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Code No: R22021

R10
II B.Tech II Semester, Regular Examinations, April 2012 PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (Com. To EEE, ECE, ECC, BME, EIE)

SET - 1

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry Equal Marks ~~~~~~~~~~*~~~~~~~~~~~

Max. Marks: 75

b) Derive an expression for the output of a high pass circuit excited by a ramp input. 2. a) Draw the circuit of slicer circuit using zener diodes and explain its operation with the help of their transfer characteristics. b) In the fig.2.1 shown below, R s = R f = 100, Rr = , R = 10 K, C = 1f , Vr = 0 . A

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symmetrical square wave signal of amplitude 20V and frequency 5 KHz is applied at t = 0. Draw the output waveform

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a) Write short notes on i) Diode switching times ii) Transistor switching times b) Explain the operation of a two input TTL logic gate with open collector configuration. What are the applications of open collector gates. 1 of 2

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Fig.2.1

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Fig.1.1

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a) The square wave as shown in fig.1.1 is fed to an RC integrating circuit. Compute and plot the output wave forms if, i) RC=2T; ii) RC = T/2

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Code No: R22021

R10

SET - 1

4.

a) Explain the working of Schmitt trigger with wave forms. Give its applications. b) Germanium transistors with hFE (min) = 40 are used in the fixed bias flip-flop with collector catching diodes. The circuit parameters are, VCC = 18V ,VBB = 6V , RC = 1.5 K , R1 = 5 K and R2 = 25K. Find the stable state voltages and currents.

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a) Show that the Astable multivibrator works as Voltage controlled oscillator. b) Design a one shot circuit to produce a pulse width of 5 msec. Assume hFE VCE(sat)=0.3V, VBE(sat)=0.7V,IC=5 mA,VCC=6V,VBB=1.5V,Q1 ON and Q2 OFF.

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Write short notes on any three of the following a) Double differentiator b) Diode comparators c) Four diode sampling gates d) Diode controlled Astable blocking oscillator

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a) Explain the synchronization of a sweep circuit with symmetrical signals. b) Explain the operation of unidirectional diode sampling gates with waveforms. Illustrate the effect of different levels of control voltage on gate output. Discuss its advantages and disadvantages.

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a) Derive the relation between the slope, transmission and displacement errors. b) Draw a miller time base circuit and explain its operation. Compare its performance with that of UJT relaxation oscillator.

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Code No: R22021

R10
II B.Tech II Semester, Regular Examinations, April 2012 PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (Com. To EEE, ECE, ECC, BME, EIE)

SET - 2

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry Equal Marks ~~~~~~~~~~*~~~~~~~~~~~

Max. Marks: 75

## T = R1C1 = R2 C 2 . Plot the response.

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Fig.2.2 b) With the help of a neat circuit diagram explain the working of a two level diode clipper.

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a) Describe the switching times of BJT by considering the charge distribution across the base region. Explain this for cut-off, active and saturation regions. b) Give the comparison between TTL, ECL & CMOS logic families. a) With the help of a circuit diagram, explain the working of a collector coupled monostable multivibrator and also derive an expression for the gate width? b) Design an Astable multivibrator to give an output with 100 msec ON period and 50 msec. OFF period for VCC = 15V, hFE = 50, Ic(sat) = 100A. 1 of 2

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a) For the circuit shown in fig.2.2 below, the input is a 20V step. Calculate and plot to scale the out put voltage?

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b) A signal V (t ) = V .e

## is applied to a double differentiator. Find the output if

1.

a) Obtain an expression for rise time t r of an RC low pass filter in terms of upper 3 dB frequency f2.

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Code No: R22021

R10

SET - 2

5.

a) Draw the circuit diagram of Bootstrap time base generator and explain its operation with necessary waveforms. b) Compare the voltage and current time base generators with some examples.

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Write short notes on any three of the following a) Emitter- coupled clipper b) Ringing circuit. c) Triggering methods used in multivibrators d) Chopper amplifier

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a) Explain the terms Phase delay and Phase jitters. b)With the help of circuit diagram and waveforms explain frequency division by an Astable multivibrator.

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a) Explain the function of bi-directional sampling gates using transistors. What are the techniques employed to cancel the pedestal. b) Write the working of a monostable blocking oscillator (emitter timing) with neat circuit diagram & waveforms. And derive an expression for the pulse width.

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Code No: R22021

R10
II B.Tech II Semester, Regular Examinations, April 2012 PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (Com. To EEE, ECE, ECC, BME, EIE)

SET - 3

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry Equal Marks ~~~~~~~~~~*~~~~~~~~~~~

Max. Marks: 75

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Fig.2.3

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a) Explain the operation of fixed-bias binary with a triggering circuit and waveforms. b) Design a Schmitt trigger circuit to have UTP=6V and LTP=3V using silicon transistor Whose HFE(min)=40. Assume necessary data. a) What are the reasons for nonlinearity of sweep in current time base generators and explain how to rectify. b) With the help of circuit diagram explain the principle of operation of a constant current sweep circuit. 1 of 2

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a) Give the expression for rise time and fall time in terms of transistor parameters and operating currents. b) Explain the following: i) DTL NAND gate; ii) RTL NOR gate And also prove NAND gates and NOR gates are universal gates

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a) Draw the basic circuit diagram of negative peak clamper circuit and explain its operation. b) The input voltage Vi to the two level clipper is shown in fig.2.3 below varies linearly from 0 to 200V. Sketch the output voltage Vo to the same scale as the input voltage.

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a) Prove that for any periodic input waveform the average level of the steady state output signal from the RC high pass circuit is always zero. b) Derive an expression for the rise time of the output of a low pass RC circuit excited by a step input.

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Code No: R22021

R10

SET - 3

6.

a) Describe the method involved in the synchronization of voltage sweep waveform with a sinusoidal synchronization signal with neat waveforms. Infer the conditions to be fulfilled for perfect synchronization from the waveforms. b) Describe the method of synchronization of astable multivibrator with neat waveforms. a) Describe the operation of Bidirectional sampling gate using two diodes and derive the expression for gain, Vc(min) and V n(min) b) Explain the working of an RC-controlled Astable blocking oscillator with the help of circuit diagram and waveforms. Write short notes on any three of the following. a) RL and RLC circuits b) Phase delay & phase jitters c) balanced choppers. d) Transistorized Miller time base generator

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Code No: R22021

R10
II B.Tech II Semester, Regular Examinations, April 2012 PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (Com. To EEE, ECE, ECC, BME, EIE)

SET - 1 4

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry Equal Marks ~~~~~~~~~~*~~~~~~~~~~~

Max. Marks: 75

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a) Draw and explain the operation of a constant current sweep circuit and derive the expression for sweep voltage. b) How the linearity can be corrected through the adjustment of driving waveform. c) For the bootstrap sweep generator 1 KHz symmetrical square wave is applied. The circuit details are given below. Find the sweep amplitude, retrace time and recovery time. R E = 5 K, R B = 10 K, R = 10 K, C = 0.07 f , VC C = 10V & V EE = 10V Assume h fe = 50, hre = 2 10 4 , hoe = 1

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a) Illustrate the terms synchronization and frequency division of a sweep generator. b)With the help of neat waveforms explain sine wave frequency division with a sweep circuit.

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4.

a) Explain the reason for the occurrence of overshoot at the base of normally ON transistor of one shot. Derive an expression for overshoot. b) Consider a collector-coupled astable multivibrator using n-p-n silicon transistor. The circuit and device parameters are VCC =6 V, RC =560 , R=5.6 k , C=50 pF, hFE =40, rbb= 100 . Calculate the waveforms at the base and the collector of one transistor and plot to scale. Also find the recovery time and frequency of oscillations

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a) Explain the terms pertaining to transistor switching characteristics. i) Rise time; ii) Delay time; iii)Storage time; iv) Fall time b)Draw a positive NAND gate with diodes and transistor (DTL) and explain its operation What is meant by Fan out? Explain how to improve Fan out of the gate.

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2.

a) State and prove clamping circuit theorem. b) What are the different techniques used for temperature compensation of clippers? c) Write short notes on transistor clippers.

1.

a) Prove that a low pass RC circuit with a large time constant acts as an integrator. b) Derive the expression for percentage tilt of a square wave output of RC high pass circuit.

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Code No: R22021

R10

SET - 4

7.

Explain the operation of, a) monostable transistor blocking oscillator (base timing) with a circuit diagram and wave forms. Derive an expression for pulse width. b) Four diode sampling gate and discuss its properties. Write short notes on any three of the following a) RLC Ringing circuit b) Double differentiator c) Emitter coupled cipper d) Gated Astable multivibrator

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