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HERBS

_____________ often occur in nature and most varieties are true to type. That means the seedlings grown from a variety will also have the same unique characteristic of the parent plant. ! _____________ are not necessarily true to type. In fact cultivar means "cultivated variety therefore, a cultivar was selected and cultivated by humans.
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Herb (h)rb - any plant with leaves, seeds, or flowers used for __________, _______, ___________, or ___________ ! Among the easiest plants to grow in the garden or in containers (many indoors)
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HERBS
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HERBS
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Herb classes (most fall in multiple)


" __________
# Add

(cooking) Herbs Herbs

Basil (tender annual) many varieties


grow from seed or transplants remove _________________ for better foliage " main ingredient in _________ " use fresh or dried " add at last moment in cooking
" "

zest and flavor to your menu (sense of smell)

" _______________
# Soothing

" _________________Herbs
# Visually

appealing

" _________________
# Health

Herbs

benefits

HERBS
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HERBS
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Chives (perennial)
" smallest

Coriander (Cilantro) (annual)


" fresh

species in the ____________ family " leaves used as herb " milder than other onion species " flowers attract __________ " flowers are edible

leaves __________ " fresh and dried seeds ________________flavor when crushed " _______ commonly used in Thai dishes

HERBS
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HERBS
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Cilantro (Coriander) (annual)


" grow

Fennel (perennial)
" _______

from seed (tap root) early in spring " cold hardy (______ resistant) " Said to ________ harmful insects (aphids, spider mites, potato beetle)

(Florence fennel) and foliage used raw and cooked " anise like flavor " ________ common in Italian sausages and meatballs

HERBS
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HERBS
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Fennel (perennial)
" sow

Lavender perennial
" essential

seed directly in garden in late spring " do not plant near ____________ as they hinder each other

oil antiseptic, anti-inflammatory " aromatherapy " lavender seeds and flowers aid __________ _____________ " dried lavender flowers used as ______________ __________

HERBS
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HERBS
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Lavender perennial
" transplants

Lemon Verbena (perennial)


" adds

(grown from

cuttings) " do best in dry, well drained, sandy soils. " need little to no fertilizer

_____________ flavor to fish, poultry, veg. marinades, salad dressings, jams, puddings, and beverages. " _________________ " grow from seed or cuttings

HERBS
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HERBS
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Mint Mentha spp. (______________)


" peppermint,

Oregano (perennial)
" tomato

spearmint, others " Drinks " Confectionery " toothpaste " __________, plant in a container to keep in check.

based sauces and

soups " _________________ to keep plants producing foliage " grow from seed

HERBS
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HERBS
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Parsley (biennial)
" used

fresh and dried " not just a ___________ " grow from seed

Rosemary (evergreen perennial)


" dried

leaves used to season meat, fish, and soups. " high in ___________________ " rosemary oil often used in herbal _______________ products " grow from cuttings

HERBS
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HERBS
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" fresh

culinary

Sage Salvia officinalis. (perennial)


" use

Dill (annual, short lived perennial)


and dried dill leaves, flavor better with fresh " dill seed (used to soothe ______________ after a meal)

in sauces and stuffing's for _________ meats such as goose, duck, pork and sausage " gargle with sage tea for _______________ " seed/cuttings

HERBS
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HERBS
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Texas Tarragon half-hardy perennial


Substitute for French tarragon " __________ like flavor " add at _______ of cooking " used in as an ingredient in Mexican and Southwestern cuisine " goes by many names false tarragon, Mexican tarragon, Mexican mint, hierba de anis
"

Thyme perennial
" _________

family " used in seasoning blends for meat, poultry, fishes, chowders, and soups " slight minty flavor " retains its flavor after drying better than many other herbs. " essential oil of thyme is 20-54% ___________, _____________. " thyme tea used for cough and bronchitis

HERBS
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HERBS
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Yarrow (perennial)
" used

medicinally for its _____________ and ________________________effects " popular __________________

Bee balm, Monarda (perennial)


" used

by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game especially birds " antiseptic action source of ____________

HERBS
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HERBS
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Lemongrass native to India (perennial)


" _________

Catnip (perennial)
" stimulates

flavor " dried and powdered or used fresh " teas, soups, curries, poultry, fish, seafood " essential ingredient in ________ cuisine

cats pheromonic receptors resulting in a temporary euphoria