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INTRODUCTION: One of the first systems in a home is the electrical system.

Code set by state and local government generally required that house wiring meet high safety standards because electric power is potentially dangerous. Electric power is sent to communities through a network of overhead wires or underground cables. Underground service is considered more desirable, since there is less chance of storm damage that may interrupt power and cause harm to people. The main electrical that measures the amount of current used. It power company work reads the meter to determine the amount of electricity used during a certain period. The power company the bills the resident according to the wage. In wiring design, there are numerous possible solution to each problem some good, some far, and some por. experience guides designers to a solution that best suits the job because it is their responsibility to establish the most economical design within the framework of the design criteria. This chapter opens with a discussion of these criteria and continuous with wiring design. Actual electrical design intended for construction must meet all requirements of local and national building codes. To our knowledge, all building codes NFDA to the National Electric Codes (NEC) as the minimum standards for all electrical design, data and procedure. Electrical wirings and in general refers to insulated conductors used to carry electricity, and associated devices. This article describes general aspects of electrical wirings as used to provide power in building and structure, commonly referred to as building wiring. Electrical code arose in 1880s with the commercial introduction of electrical power. Many standards conflicting existed for the selection of wires sizes and other design rules for electrical installation. The first electrical codes in the United States originate in

New York in 1881 to regulate installation of electric lighting. Since 1897 the US Nation fire protection association, a private non-profit association formed by insurance companies, has published the national electric code (NEC). The major components of a building electrical system can be arranged in three major categories, wiring and raceway, power-handling equipment and utilization equipment, in the first category, wee include conductors and raceways of all types; in the second, transformer, switchboard, panel board, large switches and circuit breaker, and the last, actual utilization equipment such as motor controls, and wiring devices. After some discussion applicable to all electrical materials, this chapter discusses in detail the items in the first of these-three-categories-that is, the wiring and raceway system. Most of the remaining items in the next two-categories with the exception of lighting equipment, system, building control and automation are discussed.

II. Conceptual Framework Safety although rigid adherence to the requirements of the NEC and other applicable NFPA codes ensures an initially safe electrical installation, the designer must constantly be alert to such factors as electric hazard caused by misused or abused of equipment eliminating the oft-encountered hazard caused by obstruct of access, spaces, passages, closets and walls with electric equipment. in wiring design, there are numerous possible solution, the reliability of electrical power within a facility is determined by two factors: the utility service and the buildings electrical system. the service record of the utility should be studied along with the economic impact of a power outage to determine whether and to what extent standby power equipment is justified. The reliability of an electric system is only as good as that of its weakest element. therefore, it may be necessary to provide redundancy at anticipated weak points in the system. the electrical services and the building distribution system act together an extremely reliable (and expensive) service is of little use. if the power cannot reach the desired points (Stein Benjamin: Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings). INPUT A. Profile of the resident/respondent age sex no. of family member monthly family PROCESS A. Questionaire questionnaire unstructured interview observation Awareness of house OUTPUT

income occupation

owner on safety building wiring practices

B. Awareness of house owner on safety buildig wiring practices site basic structure wall ceiling

B. Statistical Treatment percentage weighted average mean T-Test Anova

Fig 1 Pfa Paradigm of the Study Figure 1. The operational diagram on how the study goes about. The framework of the diagram would finally shed light to salient awareness of the house owner on safety building wiring practices. In the input, variables are showed in the frame, the researchers found it significant that the profile and awareness of house owner on safety building wiring practices be included. In the process frame it deals with the process on how the study to be conducted as using questionnaires as the main instrument in gathering data, reserting to unstructured interviews and documentary analysis of the respondents. It also includes the use of several statistical measures in order to provide answer to question stated in

the statement of the problem and hypothesis of frequency, percentage, weighted mean standard, deviation, variance, anova and likest scale. Finally in the output frame it deals with the outcome of the study of awareness of in the house owner on the safety building wiring practices this find ways to know the improvement to find ways of solving it.

III. Statement of the Problem 1. What is the profile of the respondents in term of: 1.1 Age 1.2 Sex 1.3 Educational Attainment 1.4 Family Income 1.5 Civil Status 1.6 Occupation 2. How is the awareness of house owner on safety building wiring practices of the Iba, Zambales describe in the following aspects considerations 2.1 Wiring 3. Is there significant difference in the awareness of house owner on safety building wiring practices as prescribed by identified respondent when grouped according to profile variables?

IV. Null Hypothesis In the course of this study, the researcher have tested the following null hypothesis as guide in the assessment of the awareness of house owner on safety building wiring practices preferences of the respondent is the Iba, Zambales as indicated in the problem statement. 1. There is no significant difference in the awareness of the house owner on safety building wiring practices, when respondents are grouped according to profile variable cited in problem number one namely respondent profile.

V. Scope & Limitations The study is limited to 100 respondents, composed of electrical engineers, electrician, and labor which are involved in the safety building wiring practices. The municipality of Iba, Zambales served as the sole researcher environment for this study. The researcher of the study made use often following variables as related to the profile of the respondents: age, sex, educational attainment, family income, civil status, occupation.

DEFINITION OF TERMS:

BUILDING an act of construction (i.e. the activity of building. Any human made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy

AWARENESS is the state or ability to perceive, to feel, or to be conscious of events, objects, or sensory patterns. In this level of consciousness, sense data can be confirmed by an observer without necessarily employing understanding

WIRE a wire is a single usually cylindrical, flexible stand or rod of metal, wires are used to bear mechanical loads and to carry electricity and telecommunications signal. The term wire is also used more loosely to refer to a bundle of such strands as in multi stranded wire; which is more correctly termed a wire rope in mechanics, or a cable in electricity.

References: Electrical Layout & _________ Max B. Fajardo Jr. & Leo K. Fajardo Engineering Drawing & Graphics by Engineering Drawing Department, Mapua Institute & Technology Architectural Utilities 2: Electrical & Mechanical Equipment, Rev. Ed by: George S Salvar

AWARENESS OF HOUSE OWNERS ON SAFETY BUILDING IN PLANNING RULE & WRITING PRACTICES 1. Planning Rule 5 (HA) 1.1 Main source of light in a room is controlled by a wall switch located at the latch side of the door entrance. 1.2 Electrical outlets except in the kitchen should have an average one for every 2 meters of wall space. 1.3 Electrical outlets in the kitchen should have an average one for every 1.3 meter of wall space. 1.4 Each room should have a light outlet in the ceiling or wall that will be the main source of light in the room. 2. Electrical Practices 2.1 Not all lights in a room should be on the same circuit. 2.2 Load unit should not exceed 4 (MA) 3 (FA) 2 (A) 1 (NA)

1,600W for a 20A circuit and 1,200W for a 15A circuit. 2.3 A minimum 20A appliance branch circuit is required to feed all small appliances in the kitchen, pantry, dining and family room. 2.4 General purpose branch circuit is rated at 20A, wired using No. 12AWG. 2.5 Kitchen outlets should be fed from at least two circuit. 2.6 Laundry outlet is supplied by a 20A circuit. 2.7 Heavy duty appliances like refrigirator/freezer, water motor should be on a separate circuit. 2.8 Building lights should not be connected on a single circuit. 2.9 Wiring for electrical circuiting shall be of types RHW, THW, TW, THWN 3. Size of conductor wire is relatively proportional to the electrical load.

3.1 Ampacity of the connected load shall not exceed 80% of the amperage capacity of the conductor and the fuse. 3.2 Specify the use of #12 AWG conductor for all types of convenient outlet wiring.