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Using transitional words and phrases help papers read more smoothly by providing coherence.

A coherent paper allows the reader to flow from the first supporting point to the last. Transitions indicate relations, whether from sentence to sentence, or from paragraph to paragraph. This is a list of "relationships" which supporting ideas may have, followed by a list of "transitional" words and phrases which can connect those ideas. Addition Consequence Summarizing also, besides, furthermore, in addition, moreover, again accordingly, as a result, consequently, hence, otherwise, so then, therefore, thus, thereupon after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, on the whole, to sum up, to summarize, finally as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the contrary, on the other hand, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion by the way, incidentally for example, for instance, for one thing likewise, similar, moreover here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance

Generalizing Restatement Contrast and Comparison Sequence

Diversion Illustration Similarity Direction

Using transitional words and phrases helps papers read more smoothly. They provide logical organization and understandability and improve the connections and transitions between thoughts A coherent paper allows the reader

to flow from the first supporting point to the last. Transitions indicate relations, whether within a sentence, paragraph, or paper. This list illustrates "relationships" between ideas, followed by words and phrases that can connect them. Addition: also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly Consequence: accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore Generalizing: as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually Exemplifying: chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly, including, specifically, such as Illustration: for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case Emphasis above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularly, singularly Similarity: comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with Exception: aside from, barring, besides, except, excepting, excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of, save Restatement: in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently Contrast and Comparison: contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast Sequence: at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time,

for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, Summarizing: after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally Diversion: by the way, incidentally Direction: here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance

Transitions of Logic Milder Addition a further x and and then then also too next another other nor just as ... so too a similar x another x like Stronger further furthermore moreover in addition additionally besides again equally important first, second finally, last similarly comparable in the same way likewise however still nevertheless

Comparison

Contrast

but yet and yet

still otherwise or though but another rather

on the other hand on the contrary even so notwithstanding for all that in contrast alternatively at the same time though this may be otherwise instead nonetheless conversely meanwhile at length presently at last finally immediately thereafter at that time subsequently eventually currently in the meantime in the past in the future to this end with this object for this purpose for that reason because of this x at that point opposite to adjacent to on the other side in the front in the back

Time

then now soon afterward later shortly earlier recently first, second, third next before after today tomorrow to do this so that

Purpose

Place

there here beyond nearby next to

Result

so and so then

hence therefore accordingly consequently thus thereupon as a result in consequence for example for instance an instance of this this can be seen in in short on the whole as I said in other words to be sure in fact indeed clearly of course anyway remarkably I think assuredly definitely without doubt for all that on the whole in any event importantly certainly

Example

that is specifically in particular for one thing in sum generally after all by the way in general incidentally naturally I hope at least it seems in brief I suppose

Summary and Emphasis