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2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Operating Handbook 16.12.

1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 CS 24062 II Page I (I)

CU 24012 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75/120 ohm CU 24013 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75 ohm
Operating Handbook Version D0 (ND 02J020) C33124.20 Contents

1 2 3 4

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION INSTALLATION OPERATION OPERATION WITH SERVICE TERMINAL Program CS 24062, version 06A

DB2DU-0142-SED1 DB2DU-0143-SED1 DB2DU-0144-SED1

DB2DU-0145-SED1

Prepared by J. Kapanen/mlt
NTC/TS

Checked 30.12.93 HTu

Approved 30.12.93 FE

Number (DB2DU-0160-PED1) C33124001PE_00

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Functional Description 16.12.1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 CS 24062 II/1 Page 1

CU 24012 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 120/75 ohm CU 24013 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704,75 ohm
Functional Description Contents
Page 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1 1.2 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 Construction and Transmission Management . . . . . . . . . . . 4 DIU2M Unit Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Blocks and Their Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Operation in Transmit Direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Operation in Receive Direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Loopbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Transmitted Synchronization Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Measurement Interface G.703 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Reading and Writing of Channel Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Statistics (2M Signal Quality) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Frame and Multiframe Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Channel specific Delays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Digital Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 2048 kbit/s Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.2 Synchronization Output 2048 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3 Measurement Interface 2048 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jitter and Wander Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dimensions of the Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 15 17 17 17 19 20 21 21 21 (21)

UNIT OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7

Prepared by J. Kapanen/si
NTC/TS

Checked

Approved

Number DB2DU-0142-SED1

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Functional Description 16.12.1993

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2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Functional Description 16.12.1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 CS 24062 II/1 Page 3

INTRODUCTION
The Data Unit CU 24012/13, of which the abbreviation DIU2M will be used from now on, belongs to the channel units of the DYNACARD equipment family. These channel units are connected to the DYNA CARD equipment by means of an internal 2M bus. The DIU2M matches and connects the 64 kbit/s and 32 kbit/s connections defined by the user between the channel unit bus and the 2M interface, see Figure 1.

PABX

DM 2

DM 2

2Mbit/s connection by microwave radio, fibre or copper cable

2 Mbit/s tributary unit CU 24012/13

Data interface unit 19.2 kbit/s or 64 kbit/s nx64 kbit/s

Data interface unit (e.g. TU 21120)

Figure 1

Application example of Data Unit CU 24012/13


Subscriber interface unit (SUB) Channel unit (e.g. TU 21234)
DM0550EB2

MTX

DM 2

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1.1

Construction and Transmission Management


Data units are plug in units (cards) constructed on a EURO 2 sized cir cuit board and installed in TM4 equipment cartridges. The operation of the units is controlled via the service interface on the front edge of the main unit (DYNACARD MUX) by means of a Service Terminal or a Service Terminal Emulator (TMC/Manager). The fault da ta of the equipment is read and e.g. settings or controls are given to the target unit via the interface. Transmission management can also be carried out via a data channel composed of free bits 5-8 in time slot 0. Connection between the data channel and the DYNACARD MUX processor and service interface can be established by setting the data hybrid on. By connecting the TS0 of the DIU2M to the data channel, the transmission management information can be transferred to the far end.

1.2

DIU2M Unit Types


The DIU2M data units CU 24012 and CU 24013 are functionally similar to each other, but they are provided with different connectors for the 2M interface and, therefore, different impedance alternatives, see Table 1.

DIU2M CU 24012 CU 24013

Connector type Euroconnector Coaxial connector

Impedance unbal. 75 ohm or bal. 120 ohm unbal. 75 ohm

Table 1

CU 24012 and CU 24013, connectors and impedances

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2 2.1

UNIT OPERATION Blocks and Their Functions

J2
BI

CONTROL

PB1

MEAS

MP

IT

DEMUX

FAC1

J3 J4

RLS TLS MUX

J6

P3

TSS

FAC3

SO +5 V

DC/DC

J7 (CU 24013)

-5 V

CU 24012
DB1226EC2

Figure 2 IT
h h h

Data Unit CU 24012 (CU 24013) block diagram 2M unit interface

generates the outgoing line code equalizes, regenerates and converts the received line signal into digi tal format and generates the clock frequency for the incoming data if necessary, connects the equipment loopback

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MUX
h h h h

Transmitter

multiplexes the data and signalling buses coming from FAC3 generates the frame and multiframe for the outgoing signal, inserts the required alarm and data bits into the frame carries out the HDB3 encoding generates the CRC multiframe, if required Receiver

DEMUX
h h h h

carries out the HDB3 decoding aligns with the incoming signal frame alignment word and demulti plexes the multiplexing into the data and signalling bus supervises the fault conditions of the received signal realizes the alarm functions in compliance with the ITU T (former CCITT) Recommendation Control and supervision

CONTROL
h

A block controlled by the local processor: conveys data on the state of the unit to the equipment main unit via the command bus h performs the settings and controls via the service interface and thus via the command bus h controls the equipment operation in fault conditions h compiles statistics on fault conditions FAC3
h

Frame alignment to 2M interface

h h

aligns the data and signalling buses coming from direction Rx of the DYNACARD bus with the Tx (or DM 2; Tx or Rx direction) direc tion clock allocates and, if necessary, rearranges the time slots in the DYNA CARD bus -> 2M interface direction performs the required channel associated loopbacks in the direction of the 2M interface Frame alignment to bus interface

FAC1
h

aligns the data and signalling buses coming from the DEMUX with the DYNACARD bus Tx direction clock and connects the defined channels to the bus via the BI interface performs the defined channel associated loopbacks in the direction of the bus interface

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Functional Description 16.12.1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 CS 24062 II/1 Page 7

SO
h

Synchronization output signal generates the outgoing synchronization signal Selection of measurement point signal (MEAS) generates the output signal to the measurement interface Bus interface matches the signals between the unit and the DYNACARD bus Power supply

MP
h

BI
h

DC/DC
h

generates the operating voltages +5 V and -5 V required by the unit from the central battery voltage

2.2

Operation in Transmit Direction


In the transmit direction (BI --> TLS), the data and signalling signals coming from the bus are buffered in the FAC3 (IC3) in phase with the TCLK or connected through in the phase of the RCLK (DM 2 MUX). At the same time, the required time slot arrangements are made. The FAC3 generates also the defined channel associated loopbacks (RLS --> TLS). The MUX circuit generates the required frame and multiframe in accord ance with the timing coming from the FAC3 and adds the alarm and data bits to the frame. In addition, the circuit multiplexes the data and signal ling buses coming from FAC3 into one data stream, into which the HDB3 code is added. The encoded signal is connected via 2M interface block IT as a TLS signal.

2.3

Operation in Receive Direction


In the receive direction (RLS --> BI), a digital signal is obtained from 2M interface block IT to the DEMUX (IC4); after HDB3 decoding, data and signalling are extracted from this signal as two separate signals. The DEMUX is synchronized with the received frame alignment word and, if TS16 is used for signalling, also with the received multiframe (G.704). If necessary, the circuit also searches the multiframe alignment complying with the CRC (G.706). The DEMUX block also supervises the receive di rection fault conditions and receives the alarm bits. The FAC1 (IC1) buffers the clock and frame phase coming from the DEMUX to comply with the Tx direction frame phase used on the bus. The circuit also makes the required time slot shifts and channel connec tions in the direction of the bus via interface BI.

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2.4

Alarms
The DIU2M unit has a common supervision block for both the unit faults and the 2M faults. The unit faults and 2M faults together reserve space for 26 faults in the fault supervision table of the DYNACARD MUX. 2M faults There are altogether twelve 2M faults to be supervised. Some of the fault consequences can be defined by the user. Table 2 shows the fault cat egories, the corresponding rack alarms, the service LED state, the effects on data and signalling bits and the states of far end alarm bits in the out put of the interface in question.
Fault code (HEX.) 32 42 42 51 56 16 63 63 63 0 B3 B3 B3 4A 52 B2 66 99 0 Fault Fault Rack LED category alarm 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 0 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 AS S BS AS AS AS AS A B S BS AS AS AS S B B yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel yel Rx data AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS Rx Tx Tx TX sig B3 B6 AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 AIS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0

No incoming 2M signal AIS 2M AIS 2M Frame alignment lost CRC multiframe alignment lost Loop to equipment BER-3 BER-3 BER-3 BER-3 FEA (=TS0/B3) FEA (=TS0/B3) FEA (=TS0/B3) AIS TS16 Multiframe alignment lost TS16/F0/B6 BER-6 Fault in Tx OK

AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS AIS

Table 2

2M faults

The 'Fault in Tx' alarm can be selected to be given in a situation, where, after the FAC3, 4 zeros are found in bits a-d in one of channels 1-15 of the outgoing signalling channel to the 2M direction. When the alarm se lection is active, the bits of the channel concerned are forced into state 0001 before transmission. The default setting is forced control without any alarm. Also enabling of signalling state abcd = 0000 on channels 1-15 can be selected (ADPCM usage).

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Unit faults Table 3 shows the unit faults. Before the equipment main unit gives the unit the start up permission, the only fault indication given by the unit is Equipping error, which is indicated by the red LED.
Fault code (HEX) 94 95 9F 7A 8D 17 14 8B Fault Equipment reset Forced indication Run diagn. test Sync. fault Forced control on Test mode Blocked from use Missing unit Rack alarm AS B A A B AS B AS LED Tx B3 Tx B6 1 Tx AIS AIS

red 1 red/yellow/red/yellow/yellow yellow yellow -

Table 3

Unit faults

Equipment reset: the unit has been reset (e.g. when switching on the power) Forced indication: forced control of service LEDs activated Run diagnostic test: a more detailed description on a fault indicated by this is ob tained by selecting 9,9,u,7 (Runtest). E.g. memory fault in frame alignment circuits (RAM # OK) Synchronization fault: the fault category for the Tx signal is >3 when the 2M Rx clock has been selected to the synchronization output (fault masked) Forced control on: a control provided with a time out is active Test mode: EPROM or EEPROM test running Blocked from use: one of time slot allocations is queuing for a time slot from the bus (NC) or the TS0 data channel waits for the connection between the DM 2 MUX data channel and bus Missing unit: DYNACARD MUX lost access to channel unit

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Service LEDs Red Yellow Green Serious fault in unit or unit not included in equipment configuration. Fault in the signal received by unit, fault restricting the operation of the unit or a control activated in the unit. Unit accessed by Service Terminal.

If the operating voltages of the unit are disconnected (power supply fault), an external auxiliary voltage connected to the unit activates the red service LED.

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2.5

Loopbacks
With respect to the 2M interface, equipment loopback (see Figure 3) can be performed in the unit. The loopback is performed via the service inter face. To ensure that the loopback is not left valid by mistake, it is released automatically after the time set for the controls has elapsed.

RLS

DEMUX

TLS 2M AIS signal

MUX

DB1228EB1

Figure 3

Equipment loopback for 2M interface


"TDAT" "TSIG" FAC1 DEMUX

RLS

"TSYN" "TCLK"

FAC3 TLS MUX

"RDAT" "RSIG" "RCLK" "RSYN"


DB1229EA1

Figure 4

Channel associated loopbacks

Also channel associated loopbacks, see Figure 4, can be performed on the unit. In such situations, the connections are made by settings and are thus not time supervised.

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2.6

Transmitted Synchronization Signal


The synchronization output signal is selectable among the bus clock sig nals (TCLK and RCLK) and the clock regenerated from the 2M Rx sig nal; this clock can be defined to be disconnected, should the receive direc tion fault condition require it (fault category > 3).

2.7

Measurement Interface G.703


Four different signals from the 2M interface can be selected to the measurement interface: the Rx direction RLS data signal, the Tx direc tion TLS data signal or the clock signal from either direction.

2.8

Reading and Writing of Channel Signals


The DIU2M unit provides a possibility to test the channels via the service interface of the main unit. A bit pattern can be written into the outgoing 2048 kbit/s signal or into a channel time slot of the signal going to the multiplex unit. Similarly, the current contents can be read from a 2048 kbit/s signal coming from any time slot or from the multiplex unit. When data is written into a time slot, the data replaces the normal signal. Read ing a time slot does not disturb the normal operation. Similar reading and writing facilities are offered for the signalling data by the DIU2M unit. It is possible to read the signalling data of a specific channel either from the incoming or the outgoing signal by the Service Terminal. The Service Terminal can also be used for replacing the signal transmitted by the multiplex unit by a test signal either in time slot 16 of the outgoing signal (data conveyed to the far end) or the replacement can be performed for the signalling information going to the multiplex unit (near end data). In both cases, the writing facility is provided with a time out and the writ ing is deactivated when the time defined for the controls has elapsed. The writing is also stopped when writing to another channel in the same direc tion is activated or if the unit is reset. Also selections Stop writing and DIU2M to normal state cause the writing to be stopped.

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2.9

Statistics (2M Signal Quality)


The statistics include statistics and error counter information concerning the operation of the equipment compiled by the equipment itself. The quality of the 2M signal is supervised in the DIU2M unit by observing the errors detected in the frame alignment word and in the CRC blocks. The format of the responses seen on the display is based on the ITU T Recommendation G.821 concerning signal quality. According to the rec ommendation, the total time (S(tot)) must be divided into available time and unavailable time (S(unav)). The available time is further divided into severely errored seconds (S(sev)), errored seconds (S(err)) and degraded minutes (M(degr)) as follows: The connection is unavailable when the signal contains ten consecu tive seconds with an error ratio worse than 10-3. The seconds in question belong to the unavailable time (S(unav)). The available time begins again from the beginning of ten consecutive seconds with an error ratio better than 10-3. The unavailable time also includes various severe failures, e.g. a missing signal or loss of frame align ment, if their duration exceeds 10 seconds. Errored seconds are seconds including one or several errors. Severely errored seconds are seconds in the available time with an error ratio worse than 10-3. Degraded minutes are sequences of 60 seconds with the mean error ratio worse than 10-6. Errored Seconds The ITU T Recommendations give maximum values for ratios concern ing signal quality. The values have been measured for the 64 kbit/s signal with a certain connection type. Higher transmission rates are provided with recommendation drafts which presuppose that the transmission ratio is taken into consideration when calculating the errored seconds. When calculating errors in the 2048 kbit/s signal, if the number of errors in a second is smaller than 32, the number of errors is divided by 32 and the number obtained is considered as the value for an errorless 64 kbit/s signal in each second. If the number of errors is 32 or greater, the second in question is considered errored (count value = 1) also in the 64 kbit/s signal. When measuring errors in the frame alignment word, if an error is de tected in the frame alignment word in the time of one second, the second in question is considered errored also as concerns the 64 kbit/s signal.

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Number of Errors of the Error Ratio If, in the time of one second, more than 28 erroneous frame alignment words are detected (BER = 10-3), the second concerned is considered severely errored. If, in the time of one minute, at least 2 errors are de tected in the frame alignment word (BER = 1.12 x 10-6) or at least 123 CRC block errors (BER = 1.00 x 10-6), the minute is considered de graded (if CRC is in use, it is utilized in identifying the degraded minute). Statistics Display The menus obtained from the Service Terminal display the statistics con cerning the availability of the equipment. The statistics are based on calculation of the error ratio:
h h h h h h h h h

total time available time errored seconds BER > 10-3 seconds degraded minutes S(unav)/S(tot) S(err)/S(ava) S(sev)/S(ava) M(degr)/M(ava)

The total time and the available time are indicated in seconds. S(unav)/S(tot) indicates the ratio of the unavailable time to total time. S(err)/S(ava) indicates the ratio of errored seconds to the available time. S(sev)/S(ava) indicates the ratio of the severely errored seconds to the available time. M(degr)/M(ava) indicates the ratio of degraded minutes to the available time. Error Counters The error counters contain occurrences of various fault conditions de tected in the operation of the equipment:
h h h h

number of frame alignment losses number of erroneous frame alignment words number of CRC block errors number of DIU2M unit processor resets.

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3 3.1

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Frame and Multiframe Structure


The frame and multiframe structure comply with ITU T (former CCITT) Recommendation G.704/706. Basic Characteristics Bit rate Sampling rate Time slots in a frame Speech & data time slots Bits in a time slot Frames in a multiframe Signalling bits / speech channel Multiplex principle 2048 kbit/s 50 ppm 8 kHz 32 30 (31) 8 16 4 Time slot interleaving

3.2

Channel specific Delays


Channel Delay (ms) DYNACARD Bus --> 2M Interface no TSI

Tx Clk: Fixed delay:

MUX Tx Used

Not used 12...504 12...504

MUX Rx Used Not used 255 130/255/380/504 130/255/380/504

HW >= 06A: 130...380 HW < 06A: -

TSI used Tx Clk: Fixed delay: MUX Tx Used/Not used MUX Rx Used/Not used 255+t (130/255/380)+t

HW >= 06A: (130...380)+t HW < 06A: 12...504

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Channel Delay (ms) 2M Interface --> DYNACARD Bus no TSI Fixed delay: Used Not used 12...166 12...166

HW >= 06A: 130...380 HW < 06A: -

TSI used Fixed delay: HW >= 06A: HW < 06A: Comments: TSI = Time Slot Interchanging Tx Clk = menu selection 6,9,u,4,1 Fixed delay = menu selection 6,9,u,4,2 t = (Tx TS - Rx TS) x 3.9 ms NOTE When n x 64k connections are defined, time slot allocation is unrestricted if the HW version of the DIU2M is 06A (or newer) and the fixed TS delay (6,9,u,4,2,1) has been activated (SW >= 04A). In other cases, time slot interleaving is not al lowed or if it is made, the time slot shift must be the same and to the same direction for all time slots. Used/Not used (130...380)+t (130...380)+t

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3.3 3.3.1

Digital Interfaces 2048 kbit/s Interface


The interface complies with ITU T Recommendation G.703. Bit rate Code 2048 kbit/s 50 ppm HDB3

Transmitter Characteristics Pulse shape Peak voltage No pulse height Pulse width Amplitude ratio between positive and negative pulses Width ratio between positive and negative pulses Output jitter Receiver Parameters Attenuation at 1 MHz Impedance Return loss Allowed input jitter < 6 dB 75 ohm or 120 ohm > 12 dB / 50...100 kHz > 18 dB / 0.1...2.1 MHz > 14 dB / 2.1...3.1 MHz see Chapter 4.4 see Figure 5 2.37 V / 75 ohm and 3.0 V / 120 ohm 0.237 V / 75 ohm and 0.3 V / 120 ohm 244 ns 20 ns 0.95...1.05 0.95...1.05 see Chapter 4.4

3.3.2

Synchronization Output 2048 kHz


The interface complies with ITU T Recommendation G.703. Pulse shape Frequency Impedance Amplitude see Figure 6 2048 kHz 50 ppm 75 / 120 ohm 2...3.8 Vpp / 120 ohm 1.5...3.0 Vpp / 75 ohm


10% 10% 20% 20% 10% 10%

V = 100 %

50 %

0%

Figure 5

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k

Mask figure in 2048 kbit/s interface Functional Description 16.12.1993


(244-50)

194 ns

20 %

(244 + 244) (244 - 25) (244 + 25)

488 ns 219 ns 244 ns 269 ns

10%

10%

CU 24012 / CU 24013 CS 24062 II/1 Page 18

Nominal pulse

DM0053EA1

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3.3.3

Measurement Interface 2048 kHz


The transmitted or received 2048 kbit/s data signal of the 2 Mbit/s interfa ce and the corresponding 2048 kHz clock signals can be measured via this interface. Bit rate Code h Pulse shape h Peak voltage h No pulse height h Pulse width h Amplitude ratio between positive and negative pulses h Width ratio between positive and negative pulses
T/12 T/12 T/12

2048 kbit/s 50 ppm HDB3 see Figure 5 2.37 V / 75 ohm 0.237 V / 75 ohm 244 20 ns 0.95...1.05 0.95...1.05.
T/12 T/12 T/12

+U

+U1

-U1

-U2

Figure 6


0 T/4 T/4 T/4 T/4 T

SIGNAL MONOTONOUS

T=Average cycle length of clock signal


DM0052EA1

Clock signal output mask figure

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3.4

Jitter and Wander Characteristics


The DYNACARD equipment meet the jitter (2 Mbit/s) and wander re quirements defined by ITU T Recommendation G.823. Jitter and Wander Tolerance The allowed jitter in the 2 Mbit/s input interface is shown in Figure 7.

A p-p A0 A1

A2

Figure 7

Network Synchronization To prevent uncontrolled slips in the buffer memory of the DIU2M, the DIU2M signal and the Tx clock of the DYNACARD bus must be mesoch ronous (on an average of the same frequency) with regard to each other. A permanent difference in frequency causes a controlled slip so that a whole frame (one 8 kHz sample/64 kbit/s channel) is either left out or re peated. The slip interval is 256/df. Symbol df stands for the frequency difference of the 2 Mbit/s signals.


1.5 UI 0.2 UI 1.2 x 10 Hz
-5

36.9 UI

20 Hz

2.4 kHz

18 kHz

100 kHz
DB1255EA1

Lower limit of the jitter and wander tolerance in the 2 Mbit/s interface

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3.5

Power Supply
Type Supply voltage Power consumption Built in DC/DC converter -20...-72 VDC < 2.5 W

3.6

Dimensions of the Unit


Height Width Depth Weight 233 mm / 6 U 26 mm / 5 T 160 mm 0.3 kg

3.7

Environmental Requirements
The environmental requirements are defined in a separate document Environmental Specification for ND Equipment". The environmental categories for the DIU2M unit are N1 and K1. Temperature Humidity Operation -10...+50 _C 95 %, 30 _C Transportation -40...+70 _C max. 98 %

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CU 24012 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75/120 ohm CU 24013 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75 ohm
Installation Contents

1 2 3

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 JUMPER SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 INSTALLING THE UNIT IN A CARTRIDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.1 3.2 Power Supply and Bus Interfaces on Back Connector PB1 6 Equipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Front Connectors and Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Signal Interfaces and Cabling of Unit CU 24012 . . . . . . . 10 Signal Interfaces and Cabling of Unit CU 24013 . . . . . . . 14 (14)

SIGNAL INTERFACES AND THEIR CABLING . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

Prepared by J. Kapanen/si
NTC/TS

Checked

Approved

Number DB2DU-0143-SED1

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Installation 16.12.1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 II/2 Page 2

2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k Installation 16.12.1993

CU 24012 / CU 24013 II/2 Page 3

INTRODUCTION
This document describes the cable connections, installation into a car tridge and the necessary jumper settings of data units DIU2M (CU 24012, CU 24013). In the unit, the operating connections are made only to the connectors on the unit front edge. The back connector of the unit is intended for equip ment power supply and internal bus interface. Data unit interfaces are available either at one full length Euroconnector (CU 24012) or three coaxial connectors (CU 24013). Before installing the unit into a cartridge, check that the jumper settings conform to the interface type selected (see chapter 2). The data unit is installed in a subrack or cartridge meeting the TM4 Con struction Practice specifications. The data units are ready for use immedi ately after they have been installed in the cartridge and the signal cables have been connected. The general cabling instructions for the TM4 Con struction Practice and the connection instructions for the connectors are found in the Operating Handbook of the TM4 Construction Practice. For information on the connection of central battery voltages and rack alarms to the cartridges as well as the routing of signal cables, grounding, installation planning and work order, please refer to the Operating Hand book of the TM4 Construction Practice. NOTE Wrist grounding or other such protection should always be used when handling a plug in unit removed from its package.

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JUMPER SETTINGS
J2

DIU2M
PB1

Red Yellow Green NR4 NR5 P3

NR2

Jumper in Jumper out

T75 R75 RGND


DB1230EA3

Figure 1

Locations of jumper settings on data unit CU 24012/ CU 24013

2048 kbit/s Interface The sheath of the incoming cable can be connected to equipment ground and in unit CU 24012 either a 120 ohm balanced or a 75 ohm unbalanced interface can be selected for use:
Location of jumper NR5 NR4

Alternative

Impedance 120 ohms 120 ohms 75 ohms 75 ohms

Incoming cable sheath Connected to equipment ground Disconnected from equipment ground Connected to equipment ground Disconnected from equipment ground

a b c d Table 1

2048 kbit/s interface

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Synchronization Interface In unit CU 24012, either a 120 ohm balanced or a 75 ohm unbalanced in terface can be selected for use:
Location of jumper NR2

Alternative

Impedance 120 ohms 75 ohms

a b Table 2

Synchronization interface

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3 3.1

INSTALLING THE UNIT IN A CARTRIDGE Power Supply and Bus Interfaces on Back Connector PB1
When the data interface unit is installed in the cartridge, the central bat tery voltage is connected to the unit via the motherboard of the cartridge and the back connector PB1 of the unit. Simultaneously, the unit is grounded to the cartridge body. P B Power supply interface through which the unit obtains the central battery voltage. Bus interface, described in more detail in the Functional Description of the equipment main unit.

The bus interface includes the command bus (CMI, CMO), unit specific address data (UA0-UA4), Rx signals (RSYN, RCLK, RDAT and RSIG) of the bus as well as Tx signals (TSYN, TCLK, TDAT and TSIG) of the bus.
Power supply and bus interfaces on back connector PB1
Use
Supply voltage for bus transmitters Ground

Voltage/ Signal
VP5 GND c1 c2 c3 c4 c5 c6 c7 c8 c9 c10 c11 c12 c13 c14 c15 c16 c17 c18 c19 c20 c21 c22 c23 c24 c25 c26 c27 c28 c29 c30 c31 c32

cba

Voltage/ Signal
a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 a9 a10 a11 a12 a13 a14 a15 a16 a17 a18 a19 a20 a21 a22 a23 a24 a25 a26 a27 a28 a29 a30 a31 a32 VP5 GND Supply voltage for bus transmitters Ground

Use

Tx bus clock Tx bus signalling Rx bus clock Rx bus signalling To command bus main unit Rx bus data channel

TCLK TSIG RCLK RSIG CMI RBCB

TSYN TDAT RSYN RDAT CMO TBCB

Tx bus synchronization signal Tx bus data signal Rx bus synchronization signal Rx bus data signal From command bus main unit Tx bus data channel

Unit address in binary format

UA0 UA1 UA2 UA3 UA4

VP5T VN5T

For testing For testing

VAP5 GND

External auxiliary voltage +5 V Ground

Battery voltage, negative Battery voltage, positive Ground

VNB VPB GND

VNB VPB GND

Battery voltage, negative Battery voltage, positive Ground DB1312EB2

Figure 2

Back connector PB1

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3.2

Equipping
The connectors on the motherboard of the cartridge and subrack and the back connectors of the units have been standardized so that the same volt ages and rack alarm signals are always located at the same pins. There fore, any type of unit may be installed at any location in the cartridge. A data unit may be installed at any unit location in any TM4 cartridge which contains a MUX unit. The cartridge may house also other Nokia ND gen eration equipment. A data unit requires one unit location in the cartridge (width 5 T). Figure 3 shows an equipping example where three data units have been installed in a 20 T cartridge. 20 T cartridge
MUX DIU2M DIU2M DIU2M
NOKIA

Rack

P1

J2

J2

J2

J2

J3 J4 P3 P3 P3 J6

J7 1
LOCATION 1 2 3 4

2
UNIT

MUX unit Data unit CU 24012/120 ohm Data unit CU 24012/75 ohm Data unit CU 24013/75 ohm

DB1313EB1

Figure 3

DM 2 equipping example: a 20 T cartridge houses a PCM multiplex equipment comprising the MUX unit and three Da ta Units CU 24012/13

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4 4.1

SIGNAL INTERFACES AND THEIR CABLING Front Connectors and Cables


All connectors are of male type. Figures 4-6 show the locations of signals in the connectors, cabling is presented in Tables 4 and 5.

Unit CU 24012/120 ohm CU 24012/75 ohm CU 24013/75 ohm

2M IF

Sync.output IF

Meas. IF G.703 J2 coax. conn. J2 coax. conn. J2 coax. conn.

P3 Euroconn. P3 Euroconn. P3 Euroconn. P3 Euroconn. J3-J4 coax. conn. J6 coax. conn.

Table 3

Connectors of the CU 24012/13 units

It is recommended to use Euroconnectors (1/4) and symmetrical pair cable for the cable connections in unit CU 24012 at both the 2048 kbit/s interface and the synchronization interface. One connector and a half of a pair cable are required for each interface. SMB coaxial cable and coaxial connectors are used for CU 24013 at both the 2048 kbit/s interface and the synchronization interface. When connecting the cables, the sheath of the received signal can be grounded or left ungrounded. The required jumper settings must also be made on the unit. Grounding leads to the equipment ground. For recommendations on cables and connectors suitable for balanced cabling and for work instructions, please refer to the OperatingHandbook of the TM4 Construction Practice.

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4.2

Signals
Symbol RLS TLS TSS MEAS MSOUT Use Receive line signal, in unit CU 24012 on Euroconnector P3 and in unit CU 24013 on connector J3. Transmit line signal, in unit CU 24012 on Euroconnec tor P3 and in unit CU 24013 on connector J4. Transmit synchronization signal, in unit CU 24012 on Euroconnector P3 and in unit CU 24013 on connector J6. Measurement signal, G.703 interface. The Rx or Tx clock/data signals can be selected for the connector J2. TTL test output, in unit CU 24012 on Euroconnector P3 and in unit CU 24013 on connector J7.

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4.3

Signal Interfaces and Cabling of Unit CU 24012 DIU2M CU 24012/120 W


Use Direction Signal
MEAS

J2
Meas. out

Signal Direction Use


RLSS RLSC RLSG 2M in 2M in 2M in 32a 31a 30a 29a 28a 27a 26a 25a 24a 23a 22a 21a 20a 19a 18a 17a 16a 15a 14a 13a 12a 11a 10a 9a 8a 7a 6a 5a 4a 3a 2a 1a

P3
32c 31c 30c 29c 28c 27c 26c 25c 24c 23c 22c 21c 20c 19c 18c 17c 16c 15c 14c 13c 12c 11c 10c 9c 8c 7c 6c 5c 4c 3c 2c 1c

Use
2M out 2M out 2M out Sync. out

Direction Signal
TLSS TLSC TLSG TSSS

Sync. out Sync. out

TSSC TSSG

Test out

MSOUT

Test out (TTL)

GND
DB1314EB1

Figure 4

CU 24012/120 ohm, front connectors P3 and J2

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CU 24012/120 ohm, DIU2M NOKIA KLVMAAM 2x(2x0.4+0.4)+0.4mm CABLE


Pair
Cable

CONNECTOR
Conn. Connector pin 31a 27a 25a 31c 27c 25c 23c 19c 17c 5c 1c Use 2M in 2M in 2M in 2M out 2M out 2M out

CHANNEL
Signal RLSS RLSC RLSG TLSS TLSC TLSG TSSS TSSC TSSG MSOUT GND

Wires blue white clear orange white clear blue white clear orange white clear

1
Cable

P3

Sync. out Sync. out Sync. out Test out Test out

DB1317EB2

Table 4

Marking of cabling, CU 24012/120 ohm

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CU 24012 / CU 24013 II/2 Page 12

DIU2M CU 24012/75 W
Use Direction Signal
MEAS

J2
Meas. out

Signal Direction Use


32a 31a 30a 29a 28a 27a 26a 25a 24a 23a 22a 21a 20a 19a 18a 17a 16a 15a 14a 13a 12a 11a 10a 9a 8a 7a 6a 5a 4a 3a 2a 1a

P3
32c 31c 30c 29c 28c 27c 26c 25c 24c 23c 22c 21c 20c 19c 18c 17c 16c 15c 14c 13c 12c 11c 10c 9c 8c 7c 6c 5c 4c 3c 2c 1c

Use

Direction

Signal

RLSU RLSC

2M in 2M in

2M out 2M out

TLSU TLSC

Sync. out Sync. out

TSSU TSSC

Test out

MSOUT

Test out (TTL)

GND
DB1315EB2

Figure 5

Data unit CU 24012/75 ohm, front connectors P3 and J2

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CU 24012/75 ohm, DIU2M NOKIA KLVMAAM 2x(2x0.4+0.4)+0.4mm CABLE


Pair
Cable

CONNECTOR
Conn. Connector pin 29a 27a Use 2M in 2M in

CHANNEL
Signal RLSU RLSC TLSU TLSC

Wires blue white clear orange white clear blue white clear orange white clear

1
Cable

29c 27c P3 21c 19c 5c 1c

2M out 2M out

Sync. out Sync. out Test out Test out

TSSU TSSC MSOUT GND

DB1318EB2

Table 5

Marking of cabling, CU 24012/75 ohm

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4.4

Signal Interfaces and Cabling of Unit CU 24013 DIU2M CU 24013/75 W


Use J2
Meas. out MEAS

Direction Signal

J3
2M in RLS

2M out

TLS

J4 J6
Sync. out TSS

J7
Test out (TTL) MSOUT

DB1316EB2

Figure 6

CU 24013/75 ohm, front connectors J2, J3, J4, J6 and J7

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CU 24012 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75/120 ohm CU 24013 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75 ohm
Operation Contents
Page 1 2 3 START UP OF THE DATA UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SW SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 State and Fault Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Fault Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Performance Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 (10)

Prepared by J. Kapanen/si
NTC/TS

Checked

Approved

Number DB2DU-0144-SED1

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START UP OF THE DATA UNIT


1. Place the data unit, the DYNACARD MUX (DM 2, DB 2 or DN 2) and the other units, if any, into a DM 2, DB 2 or DN 2 equipment car tridge or subrack. Connect the Service Terminal to the service interface of the DYNA CARD MUX unit and establish a connection to the equipment (con nection cables unconnected):
OBJ 7 RET

2.

The response:
Current object: AD 4095/DM2 9600 bit/s /EOB/

The green LED is lit to indicate that a connection from the Service Terminal to the equipment has been established. NOTE! Whenever a new unit is installed in a subrack, it shall be provided with default settings. 3. Perform equipment installation by installing all units: , , The response:
Installing /EOB/

TOP

RET

(duration approx. 10 sec.) Verify:


TOP 6 , 2 , 0 RET

The response:
DIU2M /EOB/ unit 2

4.

Check fault indications given by the equipment:


TOP 1 RET

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SW SETTINGS
Operation of the data units (DIU2M) is controlled via the service interfa ce of the DYNACARD MUX unit. Through this interface, equipment state and alarm data are read, controls and settings are given, loopbacks are ordered, etc. If the service interfaces have been linked to each other to compose a bus and the buses have been further linked as a service network by means of a data channel, all equipment connected to the bus or network can be con trolled remotely from one point using the Service Terminal, (DN 2/) DB 2 Manager or the Transmission Management System TMS (See Trans mission Management System TMS, Operating Handbook). A DIU description Operation with Service Terminal included in this book presents the service menus obtained from the unit and describes their use. The Service Terminal is provided with a separate Operating Handbook. The data unit is ready to operate after its installation into a cartridge con taining the DYNACARD MUX unit (DM 2, DB 2 or DN 2), and the con nection of signal cables. Before commissioning, however, identifications and settings should be verified, the required changes in the factory set tings should be made and the statistics and error counters should be reset. No commissioning measurements are necessary. Unit settings Service Terminal selection 6,9,u,0 displays the settings for the synchroniz ation output, MUX selections, 2M interface and control time out. Default settings (6,9,u,1) The default settings are the following:
h h

synchronization output interface: MUX settings: h Tx CLK h Fixed TS delay 2M interface settings: h CRC h TS0 data channel h TS0 bits B4-B8 h BER-3 fault consequence
h h h

Tx BUS CLK MUX Tx CLK Not in use In use Not in use permanent '1' A+S alarms, AIS into chan nels, B3 and B6 to the far end S alarm S alarm No alarm

FEA fault consequence AIS fault consequence Fault in Tx

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h h h h h h h

Tx FEA SWAIS Use of 2M interface Use of multiframe BER-6 alarm MEAS output signal TS16/F0 bits 5, 7 and 8

Rx faults Enabled In use In use Not in use Tx 2M Data Permanent '1'.

TS allocation (6,9,u,2) Bidirectional allocations (6,9,u,2,1) The time slot allocations between the 2048 Mbit/s interface and the chan nel unit bus in the unit can be given either as individual allocations or as groups of successive time slots. When n x 64 kbit/s connections are made, the restrictions given in Functional Description, in Chapter 4.2 (Channel specific delays) shall be taken into consideration. Special allocation types (6,9,u,2,3) It is possible to define unidirectional 32 kbit/s or 64 kbit/s channel alloca tions by special allocation alternatives:
h h h h h h

allocation from bus to 2M interface allocation from 2M interface to bus loop to 2M interface loop to bus Fixed data to 2M interface Fixed data to bus

Display (6,9,u,2,0) The selection displays all the allocation data grouped in different types. The unactivated allocations queuing for a time slot in the bus are pro vided with letters NC. The unactivated time slot allocations are also dis played on the fault display of the main unit (TOP 1). Remove all allocations (6,9,u,2,8) Removes all time slot allocations and reservations of unit u on the bus. Reserved TS:s on BUS (6,9,u,2,9) Displays, in addition to time slots allocated for unit u, also the ones re served by the other channel units.

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2M settings (6,9,u,5) TS0 bits, data channel (6,9,u,5,3,1) Taking a data channel into use simultaneously in several DIU2M units calls for program version 03A (or newer) and unit version 04A (or newer) in all units concerned. When the DM 2 MUX is used, the selection 6,1,8,3 or 6,1,8,4 must be made in it. Use of 2M interface (6,9,u,5,6,0,Used) The interface may be removed from use e.g. in the installation stage. The interface is then excluded from the fault supervision of the equipment and AIS is connected to the defined time slots. DIU2M statistics (8,9,u) The statistics concerning the signal quality and the error counters are reset when the equipment is commissioned:
h h h

Statistics resetting (8,9,u,1,1) Reset 2M error counters (8,9,u,2,5) CPU reset counter resetting (8,9,u,3,1).

This ensures that compilation of statistics and counting of errors is began at the commissioning.

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MAINTENANCE
The equipment does not require periodic maintenance. Servicing is re quired only when faults are indicated by alarms. Detailed information on the state of the equipment and on the type of fault can be obtained by the Service Terminal. Information on the condition of the equipment and the signal quality is obtained also from internal measurements and statistics. The measure ment results and statistics are read using the Service Terminal. The Service Terminal may also be used to invoke tests and loops which may be required for troubleshooting.

3.1

Alarms

RACK ALARM LAMPS red white yellow alarm A (prompt) alarm B (deferred) alarm D (reminder of alarm cancellation)

SERVICE LEDS red yellow serious fault in the equipment fault in the signal received by the equipment, equipment fault, or controlled service function (e.g. loopback) in the equipment equipment connected to the Service Terminal

green

DM1027EB2

Figure 1

Rack alarm lamps and service LEDs

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Interpretation of Alarms on Equipment Level The red service LED is turned on to indicate a serious fault in the equip ment, which will usually have to be replaced by a new one. The red service LED, the red rack alarm lamp and programmable alarm output PA1 are activated by means of an external auxiliary voltage. The yellow service LED usually indicates a fault in the signal received by the equipment. The alarm may also be caused by an activated service pro cedure (e.g. loopback or forced indication) in the equipment. The equip ment indicating the fault is not necessarily faulty itself, the fault may be also in the far end equipment or in the signal cables. The green service LED is lit when the equipment is being controlled by the Service Terminal. Interpretation of Alarms on Unit Level The logic section of a DIU2M unit can be superficially checked by observ ing the service LEDs.
h

When the red LED is lit, the fault is in the unit. Note! In connection with a power supply failure, the red LED is lit although the fault were outside the unit. The yellow LED indicates an equipment level fault. The green LED is lit when the unit is accessed via the service interfa ce by means of the Service Terminal.

h h

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3.2

State and Fault Messages


The following tables list the state and fault messages obtained from the data unit. The fault messages are obtained by the Service Terminal from menu 1, Fault Display. The tables also show the corresponding rack alarms and service LED indications for each fault condition.

FAULT CODE (HEX) 94 95 9F 7A 8D 17 14 8B

FAULT CONDITION Equipment reset Forced indication Run diagnostic test Synchronizing fault Forced control on Test mode Blocked from use Missing unit

RACK ALARMS A B A A B A B A

SERVICE LEDS red red/yellow red/yellow yellow yellow yellow -

Table 1
FAULT CODE (HEX) 32 42 51 56 63 66 B3 16 99 4A 52 B2

Unit faults
FAULT CONDITION No incoming 2M signal AIS 2M Frame alignment lost CRC multiframe alignment lost BER > 1 E-3 BER > 1 E-6 Far end alarm Loop to equipment Fault in Tx (transmitter) AIS TS16 Multiframe alignment lost Multiframe alarm from far end A B A A RACK ALARMS A A A A B SERVICE LEDS yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow

Table 2

2M faults

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3.3

Fault Location
In fault conditions, it is possible that several units simultaneously indicate the same fault because the effects of the fault spread along the signal path. Usually the equipment which detects the fault will, however, send the AIS to prevent alarms in the other units. They will instead indicate the AIS. If the fault cannot be located by the equipment alarms and the fault mess ages obtained by the Service Terminal, equipment and interface loop backs, testing of the signal path in the equipment and memory tests may prove useful. NOTE Loops and signal path tests will disrupt the communication. If the loops are not cancelled, they will remain active for the preset control time.

3.4

Performance Measurements
Since the equipment collects data on the signal quality and any faults that occur, and indicate the faults by alarms, very few performance tests con ducted with external measuring instruments are necessary. Measure ments may, however, be performed if desired. The operating voltages may be measured and the results read with the Service Terminal. If the operating voltages deviate from the recom mended values, it is advisable to have the equipment inspected. The volt ages are permitted to deviate by 5 % from their nominal values.

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CU 24012 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75/120 ohm CU 24013 2 Mbit/s DATA UNIT, nx64k, G.703/704, 75 ohm
Operation with Service Terminal Contents
Page 1 2 3 4 SERVICE MENUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 SERVICE TERMINAL MAIN MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DATA UNIT MENUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Fault Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Settings (permanent) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 17 19 23 41 42 44 (46)

NOTE

This description is valid for program CS 24062, version 06A

Prepared by J. Kapanen/si
NTC/TS

Checked

Approved

Number DB2DU-0145-SED1

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SERVICE MENUS

MAIN LEVEL MENU


TOP

Select Operation: 1 Fault display 2 Local alarm cancel 3 Reset local cancel 4 Identifications 5 Controls (temporary) 6 Settings (permanent) 7 Measurements 8 Statistics 9 Testing 10 User privileges 11 Miscellaneous

4,9,u

DIU2M identifications: 3 User manual 4 2M IDs 5 HW-unit ID 6 Program ID 7 Modify IDs

See:
Page 4

5,9,u

Give main level: 4 ... 9 4-9 Select the unit: 9 9 Give unit number: (letter u designates the unit number in the menus) 6,9,u

DIU2M controls: 0 Display 1 DIU2M to normal state 2 Interface controls 3 Signal to MEAS-output 4 Forced indications 6 Read/Write CH 7 Read/Write SIG

Pages 5-6

DIU2M settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 TS allocation 3 Synchr. output 4 MUX settings 5 2M interface 7 Timeout for controls 8 Read/Save DIU2M settings DIU2M measurements: 1 Supply voltages

Pages 7-9

7,9,u

Page 10

8,9,u

DIU2M statistics: 1 2M signal quality 2 2M error counters 3 CPU reset counter DIU2M testings: 4 A/D-test 5 Memory tests 6 Memory operations 7 RUNTEST

Page 10

9,9,u

Page 10

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IDENTIFICATIONS

4,9,u DIU2M identifications: 3 User manual 4 2M IDs 5 HW-unit ID 6 Program ID 7 Modify IDs

4,9,u,7 Modify IDs: 4 2M IDs 5 HW-unit ID

4,9.u,7,4 2M IDs: 0 Display own 1 Modify own 2 Display conn. 3 Modify conn. 4,9,u7,4,1/3 Give ID string: 1-15 characters

4,9,u,7,5 HW-unit ID: 0 Display 1 Modify 4,9,u7,5,1 2 CU 24012 3 CU 24013 4,9,u,7,5,2/3 Give .-version: 0-99

Give version: 3 characters

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CONTROLS

5,9,u DIU2M controls: 0 Display 1 DIU2M to normal state 2 Interface controls 3 Signal to MEAS-output 4 Forced indications 6 Read/Write CH 7 Read/Write SIG

5,9,u,2 2M interface: 0 Display 1 To normal state 3 Loop to equipment 5,9,u,3 Signal to MEAS-output: 0 Display 1 Tx 2M data 2 Rx 2M data 3 Tx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK 5,9,u,4 Forced indications: 0 Display 1 Normal indic. 2 Forced red indic. 3 Forced yellow indic. 4 Forced no indic.

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CONTROLS
5,9,u DIU2M controls: 0 Display 1 DIU2M to normal state 2 Interface controls 3 Signal to MEAS-output 4 Forced indications 6 Read/Write CH 7 Read/Write SIG 5,9.u,6,1 2M interface: 1 Read 2 Write 5,9,u,6,1,1 TS number? 1...31 5,9,u,6,1,2 TS number? 1...31 5,9,u,6,1,2,1-31 Bits value? 12345678 10101010 e.g 5,9,u,6,2 X interface: 1 Read 2 Write 1-31 5,9,u,6,2,1 TS number? 1...31 1-31 5,9,u,6,2,2 TS number? 1...31 5,9,u,6,2,2,1-31 Bits value? 12345678 10101010 e.g. 1-31 1-31

5,9,u,6 TS data R/W: 1 2M interface 2 X interface 3 Stop writing

5,9,u,7 Sig. data R/W: 1 2M interface 2 X interface 3 Stop writing

5,9,u,7,1 2M interface: 1 Read 2 Write

5,9,u,7,1,1 Ch number? 1...30 5,9,u,7,1,2 Ch number? 1...30

1-30

1-30

5,9,u,7,1,2,1-30 Bits value? abcd 0101 e.g. 5,9,u,7,2 X interface: 1 Read 2 Write 5,9,u,7,2,1 Ch number? 1...30 5,9,u,7,2,2 Ch number? 1...30 5,9,u,7,2,2,1-30 Bits value? abcd 0101 e.g. 1-30 1-30

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SETTINGS
6,9,u DIU2M settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 TS allocation 3 Synchr. output 4 MUX settings 5 2M interface 7 Timeout for controls 8 Read/Save DIU2M settings

6,9,u,1 Are you sure? 121 Yes 6,9,u,2 TS allocation: 0 Display 1 Activate n TS 2 Remove one TS 3 Special alloc. types 8 Remove all allocations 9 Reserved TS:s on BUS 6,9,u,3 Synchr. output: 0 Display 1 *Tx BUS CLK & Tx 2M CLK 2 Rx BUS CLK 3 Rx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK/fault masked 6,9,u,4 MUX settings: 1 Tx timing 2 Fixed TS delay

6,9,u,1,121 Done

page 8

6,9,u,4,1 Tx timing: 0 Display 1 *MUX Tx CLK 2 MUX Rx CLK 6,9,u,4,2 Fixed TS delay: 0 Display 1 In use 2 *Not in use

6,9,u,5 2M-settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 Use of CRC 3 Use of TS0 bits 4 Fault consequences 5 SWAIS 6 Use of 2M interf. 7 Use of MF 8 BER-6 alarm 9 Signal to MEAS-output 10 TS16/F0 bits 6,9,u,7 Timeout for controls: 0 Display 1...65000 min 6,9,u,8 * default setting Read/Save all: 0 Display ID 1 Read settings 2,<data> Save settings

page 9

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SETTINGS
6,9,u,2 TS allocation: 0 Display 1 Activate n TS 2 Remove one TS 3 Special alloc. types 8 Remove all allocations 9 Reserved TS:s on BUS 6,9,u,2,1 Give TS count: 1...31 Give first TS on BUS: 1...31 Give first TS on 2M: 1...31 6,9,u,2,2 Give Tx TS on BUS: Done 1...31

6,9,u,2,3 Special types: 0 Display 1 Activate to BUS 2 Activate to 2M 3 Remove from BUS 4 Remove from 2M 5 Loop to BUS 6 Loop to 2M 7 Fixed data to BUS 8 Fixed data to 2M

6,9,u,2,3,1 (2) Give Rx TS on 2M (BUS): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) 6,9,u,2,3,3 (4) Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) 6,9,u,2,3,5 (6) Give Rx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) 6,9,u,2,3,7 (8) Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB) 1-31 Bits value? 12345678 10101010 e.g. Bits value? abcd 0101 e.g.

33-63 Bits value? 1234 1101 e.g 65-95 Bits value? 5678 1101 e.g.

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SETTINGS
6,9,u,5 2M settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 Use of CRC 3 Use of TS0 bits 4 Fault consequences 5 SWAIS 6 Use of 2M-interface 7 Use of MF 8 BER-6 alarm 9 Signal of MEAS-output 10 TS16/F0 bits

6,9,u,5,1 Done 6,9,u,5,2 CRC: 0 Display 1 *CCITT R.B Modif. 2 CCITT B.B 3 Not used 6,9,u,5,3 TS0 bits usage: 0 Display 1 Data channel 2 *Fixed '1' 3 Fixed '0' 6,9,u,5,4 Fault consequences: 1 Error rate >1E-3 2 Far-end alarm 3 AIS alarm 4 Fault in Tx 5 Tx FEA 6,9,u,5,5 SWAIS: 0 Display 1 *Enabled 2 Disabled 6,9,u,5,6 Use of 2M: 0 Display 1 *Used 2 Not used 6,9,u,5,7 Use of MF: 0 Display 1 *Used 2 Not used 6,9,u,5,8 BER-6 Alarm: 0 Display 1-254 sec. count time 255* Disable alarm 6,9,u,5,9 MEAS-output: 0 Display 1 *Tx 2M data 2 Rx 2M data 3 Tx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK 6,9,u,5,3,1 Data channel: 0 Display 1 * Not in use 2 Sampl. rate 4 kHz 3 Sampl. rate 8 kHz 4 Sampl. rate 16 kHz 6,9,u,5,3,2/3 Select bits: 4...8 6,9,u,5,4,1 Error rate >1E-3: 0 Display 1 *A+S+AIS+FEA 2 A-alarm 3 B-alarm 4 No alarm 6,9,u,5,4,2 FEA consequences: 0 Display 1 *S-alarm 2 B+S -alarm 3 A+S -alarm 6,9,u,5,4,3 AIS alarm consequences: 0 Display 1 *S-alarm 2 B+S -alarm 6,9,u,5,4,4 Fault in Tx: 0 Display 1 B-alarm 2 *No alarm 3 Not in use 6,9,u,5,4,5 Tx FEA active: 0 Display 1*Rx fault 2 Rx- or MUX Rx-fault

* default settings

6,9,u,5,10 TS16/F0 bits: 0 Display 1*Fixed '1' 2 Fixed '0'

6,9,u,5,10,1/2 Select bit: 5,7,8

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MEASUREMENTS
7,9,u DIU2M Measurements: 1 Supply voltages 7,9,u,1 Voltage measurements: 1 +5 V 2 -5 V 8,9,u,1 DIU2M signal quality: 1 Reset statistics 2 TT, AT, ES, SES, DM 3 Total time 4 Available time 5 Err. secs. 6 Severely err. secs. 7 Degraded minutes 8 S (unav) /S (tot) 9 S (err) /S (ava) 10 S (sev) /S (ava) 11 M (degr) /M (ava) 8,9,u,2 2M error counters: 0 Display all 2 Frame sync. losts 3 Errored framewords 4 Errored CRC-blocks 5 Reset counters 8,9,u,3 CPU reset counter: 0 Display 1 Reset 7,9,u,1,1,2 Supply voltage 5 V: 1 Display voltage (float) 2 Calibration 7,9,u,1,2,2 Give measured supply voltage mV (without sign)

STATISTICS
8,9,u DIU2M statistics: 1 2M signal quality 2 2M error counters 3 CPU reset counter

TESTING
9,9,u DIU2M Testing: 4 A/D-test 5 Memory test 6 Memory operations 7 RUNTEST 9,9,u,5 Memory tests: 1 RAM 2 EPROM 3 EEPROM 9,9,u,6 Memory operations: 1 Read byte 2 Write byte in RAM 3 Read 8 bytes 4 Write byte in EEPROM

9,9,u,6,1/3 Give memory addr.: 0...65535 9,9,u,6,2 Give memory addr.: 0...65535 Give byte value: 0...255 9,9,u,6,4 Give EEPROM offset: 0...511 Give byte value: 0 ... 255

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GENERAL
The Data Unit is controlled by the Service Terminal, the use of which is described in the Operating Handbook of Service Terminal TC 21700. By means of the Service Terminal, the basic settings of the equipment can be performed and stored into the permanent storage (replaces jumper set tings), maintenance related measures, e.g. loopbacks, can be taken, and identifications, statistics, etc. can be read from the equipment.
OFF ON

Select operation: 1 Fault display 2 Local alarm cancel 3 Reset local cancel

F1 MODE HELP

F2 OBJ

F3 TOP

F4 UP >...

STO 7 D 4 A 1 EXP -

RCL 8 E 5 B 2 . 0

DEF 9 F 6 C 3 # ,

DATA ASCII

INV

DEL

AUTO RET

TS2105EA3

Figure 1

Service Terminal keypad

Command parameter separator The Service Terminal functions are menu based. The menu levels can be by passed if the user knows the required command strings. The key <,> is used as a command parameter separator. For example, if 5,9,3,2,3 is given from the main level, the outgoing 2048 kbit/s signal of the 2M inter face of the data unit is looped back to the equipment, i.e., equipment loopback is performed. In the previous example, the unit is installed in unit location 3.

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SERVICE TERMINAL MAIN MENU


When the Service Terminal is switched on, it shifts into mode Use of equipment/Select operation, which is the factory setting. The main menu common to all equipment, offered by the Service Terminal, is dis played:
Select operation: 1 Fault display 2 Local alarm cancel 3 Reset local cancel 4 Identifications 5 Controls (temporary) 6 Settings (permanent) 7 Measurements 8 Statistics 9 Testing 10 User privileges 11 Miscellaneous

Fault display

The fault display indicates the fault condition of the equipment. The fault data indicates:
h h h h

equipment ID (e.g. DM 2 ABC) fault category (A, B, D, S or combination of these) supervision block indicating the fault fault type

The equipment ID is given by the user in the Identifications menu. Fault display does not concern a single unit but the entire equipment. 2 Local alarm cancel

In a fault condition, selection Local alarm cancel cancels rack alarms A and B. As a reminder of cancellation, alarm D is given. Cancelling an alarm without a fault condition produces also alarm B. Local alarm can cel concerns the entire equipment. 3 Reset local cancel

The normal situation is restored.

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Identifications

Under this function, the equipment identifying data, such as equipment type, the name given and the type and version of the program used, can be read. Some of the identifications can be changed by the user. 5 Controls (temporary)

Controls are functions (loopbacks, forced alarms, etc.) required for troubleshooting and servicing of the equipment. All controls are removed automatically after a set supervision period, with the exception of the se lection of signal to the MEAS output. 6 Settings (permanent)

Settings determine the operating mode of the equipment. They are stored in the equipment storage also during a power outage. 7 Measurements

Under this function, various measurements made by the equipment itself are performed (without external measuring instruments). 8 Statistics

Reading and emptying of statistics collected by the equipment itself. 9 Testing

Automatic tests performed by the equipment itself. 10 User privileges The protective functions of the equipment are under this function. Some of the equipment functions (e.g. Settings) can be protected. The equip ment can be given a password that must be known if protected functions are to be changed. A single unit has no protective functions of its own. 11 Miscellaneous This category covers the functions not included in the above entries (not yet in use).

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Access to Data Unit Since the Data Unit is not provided with a direct service interface, the Service Terminal functions must be directed to the Data Unit via the main unit (DYNACARD MUX). First, the main level menu (4...9) is selected, then 9 separated by a comma and finally the unit number u: 4...9,9,u. The unit numbering starts from 1 on the left. By entering the command given above, the menu of the unit concerned, below the main level, is ac cessed.

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DATA UNIT MENUS


The data unit is controlled via the service interface in the main unit (DYNACARD MUX). The main unit offers the menus related to the common section of the equipment and via the menus offered by it the user can select the unit for the measures taken. The data unit provides the menus required for its control.

4.1

Fault Display
The main unit collects the fault data from other units into a common fault storage. In the initialization stage, the main unit collects from each unit the fault related data: the faults of the unit, their effect on the alarm out puts, the fault code related with each fault, how the fault is indicated (col our of indicator) and name of the supervision block. The main unit gener ates a response to the fault inquiry. The response contains the following data:
h h h

equipment ID (equipment name) fault status fault data: h fault object h fault type (fault code)

Example:
*DM 2 ABC (AS) MUX 2M unit 1: - frame alignment lost DIU2M unit 3: - no incoming 2M

In the above example, the equipment is provided with the name DM 2 ABC and it indicates alarms A and S. The fault indications come from the main unit equipment interface supervision block (unit 1), the fault being loss of frame alignment, and from the supervision block of the data unit (unit 3), the fault being the missing incoming 2048 kbit/s signal. The data unit has a common supervision block (DIU2M) for both the 2M interface (2M faults) and the other parts of the unit (unit faults).

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Faults Supervised by DIU2M Unit Faults:


h h h h h h h h

Equipment reset Forced indication Run diagnostic test Synchronization fault Forced control on Test mode Blocked from use Missing unit

Faults of 2M Interface Block:


h h h h h h h h h h h h

No incoming 2M AIS 2M Frame alignment lost CRC frame alignment lost Error rate > 10-3 Error rate > 10-6 Alarm from far end Equipment loopback Fault in Tx (transmitter) AIS TS16 Multiframe alignment lost Alarm from far end signalling equipment

The last four faults can occur only if channel associated signalling is used.

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4.2

Identifications
4,9,u DIU2M Identifications
DIU2M Identifications: 3 User manual 4 2M IDs 5 HW-unit ID 6 Program ID 7 Modify IDs

In the menu, selections 3...6 display the equipment identifications which can be modified via item 7. 4,9,u,3 User manual

The document number of Operation with Service Terminal manual relat ing to the program; fixed. Response:
DB2DU-0145-SED

4,9,u,4

2M IDs

Connection specific identifications, given by the user, that can be used for network management. Response example:
HEL 91 -- ESP 10 >

4,9,u,5

HW unit ID

Unit type designation and version symbol. Set at factory, but the user can change it e.g. in connection with repair. Response example:
CU 24013 06A

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4,9,u,6

Program ID

Program type and version; fixed. Response:


CS 24062 06A

4,9,u,7

Modify IDs
Modify IDs: 4 2M IDs 5 HW-unit ID

When selection 4 is made, the following menu is displayed:


2M IDs: 0 1 2 3 Display own Modify own Display conn. Modify conn.

Selections 0 and 2 display the ID and selections 1 and 3 display the text:
Give ID string: 1-15 characters

When selection 5 is made, the following menu is displayed:


HW-unit ID: 0 Display 1 Modify

Selection 0 displays the type designation and version, and selection 1 dis plays the menu:
2 CU 24012 3 CU 24013

After the type designation has been selected, the . version and the version symbol are given.

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4.3

Controls
5,9,u DIU2M Controls
DIU2M Controls: 0 Display 1 DIU2M to normal state 2 Interface controls 3 Signal to MEAS-output 4 Forced indications 6 Read/Write CH 7 Read/Write SIG

The controls, excluding the Signal to MEAS output selection, are time supervised. Active controls are usually indicated by a B alarm and the yel low service LED. 5,9,u,0 Display

This selection displays all controls performed on the unit. Response example:
Active controls: 2M equipment loopback

When no controls have been performed, the reply Normal is obtained. 5,9,u,1 DIU2M to normal state

Forces all controls of the data unit into normal state. 5,9,u,2 Interface controls

By Interface controls function, the 2M interface is selected as the object. The following is displayed:
2M interface: 0 Display 1 To normal state 3 Loop to equipment

Selection 0 displays the state of the interface.

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Selection 1 returns the interface into normal state. By equipment loopback (selection 3) the output signal of the equipment is looped back to the equipment. 2M AIS is connected to the interface out put to indicate loopback and alarm AS is activated. 5,9,u,3 Signal to MEAS output

Under Signal to MEAS output function, the signal going to the measure ment connector of the unit can be selected.
Signal to MEAS output: 0 Display 1 Tx 2M data 2 Rx 2M data 3 Tx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK

Selection 0 displays the current selection. The outgoing 2048 kbit/s signal is connected to the measurement interfa ce by selection 1. The incoming 2048 kbit/s signal is connected to the measurement interfa ce by selection 2. The outgoing direction clock, nominal frequency 2048 kHz, can be measured from the interface by selection 3. The clock generated from the incoming signal can be fed to the measure ment interface by selection 4. 5,9,u,4 Forced indications
Forced indications: 0 Display 1 Normal indic. 2 Forced red indic. 3 Forced yellow indic. 4 Forced no indic.

Selection 0 displays the forced indication selected for the unit.

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Selection 1 cancels the forced controls of indicators. Indications are de termined by fault conditions. By selection 2, the red service LED starts to blink, alarm B is given and fault data on forced fault indication is provided. By selection 3, the yellow service LED starts to blink, alarm B is given and fault data on forced indication is provided. Selection 4 disables the indications (however, the green service LED is on if the unit is being accessed by the Service Terminal), gives alarm B and provides fault data on forced indication. 5,9,u,6 Read/Write CH

Under this function it is possible to read and write time slot data both in the 2M interface and the X interface direction.
TS data R/W: 1 2M interface 2 X interface 3 Stop writing

Selection 1 makes it possible to read time slot data entering from the 2M interface and write a fixed bit configuration into the time slot leaving for the 2M interface. Selection 2 directs the corresponding functions to the X interface (con nection field). By selection 3 the time slot writing is stopped. After selection 1/2 the following menu is displayed:

2M interface/X interface: 1 Read 2 Write

After selection 1, the time slot 1...31, whose current contents are required to be read, is given. The contents are displayed in binary format. After selection 2, the time slot number and the bit configuration to be written are given in the form 11001010 (B1-B8, 8 characters, 1 or 0).

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5,9,u,7

Read/Write SIG

The functions following this selection are the same as under selection 5,9,u,6 except that time slots are replaced by channel numbers (1...30) and the bit configuration is of form 1011 (abcd, 4 characters, 1 or 0) when the write option is selected.

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4.4

Settings (permanent)
Settings determine the operating mode of the equipment and are main tained during a power outage. If the unit is replaced by a new one, the set tings are automatically copied into the new unit except for channel spe cific loopbacks, fixed data patterns and 32 kbit/s connections between the BUS and the 2M on bits B5-B8 (HB). 6,9,u DIU2M Settings

DIU2M settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 TS allocation 3 Synchr. output 4 MUX settings 5 2M interface 7 Timeout for controls 8 Read/Save DIU2M settings

6,9,u,0

Display

Selection 6,9,u,0 displays all settings (excluding time slot allocations). 6,9,u,1 Set NOKIA defaults

Selection 6,9,u,1 sets all settings to their default values. After the selec tion, the program prompts for confirmation:
Are you sure? 121 Yes

By selection 121 the following default settings are activated:


h h

synchronization output interface: MUX settings: h Tx CLK h Fixed TS delay 2M interface settings: h CRC h TS0 data channel h TS0 bits B4-B8

Tx BUS CLK MUX Tx CLK Not in use In use Not in use permanent '1'

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h h h h h h h h h h h

BER-3 fault consequence FEA fault consequence AIS fault consequence Fault in Tx Tx FEA SWAIS Use of 2M interface Use of multiframe BER-6 alarm MEAS output signal TS16/F0 bits 5, 7 and 8 TS allocation

A+S alarms, AIS into chan nels, B3 and B6 to the far end S alarm S alarm No alarm Rx faults Enabled In use In use Not in use Tx 2M Data Permanent '1'.

6,9,u,2

TS allocation: 0 Display 1 Activate n TS 2 Remove one TS 3 Special alloc. types 8 Remove all allocations 9 Reserved TS:s on BUS

General principle in checking the definition strings: If a defined time slot is already used by another unit in the bus interface, the program displays a warning that all the allocations were not activated; some of them were left to queue for a possible release. If, on the other hand, the allocation definitions contained an overlapping definition, the last selection is not accepted at all. A fault message indicat ing a definition fault is given instead. 6,9,u,2,0 Display

The selection displays all allocation data regarding the 2M interface and the bus, grouped in different allocation types. 6,9,u,2,1 Activate n time slot

Selection 6,9,u,2,1 displays a menu prompting for the number of consecu tive time slots to be defined.

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Give TS count: 1...31

Selection 6,9,u,2,1,l (l indicates the number of selected time slots) is fol lowed by a menu prompting for the first time slot in the bus.

Give first TS on BUS: 1...31

Selection 6,9,u,2,1,l,m (m indicates the first time slot in the bus interface, condition m+l < 33) is followed by a menu prompting for the first time slot in the 2M interface.
Give first TS on 2M: 1...31

By selection 6,9,u,2,1,l,m,n the time slot allocation between the bus and the 2M interface is defined as follows (conditions m+l < 33 and n+l < 33).
BUS m ... m+l-1 --< > < > --< > --2M n ... n+l-1

6,9,u,2,2

Remove one TS

Selection 6,9,u,2,2 is followed by a menu prompting for the time slot to be removed from the bus interface.
Give Tx TS on BUS: 1...31

Selection 6,9,u,2,2,m cancels the definitions made for time slot m on the bus side.

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6,9,u,2,3

Special allocation types


Special types: 0 Display 1 Activate to BUS 2 Activate to 2M 3 Remove from BUS 4 Remove from 2M 5 Loop to BUS 6 Loop to 2M 7 Fixed data to BUS 8 Fixed data to 2M

6,9,u,2,3,1-2

Unidirectional channel allocations

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,1 activates one channel (32/64 kbit/s) in the 2M inter face towards the bus. The program displays a menu prompting for the time slot to be connected from the 2M interface and it is followed by another menu prompting for the time slot of the bus.
Give Rx TS on 2M (BUS): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB)

Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB)

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,1,n,m activates the allocation from time slot n of the 2M interface to time slot m of the bus. Selection 6,9,u,2,3,1,95,35 allocates bits B5-B8 of time slot 31 in the in coming 2M to bits B1-B4 of time slot 3 in the bus. In a corresponding way, but as a mirror image of the previous, it is poss ible to make an allocation from the bus to the 2M interface by selection 6,9,u,2,3,2,m,n.

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6,9,u,2,3,3-4

Remove from BUS/2M interface

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,3 displays a menu prompting for the time slot to be re moved.
Give Tx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB)

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,3,m removes from the definitions the one made in time slot m towards the bus. Selection 6,9,u,2,3,4,n removes from the definitions the one made in time slot n to the 2M interface. 6,9,u,2,3,5-6 Loop to BUS/2M

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,5 performs the loopback to the bus and selection 6,9,u,2,3,6 performs the loopback towards the 2M interface. Each selec tion is first followed by a menu prompting for the Rx direction time slot and then one prompting for the definition of the Tx direction time slot.
Give Rx TS on BUS (2M): 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB)

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,r,t allocates time slot r coming from the bus back to the bus, to time slot t. Selection 6,9,u,2,3,6,r,t allocates time slot r coming from the 2M interface back to the interface, to time slot t.

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6,9,u,2,3,7-8

Fixed data to BUS/2M

After selection 6,9,u,2,3,7 the menu prompts for the definition of time slot for which the data is allocated.
Give Tx TS on BUS: 1-31 = n (TSn = 64 kb/s) 33-63 = n+32 (TSn/B1-B4 = 32 kb/s) (LB) 65-95 = n+64 (TSn/B5-B8 = 32 kb/s) (HB)

After selection 6,9,u,2,3,7,m the menu prompts for the data to be con nected in binary format. If the 64 kbit/s channel is concerned, the follow ing two menus are displayed.
Bits value? 12345678 10101010 e.g.

Bits value? abcd 0101 e.g.

In the case of a 32 kbit/s definition, one of the following menus is dis played depending on the selection of time slot half.
Bits value? 1234 1101 e.g.

Bits value? 5678 1101 e.g.

Selection 6,9,u,2,3,7,m,11010011,0101 allocates the fixed data word 11010011 to the bus, to the time slot m, and the fixed data word 0101 to time slot 16 as the signalling bits of the channel in question. Correspondingly, 6,9,u,2,3,8,33,1001 allocates data word 1001 towards the 2M interface, to bits B1-B4 of time slot 1.

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6,9,u,2,8

Remove all allocations

The effect of selection 6,9,u,2,8 is the same as that of 6,9,u,2,2 but the se lection affects now all defined time slot allocations. 6,9,u,2,9 Reserved TS:s on BUS

Selection 6,9,u,2,9 displays the numbers of those time slots in the bus to which allocations have been defined. 6,9,u,3 Synchronization output
Synchr. output: 0 Display 1 *Tx BUS CLK & Tx 2M CLK 2 Rx BUS CLK 3 Rx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK/ fault masked

Selection 6,9,u,3,0 displays the selected outgoing synchronization signal. By selection 6,9,u,3,1, the Tx bus clock signal is selected to the synchroniz ation output. The clock signal is the same as the Tx clock of e.g. the DM 2 MUX 2M interface. By selection 6,9,u,3,2, the Rx bus clock signal is selected to the synchron ization output (e.g. DM 2 MUX 2M interface Rx clock). By selection 6,9,u,3,3, the clock signal regenerated from the 2M interface is selected to the synchronization output. If the 2M is missing, the Rx bus clock signal is selected as the clock signal. By selection 6,9,u,3,4, the clock signal regenerated from the incoming 2M interface is selected as above, but in case the incoming signal is faulty with an error ratio BER-3 or worse (fault category >3), the synchronization output signal is disconnected completely.

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6,9,u,4

MUX settings

The MUX settings define the Tx timing and fixed channel delays required by the n x 64k allocations in the DIU2M 2M interface.
MUX settings: 1 Tx timing 2 Fixed TS delay

6,9,u,4,1

Tx timing

The Tx timing selections affect the operation of the unit only when the DM 2 MUX is used.
Tx timing: 0 Display 1 *MUX Tx CLK 2 MUX Rx CLK

Selection 0 (6,9,u,4,1,0) displays the current selection. Selection 1 (6,9,u,4,1,1) sets the MUX Tx clock as the timing source for the DIU2M 2M interface. Selection 2 (6,9,u,4,1,2) connects the DM 2 MUX Rx clock through the equipment as the Tx direction timing of the DIU2M. By using this selec tion, it is possible to have different timing sources for different trans mission directions when the DM 2 MUX is synchronized with the DIU2M Rx clock via the synchronization interfaces. 6,9,u,4,2 Fixed TS delay
Fixed TS delay: 0 Display 1 In use 2 *Not in use

Selection 0 (6,9,u,4,2,0) displays the current selection. By selection 1 (6,9,u,4,2,1) the length of the channel delay is forced ap proximately to two frames and free allocation of time slots in nx64k con nections is allowed. NOTE Free allocation of n x 64k connections is avail able only if the HW version is 06A or newer.

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Selection 2 (6,9,u,4,2,2) sets the delay to minimum when the channel time slot is not changed between the bus and the 2M interface. When n x 64k connections are made, time slot interleaving is not allowed, or if it is done, the time slot shift must be the same size and to the same direction for all time slots. 6,9,u,5 2M interface
2M settings: 0 Display 1 Set NOKIA defaults 2 Use of CRC 3 Use of TS0 bits 4 Fault consequences 5 SWAIS 6 Use of 2M-interf. 7 Use of MF 8 BER -6 alarm 9 Signal to MEAS-output 10 TS16/F0 bits

6,9,u,5,0

Display

Selection 6,9,u,5,0 displays the settings of the 2M interface. 6,9,u,5,1 Set NOKIA defaults

Selection 6,9,u,5,1 sets the NOKIA defaults. In the menus, the default settings are marked with an asterisk (*). The default settings are the following: CRC: TS0 bits Data channel B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 not in use fixed '1' fixed '1' fixed '1' fixed '1' fixed '1' in use

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Fault consequences: BER-3 alarm FEA AIS Fault in Tx Tx FEA SWAIS 2M interface Multiframe BER-6 alarm MEAS output signal TS16/F0 bits B5 B7 B8 6,9,u,5,2
CRC: 0 Display 1 *CCITT R.B Modif. 2 CCITT B.B 3 Not used

A+S+AIS+FEA, i.e. alarms A and S, AIS to channels and alarm bits B3 and B6 to far end S alarm S alarm No alarm Rx fault in use in use in use not in use Tx 2M data

fixed '1' fixed '1' fixed '1' Use of CRC

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,2,0) displays the current CRC operating status. By selection 1 (6,9,u,5,2,1) the CRC is taken into use. The CRC block errors are indicated to the far end by forcing the E bit into state '1'. By selection 2 (6,9,u,5,2,2) the CRC is taken into use in accordance with the CCITT (nowadays ITU T) Recommendations. The CRC block errors are indicated to the far end by forcing the E bit into state '0' . By selection 3 (6,9,u,5,2,3) the CRC is taken out of use.

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6,9,u,5,3

Use of TS0 bits


TS0 bits usage: 0 Display 1 Data channel 2 *Fixed '1' 3 Fixed '0'

The use of TS0 bits B4-B8 is displayed by selecting 6,9,u,5,3,0. By selecting 1 (6,9,u,5,3,1), the data channel usage menu will be dis played:
Data Channel: 0 1 2 3 4 Display *Not in use Sampl. rate 4 kHz Sampl. rate 8 kHz Sampl. rate 16 kHz

By selection 0 (6,9,u,5,3,1,0) the use of data channel is displayed. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,3,1,1) removes the data channel from use (default set ting). By selections 2-4 (6,9,u,5,3,1,2-4) the sampling rate for the data chan nel is set. If the sampling rate is chosen to be 4 kHz, the data channel re serves TS0/B8 for its use. If 8 kHz is chosen, bits B7&B8 will be reserved and when the sampling rate is 16 kHz, bits B5-B8 are used by the data channel. The data channel can be activated simultaneously in several DIU2M units if their HW unit versions are 04A or newer and the SW ver sions 03A or newer. After selections 2 or 3 (6,9,u,5,3,2 or 3) the target bit is selected:
Select bits: 4...8

Selection b (6,9,u,5,3,2,b) is used for selecting '1' (default setting) as the fixed state of TS0 bit Bb (b = 4...8) in the 2M output frame (providing that the bit b has not already been defined for data channel usage).

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Selection b (6,9,u,5,3,3,b) is used for selecting '0' as the fixed state of TS0 bit Bb in the 2M output frame (providing that the bit b has not already been defined for data channel usage). 6,9,u,5,4 Fault consequences (BER-3, FEA, AIS, Fault in Tx, Tx FEA)
Fault consequences: 1 Error rate >1E-3 2 Far-end alarm 3 AIS alarm 4 Fault in Tx 5 Tx FEA

6,9,u,5,4,1

Error rate > 1E-3


Error rate > 1E-3: 0 Display 1 *A+S+AIS+FEA 2 A-alarm 3 B-alarm 4 No alarm

By selection 0 (6,9,u,5,4,1,0) the consequences defined for a BER-3 fault are displayed. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,4,1,1), default setting, causes alarms A and S to be generated and AIS to be connected to channels to indicate the detected fault condition. Alarm bits B3 and B6 are sent to the far end. By selection 2 (6,9,u,5,4,1,2) a BER-3 fault causes alarm A but the re ceived signal still goes to the channels. This selection could be used when a very poor transmission path is to be utilized and it is to be ensured that the outages in the multiplex equipment are prolonged as little as possible. Selection 3 (6,9,u,5,4,1,3) differs from the previous one in that the fault only causes alarm B. Selection 4 (6,9,u,5,4,1,4) causes the error ratio >1E-3 to have no conse quences. It is not seen even on the equipment fault display.

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6,9,u,5,4,2

Far end alarm consequences

FEA consequences: 0 Display 1 *S alarm 2 B+S alarm 3 A+S alarm

By selection 0 (6,9,u,5,4,2,0) the alarm consequences of a far end alarm (FEA) fault caused by alarm bit TS0/B3 are displayed. By selection 1 (6,9,u,5,4,2,1) a default setting is made. The alarm received from the far end causes alarm S to be generated, which means that the services of the equipment are not available due to a fault detected in the far end. Selection 2 (6,9,u,5,4,2,2) causes alarm B, in addition to alarm S, to be generated as the result of a far end alarm. Selection 3 (6,9,u,5,4,2,3) causes alarm A, in addition to alarm S, to be generated as a result of the far end alarm. The selection is used when the far end station is not supervised, the supervision being performed via the near end. 6,9,u,5,4,3 AIS alarm consequences
AIS alarm consequences: 0 Display 1 *S alarm 2 B+S alarm

By selection 0 (6,9,u,5,4,3,0) the fault consequence set for the AIS signal is displayed. By selection 1 (6,9,u,5,4,3,1) a default setting is made. An identified AIS signal causes alarm S only; the fault has already been detected some where else. By selection 2 (6,9,u,5,4,3,2) the alarm classification is changed from nor mal so that the AIS causes alarm B, in addition to alarm S, to be gener ated.

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6,9,u,5,4,4

Fault in Tx

Under this function the user may define the consequences for a situation where all signalling bits of one of the channels 1-15 in 2M transmit direc tion are zeros (abcd = 0000).
Fault Tx: 0 Display 1 B alarm 2 * No alarm 3 Not in use

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,4,4,0) displays the current alarm selection. When option 1 (6,9,u,5,4,4,1) is selected, the transmit channel signalling 0000 is replaced by 0001 and a B alarm is activated. When option 2 (6,9,u,5,4,4,2) is selected, the signalling of the transmit channel is replaced by 0001 but in this case no alarm is generated. When option 3 (6,9,u,5,4,4,3) is selected, the sending of 0000 signalling is enabled on channels 1-15. 6,9,u,5,4,5 Tx FEA active

By this function, information on the Rx direction fault in the DM 2 MUX can be transferred to the DIU2M output.
Tx FEA active: 0 Display 1 *Rx fault 2 Rx or MUX Rx fault

By selection 0 (6,9,u,5,4,5,0) the current selection is displayed. With selection 1 (6,9,u,5,4,5,1) a far end alarm is activated only by the DIU2M Rx direction faults. When selection 2 (6,9,u,5,4,5,2) has been made, also a fault in the DM 2 MUX Rx direction (fault category >3) or a received far end alarm acti vate a DIU2M Tx far end alarm.

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6,9,u,5,5

Freezing of SWAIS

SWAIS: 0 Display 1 *Enabled 2 Disabled

Option 0 (6,9,u,5,5,0) displays the current selection. By selection 1 (6,9,u,5,5,1) the signalling of the incoming channel is replaced by 1111 and the channel specific freezing is activated in fault situations. By selection 2 (6,9,u,5,5,2) the signalling of the incoming channel is actively replaced by AIS. This means that in addition of replacing the sig nalling by 1111, the channel specific freezing bit is momentarily forced into state 0. 6,9,u,5,6 Use of 2M interface

The selection defines whether the 2M interface is in use or not (i.e. whether it sends AIS to the interface and channels).

Use of 2M: 0 Display 1 *Used 2 Not used

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,6,0) displays the use of 2M interface. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,6,1) sets the 2M interface into use (e.g. under fault supervision). Selection 2 (6,9,u,5,6,2) sets the 2M interface out of use. At the same time, the AIS signal is connected to the channels and 2M AIS is connected to wards the interface, and the fault supervision concerning the interface is ended.

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6,9,u,5,7
MF:

Use of MF

0 Display 1 *Used 2 Not used

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,7,0) displays the use of the multiframe at the 2M in terface. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,7,1), default setting, sets the multiframe into use at the 2M interface. Selection 2 (6,9,u,5,7,2) releases time slot 16 from signalling use. 6,9,u,5,8 BER-6 alarm
BER-6 alarm: 0 Display 1-254 sec. count time 255 *Disable alarm

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,8,0) displays the setting parameters of the BER-6 alarm. Selection 1-254 (6,9,u,5,8,1-254) sets the count time of the BER-6 fault if CRC is used. Selection 255 (6,9,u,5,8,255) disables the BER-6 alarm. 6,9,u,5,9 Signal to MEAS output
MEAS-output: 0 Display 1 *Tx 2M data 2 Rx 2M data 3 Tx 2M CLK 4 Rx 2M CLK

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Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,9,0) displays the signal selected for the measurement output. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,9,1) selects the Tx direction data signal. Selection 2 (6,9,u,5,9,2) selects the Rx direction data signal. Selection 3 (6,9,u,5,9,3) selects the 2048 kHz clock signal used in the Tx direction. Selection 4 (6,9,u,5,9,4) selects the 2048 kHz clock signal regenerated from the Rx direction. If the incoming 2M is missing, the clock signal will be that of the transmitter. 6,9,u,5,10 TS16/F0 bits
TS16/F0 bits: 0 Display 1 *Fixed 1 2 Fixed 0

Selection 0 (6,9,u,5,10,0) displays the setting of bits 5, 7 and 8 of TS16/F0. Selection 1 (6,9,u,5,10,1) can be used to set the selected TS16/F0 bit into fixed "1" state. Selection 2 (6,9,u,5,10,2) sets the selected bit into "0" state. Selections 1 and 2 display the menu below defining the TS16/F0 bit (bits) for which the selected fixed state is set:
Select bit: 5, 7 or 8

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6,9,u,7

Timeout for controls

Under this function, a time is selected for which the controls are effective without being refreshed; the default setting is 10 minutes.
Timeout for controls: 0 Display 1...65000 min

Selection 0 (6,9,u,7,0) displays the time out selected for the controls of the unit. Any other selection within the allowable limits sets the time out in minutes. 6,9,u,8 Read/Save DIU2M settings
Read/Save all: 0 Display ID 1 Read settings 2,<data> Save settings

Selection 0 (6,9,u,8,0) displays the unit ID in decimals. Reading and sav ing is possible only between such units that have the same ID. By selection 1 (6,9,u,8,1) the settings of the DIU2M unit are read into the Service Terminal (emulator) data buffer (numbers appear on the dis play). By selection 2,* (6,9,u,8,2,*), (DIU2M settings as the contents of the data buffer) the settings contained in the buffer are saved into the unit con cerned. Copying from one unit to another is thus performed by reading the set tings from unit A by selection 1, after which a connection is established to the unit B, and option 2,* (* = DATA key) or TOP 6,9,u,8,2,* is selected.

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4.5

Measurements
7,9,u DIU2M measurements
DIU2M measurements: 1 Supply voltages

7,9,u,1

Voltage measurements
Voltage measurements: 1 +5 V 2 -5 V

After the selections, it is possible to read the value of the operating volt age in question and calibrate the measurement system to the measured value. Selections 1 and 2 (7,9,u,1,1/2) display the menu:
Supply voltage 5 V: 1 Display voltage (float) 2 Calibration

By selection 1 (7,9,u,1,1/2,1) the value of the +5 V operating voltage measured by the unit is displayed. After selection 2 (7,9,u,1,1/2,2) the measured operating voltage can be given (mV).

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4.6

Statistics
This function includes statistics and error counters maintained by the equipment itself. 8,9,u DIU2M statistics
DIU2M statistics: 1 2M signal quality 2 2M error counters 3 CPU reset counter

8,9,u,1

2M signal quality
DIU2M signal quality: 1 Reset statistics 2 TT, AT, ES, SES, DM 3 Total time 4 Available time 5 Err. secs. 6 Severely err. secs. 7 Degraded minutes 8 S (unav) /S (tot) 9 S (err) / S (ava) 10 S (sev) / S (ava) 11 M (degr) / M (ava)

Selection 1 (8,9,u,1,1) resets the counters and starts the counting again. The NMS response of selection 2 (8,9,u,1,2) displays the floating point parameter values of the statistics counters. These parameters can be used when counting statistics with the Network Management System (NMS). The given values include the total time (given in seconds), available time (given in seconds), errored seconds, number of seconds with BER > E-3 and degraded minutes. Selections 3...7 display the floating point value of the statistics counter in question. Selections 8...11 display four ratios computed on the basis of the above mentioned statistics counter contents.

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8,9,u,2

2M error counters
2M error counters: 0 Display all 2 Frame sync. losts 3 Errored framewords 4 Errored CRC-blocks 5 Reset counters

Selection 2 (8,9,u,2,2) indicates the number of frame synchronization losses since the previous counter reset. Selection 3 (8,9,u,2,3) indicates the number of errored frame words. Selection 4 (8,9,u,2,4) indicates the number of detected CRC block errors since the previous counter reset. If only few errors occur on the trans mission path, the number of CRC block errors is approximately the same as the number of bit errors. Selection 5 (8,9,u,2,5) resets the error counters. In addition, selection 0 (8,9,u,2,0) displays the reading of all three counters simultaneously. 8,9,u,3 CPU reset counter
CPU reset counter: 0 Display 1 Reset

Selection 0 displays the number of CPU resets in the unit since the previ ous counter reset. Selection 1 resets the counter.

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4.7

Testing
The testing menu contains test options performed on the unit, some of which can affect the communication. 9,9,u DIU2M Testing
DIU2M Testing: 4 A/D tests 5 Memory tests 6 Memory operations 7 RUNTEST

9,9,u,4

A/D test

Selection 9,9,u,4 starts the A/D converter test of the DIU2M unit pro cessor. The lower one of the responses given below indicates that a fault has been detected in the tested function.
A/D OK

A/D # OK

9,9,u,5

Memory tests
Memory tests: 1 RAM 2 EPROM 3 EEPROM

Selection 1 (9,9,u,5,1) tests the RAM memory circuit of the DIU2M unit processor environment. The lower one of the responses given below indi cates that a fault has been detected:
RAM OK

RAM # OK

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Selection 2 (9,9,u,5,2) starts the EPROM memory test in the DIU2M unit. As a response to the selection, a text indicating the duration of the test (10 sec) is obtained. When the test is running, the yellow service LED is lit and the A and S alarm are active. The result is obtained by starting the test again. The lower one of the responses given below indicates that a fault has been detected.
EPROM OK

EPROM # OK

Selection 3 (9,9,u,5,3) starts the EEPROM memory test in the DIU2M unit. As a response to the selection, a text indicating the duration of the test (10 min) is obtained. When the test is running, the yellow service LED is lit and the A and S alarm are active. The test does not disturb the oper ation of the unit. The result is obtained by starting the test again. The lower one of the responses given below indicates that a fault has been de tected.
EEPROM OK

EEPROM # OK

9,9,u,6

Memory operations
Memory operations: 1 Read byte 2 Write byte in RAM 3 Read 8 bytes 4 Write byte in EEPROM

By selection 1 (9,9,u,6,1) a text prompting for the read address is ob tained:


Give memory addr.: 0...65535

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When data is to be written into some memory location, selection 2 (9,9,u,6,2) is made. After the selection, a text prompting for memory ad dress is obtained:
Give memory addr.: 0...65535

When the memory address has been entered, a text prompting for write data is obtained:
Give byte value: 0...255

When several bytes are to be read simultaneously, selection 3 (9,9,u,6,3) is made. After the selection, a text prompting for the address of the first byte is obtained:
Give memory addr.: 0...65535

When data is to be written into an EEPROM memory location, selection 4 (9,9,u,6,4) is made:
Give EEPROM offset: 0...511

After the address has been entered, a text prompting for data is obtained:
Give byte value: 0...255