc current. An uncharged capacitor appears as a short to an instantaneous change in current.

Q16. Which of the following determines the capacitance of a capacitor? a) b) c) d) Plate area, dielectric strength, and plate separation Voltage rating, dielectric constant, and temperature coefficient Temperature coefficient, plate area, and plate separation Plate area, dielectric constant, and plate separation

Q17. In a capacitive circuit, current flow is limited to a) b) c) d) charging periods discharging periods neither charging periods nor discharging periods both charging periods and discharging periods

Q18. Find the equivalent capacitance of the infinite ladder shown in Fig. D between points A and B.

Fig. D a) 1 F b) 2 F c) 3 F d) 4 F

Q19. If C1, a 4.7 F capacitor, and C2, a 3.3 F capacitor are in series with 18 Vdc applied, what is the voltage across C1? a) 3.3 V b) 7.4 V c) 6.6 V d) 9.4 V

Q20. How long would it take the capacitor in the given circuit to completely discharge if the switch was in position 2?

Fig. E a) 22 ms b) 69 ms c) 345 ms d) 420 ms

Q21. Which one of the following statement(s) is true? a) When the space between conductors of a capacitor is filled by dielectric its capacitance decreases. b) When the space between conductors of a capacitor is filled by dielectric its capacitance increases. c) When the space between conductors of a capacitor is filled by dielectric its capacitance is increased by a factor known as dielectric constant of the dielectric. d) On introduction of dielectric between the conductors of capacitor, dielectric will reduce both electric field and potential difference.

Q22. The capacitors of capacities 3F, 9F and 18F are connected first in series and then in parallel. The total capacity in the two cases in the ratio (Cs : Cp) of: a) 1 : 15 b) 15 : 1 c) 1 : 1 d) 1 : 3

Q23. Increasing the charge on the plates of a capacitor means: a) Increasing the capacitance b) Increasing the potential difference between the plates c) Decreasing the potential difference between the plates d) No change in the field between the plates

Q24. Mica is a: a) dielectric material c) magnetic material b) insulating material d) both insulating and dielectric material

Q25. A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a battery and is charged to a potential difference V. Another capacitor of capacitance 2C is similarly charged to a potential difference 2V. The charging battery is now disconnected and the capacitors are connected in parallel to each other in such a way that the positive terminal of one is connected to the negative terminal of the other. The final energy of the configuration is: a) Zero b)

3 CV 2 2

c)

25 CV 2 6

d)

9 CV 2 2