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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________

ID: A

chapter 7 pre test and practice


True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. ____ 1. Social Darwinists justified expanding American power overseas by suggesting that nations competed with each other, and only the strongest would survive. 2. Before Commodore Perry arrived in Edo Bay, the Japanese had never before seen steamships. 3. Latin American delegates to the Pan-American conference in Washington, D.C., agreed to a customs union with the United States. 4. Conclusive evidence has proven that the American warship Maine was blown up by a Spanish mine. 5. Commodore George Dewey and his fleet were sent to the Philippines to prevent Spanish forces from sailing east and attacking the United States. 6. The Rough Riders were a cavalry unit commanded by Theodore Roosevelt. 7. With the Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War, the United States became an imperial power. 8. Puerto Rico is now an independent country. 9. Theodore Roosevelt became president when William McKinley was assassinated.

____ ____

____ ____

____ ____ ____ ____

____ 10. The British had started building a canal across Panama before turning the job over to the United States. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 11. In the late 1800s, Europeans were looking overseas for places to sell their products because a. they were producing more products than other industrialized countries wanted. b. tariffs had reduced trade among industrialized countries. c. they could sell their products at higher prices in Asia and Africa. d. Asia and Africa were producing products that Europeans wanted. ____ 12. President Millard Fillmore sent a naval expedition to Japan to a. conquer the islands around Japan. b. convince Japan to become an American protectorate. c. force Japan to trade with the United States. d. bring Western civilization to Japan.

Name: ________________________

ID: A

____ 13. At the first Pan-American Conference, the United States wanted Latin American delegates to agree to a customs union, which would a. set up a cultural exchange to learn about each others history. b. require nations to reduce their tariffs. c. make Latin American countries protectorates of the United States. d. set up an organization for mutual defense. ____ 14. In the late 1800s, support grew in the U.S. for building a large modern navy to a. protect the U.S. from invasion. c. conquer islands in the Pacific. b. conquer Latin American countries. d. defend American interests. ____ 15. The United States caused an economic crisis in Cuba by a. preventing trade with Spain. c. passing a tariff on sugar. b. blockading the island. d. withdrawing American investments. ____ 16. The Treaty of Paris of 1898, which formally ended the Spanish-American War, granted independence to a. Guam. c. Puerto Rico. b. Cuba. d. Hawaii. ____ 17. The Philippines are now a. an American protectorate. b. an American commonwealth. c. d. an unincorporated territory. an independent country.

____ 18. Theodore Roosevelt was chosen as McKinleys running mate in the 1900 election because of his a. reform-minded spirit. c. status as a war hero. b. skill in foreign policy. d. rise from poverty. ____ 19. As a result of the war between Japan and China in 1894, Japan acquired a. territory in Manchuria. c. a leasehold in China. b. Korea. d. an exclusive right to trade with China. ____ 20. By the late 1800s, growth of investment opportunities in western Europe had slowed because a. most of the industries that Europes economy needed had been built. b. Europe was experiencing an economic depression. c. most of Europes land had been settled. d. Europes factories were making good profits and no longer needed loans. ____ 21. The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown by a. a group of Hawaiian peasants. b. the United States military. c. a group of planters supported by United States Marines. d. a group of Hawaiian peasants supported by United States Marines. ____ 22. Secretary of State James G. Blaine led efforts to a. increase popular support for a war with Spain. b. overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy. c. open trade between Japan and the United States. d. expand American influence into Latin America.

Name: ________________________ ____ 23. American support for Cuban rebels was fueled by a. the desire to protect American sugar interests on the island. b. popular interest in starting an American empire. c. sensational stories published by rival newspapers. d. the fear of having a Spanish colony so close to the United States. ____ 24. In 1898 President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Havana to a. evacuate Americans if necessary. c. put down the Cuban rebellion. b. put down riots by Spanish loyalists. d. negotiate peace with Spain. ____ 25. Supporters of annexing the Philippines believed that a. the islands would provide the United States with a naval base. b. if the United States did not annex them, the Philippines would become a military rival. c. the islands had no potential as a market for American goods. d. Filipino culture was similar to that of the United States. ____ 26. The Platt Amendment effectively made Cuba into an American a. protectorate. c. enemy. b. colony. d. state. ____ 27. Theodore Roosevelt became president a. by defeating Woodrow Wilson. b. by defeating William McKinley. c. when McKinley died of pneumonia. d. when McKinley was assassinated. ____ 28. The purpose of the Open Door policy was to a. end the Boxer Rebellion. b. gain leaseholds. c. d. establish spheres of influence. ensure trading rights with China.

ID: A

____ 29. Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for negotiating peace a. between Russia and Japan. c. among Russia and European powers. b. between China and Japan. d. among factions in Korea.

Name: ________________________

ID: A

U.S. Actions in the Pacific


Opened Japanese markets Supported the Open Door policy Built coaling stations on Samoan Islands Led successful campaign for Hawaiian annexation

U.S. Actions in Latin America


Invited Latin American countries to trade with United States at Pan-American Conference Supported Cubas rebellion against Spain Built the Panama Canal Issued the Roosevelt Corollary, stating that the United States would intervene in Latin America to maintain stability

____ 30. a. b. c. d.

U.S. actions in the Pacific and Latin America were primarily focused on improving the United States economically. shifting resources from the Pacific to Latin America. improving the lives of U.S. farmers. driving European powers from Latin America and the Pacific.

____ 31. The United States gained control over Palanan and the rest of the Philippines as a result of the a. destruction of the USS Maine. b. Spanish-American War. c. Progressive movement. d. assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. We hold that the policy known as imperialism is hostile to liberty . . . We regret that it has become necessary in the land of Washington and Lincoln to reaffirm that all men, of whatever race or color, are entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League

____ 32. a. b. c. d.

What does the excerpt imply about the Anti-Imperialist Leagues views on American imperialism? It brought life, liberty, and happiness to more people. It reaffirmed the United States as a world power. It contradicted the fundamental principles of the United States. It preserved the traditions of Washington and Lincoln.

Name: ________________________

ID: A

And one night late it came to me this way . . . (1) that we could not give them back to Spainthat would be cowardly and dishonorable; (2) that we could not turn them over to France or Germany . . . that would be bad for business and discreditable; (3) that we could not leave them to themselvesthey were unfit for self-government . . . and (4) that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all, and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them. from The Life of William McKinley

____ 33.

The last two sentences in this excerpt represent ___________, an idea that sought to justify imperialist expansion. a. industrial expansion c. New Federalism b. Anglo-Saxonism d. Conservation Suddenly, above the cracking of the carbines, rose a peculiar drumming sound, and some of the men cried, The Spanish machine guns! . . . I [Roosevelt] . . . jumped to my feet . . . shouting aloud with exultation, Its the Gatlings, men, our Gatlings! from The Rough Riders in Action

____ 34. a. b.

When Roosevelt heard the sound, to whom did he assume the guns belonged? Spanish troops c. Cuban troops U.S. troops d. Filipino troops

____ 35. According to the treaty that ended the Spanish-American War, the United States would annex a. Puerto Rico and Cuba. c. Guam and Cuba. b. Guam and Puerto Rico. d. Puerto Rico and Hawaii. ____ 36. Before ____ arrived in Edo Bay, the Japanese had never before seen steamships. a. Alfred T. Mahan c. James C. Blaine b. Matthew Perry d. John Hay ____ 37. The Commercial Bureau of the American Republics, formed to promote cooperation among nations of the Western Hemisphere, is today known as the a. North Atlantic Treaty Organization. b. North American Free Trade Agreement. c. Pan-American Union. d. Organization of American States. ____ 38. What is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations? a. expansionism c. imperialism b. annexation d. diplomacy ____ 39. American settlers in Hawaii quickly discovered that the climate and soil of the islands were suitable for growing __________. a. tobacco c. potatoes b. sugar cane d. coffee beans

Name: ________________________

ID: A

____ 40. As tensions were building against the Spanish in Cuba, there was a strong sense of ___________, or aggressive nationalism, within the Republican Party. a. jingoism c. militarism b. Anglo-Saxonism d. imperialism ____ 41. In 1903, the United States negotiated with __________ for the right to build a canal through its province of Panama. a. Spain c. Nicaragua b. Mexico d. Colombia ____ 42. The Roosevelt Corollary was an extension of the __________ Doctrine. a. Washington c. McKinley b. Wilson d. Monroe Completion Complete each statement. 43. ____________________ is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations. 44. In a ____________________, the imperial power defended the local rulers from rebellions and invasion. 45. The American settlers in Hawaii quickly discovered that the climate and soil of the islands were suitable for growing ____________________. 46. Sensational reporting, in which writers often exaggerated or even made up stories to attract readers, became known as ______________________________. 47. As tensions were building against the Spanish in Cuba, ____________________, or an attitude of aggressive nationalism, was strong in the Republican Party. 48. A sphere of ____________________ was an area where a foreign nation controlled economic development. 49. The ____________________ were a secret Chinese society organized to get rid of foreign control. 50. In 1903 Panama was still part of ____________________, so the United States negotiated with that country to try to gain the right to build a canal. 51. The Roosevelt Corollary was an extension of the ____________________ Doctrine. 52. William Howard Taft's "____________________ diplomacy" placed less emphasis on military force and more on helping Latin American industry.

Name: ________________________ Short Answer

ID: A

53.

Referring to the graph above, what can you infer about the effectiveness of the Spanish military during the Spanish-American War?

54.

Identify the leading causes of death for U.S. soldiers during the Spanish-American War, according to the graphic. What can be inferred about the soldiers living conditions? There shall be no further immigration of Chinese into the Hawaiian Islands, except upon such conditions as are now or may hereafter be allowed by the laws of the United States; and no Chinese . . . shall be allowed to enter the United States from the Hawaiian Islands. from a resolution of the United States Congress, 1898

55.

According to the excerpt, how did the annexation of Hawaii affect the Chinese?

Name: ________________________

ID: A

56.

Study the chart above, and then identify the countries that accounted for less than $2 billion of U.S. exports from 1890 to 1910. Thus the Finns were supplanted by the Aryan races in Europe and Asia, the Tartars by the Russians, and thus the aborigines of North America, Australia, and New Zealand are now disappearing before the all-conquering Anglo-Saxons. Josiah Strong, Our Country (1885)

57.

Based on this excerpt, how can you describe the theory of Anglo-Saxon imperialism?

Name: ________________________

ID: A

58.

Why did U.S. foreign investment increase during the time frame shown in the graphic?

Name: ________________________

ID: A

59.

According to the graphic, why did Filipino resistance end in April 1902? When next I realized that the Philippines had dropped into our laps. . . . I sought counsel from all sidesDemocrats as well as Republicans. . . . and I am not ashamed to tell you, gentlemen, that I went down on my knees and prayed to Almighty God for light and guidance more than one night. William McKinley

60.

How did it happen that the Philippines dropped into our laps, as McKinley put it?

10

Name: ________________________

ID: A

And one night late it came to me this way . . . (1) that we could not give them back to Spainthat would be cowardly and dishonorable; (2) that we could not turn them over to France or Germany . . . that would be bad for business and discreditable; (3) that we could not leave them to themselvesthey were unfit for self-government . . . and (4) that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all, and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them. from The Life of William McKinley

61.

How would it be bad for business if the United States turned the Philippines over to France or Germany?

Essay

62.

Explain three general factors that were fueling U.S. imperialist policy in the 1880s, as depicted in the diagram.

63. What factors contributed to President Wilsons intervention in Mexico in 1916?

64.

The diagram gives the four topics of the Platt Amendment. Explain each provision.

65. Explain Theodore Roosevelts big stick policy and give an example of how it was applied.

11

Name: ________________________

ID: A

We propose to contribute to the defeat of any person or party that stands for the forcible subjugation of any people. . . . We hold with Abraham Lincoln, that no man is good enough to govern another man without that others consent. platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League

66.

Read the excerpt and then summarize the Leagues feelings about imperialism. I [Jacob Judson] was one of the fortunate boys. It had been my privilege to train Abel Davis. . . . Abel Davis had a brother who was a doctor in Chicago; this doctor gave Abel a box containing medicines for malaria and other tropical ailments, so when I came down with malaria Abel took care of me. A Soldier Reflects on the Spanish-American War

67.

After reading the excerpt, explain why Judson was fortunate to have a friendship with Davis.

68. Describe how the government of Puerto Rico was established, and explain the debate over Puerto Ricos status that continues to this day.

12

ID: A

chapter 7 pre test and practice Answer Section


TRUE/FALSE 1. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 263 NAT: V.E| VI.F STA: I.1.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 263, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 2. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 265 NAT: VI.F| VIII.A STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 265, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 3. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 267 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 267, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 4. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: pp. 270-271 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, pages 270-271, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 5. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 270 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 270, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 6. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 272 NAT: VI.F STA: I.2.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 272, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 7. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 274 NAT: VI.C| VI.F STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 8. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 275 NAT: III.I STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 275, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 9. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 278 NAT: IV.E| V.A STA: I.2.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 278, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 10. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 280 NAT: III.H| III.I STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 280, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. MULTIPLE CHOICE 11. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 262 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VII.A| VII.G STA: IV.4.1| IV.5.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 12. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 265 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B STA: IV.5.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 265, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 267 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.D| VI.F| VII.G| IX.B| IX.E| IX.G STA: IV.5.4 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 267, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 14. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 264 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.I| X.F| X.G STA: I.1.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 264, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 15. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 268 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VII.G| IX.B STA: IV.5.4 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 268, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 16. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 274 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.D| VI.F| IX.B| IX.E| IX.G STA: I.2.3| II.3.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 17. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 275 NAT: II.B| II.C| III.I| VI.C| VI.I NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 275, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 18. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 278 NAT: II.B| VI.E STA: I.2.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 278, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 19. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 276 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: II.3.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 276, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 20. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 262 NAT: II.B| II.C| III.G| V.B| V.C| VII.A| VII.B| VII.D| VII.G| VII.H NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 21. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 266 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 266, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 22. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 267 NAT: I.D| II.B| II.C| III.I| IV.E| V.B| VI.C| VI.I NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 267, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 23. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 269 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.E| IV.E| V.B| VI.F| IX.B| X.F| X.G NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 269, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 24. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 270 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 270, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 25. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 273 NAT: II.B| II.C| III.I| VI.C| X.F NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 273, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 26. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 274 NAT: II.C| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 27. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 278 NAT: II.C| VI.E NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 278, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 28. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 276 NAT: II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: II.3.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 276, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 29. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 279 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.F| IX.B| X.F NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 279, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 30. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 265 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.I| VII.D| VII.G| VII.H STA: I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 265, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 31. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 273 NAT: II.C| II.E| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 273, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 32. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 273 NAT: IV.E| V.B| VI.E| X.F STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 273, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 33. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 264 NAT: I.C| II.B| II.C| II.E| V.B| X.F STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 264, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 34. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 272 NAT: I.C| II.D| II.E STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 272, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 35. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 274 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.G STA: II.3.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 36. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 265 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.E| VI.G NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 265, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 37. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 267 NAT: II.B| V.B| V.C| V.G| VI.E| VI.F NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 267, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 38. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 262 NAT: VI.C| VI.F| IX.B NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 39. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 266 NAT: III.H| III.I NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 266, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 40. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 271 NAT: II.B| II.C| IV.E| VI.F| IX.B| IX.E NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 271, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 41. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 280 NAT: II.C| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I STA: II.2.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 280, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 42. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 280 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.C| VI.I| X.F NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 280, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A COMPLETION 43. ANS: Imperialism PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 262 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.1.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 44. ANS: protectorate PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: pp. 262-263 NAT: IX.B| IX.E STA: I.1.3 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, pages 262-263, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 45. ANS: sugarcane PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 266 NAT: III.H| III.I STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 266, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 46. ANS: yellow journalism PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 269 NAT: I.B| V.B STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 269, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 47. ANS: jingoism PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 271 NAT: V.B| V.F| VI.F STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 271, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 48. ANS: influence PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 276 NAT: IX.B| IX.E STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 276, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 49. ANS: Boxers PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 278 NAT: V.B| V.F| IX.E STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 278, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 50. ANS: Colombia PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 280 NAT: III.H| III.I STA: I.1.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 280, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 51. ANS: Monroe PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 280 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 280, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 52. ANS: dollar PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 281 NAT: VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 281, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. SHORT ANSWER 53. ANS: Since the leading causes of death for U.S. soldiers during the Spanish-American War were food poisoning and disease, it seems that the Spanish military was not a significant threat overall. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 272 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 272, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 54. ANS: The leading causes of death for U.S. soldiers were food poisoning and disease. From this, we can infer that living conditions were quite bad. Unsanitary conditions caused epidemics. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 270 NAT: II.B| II.C| VI.F| IX.B STA: I.2.1 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 270, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 55. ANS: No further immigration of the Chinese into the Hawaiian Islands was allowed, except for those permitted by the U.S. government. Chinese were also not allowed to enter the United States from the Hawaiian Islands. PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 266 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 266, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 56. ANS: The countries accounting for less than $2 billion were China, Cuba, France, Japan, and Mexico. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 276 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| VII.G STA: I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 276, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 57. ANS: The idea of Anglo-Saxonism stated that modern European democracies were bound to spread their civilization and culture to the less fortunate and uncivilized. This quote argues that history has shown this to be a theme, in which the civilized replace and rule over more primitive cultures. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 264 NAT: I.C| I.D| I.F| II.B| II.E| V.A| V.B| X.F STA: I.2.1| I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 264, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A 58. ANS: The Western frontier was becoming more settled. The United States needed to develop more foreign markets to keep its industrial economy growing because mass production created more goods than Americans could consume alone. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 263 NAT: II.B| II.C| III.C| III.I| VI.C| VI.I| VII.B| VII.D| VII.E| VII.G| VII.H| VII.I STA: I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 263, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 59. ANS: In March 1901, American troops captured Emilio Aguinaldo, the Filipino guerrilla resistance leader. Without a leader, the Filipino resistance collapsed. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 275 NAT: II.B| II.C| III.C| VI.C| VI.E| VI.I| IX.B STA: I.1.1| I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 275, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 60. ANS: In the Treaty of Paris, which concluded the Spanish-American War, the United States paid Spain $20 million to acquire the Philippines. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 274 NAT: I.C| II.C| II.D| II.E| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| X.F STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 61. ANS: If the United States kept control of the Philippines, it could sell its goods and materials there, as well as buy the natural resources there at a good price. If it gave them to another industrialized country, the United States would lose its primary access to those markets and resources. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 262 NAT: I.C| II.C| II.D| II.E| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| VII.H| IX.B| X.F STA: I.2.1| I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

ID: A ESSAY 62. ANS: Economic and military competition from other nations, as well as a growing feeling of cultural superiority, led the shift in American opinion toward imperialism. Several European nations were expanding their power overseas, forming colonies and protectorates to protect their new markets and investments in other nations. In the United States, the Western frontier was filling up, and many Americans concluded that the nation had to develop new overseas markets to keep its economy strong. Influential author, Alfred T. Mahan argued that the United States needed to build a large navy to protect its merchant ships and to defend its right to trade with other countries. To support the navy, the United States had to acquire territory for overseas bases. At the same time, many Americans began to believe in Anglo-Saxonismthe idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government, and were destined to dominate the planet. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 262 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| IV.B| IV.C| IV.E| V.B| VI.C| VI.I| VII.G| VII.H| VII.I| IX.B| X.F| X.G STA: I.1.2| II.1.1| II.3.2 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 262, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 1, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 63. ANS: Although Wilson opposed imperialism, he recognized the influence the United States could have on foreign nations. After revolution overtook Mexico in 1911, Victoriano Huerta seized power and presumably had his predecessor, Francisco Madero, murdered. Wilson viewed Huerta as a brutal dictator. When the Mexican government refused to apologize for arresting American sailors who had entered a restricted area, Wilson sent troops into Mexico. Anti-American riots ensued, and Pancho Villa, a guerrilla, burned the town of Columbus, New Mexico. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 282 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E| X.F STA: I.2.2| II.3.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 282, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 64. ANS: The Platt Amendment specified that: (a) Cuba would not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence or allow another foreign power to gain territory in Cuba; (b) Cuba had to allow the United States to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba; (c) Cubas debts had to be kept low to prevent foreign countries from landing troops to enforce payment; and (d) the United States would have the right to intervene to protect Cuban independence and keep order. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 274 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: I.2.1| II.5.2 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 274, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

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ID: A 65. ANS: Theodore Roosevelt believed in a strong global military presence. He insisted that displaying American power to the world would make nations think twice about fighting, thus promoting global peace. He often expressed this belief with a West African saying, Speak softly and carry a big stick. The voyage of the Great White Fleet was one application of this policy, showcasing the nations mighty fleet to the world. Another example was the use of the United States military to aid the revolt in Panama. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 279 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| II.E| VI.C| VI.I| X.F STA: II.5.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 279, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 3, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 66. ANS: The members of the League are not in favor of imperialism. They believe that imperialism demands the forceful subjugation of another people. They also believe that no one should govern another without the others consent. In the United States that consent comes through a democratic election, not by force of arms or superior knowledge and technology. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 273 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| II.E| V.B| X.A| X.F STA: I.2.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 273, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 67. ANS: Because Davis had been given a box containing medicines for tropical ailments, he was able to cure Judsons malaria. Other U.S. soldiers were not so fortunate. In fact, death by disease outnumbered battlefield deaths by a very wide margin during the Spanish-American War. PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: p. 270 NAT: I.C| II.C| II.D| II.E| V.B| VI.C STA: I.3.1 MSC: Document Based Question NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 270, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com. 68. ANS: Puerto Rico was acquired as part of the Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American War. In 1900, Congress passed the Foraker Act, which established a civil government for the island. This law provided for an elected legislature and a governor appointed by the president. Gradually, the island was granted greater self-government by Congress and allowed to elect its own governor. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted the rights of American citizenship. The debate continues as to whether Puerto Rico should become a state, become independent, or continue as a self-governing commonwealth. PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: p. 275 NAT: II.B| II.C| II.D| II.E| III.I| VI.C| VI.F| VI.I| IX.B| IX.E STA: II.5.2 NOT: Learn more about this question in The American Vision: Modern Times, page 275, and in the Reading Essentials and Note-Taking Guide, Chapter 7, Section 2, and visit this books Online Learning Center at glencoe.com.

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