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HEADQUAR 1TERS FORCE

454
51 May 1945.

A, P. . .758

The following information has beon received from Force 141:

Appn/615/435/

.I .5-3b.

M iOST SECRET APP "

...... o. Estimated. STREN_:GTh OF GROUND . certain Aerodromes in Sicily

A.

General (1) As the four aerodromes in question are in the concentration areas of first line divisions it is likely that considerable outside assistance will be available for their defcnce in addition to the A.A and static defence troops alrcady employed. (2) Mobile Dcfencc roeups ("Nuclei COlri ") improvisedto suit local requirements, but consisting generally of 600-800 men (lorrybor-ne) wcll equipped with A/Tk guns, H and L.M.Gs and some A.F.JVs (probably L.5 tanks or anmoured cars) will be s-tationed where they can best be einplo yd as Rserve Striking Forces ie the event of cnermy air or sea-borne landings in their proximity. An Order of Battle for these gr6ups is given on page 32 of Sicily Order of Battle dated 18th April 1943.

(5) German Air Force personncl are known to ;.man soem of the A.A defences. In estimating the strength of A.A personnel no difference has been made between Italian and Gcrman batteries.
(4) The estimates for A.A gunS etc, are based largely on C.I.U. Report XY.36 of 13th April 1943 after allowance has been made for a certain numbor of emplacemcnts being ermpty or dummy. This report should bo of considerable assistance in showing the extent of wiring, position of pill boxes etc. in the perimetcr of the acrodromos under consideration.

(5) It should be rem-mbered that in many cas es the A.A batteries arc sited for ground as well as A.A defecce, aed will therefore be of some value in a dual purposc role.
(6) Anti-Parachutist Grous ( Nuclei Antiparacadutisti) - small units of 25-50 men, specially trained in anti-parachutist warfare and working under command of the Coastal Battalions may be expected in the vicinity of aCrodrons. A li st of tlhse units with their location will be found in the Sicily Order of 3attle of 18th April 1945. B. SOUTHEiR SICILY

The two aerodromos under cc;nsideration are in the area covered by 54 and possibly by 4 Inf. Div. BI3CARI aerodrone is probably within the boundary of207 Coastal Div. and the def.rcesc of CHOISO are probably in 206 Coastal Div. area. (1) BISCARI AEROD R.IE H.. Lt. A.Ai AlA. Defences 12 48 -

1I.G.

A/Tk 8

o rtars 6

L.i'i.Gs Personnel 24 1,600 900

A.A.

8 12

Mobile Forces (Probably includes 250 Cav . and 16 Lt. tk. .) Static Dcfonco Tps. ( C. Bns .Miilitia and elemenits 54 Div.)

9 ' ' ^'

6
I

00

'? 1 .

-.

YJdihiiiaF

KYW
(1) Biscari Acrocdron.
II

A
4 u~E Pio rtars

cont)
IPT.
*

Lt.
* .i &Q

!' Gs

iA/Tk

L.I-,Gs

Pcrsonnol

Services ctci ( Carabini ri, Modical ,IIT Supply) TOTAL :


4-

500
I I
J ' . : r I

12
-j , I -*---

48

58
I 1,

12

15

84

4,500
- -

. 4- -,

(2)

COMISO A.RODRO.
.

Hy.
A *.A o

Lt.
;iN tiX

;
M1.Ga _ /Tk,

;MoIrtars

L,1H.Gs
_..,.

Pcrsonrnel
. i~. .

A.A. Defcncos Mobile Forces Static Defence Tps. (exclusive 1st line clemernts) Services etc. (Carabini ri, Medical, i.T Supply) TOTAIL:

20

2-4

1,500

24

80

2,300

..

.-

500

20

24

50

80

4,500

C.

EASTERi

SICILY

GE';INE, its 8-9 satcllitie landing grounds, and the acrodrome at At CATA'TIA come withilnLth a riea of 4 Inf Div and 215 Coastal Div. (1i ton) Fr ench Tan'iksCoys of which SCORDIA is a Battalion of iR35 The large Groups. have probably beoen allocated to the local Mobilo area suggesots that a considerable number of HiT units in the CATAiIA Those mobile forces part of the defence troops may b; lorry-borne. as reinforccemnts or reserves in the CATAN;IA area will bc availabl to the static acroerome defence troops. (1) CATAI.L.
RMEI AEROD

IC *;1

A* A
1. 0

Hi.

Lt.
sI .4 ;

-o

I 'L

MG.A/

ik

tars

L .i .Gs

Pe rsonn-cl

42 A.A Doefnccs (some of th , . may -efece bc for the d of the town)

54

12

-~

5,500

4 x 75 3iMobile Dcfonce guns (probably includos 16 L-- tks Mlot. M.G. Coy. ctc,) Static Defce Scrvices Tps -

12

16

24

900

24
-

8
-

9
-

40
-

2,000
500

TOTAL:

24 48 42 54 (.I- 4 x 75 ama gun s)

18

64

6,700

Described in .Ii

30-42 - p. 50-51.

(2)

CER3INI AERODBROME (oCbi. satelli ' ) it -I (Sbme of the dcefonrc troops may beo onployod at CATANI4) 1. iLtA. A.A, A.-. Mbrtars 9

,GiG A/Tk. 12 8

L.M.Gs 24

Personnel 2,000 800

A.A. Defonces

24

48

Miobile Defence (probably includes tks. Mot. M.G Coys etc) Static Defence Tps Services .TO^TAL:

? 12 guLia 24 (Div Arlty)

40

2 ,00

30 '2^1--624 48 (-'* 12 Fd guns) 645,,6o00

K.I.5

.b.

1st M1ay 1943

APP "B" LIGHT FLAK TO'JERS


Gorman Air ilinistry Orders dated iarch 19'2 refer to two typcs of Flak Tower, one for mountring the singl -. arr.elled J C lak Gun and the o-th.r, moro,,bsta-il. or roun;ing tho fo r-barrcllod 2 cm. 3.7 cm. or 5 cm. gun- or ithe 10 -S '-iroV; i jt. ietails Uo of the lighter tower are givn. but tl tp -ia 'cr o is a dsc. ibeo as b. ing capablo of

being taken to piccs

and as dac

i. rcd to

ir'ovia

con structed platfee.: i. e-od ed oun tr , _r lighUt Flak guns or searchlights; it is of stool cotru-tion thec coiaon lcim parts bi-ng fstened togothor by means of bnuts and'.- bolts, and may bo built up to 8 or 10 metres (26 or 33 ft) in height acosrding to requiro-cnts. Thcso details of vu-at iJs a-,pparEnly a standard typc of light Flak tower arc of intrcert as showig its mnobility and case of construction; towers of a similar kind, tihoght to be il;nSuod to Light Flak units as required, wore referred to in :,;I- 14 Periodical A,1,S. Jo. 5 Sec IV (1). As mentioned in the -a,..e sU;.a.ry, li 't Flk towrs up to 20 or 25 ctres L, I-L-C u I.or 2- mct c (66 or 82 ft) are also fr-pqucntly rportd fro photographic an.d other sources in nan.y parts of German-y and German-occupied countries.

a cood

anrd

juik!ly-

28 Fob 4

APP "C" FLAK TOIERS An anti-aircraft every direction down to fulfil this requirement on roof tops, either on buildings. In addition,
constructions,

varying from rclatively;ji

gu-i site Inaturally r :quires a cl;ar field of view in as low an angle of sight aspossiblo. In order to in builU-up are s the Grmians oftren mount light guns bu dirings costiutinutg a V.P. or on neighboring whin ci rcult a ; sc is mado of special
L

w3

buildings.

S,rato

croto

JC I H

^ ^ wvp

^r

probably mouftilng 20 mmn ( 79 in) guns, (v rrt ' i. many parts of Solmanry and Gormanroocctpiod countries. They are found not ohily in built-up areas, but also in woods in the ticinity of aerodro^es and otlher isolatd V.P s such as the DORTiMUID-:,1SiS aqueduct, 7 miles North of -rJiUlSTER, An incidental advantage derived from their iocatioyi amongst trees is that camouflage is facilit.ted and the usual till-talo tracks loading to the ponition cannot be soon from. the air. Detailed constructionial particulars wh'ich have bocn -taken from one unconfinmed but probably reliable report dcscribing one type of tower crected in Bclgium arc as follows :Four concrete blocks arc first set for the foundations. These arc usually 2 metres square and vary in depth from 1 to 2 metres. Three or four iron uprights are set in the concrete. The main structure consists of four poles of Niorwcgian pine, 18-25 metres high, measuring 30-35 cm. in diameoter at the bottom and 15-18 cm. at the top. Those are placed in the concrete blocks, the iron uprights maintaining them in place. The poles are connected at the 3idos by cross-pieces which are bolted to thoem Two plat orms are placed at the top of the tower. 'The lower platform is open at the sides and serves as a munitions store. The upper platform is provided with a wall about 7" thick made up of two wcoden fences, each about 1" thick, between which is a filling of bricks and sand. The wall is one metre high. The floor of the piatform is constructed as follows:Two wooden double supports, i.e. one support outside and one inside, are bolted to the niin pols. Iron girders, about 15 cm. high are then placcd across the supports and fixed to then. The girdcrs carry a sot of rafters on which the floor is finally laid. A movcablc type of ligiht tower has also boon roeorted; it is 8 metres high and is con-C ructcd of 20 D;J ivMan',an-.'.; a stoel tuboes It is thought that these tubes are of stranda'd pattrlc. n.d 1an beo isued to light Flak units as required. More heavil i co-s',Gr-.ict e : the gun crows, and .no hc r ypJ air-raid shelter at its basecr (2) -ewr include provision for accomodation for is- said to incorporate in addition a public

Rcinfo ced concrotte towrs o I ianTy reports have been received recently of the cot c onstruction of massive a roured "towers", on which are meunted not only light biut also heavy Flak guns. Onr of thc c "towcr- ; in the Ti garton in 3ERLINi, is described as a six,- toreyed sto;;l and concroto- building,r , 5^0 -^otros square, 0,/55 metres high and wi+th walls 1 metre thick. A"t each corner is a tower on which is mounted at la.st one 10.5 cm. gun and a numbebr of light guns; there are also iH G. posts at various elevations Thie buildings is said to provide accommodation for n staff of high rank, possibly p-rt of the Air Ministry.

Other reports of Ftlak to^wern being conltructcd on disused factory chimneys cut down to half their size, and on churches whose steeples have been broken off fcr the purpo':c, should obviously be discounted. It is clcar, hoaTcver. th-t -:.anyr ty es of towers h-ave been. constructed and improvi3sation to .nc-,t the n.led..: cf p-.ricular localities is a not unnatural
manifestatio

of the charat. "vin~4ln

;s

-,c-i

Ge n-^r

th.orougiuness. rt

4#
HEADQUARIT

'
FO CE 343

'

'i

*,P-

A.P.o, 758
.. .. d ,^ i
'

:
,1 T'

;,

26 may 1943

? ' fil**'.,,.Tut: ' .

CM AJ CQAST Thx

C JS

COAS ao.

DETIj3 E

The folloi:ng is a sutmn.iary of Genr-an defense works in FRATCE (NORTH i oS -and ATIT~TI CQGoastes only), -BELCTITI and EOLLAITD, as at present lknoln, wit B particular .reference to obstaacles of a1l types, ipersomnel shelters, magazlines, and .erlap3saements f or i,.c.";s and lilsht guas. "Emplac'ements 'Tor'field' .and coast-al guns are also discussed briefly,' and a nots on Petrolevua Warfare and Smoke is added ;at 4Eection SII. i. ,I 1. B:STACE:. .. W[ire on Beaches,.

:, In general tlierie are two or mere c-ontinuous bel-ts of wire along all openl beaches. TlIhey are normally 'sitted bet -- een .highl-ater mark and the foot of the dunes. !T e following type;-? are fotud: (a) Kzifie iests c o nsistin. of a wirire entanglemzent on close-spaced wooden trestlest.es . ecent- phortotgraphi.J s'low t hatiJ in scr ne cases such fences are mad;e of units with four- tres tles -v.i'th a. central cross--bar, -the units being, bound togethe r end to e nda -. -Heig ,, tb of obstacle about 4 ft. , ........ . .ofWidth obstacle , about l ft't, a. Distance beB twoen, irestles about 4 5-ft Length ol-trestle of unit U20 about 1i aft

(b) Ai o-fnce si,ng : or e L3e, supLported on 6 ft. _ 6 in. L section or, sc-rewlOsteel pickets, , 1usually sen:be.d0 ed in; cnLcrcot bilocks to a dep-th of about- 18 ,ins, Tlhere is often: a sing;le coil of' .dlatert-type wrrire iunder the t"a-ron! of .- heldouble-apron fence, aid .'so-jiotimos ano'ter coil along the top 4 of the f ence Hei g-ht of. obstacle '. . - 5 ft* Hei-ght of obstacle (awith coil on top) 7 - 8 ft Width of obstacle L.up to 9 ft.
(c) $_.!pl. 5 or 6 sttrand "catt-le " fences. Tro or three of thlese fences will always. ,be found togothc'r firoT 4 to 8 ft. apart, It is probable 'that the interval tbetwi-een thoiem is izn miuiany oases filled in with a wTire enlanglr,_lemnt. Such f4e-nces are also supported on 6 ft. 6 in. L-section or screw steel pickets. . eight of obstaclo l 5fto (d.): Coiled dannrcttJ wir, in single, o.ulb or triple coil. L-," sec'!tion ,or soCrew steel pickets aro mostly- Usod. Cases are 'ktiown, howevor, of siiCgle-coil bein'g supported. on siort, oncrete b'bllarcds in frontl of' boach pizllboes. Coiled w-irQ fences. are 'most favored. along thc' top of a seawall or promenade, especially at coastal tow-rs. (a) . 'i-_lwire .. , is of ten laid .in -front of the- xain wiro obstacle, - TIt is; laid .in a disionld pat-tern. botwrcen, the high-wvwater mark and 'bthe first continuOus wri'O. fence .

.,

*,, ... .. .: .
C

, eigt of ob stacle ' Leg t of Diagonal of diamonds p,IC, s c' ti'on ... t . Widh of obstacle ' '. .

4 .

6 in:,

12"'r 20 f't.'

. "

(fI) Ei c triio ire (tarkstroahindornis. his tlpe o o bstacle de-finitejly exis-ts la-in Jias occasionallyr boen -reportedo by reliablc sources
' ' ' , ':: ... . . . ' ; . . .

**'S.' 'X

*i

'* **'.*** **'gED. : *" :"

"

X: ? :>:i :sii !::: j 740 iiti~t :> :-

i ;

Mimi ,

as in use in BEICTIJU and FRANCE. Presumably the outer wire fence is electriElectrification can of course fied by means of an insulated H.T. cable. serve both as an obstacle in itself and as a warning device. Any tvwo or more of the above (g) Combination of the above te obstacles may be sited parallel to each other. A typical example of recent inmediately behind it a trestle fence, and some date consists of trip-iro,r 10 to 20 yards further back an apron fence; the total depth of the wired area may be about 30 to 60 yards. In same areas fences erected early in, 1942 consisted of two or three belts of wire, often all of the same type,, very close to each other and in all constituting an obstacle 25 ft, wide or more.. On the sea-front of towns there is generally an apron or trestle fence on the beach and a coiled-wire (or apron) fence on top of the sea-%wall. (h) Siting of wire on beaches., Wire seldom runs in a strailgt line for any considerable distance along a beach but generally follows a dogleg course,
In front of strongpoints the wiire generally runs parallel to the shore along

the entire length of the strongpoint area, either straight or in short zig-, zags' Between strongpoints it juts out from the line of the dunes towards the sea; the length of the arms of one 'dog-leg' may be over 100 yards (see sketch). Thus a considerable stretch. of wire can be enfiladed from each
strongpoint,

,
) X> -X.,X ,OrX ,,

:.
X X X X<

,:.

'

(i) Depth of wire round strongpoints. The distance between the outer and inner ware perimeter of a strongpoint varies according to the topography of the area and the importance of the installation. In some places

it

is as sarall as 30 to 60 yards, in others it may be between 70 and 130


or even as much as 200 yards. Wire below high water mark has been reported. This is certainly
not likely to form a serious obstacle on the ATLANTIC or

yards, (j)

not caomon and is

NORTH SEA Coasts,


(k) Anti-personnel mines and booby-traps may be expected in tire fences

and between parallel belts of wire, 2. Wire round defended localities.

Individual posts within a position are Similar to wire on beaches, often separated by wire. In general, the distance from the outer edge of the wire pernimeter to the nearest pillboxes or other firing posts is not less than 30 yards.

3.

Wire round fortified to7ns. double sur1), more ,

In the case of towns provided with perimeter defenses a single or belt of vire surrounds the entire town and strongpoints are general ly The types used are as above (para. rounded by a double belt of rireo Such vwire sometimes follows the line of hedges, ditches, etc., but is often laid in zig-zags in open country.
_ 22" '

**,

*,*

: ?:?,?

4.

Tire in gullies and. on cliffs

Gullies, "chiimnoys", otc,, providing a beacl cfi i .a'exb edi a4^ J entanglement of -viro, 20 ft, doop 'r mo.~roc The iare is often continued as a single fence along the., cli.f- ,t o, oe.ith' er sido of such a feature.

5*

Wir;e associato

;a

dt

0 .,chos. m.inof

.dll

wa 1ns s,

road blockss and other

kinds of obstace f.;


Sec below So..tin.s :Cr III! iEV Vo

6.

Typos of wir usodi, Apar-t fromn rdJinary, barbed Airo the enemy uses in some areas limit dl a'l4duuts aspecial. typo of . ireo ;ith a hard stool core of a which can only 1o: cu'- by stax.dard Briti:sh. Twiroe-cuttors wi-th groat difficulty. x In addition, P,7, havr:e
.

pokonn of t.~ho use of wiro made of sofit non-corrosive

metal roe-taigula;.a in suction and thick;r': than ordinary , arc. lionge r and nio.ro cl osely spacoed than. usual . .
l

viro .Th
, ,

barbs
..

ii.

-mg~anjjo,

u
..

..

:' *'*~g-u :i ' W * * .' * * ' *''*-.-- . - ... .*'' ; .' *1 *.''' *,. . The use of a-iti:porsonneol and anti-tank mines is now general along the .coasts' of :ITiAG., BELCTliU and HO.MiYD. Minefields are usually fenced off and posted witht Dangeo'" signsI [Lhoro is evidence that these notices are sometimes put up as a decoy in plac es whore .there are in fact no mines,

I I'.''~o L '

2.

Anti-personnel mines f..

: The only type of mine so far knonm to be in use i' the German S-mineo but standard Gernan types of buried 'charge are also used especially at beach exits. Minefields of Jf ls typo are normally found:
* . D

,.

(a) Rop'd * h . laid in .3 or 4 rouv

'x-"olf .. d.l'"f adL,": ii M ines are normally boti;'i/on iwc parlliel boltso viro, of As many as 6 rows

may be founds The distanc-e .t'bwuLn mines in any direction is 9 to 15 f.t; so that the depth of the rincfield wilill nor'.ally vary betrieeon 18 ft. and 75 ft .:-Scatter.ed mines may also be found under wire fences and outside the wire perimeter along likely lines of approach, (b) At infantry exits from beaches Minnefields are likely to be found
i turf :and in dunes in the roar of beaches, also in gullies and on clifftops near any infantry exit. Spacing of mines is probably at 9 to 15 ft. ..*nterva'ls'of i, 3 ft Mines are normally laid in belts of 3 or 4 roEs, vith a 1,
... . .:a

..

total length of 50 yards or more.


minefields in

It

is reasonable to suppose that large

open coutmry include several staggered belts. No

(c) Booby traps' Thero is little doubt that booby..traps are used. details are kno'n-.D.: FJor mined buildings see below Section II, para. 3.

3. Ani;Lan~

wca.o

. ermnan, .

. lher-,-. hire been many reports of German T-mines, and .r.ecently a few

reports of Fre.:,ch ar-ti-tank minoes '.withfuze type 36 :"Brettst lcl:ino:

Th

Kgu

'

is

also usoed

This consists of a metal case containing 1

of oexplosivoe

v-th boards fixed abov e and b.elow it .by. meas of wire.

The mine is; detonaltcd by. prossure on tle ..uppor. board*. 'Anti-tank mines are nonnally fod oud : . .

(a)'" At AF.V_

eoxi.tS from beachoes.

Small. groups of mines .ill

bo laid

.on the road or track and also .n

either side of it.

In many cases the mines

7ill be associated rith road blocks (ditches

waloon

the Ior road itself,

Several (b) In open country in dunes or grassland in rear of beaches, large minefields are knon to have boon lai'd vrarying in length between 50 yds and 500 ydso ' The greatest rldpth of any minefield, know. is -about 150 yds. about- 150, yds, ,Anti-tank 'mines The greatest deophi ''of' -any niil'nei eld kinow are laid about 5 yds apart in any direction, and normally in belts of 4 rows, each belt at least 50 yds longE A large minefield marf consist of several staggered beltso As in the case of anti-personnel minefields, there is usually nire along the front and rear edges of the mined areat
tiis

(c) At road junc tions and -road defiles up to 5 miles inland, especially at approaches to 'astoEagpoints arsd :". Con..Lj.ict-i^L withl road blocks. Groups of 5 to 8 mines a-r reported to be used at such positions either in 2 or 3 diagonally across the road. Other mines may be staggered rons9 cr i.n J..
laid in adjacent fields

(d) Anti-.tank minefields of the typ:e dscribed in (b) above are oc'cas ionally found in fields and meadows on the landward approaches to strongly

defended coast tovims .,

It

SREPARED
:1,

DEIOLITISSI

C4aterng

of Roadso

See bqlovz Section IV , parao 9t

2.

Mining of Bridgeso a re areasprepared for demolition, and charges .

Most bridges in coastal can be inserted at:short notice 3.

Mining of buildings on the sea-front

It is confi-rmed that' mines or explosive charges have been placed in many houses on the sea-front, especially in North FRANCE and BELGIUM, "It is not ali-ays clear in particular cases whether this is done (a) in connection vdth the o.xtensive clearance of buildings in and around defended localities (to clear c fiQld of fire or deprive an attacking enemy of covered approach to the' position) or' (b) as a form of booby trap.

4, Port Installations.
Quays, jetties and inoles at all important ports, including some inland
Excavations 6 ft, 6 in, deep and 2 ftp ports, are.prepared for demolitiono

7 in, in diameter have been made at 11 yard intervals along quays 2 to 3 ft from the edge. On moles, jetties etc., similar excavations are made in 2 cr 3 staggered rows . across the landward end of the structure (generally about 9 excavations in all) Nothing is knom pf the charges used, It i. probable that in'sbm& cases buildings in the port area are also prepared for. daolU-' tion in. the same vay and cranes are certainly so,. Port demolitions arebolioved to be controlled electrically from the naval port authority headquaarters, Vhich is generally situated in a.defended locality in the toVm,
IV, ROAD BLOCKS.
.....

1.' Concreto Wlalls.-

'

hiis is the commonest type of road block in''all strongly defended areas.
-'
:

~~ *'

r~m X

'^

1 F'~~ ' "' ;''\

'; *^

.. -

<;

-:'|

- tn Walls are used to block streets and roas' leading' frcm 'a" 'a streets inside the town at the aTa i:..?

,harbor, a nd its

lar-'dward sl'de; also well defined otho roads on the outskirts of the tn, on r i nth existing cf hul tp.t.-ore; ~ 'lck, exits fZrom openC. b-aches: R oad-: tie e7tire sa- front ai ' T-bstacl buildings will o-.ten f o.r: a contl^-o;^.

of a town.
The following typ .s of wall 2. a ....... ontiGnuou:tal/ '(a) .s rait
a f.cx;7:n

roadway and s id,,:walk,-:o ... .Th heiglt mri.es beoteen 6 ft and 8 St an.:l 13. ftbut is more oftea o.btw70eu. . u ve,;- .i fo nidat ions flt ; . .i. Lr t.. 8 ft 6 in. ;. The top o the'J J a Details of rei.nf 3rc, oment are not bcl-o; roun- o'rl . may' ie eabout 6 ftT-. . Reinforc-emont bars often' .j^.ar:C ho very7 stroig knmorn but it doe not . he 'top of thre owll and are use& to support a wire obstaclec .a.long project The back of The face of the. wail. ,maybe verti.cal or may have an orverhang
.the wall is geno.ar-:ll-y sl'oping a
.....

a;a.]o ari .it iclte O^

to tha l.ine^ f: s treetC,' across, tL ho-.all iay be as litt-le as 6 ft

. may h-ave a f .re-,step

for an anti-tank gun

built into itc

.a3.Ls _shaped are now being built across beach exits, especially (b) V .. on open beaches :aout;side -toins: They are V-shaped in plan with the point of Dimenssion of-ths s type of wall are similar to those the V to the frornt. . , described in parao (a) above Walls with gaps. In the interior and on the land ard side of towns (c) there is generalily a gap in the wall sufficient for one vehicle to pass at a time. This also applies to one or t-wo roads leading from the sea-front in ea.h.:tovm,- which the enemy require for their otrl use. In road-blocks of
thi.s kind the two .sections of wall may be d ted: .....

(i) ... Directly opposite each other so that the gap can be closed by girders, rails or gates fitted into sockets in the end of each sectjion. (see also para, 6 beloow); cr -e (ii) en chicaane! :, o:ie 'section on one side of the. road, so rmiLs sl..o doms and zig.-z.ag* re distance any vehisle passing throughtthat bet.ween' the ;two.:walls may be from 166 f t, upwards,There is often a ditch in front of continuous walls of (1) , .- , . , NOTE types (a) and (b) above, or a tank-trap in the form of a pit covered ivth planks or ne ttingo In BRITTANY rall road blocks are often made of stone (2) (principally granite). 2. Anti-tank ditches are found blocking roads, especially along coast roads There may be two ditches within a few yds of each other9 and country roads, At present a gap in the ditch for single traffic is lefto
-:. Thde ditch is i. WJ~idth of ditch D'epth of ditch 1 9 6-

12 ft 8 ft.

generally revetted (at, the back) with concrete and some-

times. entirely lined with concrete. often embedded in the concrete.

Steel rails projecting about 3 ft

are,

Dragons f teeth are used to block streets and exits from quays, also well'iefined' :beach exits, such as beach ramps, Knovmn instances of this typ_ of:

3.

obstacle consist o f 3 or 4 staggered rows,


; . .. . .

6 to 8 ft

apart.

The distance

. .

D .

. .~0

Jf

#'

-- -

- , .

.i

.. .. ..

, :L
2 'i':

;
fe

between teeth in one ro .is also about 6 to 8 ft; 3 ft. high* 4.

All dragons'

soon on air photocr.i-phs appcIsr to bo re!.la: .- a3:r!d: betwveo.:en 2 ft. r

teeth so far 6 in. and

Concrete. pi ra:^ usd -ij rc.e - t:a R ':r c;ti; drorA tatb -. axt also found across ho.:.love in 'i.unio b ;i.cb Pht. nig p. :1iJ an o:it foN:. vehicles. They are used in ore. w r:,: ^c ))osSi2.y rso..-,tiros in tdree ors,-, rlo- a'Tays staggered, In dun-Th cot..try t.h3iy re gcne a.;:,&.y on . fc.rward s1opo near a crest. The pillars are s.ct -cas r trocta;.. 1ido; -aot 3-fta in arc. 4. fto high, and sometiMaes:: cylin-rl'3. `a.l;;'3 3 lo ,, ;,: '-t .- i'incta-l 4_ -' : high ai g4 *
Jle.:!

5. RPail Tetraho3:L' iie.rm:d. J lii,.o of( " :.t:, used to block be-ah ox:.s :.2 ':b -989 prxn. '
the beach.
cone

r.to s or L-sectio:a -il

irons are

;:.

;.." s-trcot .CLoading fran


tie foz o of a at aLt tho tcpT

writhth
(i)

cOis: cy n ends

of w . tJ . They i o....... cf^ rail in .nobod-.i: in :o:^:reoteo a:u: boiltod to'O.h:e'

Thero-appear to be t-ro . .. t; -::: :

"p .. togethorabove ground-level, with

3 fto 3 iin. h:..ri,Tri h th- cnds bol.t:d:

(ii) 4lt, 6 i:^! higli bolted 3 ft the ends projecting abovr t1'io 'oi'i.

3 ine

6. Vertical .rail ar-o o-casi :.oally us3d, in two or tree rovs-.to- form blocks across streets or eil-dfi;-xod Oxit.s on open beaches. The rails are about 4 ft. high and are embedded in concrete blocks
7* Wire blocks (rber 'and iton atesichevax deris,
knife rests)

Road'locks consisti*ng of a wire entanglemont or fence at each side of the road i'tth:the gap between closed by movable gates of various types, were ccamon in 1942 but are' steadily bccominng rarer as the use of concrete walls, and other.types of obstacle described abovo increases. They may all be still in use, however., to: close gaps it concrete road-blocks (see para. l(c) above). Belgian Elements "C" are also used for this purpose (see below Section V, para '3 4:iv) ). . .

8*

Brick "walls are of to

kinds

.......

(a) Perimeter walls surr ounding the harbor area at a few ports. These a.e about 10 ft. high and not more than 3 ft. thick. There are loopholes
for small arms at intervals along the w7all.* .

(b) .Street-blocks in towns, also about 10 ft. high and 3 ft. thick.
These aire probably now being replaced to a large extent by concrete walls, and are not likely to be found at beach exits. 9,. ...ater.in of Roads.

a very f e cases beach roads have already been blocked in is knom.w of .the charges used .

Prepar;ation of roads for cratering has been reliably reported, and in


this way. Nothing

V. CONTINUOUS ANT-TMIIA3
1.

OBSTACLES (walls, dittches, scaffoldinag

inu^datibn :

Concrete Anti-tank tails

especially on the edge of a estuaries :of small streams, flo7outi. Thy are similar similar , (see above Section IV, para.

are found along the rear edge of beaches

sea-wall. They are also found across the with a gap in the middle to allow the water to in structure and dimensions to wall road-blocks l(a)). In addition to the type Tith vertical
i~c: , V

"

:IL,

face and rounded top, hovever, cca t6j' face curving outwards to overhang the beach; in this wall is flat.
NOTE: (a)
rhoro

olund with vertical case the top of the

possible an oxiqt.ing sea.-wal

tank wrall, by clearing .a;a-snrnd and gravelr. :i front of' it so as to increase the height of the vail and mak.e ar. adLtir onal dI tc l obstacle. On many beache this work requires constant ronoral, owing to the effect of storms and tides.

i"s adapted to form an anti-

(b) Tank traps in the form of camouflaged pits, are often placed in the vicinity of anti-tank nalls. The Germans consider this a very useful form of obstacle.

(c)

front of buildings botveen the streets or build a brick wall against the front of the buildings, than to build a continuous wall along the seaarrd edge of the promonadeo (d) the wall.
2.

anti-tank valls across streets leading from the beaches and to brick up the

On the sea-front of tonrs it is more canmon

to build concrete

intervals along its lengths and anti-tank guns may be mounted on firesteps * built into t b ba of the o ack the . here is generally wire along the top of Continuous anti-tank ditches are of tvwo main types

Pillboxes may be built into a continuous anti-tank tall at.

(a)

Round strongl defended ports.

Ditches of this type, found prin-

cipally in HOILLt. aD but also at a few places in R.ANCE and BELGIUM\, are all vater-obstacleso In general the vrldth of the ditch varies between 20 and 40 ft.; the depth is unknovns but has beon reported to be as much as 15 20 ft:' Most ditches follov a zig-.zag course with single stretches some hundreds of yards long, Near ST MIL0 there is a recently constructed canal 'some 3p0 ft wide which is of course a water-obstacle; the main function of this ambitious work is however uniknov.n North of FLUS:HNG there are two

ditches, roughly parallel to each other and about tvo miles apart, ThBere is generally a thin belt of vrre on the outside of the ditch. Behind the ditch there are strongpoints and isolated pillboxes at intervals, generally sited also protected by wire, which may be sited as much as 50 yds Back from the
ditch. to enfilade the zig-zag arms of the ditch; these defended localities are

(b) In front of or round defended localities, Such ditches are usually about 9 to 12 ft wide and possibly about 8 ft deep. On sandy beaches the ditch is generally revetted or lined with concrete or brick* They are commonlyr found: , (i) Completely surrounding strongpoints containing R.D.F. or other wireless installations, There is generally a thin belt of wire same 10 to 20 yards in .front of the ditch, and a thicker belt some 50 yds behind
it , -. . . . . .. . .i .

'(ii;) In -front of beach strongpoints of all, types (infantry, C.D. artiilery, A.A. artillery) at the foot of the dunes and behind the beach

wire 4..

out in:' 'beach some 10 or '20 yards in front of the wall, without revetthe ment; or it may be immediately in front of the vall, Vi -7

(iii) Along the sea-front of tovms, especially in front of an antitank vall' or sea-vall, A ditch of this kind is sometimes a hollow scooped

:v e, WC
j) I
'

MI

3.

Steel ScaffoZ ding . sh t.. .


' ;c,.in^a.nt3 C"

seafefolding obstacle sed by e'Bolgian 1"Elements C" ith brac> : ft;lraL-;oI.t .I:n0:f i l.cLong' anc l ft; high st ,.. consist of sect:i.oont O f s. o r .i O oXn llers arnd theo; oltcd oroe nto morve ing to the rear?; ti:'e sc;:od s a c egrce of elas ti a smaEll together t,. fox a coi).':i:.rIous l'n.ra f xo: buLt wri'.t ino long and ft 6i B-Eomonts C' consist of srmiLor un;ts city. The Frenchl 6 ft 6 inr high rwith bracing to the fronto -:.husg vhoreas the Belgian fype
"

.,. . . tho B';. ;Iho nearest appro ach, . to.: ........-ti . the Germans is the Bea:rgia.nl O:u F-re-.C

presents a vertica..

face -o tho enenay

the 'Frcnch typo presents a sloping

face, the object being apparontly to imakc


expose its underside to arnti--tank fiiro'a

th'e tara run up the obstacle and Obstacles of these- two types are

found:.
(i)

..

'
occasio nally i.n stretches over a mile Th* obstacle either ne

Along opon beacheon,

long, sometimes aaross the estu.aries of small, strane


follows

z tance in front of the dmues on a broad beach,- runs in a sigzag course, as in the case of beach wire (sOe:' above Secti.bn I, parao 1 (h)).
(ii) In front of and at flani app-roahes to defended localities.

a straight J.lne along th-o top of the beach, or,: if sited some dis-

A.ong oquays and jeclties (generaJ.ly as a stop-gap while con-(iii) .< ... sr tict bl;cks are be.n bl' 'orete walls or othQ.^ir ; * (iv) In sin.;gle. e::.e.Zon.l .: ad for streets, bridg .m; 1 !Osiy''
. . para. ;. .). .. p aa r . . .. *, .l . .C . .......

:.:c..s

th-e Paelgijan type as movable barriers -. a'iL-iy l.nes'(see above Section IV, ;
C. - . ,

4.. Inundations,
. . . '4 . , .. -. .. . -

. . - 7

-:; In areas where there are sia., usually at a bridage. and


(.'o:.l..Li'

rir

s'2T.s o: .T:s :tr

ith. nrrow estuaries

anda !fairly wi.de f-.at . a. olloly behi.nd,

tho. pra-tice o.f dclaing up the estuary,

.z-7 of vator -bys.,omeo sort of: i;the f: Wiay arclas aup t-o three miles inland and up ts cno. .sluice i faily to one. mi.le .broad can be' flood.a, ,in 'oemrgncry so as toe 'forma a ba.rrior to troops and vehicleas
VI. 11D ?ERSOIi1q1EL 2LEL
.E .

3
-B

INIZrE'.
. .

. Concrete shelters anI m.~itga.,i.L.. are installed at all strongly defended so : eors o-f theo c ast dugouts, s-ndbagged t.t s In los m.;.o:l:r localities found% t :einforcemo.nt are still ait-ai conTcret s' o ltors she-lters and -rick orthe. por tion y undeound; ccps. i:impossible to,'ubil..J shQlt.. ,o:s T.here itsi Go.enerally to a depth of 3 ft. above grounLd-level is covyredl w.tnh e.arth Access is by stops or sloping corridor, revetted with brick or concrete.
Moreovoro sh.olters and magazines are generally connected. Tith firing posi-

revetted with brick or concrete and often covered in; tions by a trench., linked up to provide a continuous ccmnunication system .;are these trenches .;he -strengt} throughoat thel strongpointo All shelters are of standard typeso of reinforcement- varies with the type, ad is described below hrhere knovM*,
The entrances to all kmnova shelters are zig-zag and are protected by fire

In additionr most -types may have one or twofrom one or more loopholes, Tobruk-ttype .cupolas built into the roof for small amns or signals purposes.
(See below Section VIIi. B. a))
i: .

The follovang types are aknornn (moasurements given of lengths height are exterior measuremonts);
,' 8 , . ' * ,

iadth and

i.

(i)

TVyp3 la (magazine L - ength Widlth


jf l

1 ccimpar'lote

6I in.' "
i" .-. ti

ikness

of wall

Thickness of roof (ii) Type 2a (magazine,

itc2re.. 3 ftc or moreo4 34 ft. 6 in.


31 ft.

"bF i

Li

p:ii

2 compartments)

Length
Width

Thickness of wall Thickness of roof (iii)

6 ft 6 ft.

6 in. 6 in.

(possibly only 4'6") (possibly only 4'6")

Type 501 (personnel shelter, 1 compartment) 40 ftO approx. Length


Width Thickness of wall Thickness of roof 31 ft. 3 in. 6 fto 6 in. 6 in. 6 ft.

The roenforcoment is probably similar to that used in typo 608 There are probably 8 rows of reinforcement in the sholter. walls There is also good evidence that steel girders or rails are used to reinforce the roof. (iv) 02 (personnel shelter, 2 compartments). 47 ft. 6 in. Length 3 in. 31 ft. WliJidth 6 ft. 6 in. Thickness of wall 6 ft. 6 in. Thickness of roof For reinforcement see above - type 501. Type

(v)

Type V.F.7. (generally magazine, also used for kitchens, first aid posts, etc.) 36 fto Length 33 ft. Width ? Thickness of wall ? Thickness of roof
NOTS: There is also a Type VF.7.B. whiph probably is essentially the same as the V.F.7.

(vi)

Type V.F.2. This is a small shelters mostly underground but with the front face exposed. It is probable that it is in fact a pillbox with a loophole in front. Type 608 (Battalio n, or Brigade or equivalent HQ. shelter, 8 conmpartments). 50 ft. Length 45 ft. 3 ins Width 6 in, Height (Incl floor) 16 ft. 6 ft. 6 in. Thickness of wall 6 ft. 6 in. Thickness ofroof Reinforcement of the roof consists of spotwelded mats (similar to our B.R.Co fabric) in 7 in. squares; the mats are 7 in. apart. The diameter of the rods used is about 15 mm. The walls are more lightly reinforced; possibly they have only 7 mats.

(vii)

(viii)

TYpe 618 (Division al (?) -9-

or equivalent HQ.

shelter: 18 (?)

MINNOW $

Lj

-1; L..

L
.1 ;~

3-3 nr~~~~~~i

'I

Cl(LI'j ,

-i

o .N ,Gi. :

Th1i.cn
(ix)

Oc: ' 0 F

, ( 011) IpJ r:

6I .1... ; 1- ,1. C' t (I -,I


cU :in

Type 629 (shel.ter for anti-tank gun and detachment,


mlOntsS

2 compart-

L3igth Wvidth Height (incio floor) Thicie Oss of 13val icIlnoss of roof .. Total anouo.-i of c oncrete used

36 ft. 4 ino 35 fto 9 in, 5J1 r:. 6 fto 6 in. 6 ft- 6 in 0 65 cu. miters.

(x)

Type 117A

Ni3CT.

Divisional (?) o orequzivalent HQ. shelter: 17 (?) c oilmpar'tlml ) ents) iLngth 70 ft 10 ins iQ1dth 6 ftc 6 inh Tnihcckess of wall ? 6 ft. 6 ij.l ThCickniess of roof ? 6 f to 6 in ,hiSi is. prestumab.y a variant of a ype 117, one possible eXa-mpre of v-hich is kI nocv

(xi)

Type TL9 {.l:e_ Leitstand). (Coastal Battery Observation and Canmand Posts 9 co mpartnents)

axi&.:num length ,Ma.:arnumwTidth


Forw7a.rd Obsorvation Room Length .. .. *Wd ' h "dh Rear Bay Lenguth lThickness of wa._L Thi ck..ess of roof (xii) A.not.her type '"L.
SType

67 f'o 6 in, 55 f G t
ft6 22 ft.

6 in.

12 ft, 6 in. i? ft.. 6 f t. 6 fto 6 6 in. 6 in

(? (?)

of Battery Observation'and Command Post similar to is .know.. This typ. is probably obsolescent but still exists :Li s -OioL<- a..cea: o One healq-artI;ers sholtar rmeasu.rin.ng app-roxrmately 1?0 ft by 57 ft.o has bOset; se3i1i 0. air :photeographs. This type is otherwise
U.0 JZa ;

(xiii)

hog.ai

x-iv)

SOntry'bx, ^oox R'einforced concrete sentry-boxes rith stecl doora. are iLl use, i:.hey are cylindrical in shapeo pointed at the top. There are probably observation slits in the walls. It is possible that other, types exist; a hexagonal type, rith observation slits in all six walls has been reportedo Cupolas or Tobruk posts o.iUhor :(co-fs of shelters have also the func tion of sentry-

VII. GCOM

NS3J?1} SHETJ=SS IJD (T -E

CT omo iacr.ent on the roof are

The fo3.lovwi rng tj.poe3s of) shietcr with a


knowmn?

a)

oL'heltors

resembling a T

i/pllan.

Those are partly underground;

.'.".... ; .,::

.
Cg,1

1.:
1~7

.:S |.|.
k

;uith nettilng rt. ciaeoula nacoo-re .tfor a light r emplac t-h T is a c c:u.: mnt O T-.s-c i the .slol.or thr, aro t-: separate compartments coastal or A.A, gur on. for the gun creo and f.c::a -;aii
the part above r--md r On the roof ovS-.

(b) Light A.A;, Guii- placemennts, consisting of a rectangular shelter partly underground, wi1- an octagonal gun emplacement on the roof. The part to the level of the paraof the shelter above ground is heaped dwith eart.E There is an inside stairway fraci the crew's pet of the gun-emplacement. quarters to the roof. Length Width Height Height above ground level Height of parapet on roof Thickness of wall Thickness of roof 14 13 19 13 2 3 ft. ?.t. :'t it. ft. ft. 6 in. 6 in. 7i in. 3 in.

4 ft. 6 in.

(?)

(c) Heavy AAo Egun emplacements, consisting of a raised concrete structure subsequently heaped up iith earth at the sides, have been soon on air The interior layout is not known but presumably there is a photographs. shelter for the crew urder the gm-.platform as in type (b) above. VTII. PI.LBCWES. A. 'Hith firing slits i:,i walls.

In general open emplacements for M.G.s and light weapons are preferred to pillboxes with loopholes of the ordinary type' For the Tobruk-type MEG. post and armored M.G. posts, which are much used, see below. Nevertheless pillboxes are found especially in the following positions: (1) (2) Built on or into the sea-wall at towns. Built into Anti-tank walls.

(3) Inside towns, inland at road junctions and at the approaches to key points (e.g. post offices, port installations). These are often of unreinforced concrete, or even of brick*
(4) On open beaches covering tw ell-defined beach exits. NOTE: Tank traps, in the form of pits covered with planks or netting are believed to be common at the approaches to pillboxes, both in front and in rear. A considerable variety of types is used. The following are standard:

(a) For 1 heavy M.Go and 6 men


(b) For 2 heavy M.Gbs and 12 men

)
) Details unknow.

This is (c) For 2 heavy M.G.s mounted in the end-valls. found sometimes on line,, and certainly used in the SIEC-FRIED the Occupied countries, but certainly NOT common there. The built into the side of a hill and the M.G.s cover the slopes slit

a type much the coast of pillbox is on either flank.

(d) For Anti-tank guns (or heavy MIG.s), a type with a very wido firing along the whole of the front mall. (e) For Anti-tarn gun and heavy M.G. coaxially mounted. The mounting

aII

; U

Ev fi

is

a tank mou:t.ilG

(,slly

,Gha

,7

c..m

at-

'r

it

eid L..;n:: -the i1to

front wall of thj-.e ,5

L.,

' (f) "Mushro:om.-pos i(f-.lz-estcGni) for o1i3 man with ant automatic weapon. Little is known of t. hs typ? except that. it is much used, especially along roads, and that iTv of a steel cylinder with a mushroom-like turret oonsist' vith wide firing sliti onr top, I t is probably about 6 ft. 6 in. high and the cylindrical part has a diameter of about 3 ft.

B.

ith aprture or turret in roof.

(a) A type of Mr.Go post much favored by the Germans in coastal strongpoints is the so-called :'Tobruk emplacement,"(Tohr'-stellung) probably developed from a similar British type used at Tr-zRi'OKo This consists of an underground shelter conmected by steps or a short passage with a hexagonal chamber, the top of which i, at ground level. In the roof of this chamber is a circular aperture, 2 ft- 7-, in. in diameter, in which an M.G. is mounted. The primary use of t;he o0bruk post is for A.A. defense. On the sea-front of towns the shelter is sometimes the fortified cellar of a house with an underground passage leading under the promenade to the M.G. post on the edge of the sea wall. NOTE: Tobruk emplacimeits may also bo built into the roof of practically any type of shelter, especially headquarter shelters.

(b) The armored McGo post (Betonstellung mit Panzerkuppel) is similar in design to the Tobruk--typ, but instead of an aperture has a tank turret (generally from an old French tank) or similar cupola mounted in the roof. The armament may be an anti-tank gun (generally 4-7 cm.) or M.G., or both coaxially mounted. The turret traverses through 360. This type of position is also much favored in coastal positionso Tank turrets, like Tobrukposts, are also found mounted on the edge of a sea wall or on the end of a harbor mole, access to the shelter underneath being either by an underground passage from the cellar of a nearby house or by a manhole near the turreto IX. OPEK SHELT ERS, BEPIITA.C. TS FOR MoG.s s ANTI-TAK GUNS A$D TANM3.

6 in3 posts about 4 ft. shoe aped G . MG (a) Open circular or horsesoe below ground levels and about 8 to 10 ft in diameter. The floor is of concrete, the revetting and. parapet wall generally of brick. In the center is a concrete-block on which the oM~G- is mounted. Access is from the rear by an ope. corridor- (probably- tepped) or unmdrground passageo (See sketch).

\i ihot s

-M
/

\(S

00

e/

e7c/

...

"-----',--! _KTL..,

(b) D]ugiJ. II-J, psts are kni.m, but probably exist only as temporary positions till for-sifiedpoosts are available9 or in lightly defended areas. They coresist of a semi-circular pit of 7 ft, diameter and about 4 ft, 6 in. deept The spoil isnoaped in front in a semi-circle fonning a parapet about 10 in highi (See sket1ch,)

_'f'

/ y~

^I~~~PJTCE 1
. r32 4.

7"TON

l2 . } _

<
B p~1

.n-: . i-etan .g~rn emplacements are common at '.Ln. a- >-a:. . Open ci^cu:aR (c) They may be from 10 to and jumc ions aroadlbri dges. a-: all strongpoi-ats ac3( at ge;:rally ,o.nnected by an underground passage, :bey r in diamet - . 15 ft. covered position. l7:i..1 a , el1ter or othe:l which may be roofed oar-;h
Tt

(d)

"tTable

^--

..o.i

..

fgr

gi
"C.

a is

t-.--f'wa feew places. t a

They consist of a ::t.'_re pft cor,......: .r i a rien short leg s (3Sec sk-c:

wJvfithn a cozcrete slab supported on four .L ri r. ot n

tC-_^t

,c

t e. r-

Aun,

: near bridges and road-juncspcially n"Tank-bays' .are. c0:.s-tru crteo (e) :tions but also on b:e:aces as fi i.i-nog ositi.ons cfr tanks in a static defense 3.n opening in rear for the -. it -a.ls They usu.:al: c2onsis o'f thlreel role. enough to protect va:il i s hlighi ara':cet of te T.., ilo pI tank to move i5.1n . :1l c Most of the tanks used in this ftL the chassis of the ti'L- l.-e,' abou way are old French euipm..i-n..
,_.iCflu, G1. uX. ; , .

caiber r.-hmitzors of 4 i o ge i.s.I . (a) F..; . F i iJ.te-rio di.aneer.. 'Tey take a'bcu 25 to 30 :-.t .v.'& are generally circuiar T.h.e 'o.eep, spoil b ing used to forn an 3 . b^t io-, a.. :' the form o.f c il> l Thers is an opening -. < ic f-, ' ] asi:^.h'La a -- _.ich may '-1:-'1 parapet; earthen
in the parape'- i.a roear o :.:.t g'i .:,

a (h) Med:.iu'r ar.'] heawi b c a 3 ow t 2-12 hqos


Cc. A)~

~.

e:l'alacemo-tos are similar in design. For - OG' .!',i..' 'tr O 123.5 cimrn houss. a muc.h a.s a :|.y di1etr., '; -y fL
.

o t7wa~i

T 3.Ce

g in
ro...in

palt :f

or..z is

to

4
in

ft.

be3.ow ground level;

the

immediate sup.pl

of aw'nii;-

.s kel.tv

-niciLes i
in te.

the parapet v

. mrountings. espe.ially for'o 6 in: gunS,


raised conor-.3- ujloc1

of The commonest tpe . :.lla consists ofd a .:otel frame pivoting on a emplac.emnt The

h center of th

wheels

of the

runs mehe a;n the end pofthe trail e fme io , 'i.'o ag a-.s . ' guo'r., For guns of lighter rou:. the c-r.-uereNce cf the emplecar:enaoo on a re.a There are generally cd.Tar platg:or mo:rti:,lg is also csmmlon ca.iber a-;;
0.. co=ur.-Jia tilor trenrIe I s" ', grou','.id pers,-.
.

;1 ned v;. th con?..-:ro' e or'birik, .nL ,r am.d ".,'"'nu


of .iO.-,'a"T,"-Cr

leading to the under-

t-h e gun.

- 18 - 2 fat2 :.. ga: e.pladoenf ' mn.- gixi e.;icla'?eient-i . 27 '- 30 ft C: i. i' I:;u.t!r;:ior diaL:.e'Cbr of 6 :in' gu'n ernplacemetnt - L.O ;-- 45 ft *-- ';,"1or : .. ,'Le.'i.c? : di r' of di -a:.stcr.

'' rallr

the case of medium and heavy guns have genetu.rret-moun Wiags and arn underground magazine immediately in rear of
t

Naval. 'a./ N...,

in coast guns ...in O

1 -3

V A C---

K ,

t -^

*,;

'M

(? q;

iaB

the emplacemento A few concrete protection for and roof at least 10 ft ment, in which case the lery. (e)

heavy batteries cn the rHJ-lNE1 C ,oa .i.v a.ditional the gun-turrets in the tfor.l of cas muates with walls thick. Light naval batteries often have field equipemplacements resemble those of the Army coast artil-

95 ft.

Railway guns are usually mounted on turntables, mostly of 75 ft. or diameter. A few batteries of lighter caliber have positions on spurs.

(f) Heavy Ao.A. gun emplaceents are normally square, the internal measurement being 25 ft x 25 fto Fortified positions on the coast have 4 ft. high parapet walls of concrete; older positions have earth parapets. (See also above Section TVEl(-))o Heavy A,,Ao guns, especially those which have a coast defense role: nay bavr a steel shield or even, in a few cases, a ccrnplete turreto (g) Light AAJ eoamp3.acements are also square vith 10 to 15 ft. side according to the caliber of the guno (See also above Section VII(b)). Light guns are sometimes mounted on wooden towers up to 65 ft. high, or on movable towers of tubular steel 26 ftQ high (h) Searchlights on beaches are normally mounted in circular emplacements of concrete or brick with a low parapet wall. Searchlights of the 24 in. type have emplacements of about 15 ft. diameter. Larger searchlights used by the A.Ao artillery are in 24 ft. emplacements, generally with an earth parapet, if they are sited back from the coast. XI * ARTILTEURY OBSRVATIOT POSTS.

As a general rule a:ll (3P. s are situated within a defended locality. 1. For concrete battery vOoP, and Command Post see above Section VI (xi) and

(xii).
2. "Fortress" observation posts are sometimes in the form of a revolving steel cupola mounted on the roof of an underground shelter. This type contains a Barr and Stroud type horizontal base range-finder. Some OoP.'s are o;.i teoers or in the upper stories of civilian buildings. Field artillery 3oP^ es are frequently at the top of the nearest church tower ? especially in the LOW COIUTRIES o MCIgE

3.

ZII. PETRO`EUT-XJiTM T7[RFAIE A2JD


(:a)

Petroleum,arfarer

It is considereC p-rzobable that petroleum warfare devices are being incorprca.ted at present into the general defense scheme in highly defended areas . Tnfca try positions.; especially on the sea-front at tonms are equipped with fl':methrowers of the ordinary types. There is evidence that flame projector.s are being installed in. concrete pillboxes. The length of the flame, eitt;l-t.d is not kno-wn.o Flamse barrage tests are reported to have been carried out on one beachl, Fleats filled with petroleum were ignited electrically and a sheet of flame produced on the water, it is NOT knom whether the tests were conw sidered successful enough for the device to be adopted. To be effective, such a barirage would require large quantities of petrol and ideal climatic
corition ;l

sA C~1'1Cl~i i~nS14 -T~L

OI Ji pt RS ~~I~~~~~""I iE'::L',~4~.

VP,-~ j
(b) Smoke.

h~~~~~~~4
i1 i*

r-,,a :, t ';"J ; r ii

;:

$S'oke generators sinilar to those used for the anti-aircraft defense of some ports have recently been reported along one section of the coast. The projectors consist of round metal containers, 70 cms. high and 40 to 50 cms. in diameterj installed at 50 yard intervals along the coast road. On top of the container there is a single filler cap and a spout ending in a diffuser rose0 The smoke generated from the liquid in the containers is stated to be odorless and harmless though possessing a slightly irritant property-

(NOTE,

a2, b b

r3ti,.

:T<:

^- FM

docurment,

dated 28 March 1943.)

aU kLD 31
- 15

i1
j;

I,
"

G-LAZETTEER OF

SiCi L 11614

'

G.S.G.So.

1 /
Acate River Aci Bonaccorsi Aci Castell].o Aci Catena 27 2/ '3223 270/ 589o 270/ O1081. 270/ 0089

0oo,ooo
*Al'bo:.'onrc, e
Alt'olia
Allbelia

Aci Phatani Acireale Aci S. Antonio Aci S. Lucia


Aci S. Filippo Aci Trezza .cquacalda (Lipari Is.) Aqua dei Corsari Acquaficara Acqua Palslamba Acquasanta Acquavaiva Platani Acquaviva Station Acque Dolci Addolorata Aderno

270/ 2'70/ 270/ 270/


270/ 270/ 24I/ 2/ 253/ 277/ 2)49/ 267/ 267/ 252/ 253/ 269/

0290 0391 9990 0091


03188 0285 8191

A.nbra, Costa dell 1 Anapo Ri.ver Anipro, Puint. Annunziatella Antillo Api, PiLano d'
Aquaz'one

249/ 253/ 273/ 277/ 274/ 277/ 262/ 270/ 254/ 2b9/ 267/ 267/ 257/ 253/ 262/ 257/ 260/ 21b8/ 2149/ 277/ 248/

254/ 3249

3738 261.3 7553 9388 9936 9989

5o'l

Aquino

Aragona
Aragona-Caldare Station Arceri, Casa

o548 0189 l.l.1 7L86 7185 5240 Q960

Archi
' Arc itfi; Torre

Adonni, Madonna Adragna, Bagnio Adlrano Aegates Islands Aeolian Islands Agira Agliacastro Agnelleria Station Agnone AGRIGEITO (Girgenti) Aguzza, Punta Aia Scarpaci
Aidone Alba, Torre Albospino Alcaxno Alcamo-Calatafin Station Alca.no-Dirramazione Station AlcamnovIarina Alcazitara River Alcar'nara Station Alcara li Fusi .Asessandria della Rocca
Algo, Plrta d.t

'7496 274/ O.455 2)18/ 79u1 261/ 7397 256 21h . 269/ 1..695 277/ 8995 269/ 8081 27)1/ 975'7 271/ 6357 270/ 0183 25:3/ 0551
268/ 2149/ 269/ 25:8/ 257/ 257/ 248/ 262/ 262/ 252/ 267/ 3869 1850 5272 0932 0527 0531 0637 8622

fAc iarito Arcipm'anpini Arena, Seno dell'


Arenella

Asinaro Rir er Aspinelli, LI Aspra Aspra, Monte d' Assoro AUGUSTA Avidos (Augusta) Avola Avola, Marina dt

250/ 55f45

0931 0093 3667 391i1 6567 67614 6830 1256 0702 3716 0907 8748 4550 9709 7041

250/ 5745
268/ 3792 274/ 0848 277/ 0112 277/ 0212

274/ 0846

Baca cinulto

Badalal Badaine

Villa Ponte

Badia
Badiazza Bafforasso

267/ 7667 270/ 998L 249/ 4244

25V/ 3352

Ali Ali Marina /alia


Alia Halt Alicudi Island Aliga, Cava d.' ialiga, Punta d' A.limene, .amin.i.sans Allegracori Altarella Altarello Altavilla, Casa Altavilla Milicia

Bagheria Baglio (Mtessina) o01L Bagni Molinella 6236 Balata di Baida 5286 Balata di M..odica 256/ 6215 Balatelle 253/ 2437 Bal.estrate (Sicciara) 2,53/ 2535 Ballotta 259/ 7509 Banca, Lal
6935 3093 6192 6092 1099 8118 8621 0C)02 40146 6221 6037 Bnmdello3 Fattoria di

254/ 3258 272/ 3247 250/ 5542

25U/ 3358 266/ 2078


248/ 9136 276/ 7218 270/ 0193

249/ 1140
257/ 6826 277/ 9802

273/ 2141 inset/ 276/ 276/ 260/ 259/ 262/ 262/ 2h9/ 256/ 250/

Bandit a
Baracca Barbera

276/ h306 249/ 4844 262/ 1927 249/ 14454


273/ 269/ 253/ 272/

265/ o689 8251 7781 0649 2534

Barbera, La Barboj anni Barca, La Ponte Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto 3ariolo Barone

253/ 0956

I~~~r~ ~ '

le'.

Barr a rafrnca Barrai'ello, Punta di Bcarriera Barriera (Catania) Barriera Bartolo, Di

268/ 1863 21.9/ 3657 270/ 0386


270/ 94.82

3ie l4t;i, 13 Bstsc.a BSriga


Brolo

C.se

Basico Basiluzzo Island Bastione Basitonac a


Batia

Batticana River
Belhemi, Cape Belice River, Mouth of Belice Destro River Belice Sinistro River

270/ 9694 33rolo, Scoglio di Bironte 270/ 9.481 253/ 931.1 l3ruca Bnicoli 211.4/ 9607 253/ o654 i'1.calo Buc cheri 273/ 5025 2Bccheri Stabtion 253,/ 0o542 Seno tk Marino 28/, 34i09 a Nfu9 COla 2 3/ 21)60 2LL9/ 2135 :Urgio
2658/ 1914

2762 26~f 254/ 252/ 252/ 261/ 257/ 274/ 262/ 273/ 273 2)484 266/ 277/ 27W 273/ 258/

6522 9190 28)43 7251 7152 7210 9428 0554 2129 7436 '7)439 88W) 37 89 9393 361O6 7832 11.3

258/. 1908 0. 253/ 1908


268Z 3}1.6,7 20 17/ 1

Dusacca,

Bellia Stat:ion Belliscala


Belmoente mlezzagno Belpasso Belpasso River Belvedere ( Syracuse ) loerdia Berretta, Coala

'Busecchio BI eto Pailizzolo

e 1,' C J usc ri

Casa

Bertuccia
Bertuccio, Casa Besaro, POnte Bettanvietra, Torrente Bianca, Cala Bianca, Puxta Bian cavilla Bianco, Ccpe

Biclhigi
Bicocca Station Biddiemi CaSa

Biddusa, Ponte Bifarera I-Ilt


Bis acquino Biscari Discari Station Biscianie Punbta

Butera Station )68 2t9/ 270/, 8687 Torren-e z 270/ 8782 2714/ 0733 257/ 37141 cca-o 2148/ 94LC5 Cadorirni,. Pwuta 270/ 9162 Ca:ffaroli, Casa 270/ 9180 268/ 0670 Calaber'nardo Ccalgero, Casa 266/ 2878 21)8/ 9940 COalmonaci 271/ 69;1 t. Calana Calarastonc 269/ 7694 266/ 3565 CIlascibottai Cl1atabinmo 261/ 6906 CALATA' IiM 270/ 9274 Cal.nlatafid. St-ation 276/ 4902
257/ 8312

272/ 16.13 272/ 1438 2 r2/ 1236


259/ 7125

218/ 8636

Bisciano
Bittatermii Casi B3iviere Lagoon

258/ 258/ 273/ 2735/ 257/ 257/ 272/

2972/ 29221

L221 3501 14426 3822 6b)02 6929 2329

Calava, capc aca-arelli Coidcrax C2Caldura (Cefalu) Caldura, Torre Callri Caltagirono
CAiLTANISSETTA

GCalatubo

Castbe,llo di

274/ 268/ 277/ 266/ 266 262/ 272/ 268/ 262/ 257/, 257/

1328 0095 0108 2180 38l1 0701 2727 2488 0614 0024 9927 0211 3185; 0237 0337 6747 4648 05;76 0582 9013 2759 2759 3255 3255 8050 5102 3808 1869 34.07 6693 7095 90551 8993 9032 3605 7579 7279 0756 8590 2022 8885 9682 0984 9800 8662 9526

Biv ierer Bivona


Bivona

-Ponte di

Blufi
Boc cadilalco

Bolognetta
Bompensiiere Bompietro

Bonfornello Station Bongiardo Bonico, Putta Bordonro Borget-to

2)/3939 3939 2491/ 266/ )92 91 272/ 2726 260/ 01(5 2)49/ 3846 259/ 5229 267/ 8075 260/ 0905 259/ 8330 262/ 0099 254,/ 249/ 270/ 2)48/ 260/ 261/

ba-Xirbi L Station Co talais ,sct alta tiuro Calvroso


COvaru.so

' 0 C0ma 0 C l r cma C stra Cm2,astra Ca le n i I Li Camerina, Pmuta dcl

260/ 268/ 251/ 251/ 273/ 273/ 268/ 268/ 259/ 253/ 254/ 251/ 25a/
249/

0335

274/ 0356
3154 2L439 9681 7336 2199 5512 7500 7(820 8789 960)o 1828 2332 8581 8747

Ctnafrico
Cnimarata cai'.mar.ata C Camuarot:ba Station Clcalpobello ci. Lic;a Campobollo di MIiaza: ra alia Cnmp Folice di Fi'c. CamCpofolice di Rocc ;ella Cmipofiorito Cripofrnamc Coipofranco Stc:ior1 Caripolaso, Cape Campona Cat poreale Carporotondo Etneo Canalicchio Can-arina, Casa Cancellicro CijICii' TI

i) Borgo Annunziata (Trapc0-9Y Borgo ifilletari Borgonovo, Ponte Borgo Regalmiri Borrniia Borrello Bottaro Islmnd Botte Catalano
Botteghelle

Borgo (Catania)

Bottoga, Bivio Bove,-^-C ala del Braccetto, 6 ontrada Braccetto, Punta Brancaccio Brmico Piccolop Punta -:-Biviero
Bove
i3arino

Punta

257/ 270/ 211O,!/ 262/ 262/ 270/ 2)48/ 277/ Q999 202 276/ L 276/ 4101 21.9/ h4644
~ O i

259/

271/ 276/ 275/ 268/ 258/ 267/ 267/ 271/ 265/ 259/ 259/ 258/ 267/ 267/ 274/ 265/ 258/ 270/ 270/ 266/ 262/ 267/ 274/

4045

*i

Canigliari Ferr-aro Cannarella Canne, Fondaco delle Canneto (Lipari Is.)


Canneto

CAT

269/ 4773 21Z/ 8488 251/ 3134

Cannistra Cannizzaro Cantera Lighthouse Cantera, Ponte Caiatera, Torrente Capaci Capizzi Capo, Torre del Capodarso, Ponte Capo d' Orlando Cappella, M~adonna della Cappelliero, Bosco del Capri Leone Caraso Carbo River Caarcaci Carda Cardillo Carico Carini Carlentini Carmine Carminelo Carmnito Carorn a Caronia Marina Carrabba Cartiera Casale, II Casalgismondp Casalotto Casalvecchio Siculo Case Nuove Case Nuove Case Rosee, Le Caselle Casino Cassaro Cas saro-Ferla Station Cassibile Castazea delle Furie Castel di Lucio Castelbne^Sration Castelbuono Casteldaccia Casteldaccia Station Castellanmare di Golfo Castellalmnare, Gul f of Castellana Castellana Sicula Castel lazzo Punta Castello Castelluccio Castelluccio Lighthouse (Syracuse) Castelluzza, Punta Casteltermini Castelvetrano Castiglione di Sicilia Castrofilippo Castrofilippo Station Castronovo di Sicilia Castronovo Station Castroreale Castroreale Station Catalimita
II
i

253/ 0849
270/ 0083 27U/ 0546 261/ 7012

271/

o0346

249/ 3352 261/ 4216 276/ 0718 268/ 1277 252/ 6451 259/ 7431 258/ 4724 252/ 6443 253/ 8348 266/ 1184 269/ 6996 253/ 1954 249/ 3953 270/ 0194 249/ 2948 27 / 9053 253/ 1858 270/ 0086 270/ 8863 251/ 3836 251/ 3837 262/ 0506 261/ 7007 253/ 9640 269/ 4865

Catania, pain[i ' Cataratti Catarinicchia Catenaanuova Cattafi Cattolica Eraclea Catso Halt Cava, La Cavalcatore Halt Cavaliere Cavallari Cavallaro Ceccazzo Cefala Diana Cefalu Celso Censiti Halt Centineo Centuripe Ceraii Cerda Junction Cerda Station Cesaro Cliaramonte (Gulf Chicxisi Chiavelli Chibbo Nuovo Chiesa, La
Chiesette

IA

25U/ 3355 2149/ U152

262/ 1529 253/ 8849 277/ 0720 262/ 9703 253/ 1757

273/ 8334
274/ 276/ 254/ 260/ 251/ 260/ 250/ 250/ 248/ 248/ 269/ 260/ 277/ 262/ 276/

8534 0620 3363 2621 0935 0825 5839 5940 0237 0440 7860 0309 8889 0710 8317

Chinsia River Chiusa Sclafani Chiuse, Le Ciaculli Cianciana Ciamle RiVer Ciaolino Cibali Cicala Cicero Cicirella Cialovi Island Ciminna Cinsi Cirico CirigaS Punta
Civi

Civita Civita Cocuzzolt Cocuzzola Cofano, Guf of Cofano, Monte 4;' Collesano Colombaia Island (Tr apan.i) Colonia Marina Colonne, Torre Comini Station
Comiso

271/ 1628 2714/ 0057 267/ 6982

257/ 9)498

Comntini Comunelli, Torrente Condro Conduri


Consolazione

270/ 9679 270/ 8770 25l4/ 3256 265/ 9991 269/ 6186 253/ 1254 266/ 4772 259/ 7620 270/ 9593 268/ 3789 253/ 2558 253/ 2557 262/ 0719 270/ 9995 259/ 5224 251/ 0038 250/ 594o 258/ 3510 253/ o449 269/ 6591 261/ 4512 259/ 8029 259/ 8128 261/ 6316 273/ 6326 260/ o805 249/ 14342 268/ 9691 262/ 0332 262/ 0608 257/ 6921 258/ 3697 270/ 0094 249/ 4742 266/ 5080 274/ 1123 268/ 0493 270/ 9380 270/ 9784 252/ 8252 272/ 3523 270/ 0385 259/ 6122 249/ 2251 274/ 8753 277/ 8788 262/ 0oLO 262/ 9898 270/ 0192 250/ 9436 250/ 9436 248/ 86H9 248/ 80 259/ 9325 248/ 6835 249/ 4355 250/ 6337 267/ 6969 276/ 5j416 267/ 6867 272/ 1136

253/ 1653
253/ 270/ 271/ 258/ 254/ 258/

262/ 9920 267/ 7561 267/ 8063

259/ 6597
259/ 253/ 253/ 253/ 6898 o645 99L7 0643

Contarini Casa Contessa Entellina Contesse Corleone Corleone Station (Pa ilermo) Corrado, Passo Correnti Island

249/, 4U45
277/ 8993

2251 9989 5255 2803 3352 3913

277/ 9683

Ovl, -,
, . k', t~ .

F'l t. I
I r iC: .

A1

:"
;i,

r.

I": ; F: W"I

*r

Corridore, Contrad.a

Corridore del Pero Corriolo 6o'Ho 9 I1 Corvo, PuntOa del Corvo, Pmuta del Costa
Costa di Carro9 Contrada Costier a Cotigliolo Cotto-ne

276/ L103 270/ 9561 256/ 276/ 277/ 276/ 276/

253/ 15.)4

Faro, Torre di ('MesT'-a) Faro, Superiore (JMessina)

Fasno

6323 6291 1020 53o8 *92. 257/ 7902 2118/ 7942 262/ 08103

Fassi.ni, Villa F!vaca HaFelt Favara Favarlla Favarotta Favrignanan Island Favrot'-to FeIo, Gape. Fein.ine Island Forla

Croce Croce al Promontorio


(Milazzo)

253/ 2539

Ferninma Morta

Crocetta
Croce Vcerde Croceri..e Crocicchia Cruill as

253/ 0962 eFrrarello 2!..9/ 3853 2h9/ q!49 LjFoudo Gramnde


2).3/ 2149/ 21.}9/ 277/ 8139 3353 1.) .9 9190

Cuba Sbvamrnp
Cu.c ncaImelia

Cucuraci. Cuono Punta , Culmia Curdia, Baglio della


Curia Custonaci

Fe0dlotto Ficcara:zzelli StaU on Fic araz zi zi Fic a 269/ 8262 Fic-ar.zi River (Eleuthero) 25)../ 3663 Ficarclla, Valle di 27./ o6 83 Ficarra 1

254/ )11464 254/ 3864 260/ 0809 249/ 19k47 249/ 14943 271/ 7057 268/ 9873 271/ 9246 256/ 5327 269/ 7767 265/ 7096 272/ 1633 2)49/ 3357 273/ 8236 260/ 060O4 262/ 0411 270/ 8883 219/ 5143 250/ 5243 270/ 0085 250/ 5338 266/ 3673
252/ 71)46

25/

3051.

pFico, Torre del

25'i/ 8120 270/ 9379 2)48/ 83.13

CusUniano , Cusumnano

Casa Tonnaara

25 / 1206
248/ 7 239

Ficorminuti1a F:i cuzza Ficura Bosco della

271!/ 270/ 258/ 258/

07)1. 8591 1.520 4,538

Filag
t Station 4tgo Filetto River
Jiari

259/ 5299

c agala

262/ 0100

Fi ldidoinma F.ilicudi Island. Firnale

259/ 51400 250/ 923)4 273/ 7157


21 inset/4997 44 2 1/ 1)35

Datillo Island
Delia Desasino

2!i!./
267/ 272/ 262/ 274/ 275 / 272/ 272/ 244I/ 270/ 269/ 253/ 258/

9504
9362 0735

Fisiclholle
F'iUitodinisi

Diana
Diddino , Ponte

Dirillo Diril lo, Ponte Dis sueri, River


Ditella (Panaria Is.)

Dittaino River
Dititai.no Station Divieto Dornna Beatrice Halt' Donnafugat a

Jii'iieiluofr;eddo di Sicilia Fleri 0234. ilores^ta 3520 F oricila :abdilimonto (Marsa. La) l-ori:.o St 3625 244il8 l-Fondacac. za Fondachollo 930 Fondachello 8668 l185 Fondaco L.ondaco 2561 Fondaco Nuovo 3517

o611

270/ 253/ 262/ 270/ 261/ 271)/

9588 2137 061.1 9795 8032 0332

256/ 62Lo 273/ 6053 272/ 1352

./

Donn -alicat a Drogo


Due Case Due Rocche, Due Torrn Punta

276/ L909 276/ 5696 2|'/

7ondori
Font a ossn Fon3'banasosa ; ionrmi.ca Island Formnichc, L 'eomnaci, Le Fortes, Torre Forzna d' Agro i'8 .:' .i Fossa Nera '' :l ?rancmrill a di Sicilia Faranc of onte Pm 'aFrasccatolo Punta Prattina, River Frazzano Pridda' i Fulgatore

253/ 270/ 253/ 262/ 259/ 270/ 257/ 256/ 214i./ 27iL/ 253/ 262/ 275/ 262/ 273/ 248/ 258/ 252/ 268/ 257,/ 262/ 252/ 253/

1758

2160 8l482 2059 1531 7901 9)176 7228 6133 914.03 1127 9831..8 1625 3322 9822 764k8 80o43 30114 65)41 2170 8529 2130 4936 9946

270/ 9986

o635

FronLana

272/ 0331) 253/ 2360

Editore Egadi. I sole Eh\PEDOCLE, PO:TI 0 Eolie, Isole Erice Erice-Napola Statcion :l4.:s; Etna, Miount Surmnit

2)49/ 256 271/ 268/ 21p4 2!1i8/ 257/ 262/

)1L 2i(86 7538 8132 8706

Falconara
Falconsel

272/ n), 7

F.trci Siculo Fluriano R-iv or , It inari

F alc one n
F alo

Casino di

Famiddu
Fanzarotta

253/ 253/ 2)9/ 266/ 267/

9)4)47 9546

4)tL9

7819 Gafofc 8781

GaTff e Station Torre di

271/ 8639 271/ 8538

KV K

I91
Gaglianeose Gagliano Castelferrato Gaglic , Le Gala, La Galasse, Casa Galati Galati Mlarina Galat;i Manoertino Galbobo

r. 'A0
land Ponte (Syracule) River

"

270/
261/

9,90j Griande Granlde l4601

253/

9505
074.7
3216 6737

Grande PorGeo (Syrac.us) Grande, Punta


Grrmald

268/ o161

277/ 2714/ 271./ 271/ 258/

2[, / 3147

Grande River
Graniti Granitola

259/ 8625

0093 1229 1329 5;45 31W5

262/ 0722

252/ 262/

265/ 8187
Punta

8053
2033

Gran-ib'"ola
Grascuira Gra:teri

265/ 8385
271/ 8736 260/ 9829 270/ 9l85 270/ 9282

Gtltis si
Gallo, Cape GaO..lo, Torre del Gall odoro

262/ 250/ 59L40


1.)u23

4.,69

Gravina. di Catania
Gravina, Villa

Galodoro Gnllotti

272/ 01.3

CGraz ia
Groilde Grosso

Pronte della
Punrta Ca-pe

2149/ )lL42
275/ 3711 250/ 6436

267/ 5761

260/ 1711 Gangi 254/ 3861 2 F14/ 4163 Gro'ta Gc.nzir.ri 268/ 2875 276/ 8393 Grottacalda Sulphur Min/e Swamp Gajif:i 267/ 7367 268/ 0091 Grotto Garisi 249/ 14544 Gurdagna 268/ 0533 Garistoppa 272/ '0948 Guladdara Casa 06149 2714/ Garzia Fort (Augusta) 253/ 1452 GuaCltieri Siccaino 6602 Gazzarella 270/ 0297 Gm rdia 0388 Gazzena 270/ 9880 Guwdia (Catvania) 31)-3 Gaz zi 277/ 9789 271U./ 0832 (XGrdiamna Contrada Gobbiazza 260/ 0806 Gu corati. 272/ 2230 GELA 248/ 9840 276/ 509 Guidaloca Genisi Station 254/ 2839 26o/ 1217 C.lidomnan.drzi Inferiore Geraci Siculo 253/ 2539 or Guiidomandr Suri Gerbiri, 26% 7tP4 260/ 0907 2860 Gutlini Ge s s o 262/ 0708 G-ura a 2419/ 195:L Giacca, La 270/ 9667 GU.rna1zza, Lokc 271/ 8731 Giambra 261/ 7817 3041 I Gurrida, LIak ak ' Gi ampilierCa Marrina 254/ 3011. Giampilieri Ponte Ha;lt 28-12 Giampi.iori Superiore 276/ 7.14 Gi antorina 267/ 5761 Giardina 270/ 92.64 lazzotto, Biivio 21-9/ Giardi no 259/ 8;720 Iroaera River 269/ 577 Giardinolli 260/ 0l00 Imora River 276/ 5397 Girdinell.i . Torre 268/ 1:181 2)l9/ 2U)-i43 mnera Station 2t4.1.6, Giardinello 269/ 5676 Indicca, Castol di 262/ 1216 rdini GL~ ,) 256/ 6210 i Inglho-ml Stabilimonto (Mtarsala 273/ 7'127 Gia rrraana 276/ 6722 Inguan"-ti, Case 273/ 6830 tama Station Gi-arrab 269/ 6694. 1Iorclll.a 262/ 0503 Int Giarre 276/ 4S13 River 271/ .9.l55 Ippari sNu Tovo Gibb oi 276/ 5399 272/ 9856 Irmnino River Gibblesi River 260/ 0027 I snello 258/ '910 Gibelsl-ina 55 2149 257/ 0718 Iso..a delle Fremnine Gibollina Station 276/ 7801 dI 1826 Ispica. Cava Gig.antoe Punta del 253/ 2O40 265 7 r993 It ala Gilletto 252/ 5437 214..1l Iuganno RTcor 2.G3/ Gimello 271/ 1149 2i3/' 23.l. Izzo, Pun0ta d (Augusta) Gimello neo honacha 271/ / 9137 Giniisi, Piana di2114 ins et/ 0221 Ginostra (Stronaboli) 270/ / 9681 Gioeni 275/ 3811 2,2// 7653 Jacona Gio.josa Marea 27~/ 3517 265// 9187 Jac ona Giorgi, Casa di 269/ 7172 tJan.nalro-..1lo , Crociata 276// 0222 Jat7o l.iver Gi orgia, Cava 249/ 1637 GIRGENITI (Agrigonto) 271/ / 6357 267/ 6165 / 0742 Joppolo Gi -ianca.io Girotta, Punta 2i7)/ / 3397 Giuliana 269/ / 587'?f Giu.anarra 258/ / 922 God.rano 262/ 1618 262/ / 0509 Kaggi Golona. 270// 9267 Go rn.lunga River 273// 5647 G'rantam.richeSl. Ganat ari 25-;4/ 270/ 8561 26// 6219 Labiata Gran.de Islald

~~~~~~~~*I~~~~~'

;. ,r. I '' ,
I I

LAM/PED)US A ISLLaD Lampione Islet


Landro

265
268/ 262/

ins et inso'I/

7;Tagll"'..,ioLa, Co:rbrada
. .r.i.s .
agI-i;"

14763
Lanza
Larderia

i Iighthouse sfi Peninsula l


,..., _

,.~l" ._

Lascaci
Lascari Station Lpvarino Lavi cna

25Lj./ 3150 250 9493 27o/


9335

'I stslesit a

IfcKiati o Scoglio
I aal gn a rv-;i

Lebrino Loni (S.aina Is.) Le:ntini' ,PBoanifazii e dol


Pantano del

270/ 9890 270/ 9376


2) /

2 r7 0

276/ 2 s' /' 274/ 25">/ 2149/ 269/ 262/ 25l/ 270' 25I2/
270/

?Lo' '?40 lOeI 9''57

4218
7391 Oe' 3 3'-T 93.2 '7'i6
0 '97

N{L e-'to }.{Sfa1 (Salina Is I.a_ .pas, o


lalapasso id{a! -, oc p s

71395

27)o/ 8954 270/ 911.62 270 273 &a


27)./

2L!9/ 4l9;.

260/ oi'6
C.~

Lo utiJ.Sni Marshes Lon'.tini River


Leon'ardo River Leoneo Station Loonior Leoni

.it.lC'....l.. ~'O,.[:.rL.

262/ 91-24
267/ 9189 2)48/ 7 53 262/ 1630 253,/ 1o3? 269/ 7191 277/ 9696 21414 insebt
3192 272/ 1231L 272/ 1233

271./

27) / 6622
273/ 7958 268/ 3393
2149/

land ,ani

ci

Lercara Bassa Station LercCara Friddli Letoj anni Gallodoro Levnte 'Riviera di r Levoanzo Islamd
Liberltinia S-tatio, n

4250 2;59/ 6701h 259/ 6505

iHandacran Station flindra Nuo'va cudi Is.) Piano di (Ali( TaJndras


-Mi.ian.riao I Iranfria, T orro

262/ 1521 253/ 1.759 25;6/ 5331U1 269/ 5283

262/ 0298

Libri

Librizzi LICATA A Li.citra, Casa


Licodia Eubea Licojia Ligny, Torre di (Trapani) Lilibeo 0 Boeo, Cape Limina
Linera

253/ 260/ 271/ 276/ 273/ 262/


21 U8/

265/ 8594 261/ 7218


Iaxinnello ianiapan Boio lani rcli Maraus Rlerl Cast
i' 7 -t

o8o.4
9333 7320
6314o 1928 1227

6736 256/ 6012


270/

Lijngua (Salina Is.) Linguaglossa LINOSA ISlANDLip oi (Lip ari Is. )


LIPARI ISLAiJD1S Lippone

0016 262/ 265/ inset

2!6.4. / 76911.
8385
8188 21!.4/ 8)4.06 257/

0096

.laronet I sland TIarcellino River ConLrada Miaraachsani :Iarghe.itO ico Stati on Marc.iaIzBopo r. ais.gi aa Contrada rces poli * o

253/ 267/ 266/ 256/ 257/ 259/ 259/ 271/ 253/ 256/

2640 8584 1182 6033 6827 7405 77502 0247 0149 3133

ilarttimo I sland
iLarianopoli iarcr ia iaoponco

Liscia B-ianca Island Liscia Nero Island


Locadi

2)h4./

97o5

Locati
Longatto Long:arini Swrranpll

262/ 260,/ 262/ 277/


2 !2/

9601 , 173

ogob.

L ongi
Loria

653 6 21.8/ 90L.5

1726 9091

iarinella liargiferaci SF larinaol liarnarca, Porto (Syracuse) Poz'to ,'r....:o,

269/ 55B66 269/ 51J64 273/ 5350 249/ 4046 267/ 9288 267/ 9191 267/ 9386 251/2738 265 / 9787 258/ )828 27/ 1!530
272/ 2834

I.aroglio Riv or
.iarri-g Villa i L.artcini .iParza, ex Foudo Larina Iara ..AaiaS -r..arna della
i. arigo, Villa

260/ 3708
256/ 6212

Lucca Sicul..a Lucia Sullphur Hine


Lumria, Villa Luogo Grande

266/ 3987

Lupotto, Bi.vio

271/ 271/ 274/ 2!;8

71 53 8859 0249 4L422

I 'i'SCsc8!.. artognell a .. L Mac are so ilac ni liacchia C. ala 248/ 82.U6

MaCcone Casa , ;Maddcalena Po i.nsula Le Maidoni

27)!/

262/ 0303 275/ 3221

891)9
1.726 9919 683) 9607 3877

I.Lasoezz,
I.riascZ,

rVila

I.i

biadonnazza, Ponte della


Jga.. ZC1ni Maga..zzolo River

260/ 250/

249/ h055 252/ 71i14 248/ 7736 276/i 8391 277/ 8689 277/ 0094 262/ 01407 270/ 9187 262/ 9018 270/ 9288 260/ 0906 277/ 9588 270/ 9888

ZARA IA zin7 I lauc DIR . L VALLO -HazaL Torro az a zarino

265/ 7595
250/ 5816

262/

Magazzolo Station

266/ 266/ 3977


K 1

249/ 26;54

272/ 1956

r,~

,', n nj a-l p -MT

Mazzarra S. MIegarese,

Akdrea

lazzo di Sciacca, Cala


Porto (Aug sta)

Megna, Passo di (Salina Is.) Melia Melilli Mena

It3/ 9913 2 t8/ 951i3 271/ 061.9 21|.l/ 769 .7 262/ 1123

Montechidro, Caotl3tl.o di 7IKonto do ro !o on-tc3.epre Montemaggiore Bolsi'to Montomggiore Station

Menfi
Tlieri

274/ 99142 -Ilontorosso Limo 262/ 21)3I Monerosso, Torre di 266/ 0989 mlorntvcgeo253/ 0952 272/ 995

ilessana, Rocca I.IESSINA L:essina, Straits of issinese Punt a


Punt'a di iezzoiuso StaCtion M i].azzo l.ilazzo Capo di ,
MieZZO,

25/

524i../

3. 5

Mhorcilo, Ponte Ilorollo Rivor

Mrgioni
Mobroille

271/ 7343 267/ 8673 249/ 2843 259/ 7916 259/ 7317 273/ 65.33 266/ 4857 258/ 0900 259/ 6800 268/ 'I.8o 270/ 9887 25lJ./ 262/ 260/ 2531_ . 262/ 270/ 868J 269/ 269/ 5'86 269/ 61.82 2Ui9/ 18!.3 5526 27L/ 0051 2714/ 0332 253/ 8648 27V/ 1923 249/ 1845 267/ 7886

il ona il1i Marina M


liii Xlli.i S. Marco S. Pietro

Milici
Milicia River
ilinci ana

253/ 0661, olrtillaro 276/ 1,.200Mortilli 259/ 5322 orzulli 25-3/ 0959 Mo'tbta d'Affermo 253/ 0761 IHotta Cmuasttra Iot'ba S. Anastasia 267/ 7771. 254/- 33417 tot-ta S. Aliast'asia Station i 2$/ 3011i3 Muglia 25h/ 301.8 !8g'liha Stattion 253/ 0243 I.u.lloti, Cala doi 253/ 5936 11.-0inazzo Halt 250/ 02436 uina e It
272/ 0742 249/ 285o2

ililioti

Torre

I'Militello di Rosmarino , Milo


lilitello in Val di Ca-tania Punta di Iilocea,

imniaoni-S. Cataldo Station M.ineo


linceo Station

u ri 252/ 5839 di PorcoCape 273/ 7053 .Murro 3 2'/ uso di Porco 27)/ 1L423 Hussoneli
268/ 9783

'lul.inello Riiver Muraglionelo e

Mirabella Imbaccari
Mliroddi, Casa

larto
iMisilmori

ii. sitan oe Misserio


llasterbianco I.Iitta oedica

Napoa N.'ro 253/ 1057 Maroe, River Mouth 252/ 6613 Nasari 24 9/ 5038 .Nas
~132 tNaso, Piana di 1632 Naso River 8980 Nogra, Punta 3225 Negro, Cape 1230 INro 249/ 38 14I. Ncsima 276/ 6807Nicclid-ra 2761/ 3995 Nicolosi 262/ 262/ 270/ 260/ 262/

273/ 61 2 273/ 670o 272/ 3758

257/ 271/ 271/ 253/ 252/ 252/


252/

8033 8255 66)48 0549 6847 6348


7048

Mi stretta
:Modica iodico, Torrente

276/ 2

Ieodione River Mojo Alc itara


1:Mjo Station

265/ 9590 262/. 9122


262/ 9120 262/ 121.8 276/ 4798

Nicosi

Niscer.ri
Niscesia Nissoria Nizza di Sicilia

liola, Castel Mol.a Paita dJ


Molara

Ioleti Molinazzo

Tro

Molini, Cape Holino

249/ 3811.2 25/ 32)47 25 38 249/ 1852 254/ 262/ 269/ 270/
270/ 0386 2743

O N to

Nocella River NNociazzi Notara N Novara di Sicilia M N

ionaca, Chiesa Della Monaci River , ionaco iLonaco, Monte


Lioncio
.1Iondello

8719 6564; 9572

270/ 9279 273/ 6651 270/ 9091 260/ 3505 272/ 3439 275/ 3911 268/ 3895 262/ 2433 249/ 2342 260/ 0312 262/ 0312 277/ 9611 253/ 9935 257/ 6931 262/ 0207

248/ 9153

HongoerbinoC Cape iiongiuffi iMela lonreale Monroalc, lIozzo Iiontagnaroa3le Montolboimo d'Elicona IIontalla gro
I'.ontaperto

-ondello, Lido di lion:orxte S Giorgio

2.9/, 4156 8 % 0 j21 W6b .249/ 456 253/ 1951 250/ 5546 262/ 122 249/ 3843 219/ 40 252/ 80 48 253/ 49366 936 25// 266/ 1366 271/ 5959
a :bj ? :\ : i:

OgniLna Cape Q9% Ogni5a6 1 pe Ognina sland Oliva, Villa Oivarll Olivello Oivri Oliveri, Porto d' Oiveto OOliveto Oio T.'iorto, Punta Oranto (Pmaaria Is.) Oreto
Y z

59 2 9247 9248 2355 249/ 1954 930U 253/ 0951

270/ 277/ 277/ 277/ 253/ 250/ 253/ 253/

9881 1220 1221 8715

0953

;. .: -i PIIIFr I 1 " i
.. ru; _ $+ ti-'

L:.:l

Oreto River
Orlando, Cape Orsa, Torro d.(ll

249/ L0i33 Pianoll1 23~ 252/ 6^2 Piano 249/ 2355 Pianoco:; nt

'

260/ 0908

270/ 9o88
24iL/ 8086 259/ 5397 270/ 9691

Pace Pace di .iela, Paceco Pachino Pagliara Pagli.arcllo Pa.gli orello Sulphur liine Palazz so Adriano Palazzolo Acroide PALE I10 Pallavicino Palma di IHontochiaro Pal.ma, MHarina di Palo, Porto Panarelli Isl ,and Panaria Island Pancho Sulphur Mline Pantntia Pa.tano Pcn'h tomo Pantano Paparolla Paraliso Parrinolli Pcarino Partanna Partan:ma Hondollo P artinic o Paoquasia Passoro, Cape Island Pas sitano Passo lartino S'tation Passo di Piazza Passo Piscita Passo Zingaro Halt Pcsto Jri...a Pa'cbomolla3 Trorre Paterno FhAETP'RIO0 PALAZZOLO Pathti Pat ti IT1arina di .. Patti. Scoglio di Paulloti Podaggi Podoara Poll grino

2Le/ 3861
253/ 257/ 277/ 262/
135: 7332 9791 1933

(Lipari Is.) Piano do. Loono, ILago di l'iabtt-0af orma, La ; Piaszza Armicrina Lomo P:iarza dcrlla Libcrta (Pa2 Pticc, nollo Piccola Island Pi eodixorlnto Etnoo Pio.brc ii i g ca

268/ ) 2L.9/ 270/ 277/ 262/

3365 41...9 9682 00o9 021.3.


1269 4.65C, 6929 98639 32359 7551

25:3/ 2)452

266/ 1790 79 273,/ 6659


273/

21,9/ k,2h3

g. Pi.utr,3D]..lu..
Pio . apor z.ia PiobLrarossa P C

269/ 7287
268/ 273/ 257/ 277/ 24,9/ 2 52/

)...)!.938Pitica TJ'.agliata 8030 Pi.io9i Punta

2L9/ 219/ .!.! 2 Pirci.n.o Cape 2'7:./ 791)...Piraino,


7l.!.l. 3 265/ 0337 95 05 2l./-. l. 2)..l) / 92C)
.'-') , .

252/ 7552
252/ 7452 268/ 3290

Pi.raino-S oAngolo Station Pi.rai o Station Fisciotto

270/ 9896 254L./ 3360


276/ 6891 25 4/ 3k50

269/ )190 ) 262/ 102.11. 253/ 2356 27l./ 0838 2'71./ 7939 21..!.8/ 251/ 375'9
2)9/ 221.2 265/ 9990 2 6 0003 37/ 2)49/

Pisciotto
pT-i.tn.i. . a.

Pizz'Uto
Plajo, Capo -1latani Rivor Poggiore.:lo Polizzi Gonorosa Pollara (Salina :Is.) Pollina

272/ 9639 250/ 9436


266/ 258/ 260/ 2144/ 260/ 251/ 260/ 25:1/ 3769 1)ll.1 0012 6997 1133 1534 1131 1535

2149/ 38355

ollina River

2038 Pollina lRiver 268/ .1679 Pollina Station 277/ 0388 Pomara O'77} 2 Ponen'to Riviera' di 93314

270/ 8967

PorcO'll
Porc.ino

272/ 3345
262/ 90319

Por.a ,zi
Porrazzi:Lto Porri Islan Portclla di .Hare Porticatbcello

261/ 7)U02 262/ 0812


2,49/ .. l.6 7 27'0/ 9175 269/ 8085:

249/ 253/ 219/ 274/ 249/

5:042 0758 14315 0753 42l1t4

274/ 9252

211.9/

4052

Porti.co..lo
P0IS:T
E0 ETI.,PDiI)OCLE Por top3 o Rada cd cPorbopa.:, Pozzsllo

276/ 8388 250/ 5211 254/ 37.60


250/ 271/ 277/ 277/ 276/

253/

2 3/ 84:1

85) .9

25'3/ 865:1. 270/ 9789 273/ 831.19.

Pozzillo, Torre dcl Poi zjo di Gotto


Praja, La Prajola . Proola Lake
.roIsa

2i.9/ 21154

5943 5655 0087 9986 7592

270/ 9392
2?3/ 219!.

Pollegrino, Mont'eo
Poloritani i.!onti M Pclourit;ano Tunne.I:.'" Peloroe) Cape Ponrisi Poro, Le Porc Cettora Pergusa Lake Pcrsa, Island Pcltra.lia Potrclla (VNulcano Is.) Potrosino Po'et'inlco Po z,ali stl;ing o

2U.9/ 41.352 25.3/ 1539


3057 25!./ 1!.31.6l 270/ 9891 .

Prostiamni Pr:imo s ,)lo -.FLinosolo

Pontie di

262/ 0O403 0)4.53 271/


268/ 272/ 260/ 21.14 2?57/ 2679
02555 0811 8676

Priolo
Priolo

253/ 0851 219/ 3253 262/ 0699 265/ 8092 262/' 0111 268/ 0270 270/ 9365 270/ 9).67 272/ 3331

27)1

0o540

Pri zi
oz i.ncl a.L imnta Socca .z.lljo i,

2 58/ ,4903

6601 3)4.22 28).1). 3733


.i

Pi zIillo Soprano

262/ 0.06 276 / 4!..99 270/ 0596 270/ 01.96

260/ 261/,30

Peoz 7olo
PiaL oa Piana dci Groci

251/ 31..
2758

at %arti'er

253/ 1253

?y5:

,s
'i

L-

ii.; ril :i -- \

? i;:

;.J "c B 1:iiuji5i7r

II

Quartierollo QuLA'tro Pani (Lipari Is#) QuisisEna, Villa

262/( 264/ 7990 266/ 1480


Rornais sao

Z
tat6

25;3/ '~' "'""21.S3 "": 1630 ?^,74


ew49/

!;..fi: 5J69322 . 26? 599


8302 87154 2b.9/ 18L9 266/ 505 2L49/ 4515

Raccuja Radd:us a
Raddus a

252/ 80O0

269/ 4675
a Sta.tion 270/ 269 / 267/ 260/ 276/ 257/ 276/ 276/ 2149/ 251/ 2149/ 269/ 268/ 261/ 262/ 277/ 253/ 25i1/ 259/ 91474 1582 5767 1209

Raddusa-Arir Raffadali" Raffo


Ragana

Rossa, Cala Rossa, CGala Rossella Lighthouse Rotoli, Cnimetcro di Rotolo, Torre del Rot'ondella Station Roveto Swa'mp Rubina
'1Ruso (S'trombol)i)

249/ 41453
269/ 277/ 262/ 24L4 inset / 6077 9799 0332 0520

270/ 84193

Raggm-ziino Punta Ragatlisi Station R.AGUSA


Rf-agusa, i.larina di Rai'i siC P.imta Rais: ig lba Cape Ranma Cape

Ramriacca
Rarnilias Casa Randaz zzo RcmTdazzo St ation Raneddi, I

Rapano
Rasocolrm o Cape

Raucina Raucina Station Ravanus a Real Favorita Reaooato River ReoCalonte Rec attivo
Regolbutbo

7391 6321 641. 4998 2255 1336 161.9 61.65 9766 83..20 83l19 9090 21_56 3267 5925 259/ 5526 272/ 9752 249/ 41 52
258/ 2808

S. S. S. S. S. s. S. S.

S S. S. S. S. s.
S.

S. S, S. SS. S. S S.

Agata (Ressina) ati Agata li Bi iti Agat a di Hilitello 1loessio Alessio, Cap A..lfio Alfio Aifbrogio A.ndrea Bonagia Andcra Cape Angl o di Brolo Aiol o !ouxaro Angelo Torrent nna Annm., Trorr .nmlxunziata Antonino, Cala Antonio Antonio (Syracis e) Antonio il Roemito Barbara B3artolomeo, Cava Bart-olomoo Pis cita (Stromboli) Biagio Biag io Biagio (Agrigonto) Biagio PlnTtali Carlo C-arlo Carra, Torro Cataldo
Cataldo

251/ 4062 270/ 9684 252/ 521262/ 1825 262/ 1824 262/ 0005 270/ 9592 251/ 0735 2L8/ 76.o 262/ 1417 252/ 7746 267/ 6076 252/ 7450 270/ 9988 270/ 0487
25k/ 3559 253/ 0763

S. Aintoinino S. An-boLio (Cefolu)

RegiaLgioffoli Rei'tano Rci-teneo


Rcli,;iolno, Pu'nta Punta Ren 1ila,

271/ 268/ 269/ 259/ 260/ 270/ 276/ 277/

5256 0192 5795 6713 29.30 9.!.67 7089 1322

253/ 251/ 2s3/ 271/ 270/ 253/ 276/

2461 0238 02o0 1330 9083 9140 6698

244 inset/

0723 253/ 1557 271/ 267/ .62/ 266/ 252/ 249/ 268/ 249/ 254/ 270/ 268/ 262/ 258/ 253/ 272/ 277/ 270/ 258/ 274/ 276/ 274/ 253/ 262/ 262/ 250/ 6556 5779 1332 3392 6900 1943 9976 1843 3253 0390 0387 1125 2630 2452 3205 9314 0393 4132 1150 4603 034 2252 8524 9621 59144

Re s-uttana Re suttane
Ribe.ra Ridocco Halt

219/

4250

S.
S. S. S. SJ S. S.
S.

Ricesi Rigono, Passo di Rigolizia Rina Contura Rinella (&Solina Is.) Riposto Ritiro Rizza Rizzo
Robavecchia

260/ 03 98 266/ 3678 250/ 3409 272/ 0754 2149/ 3848 276/ 8322
262/ 1628

241/ 7194 262/ 0604

S. Catvldo, Torro S. Caterina (I lossina)

251/
273/

3457
784.1..

S. Catorina
S. Catina

273/ 5630 270/ 8965 270/ 8494 262/ 96214


27L4/ 0643

S. Catcrina Villmriosa S. Cipirollo


S. Cono S. Cono S. Corrado d- Fuori

Rocca Rocca Badia


Roc cadi a
.Riocc afiorita

262/ 1026
262/ 223

s. Cosimo
S. Cr isi.na Gala

Roccaltmiicra Roc ceaeina

Roc c ap L.Umnb a Ro cc apcvlmba-Alia Station


Roccav Adina Rocc lla VaildemZconc Roc clla Rccchoncre

2$8/ 2616 259/ 6o12 259/ 7110


253/ 262/

S, Croce, Cape (Augusta) rina s, Croce Camroc S CusLurion


S. Domonica

249/ 18..4)-i4

205$4 D8926

S. Do-n:-nic. Vittoria
S. Doennico S. E'l ia

259/ 8933 262/ 2031 253/ 0214.5 249/ 4714


25o/91: :

Rodi
Rc.maginolo

Reinana
Rometta iaroa

S. Elisabotta S. Eraslo (Palormo) S. Euf:rmia ! ~


:'

267,' 6170 2149/ 1 146

250/ 9434

Ilig~ UP.

7'

i?V7tiq r mI 'F
:;

;,,'a

': :

251. 3152 254/ 3053

S8 s, s.

Filipo di Mela Flavia


F rs;t ello

S, iicolo I'Arera S,.; Ninia


So o] iva oStation.

250/ 6635
257/ I209 271/ 9139 27 / 1335

S. Gaetano s. Giacomo

s. S. Giorgio s. Giorgio (Messina)

274/ 1535
S,:,

P nt aa jo
.....

Ce4

;j .

257/ 6520

s. Giorgio (Catania)
Giovannello S. Giovanni (Mrlazzo) s, Giovanni (Messina) S. GCSi. ovari .

253/ o7?48
252/ 30!.2

S S'
S

Paolo I.Laqual e (Cefalu)


Pre" i P P-i e?:o

Jiceto

277/ 910o5 251/, 0037

Giovanni Sc Giovamnni di Gale...lmo S, Giovanni Gemini Giovalmni la Piinita S. GiTli ano S. Gij.li_ Ln0o Tonnara ( Catania) .secppe S. CG LI.
s

~:"6"ti T'e-i! Pro (Panaria Is,) o.:. S. PiK.e P .e'ro Cl..arensa S,. Pi-,lro Spadafiora ilRita, S Sc S .L fC.;.,,

253/ 1854o 2 44/ 930425;3/ 2:;j)

27o/ 9087
253/ 0855
268/ 0166

So

Gi.,useppe Jato

S. S, S. S. S. S. S, S.

S. S. Lucia S. Lucia (Syracuse)


s. Lucia Halt S, Lucia, Torre
SI

CGriegorio Grtgori.o di Catania Isidoro Leonardo (Terrasini) Leonardo Leonardo Leonardo Rijver Leonardello Leone Lorenzo (Palermo) Lucia (eCefatu) Lucia Lucia (Messina)

e os.alia S. l:La Iios S . S. Rosa<l .a (Ragu.sa)


S, Sa2.va'bore

21).9/

41137

266/ 2395

276/ 6719
253/ 2153

S * SaJ.vat'ore (Lipari Is.) S, Salv..Vaoroe Poro (Messina) i S, Salvatore d: Fitalia


"n'Li S. StefS.o Po S S'eSfano (di rig a

2)4./' 8(283

251)./

3756

252,/ 6842

25l1/ 3245 2541/ 28)5


251/ 31Z35

S' Sbefan o (di Can.astra


S, S'iefano friiezza.o

S. Stefano Quisquina S Stiefano Vecchio ' S, Teala


So Teoedoro

25V/ 3046 267/ 5591 260/ 3331


270/ 0493 262/ 8822

261/ 6016 270/ 9377


265/ 9593 262/ 2028

S. Teodoro
So Teod.oro (Catania) S TeI'resa S Teresa di Riva

s. Lucia del Mela So Marco (Trapani) S. Marco S. Marco s. So HMarc o S. Miarco Cape Marco d'Alunzio S. Margherita (Lipari Is.) So Marghorita i3elic e Su Maarigherita di S. Maria I sland S8 /Mariadi Gesu So S. Maria di Grazie Maaria di LicodiLa So Miaria de MIala ti S8 a. Msaria Sa:Lina (Salina Is.) So 1\Iaria 1a Scala s. S. Mlaria della Stella So
Mlarina

S. S, S. S

'Venera Venero Vennera di Piano VT.icenzo (Stromboli)

262/ 1115 262/ 0309 253/ 07.49 248/ 248/ 249/ 25"4./ 272/ 249/ 249/ 258/ 257/
257/ 254/ 253/ 244/ 210T/ 270/ 268/ 266/

244 ins et/

S. Vito,Cape
S, Vitao lo Capo
S o 'ita

Saba, Seno aoa~ oello Saxffar ello Sagana Ponte di Sagana,. Salaparuta
Salemi

0723 8955 8953 5043 3166 9636 29142 2939 1109 9514
0012 3162 8352 7792 7399 0196 9882 loG63

Saleie Station Salice Saliceto Sauina, Cha nnel


Sacl3..ina Island GSa a it Salito River

S. s. Miartino
8. Mar tino Station
HMar'tino delle Scale S, Mauro Castelverde celi 1i.': St Sr Michole S. Mi"chele Ponte S0 iL-chele, Torrente

Saqlsa, Torre
Salso River Sl -so R.-.ver Sal, va

260/ 3803
272/ 0152

Salvatore dei Greci


Salvo Porto

Sucnbuca di Sicilia
S aJ.npi eori ,Station

Michele ci Ganzeria
S. S, Nico a Nicola (Gesso) Srnpolo

262/ 25h/ 253/ 262/ 266/ 276/

1329 3758 0448 2028 2094 6591

276/ 6692 )43.49 21!9/ 2)4-/ 7696

Nicola, Torre Nicolo (Messina) So Nicolo


S. So
lk

Santa MaLria Salina (Salina Is.)


S m.t o
"I ?

254/ 3353

-1

Saponara Villafranca

Sapnppo
Saraceno, Punta del Sarro Savarino
Savoca

2b3/ 270/ 2L8,./ 262/

2556 8976 8247 9798

Sor finc S orrLntino Sovarfiro


Spaccatoci-no

274/ 9140 252/ 8149 251/ 3737 N6 16 ,. /i t j 6l 0 4 9 24 262/ 1829 260/ 3107 250/ 591_a 248/ 9245 267/ 54'76 6120 0887' 9805 0595 1.a80 7973 7171 5038 0405 2)44 inset 244 inset/ 0825 262/ 0720 267/ 7680 267/ 7381 274/ 1530

269,/ 5594

Sbarcatore dei Turchi, Cape


S.&acchi eri

Scala (Melssina)
Scal a La

262/ 1829 274/' 1051 270;/ 9896


25,:/ 3358 253/ 911,9 25:7 29L0 25,/_ 2.6L0 25:li, 291lo

S 'o U2

oba:,,' at'i on

S": ragona

Scalagrande Scala G-reca Sc,^Letta, Cape Scaletta Superiore Sccletta Zamglea Sc alo S, Nicolicchio Scaravilla,. Cape Schettino Station Schliiavo, Ponte Halt Schiette, Casa le
Schino, Sciacca Cape

270/ 93814 27.), 133.

Spcrlinga Torre
oiale, lin't.Ae Spz Sid Spota, Gaza e'be Spoto, Casa St gnlona Island S't<?llxe Lo Stp:e'ac , Torro

250/
276/

269/ 7788 25:7/ 3)1.J3 252/ 785i


262/ 271/ 266/ 2UL9/

4399

9 ...3

271/ 5555
256/ 266/ 277/ 270/ 266/ 269/ 269/ 249/ 262/

Staao.
Stofano, Villa di

272/ 1052 121l. 905'7 1878 18hli.

Stella
Stiimpato

Schiso Cape Sciabini Sciaccotta) Cala Sciarneno


Sciara

Stoppa, Piano dolla Strada S'tro-boli Island. Stro,.ano.lic chi0 Is^lalnd Struanbarello

Sciara Quartiere Scicli Sciglio

Scillata
Scillichenti

Scioltabin.a Sclaanmi
Scoglio Nero, Cape

25:3/ 259/ 270/ 276/ 262/ 25 9/ 2'70/ 268/ 2.59/

e55:4 782!. 9889 6299 2132 9217 ol.95 2377 8714

Sutera
Su:ter.a Station SYRA.CUS E (Siracs a)

T agliabors O
Tall-:rita Sulphur Mine

252/ 811

Scoglitti Scolalicci (Vulcan.o Is.)

Scopollo
Scopa, Lo Scordia
Scucina

275/ 3810 244/ 8674 2L8/ 9611.

Ta mbarolli
T oanurc, Punta Taoriuina
Tao(rmirna, Cape

25).,./ 34.57 273/ 7555 248/ 0543


266/ 3270
2!.s/ 92L51 267/

Tardaria Tr. gia

Seccca, Casa della


Sccco, Scna del Segosta Halt

257/' O).30
8973

Tarl:ato Tarucco H[alt


Tavorna
Tavornola

o Scrradifalclo
Scrradifalco Station

Scrravalla, Osteria di Scrro Set'tofractto

Settepanji Sferro
Sic szidno

Sicciara
Siculiana

(Balestrato)

Si culiana Marina Sie.li Signora, La

iSignore,

Valle del

Sigona Grande

Simeto River, Mouth of


Sinagra Sindaro Marina SIRACUSA (Syracuse)

267/ 273/ 255../ 251/ 249/ 249/ 269/ 253/ 214.9/ 266/ 266/ 270/ 259/ 272/ 269/ 270/ 252/ 251)../ 271-/ 250/ 2L8/ 271L/ 262/ 276/

9070 7359 2759 9636 1339 3'756 7078 36550 114O 4960 4!60 8879 8425 38)15 8063 9668 7.43 2761.4. 15:30

Tavla Pmunta T llaro River


Temna, Punta Tonut:ella

T onut ell a T ormini Teronini Imereso


Tcrrasina Favarotta

Tosta doll' Acqua Timoieto River Tim onc Tinnpo Rosse, Contrada
Timrponaz zo Tindari Tindari g Cape

Tipoddo
Tiralongo

Tomnasso N'aale Tonnara, Punta


Tonnarazza Tonno Tono, Punta del Topata-. Czla Torre Grotta Torreoazza

Soccorso
Sol ant o

253/ J4,U1

Solanto, Punta di Slarino Solicchiata Halt Solini


Soluatino

60o2 925.. 0034 9519 830S 272/ 9959

Torre di I.Mezzo

262/ 272/ 267/ 248/ 262/ 262/ 270 / 274/ 275/ 258/ 271,./ 253/ 274/ 277/ 271/ 271/ 273/ 253/ 259/ 249/ 277/ 253/ 270/ 276/ 277/ 253/ 253/ 25. / 274/ 2)9/ 274/ 2 9/ 270/ 253/ 2.8/ 253/ 251/ 257/

0305

0356 7083 9351 1118 1417 9296 1034 3920 3204 0233 2457 1727
9505

7739 9355 5648 034.9 7431


2050

8718 8648 0193 5697 9498 90g9 9151 3049 1227 0555 4645 0396 0762 875:4 1755 2734 6628

3555

LIBRARY ARMS RESEARCH COMBINED LEAVENWORTH, KS FORT

1 I 11 l1695101111I0538
3 1695 00538 6081

Torramorte Station Torrenuova Torreotta Torricella (Sal.ina Is.) Torrione TorIto River Tortorici Trabia Trabia Trabia Sulphur iJino Trabonella Sulphur Mine Tracoccia T ,rad'dimeto Torro do] TRAPINTI Tr- ,pri (Palormo)

2 tj;11.t 01 2 2/ 514.i.
21.9/ 331 .

'Vord.u

a Station
Torro

Vcrd.ura,

24.!,./ 7598
2 53/ 2056

Vorg:ine,
Viagrandc

Miaria

Tr .poJi, , di Tra.ppoto Trappc'to (Catoania) Trappeto


Trobalata

.Tadonna

Trocastaghi
Tro Fontamno Torro Tremosticro Ebtnco Tr-camost-ieri Trc Ponti Tro su Ira Trigona Iiivor

259/ 8024 Vic ari 252/ 7237 Viga, IPlta 25)/ q141 2fo/ '~9,b. Vigna.li 25'/ 6932 Villabato 272/ Olt6 Villa 1Bo0ce 268/ 1278 Villan C:iambra 253/ 1.957 VTlladoro 266/ 1278 Villafrati 2.18/ 6837 Vi3.jafranca Sicula 2149/ ).l053 Villafranca Tirrona 26./ c9292 Villa Grazia Villa.grazia 24.9/ 151..! 270/ 9281 Villalba Station 270/ 9685' VtillLba 276/ 7107 Vila priolo
2 70/ 9.91 Villarosa

266/ 266/ 266/ 249/ 270/ 259/ 275/ 274/

249/ 5042
276/ 7116 260/ 2299 259/ ~5423 266/ 3788

3075 2976 2875 4L52 9791 6214 3710 o051

249/ 40o4

253/ 2358
2149/ 2751 2L1.9/ L142

267/ 8695

265/ 8786

Villarosa Station

270/ 2!1 / 262/ 276/ 27..1/

91487 3450 0301 5613 07 52

Villlasota
V3il"l a.sinundo

Viscaori Vita
VITTOP.A

Tring.li Tringeali Casa Tripi Troina Troina River Troitta Tudia Tunmine].lo
Tusa, Castel di

273/ 78.3 2714/ 1527

Vizzini
Vizzini-Licodia Station

253/ 9639 26l/ 273/ 260/ 266/ 260/


261/ E5310

Volpc, La
VulcaIello, Hioilce

6313 l4.8!13 9798 13291.. 2132

Vulcano, Boccho di Vulcano Islacid

259/ 9097 268/ 1692 268/ 1587 268/ 1785 2 71/ 6056 274/ 9751 270/ 9690 257/ 9619 276/ 14717 273/ 6740 273/ 6343 275/ 3516 2141./ 8481 2).41/ 8282 244./ 8h477

23.1/ 2235

Xi.fonio, Porto (Augusta)

Tusa ti-vor

21/ 2331).

X :rbi .Xitta

274/ 0950 268/ 0481 257/ 7234

UcrJi
Umborto ^ Castoll'

Unmari Ustica Islnmd

25.2/ 25:2/ 257/ 2!i9/

7639 Zabolla 71..1 Za.fagliono, Punta di 9026 inset Zaffaria Zafform.a Etnoa

253/ 0038 275/ 3513 262/ 250/ 252/ 262/ 271/ 276/ 252/ 252/
259/ 254./

Vaccarizzo Vaddetuz za Va:iasuaa Valcorrontc Stbat;ion :.', Valdichicsa, (Salina Is.) Valdina VIlgu.irncra Vc.lg ... arnc. a Caropcpe V:;l-.:lcdolmo Va,-llCdol.mo Statvilon
Vc'j.lclun.ga St a, tion V\all.clun-ga Pratc4ono

270/ 272/ 26.5/ .. 269/ ; 2L)1V/ 253/ 2)49/ 268/

259/ 8505
259/ 7801 259/ 8699

9563 9637 999C) 82814. 7296 19 5 1936 31.77

Zafforaio Cape , Zappatrdino Z pp oll o Zappulla Zappullla g Casino Zappull a Station Zappulla Torrent

9600 5946 7852 0212 0047 7099 611.6 7619 9476 2231

Zifrono c
Zirmaroo Zisa

270/ 262/ 253/ 276/ 2L9/

1654

7395 4246

Vca-lonazzo, Torr6 ValsOavoia Station Valvordo Varoaro Ccasa di Voena Vondicari Island Vondicari, Torre Vcnc riCa 'Vcntiili \Jontimiglia i di Scii 6iciiia

262/ 2'170/ 270/ 265/ 262/ 277/ 277/ 262/

253/ 21'6

o605 87.60 9987 0687 9911 300 9801. 9-99

259/ 6225

'W

IRN,,A *np