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The Effect of Reactant Concentration on Reaction Rate

A. Purpose

:To find out the effect of reactant concentration on reaction velocity for marble and Hydrochloric acid

CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) B. Basic theory : C. Equipments and Materials Equipments : TestTubes Plugthe test tube WaterVessel Stop watch Knife

Materials: Hydrochloric acid(HCl) 3 M, 2 M, and 1 M Piece of Marble (CaCO3)

D. Procedure 1. Choosing threepieces of marbe that the size is about a grain of corn 2. Taking HCl 3 M and fill it to pada test tube until almost full 3. Filling the pail for container from test tube with water about 4. Putting piece of marble (CaCO3) into test tube 5. Stopper the test tube and after that turn over into containerthat Filled with water 6. Turning on the stopwatch and writing the time since the test tube had turned over until it transform gas CO2 7. Stop the stopwatch if it has formed into gas CO2completely into test tube 8. Repeating the experiment with using HCl 2 M and then HCl 1 M

Marble that have the shape ragment

Put HCl 3 M into test tube

Turn over HCl that have mixed with marble

E. The result of experiment Hydrochloric acid (mol dm-3) 3 2 1 F. Question How The Effect of Reactant Concentrate HCl to reaction velocity marble with HCl ?try to explain the reason ! More high the concentration then more speed the reaction rate, , from the crashed theory CaCO3 can react with HCl if both of them crashed one another. More concentrated an acid then quantity of particle will more much. Thats mean,opportunityof crushed between CaCO3 and HCl will more much. More much crush happened then more speed the reaction rate. Time that needed (s) 20 33 52

The effect of size of the reactant particle on reaction rate

A. Purpose To find out the effect of the size of reactant particle on reaction rate in reaction between marble and HCl CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) B. Basic Theory : The reaction between marble and hydrochloric acid can be represented by equation C.Equipment and materials :

Alat dan Bahan Test Tube Test tube rack Pipa salur gas Sumbat gabus/karet Graduate cylinder Container water Statif dan klem Balance Stopwatch Marble hydrochloric acid D. Procedure

Ukuran/Satuan 50 mL 2M

Jumlah 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 gram 20 mL

1. Filling glass beaker with the water until full 2. Covering with a filtering paper then turn over until theres not bubble in It and filled water perfectly 3. In the glass beaker into Container water 4. Putting selang into glass beaker that filled water 5. Putting into test tube HCl 2 10 mL 6. Clipping test tube on statif dan klemstrongly 7. Putting pieces of marble into beaker glass 8. Stopper that reaction and catch the gas of the reaction result.

9. Writing the time that needed to catch 20 mL gas using the stopwatch 10. Stopping stopwatch if it have reached gas that have coursed 11. Repeat those procedure use marble that have the shape of powder

Filling the glass beaker until full

Clipping test tube on statif dan klem

Putting pieces of marble into beaker glass

Stopper that test tube and catch the gas of the reaction result.

E. The result of experiment

Time to catch gas 20 mL Pualam Powder Fragment F. question 1. Which one is the faster to catch 20 mL gas, 1 gram marble that have the shape of powder or marble that have the shape of fragment?1 gram marble that have the shape of powder 2. Which one is more size of the reactant particle, 1gram marble that have the shape of powder or marble that have the shape of fragment? Explain ! 1gram marble that have the shape of powder or marble, if a substance and the size has smaller then the quantity of substance more much and size of the reactant particle crushed between reagent substance will more big 3. Reaction between marble and HCl is happened on marble surface. How is the relation between of size of the reactant particle and reaction rate? explain! The larger the surface area, the greater the rate of reaction, when the powder is mixed with HCl marble powder marble surfaces come into contact with particles HCl. The more surface contact with the particles of marble powder marble HCl will be more easily soluble. Thus marble powder has a faster reaction rate than the pieces of marble. Waktu 25 60

The Effect of Temperature on The Reaction Rate A. Purpose To find out the effect of temperature of reaction on reaction rate B. Basic Theory C. Equipment and Materials Equipment and Materials Glass beaker Bunsen Tripodandgauze Stopwatch Thermometer Acid solutionthiosulfate Hydrochloricacid Solution Size/Unit 100 mL 0,2 M 2M Quantity 2 1 1/1 1 1 100 mL 10 mL

D. 1.PuttingNa2S2O3solutionby 20mL 0.2 MHCland2 M 10mL atdifferenglass beaker 2.HeatingNa2S2O3to 30C 3.Preparingcrossedpaper thenpouring theNa2S2O3HClhas been heated 4.Taking note ofthe time requiredtocrossinvisibleby using astopwatch 5.Repeatingthe above procedurebutby changing the temperatureat 40Cand 50C

Na2S2O3solution

20 mL Na2S2O3

10 mL HCl 2 M solution

heating Na2S2O3

Putting HCl into Na2S2O3

The change after Putting HCl into Na2S2O3, cross paper is not be seen

E. Hasil Pengamatan Na2S2O3 20 mL, 0.2 M 20 mL, 0.2 M 20 mL, 0.2 M HCl 10 mL, 2 M 10 mL, 2 M 10 mL, 2 M Suhu 30C 40C 50C Waktu reaksi (s) 14 10 8

F. Conclusion The higher the temperature the faster the rate of reaction.

Question : 1. How does the effect of concentration on reaction rate HCl marble with hydrochloric acid? Try to explain why! The greater the concentration the faster the rate of reaction, according to the collision theory can react with HCl CaCO3 when two substances collide with each other. The more concentrated the acid, the number of particles will be many more. That is, the chance of collision between CaCO3 with HCl will increase. The more collisions that happen then the reaction rate will be faster. 2. Which is faster to react? Powder or marble? Powder, The greater the surface area, the greater the rate of reaction, when the powder is mixed with HCl marble powder marble surfaces come into contact with particles of HCl. The more surface contact with the particles of marble powder marble HCl will be more easily soluble. Thus marble powder has a faster reaction rate than the pieces of marble. 3. Which surface is wider? Explain! Powder. As more and more surface contact with the HCl 4. Marble raction + HCl? CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) 5. How does the surface area A at a rate of R? Explain! The larger the surface area the greater the rate of reaction, when A is mixed with HCl will be in contact with the surface of a particle HCl. A growing number of surfaces that come in contact with HCl A particle will be more easily soluble. 6. How Na2S2O3 temperature effect on the reaction rate? The higher the temperature the faster the rate of reaction 7. Generally 2x faster reaction if the reaction temperature is raised 10 C. Berlakukah the above reaction? Explain!