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Earth fault protection

DSE7300 and DSE5500 series controllers include an Earth fault protection alarm that is configured using the PC configuration software.

Restricted Earth fault protection


o Can be restricted to detecting earth faults upstream (generator protection) or downstream (load protection) of the neutral CT o Upstream or downstream protection depends upon the location of the neutral to earth link. o Earth the neutral conductor before the neutral CT (generator side) to detect earth faults after the CT (load side) o Earth the neutral conductor after the neutral CT (load side) to detect earth faults before the CT (generator side) This is more common. As a generator supplier you would require your equipment to protect the generator o The diagram below shows typical connection of a DSE7300 series controller configured for restricted earth fault protection.

Earthing the neutral before the CT will detect earth faults only after the CT (load)

Earthing the neutral after the CT will detect earth faults only before the CT (generator)

NOTE : Upstream and downstream protection are both shown though the neutral must only be connected to earth in one place!
056-019 Earth fault protection Issue 2 - ADM

Unrestricted Earth fault protection


o By placing the earth fault CT in the neutral to earth link, we provide earth fault detection that is unrestricted, we detect earth faults in the load and in the generator. o The diagram below shows typical connection of a DSE7300 series controller configured for unrestricted earth fault detection.

CT in the neutral to earth link will detect earth faults in the generator and in the load

Detection
o The DSE controller summates outgoing and incoming current. A mismatch indicates earth fault. If the measured earth fault current (mismatch) is above the setting for earth fault, the curve is followed. The curve makes larger earth faults cause faster tripping of the generator. o DSE Earth Fault Detection is intended for relatively large earth leakage only and cannot be used to provide 30mA personnel earth leakage protection.

Typical settings
o Its impossible to give a typical setting for the trip level as it depends upon many things, including the makeup of the load. Many loads have a small amount of earth fault and these must be allowed for when the alarm is being configured. o Higher curve values give slower reaction and can be used to prevent spurious trips caused by (for instance) transformers being energised. o For unrestricted earth fault protection and upstream restricted protection, the alarm should be shutdown to stop the system immediately. o For downstream restricted protection, the alarm can be electrical trip to allow a cooling trip after breaker opening before the set is stopped. Opening the breaker removes the fault from the alternator as the fault must be load side.
Further details of earth fault protection wiring and configuration can be found in the relevant operator and PC software manuals.

056-019 Earth fault protection Issue 2 - ADM