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Building Smart Cities: the CIA Research Network Perspective

Prof. Dr. Antnio Augusto Frhlich UFSC/LISHA guto@lisha.ufsc.br http://www.lisha.ufsc.br/~guto August 2012 Konza Techno City Investors Conference
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Summary

Smart Cities
Smart Grid, Smart Internet of Things

Cities, Smart Spaces

The CIA National Research Netwrok


Main

goals and experiments

The role of LISHA/UFSC


EPOS and the Internet of Things UFSC Electric Vehicle Smart Spaces around ALTATV UFSC Green Building UFSC Research Center on Renewable

Energies

Final Remarks
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Smart Cities

Picture by IBM 4 / 45

Smart Grid

Picture by Silverspring Networks 6 / 45

Smart Cities on the Smart Grid

Picture by the Energy Collective 7 / 45

Smart Home on the Smart Grid

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Ambient Intelligence

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CIA Project

Building Smart Cities: from environment instrumentation to application development

Network of 18 Brazilian Universities Sponsored by CTIC

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CIA Research Network


IECOM UFAL UFF UFMG UFPA UFRJ UFSC UNB UNIFOR PUC-RIO UFES UFG UFOP UFPR UFRN UFSJ UNICAMP USP

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CIA Challenge: Integration

Picture by ZTE 12 / 45

UFMG: Urban Traffic Monitoring

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UFPR: Climate Monitoring

effect

cause
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USP: River Monitoring

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UFSC/LISHA: Internet of Things


Trillions of objects Parallel, asynchronous events Self-configuring, dependable, energy-aware

wireless sensor network Aware of time and space Started with RFIDs

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Things need energy!


1,8 Ghz 512 MB RAM 40~80 W
Power Consumption

4 ~ 16 Mhz 4~128 KB RAM < 100 mW < 10 mW

Processing Power
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Things like to talk!

MAN
Power Consumption

LAN

PAN

Bandwidth
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Who you're gonna call?

Platform

EPOS

Resources
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Free EPOS!

EPOS is about 12 years old


Several
x86, RT

Dozens

MIPS, Sparc, AVR, ARM, H8, PowerPC

architectures

Hundreds

scheduler, iDTV, telecom

of hardware components

of software components

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OpenEPOS and the IoT

OpenEPOS software
RT

scheduling, sensing, energy management and communication


AVR

OpenEPOS hardware
EPOSMote EPOSMote

+ ZigBee

AVR + ZigBee / PLC ARM + ZigBee / PLC

II

EPOS gateway devices


GSM / eSDR

GPRS / Wi-Fi

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Mote Comparision
MicaZ Packaging Processor RAM Flash Transmission Power Max Tx Current Max Rx Current Sleep Current Size (mm) Price (USD) pcb 8-bits ATMega128L 4 kB 128 kB 0 dBm 17.4 mA 19.7 mA 15 uA 58 x 32 x 7 $ 144,00 EPOSMoteI single-package 8-bits ATMega128v 8 kB 128 kB +3 dBm 18 mA 19 mA 6 uA 24 x 13,5 x 2 $ 18,25 EPOSMoteII single-die (SoC) 32-bits ARM7 TDMI 96 kB 128 kB +4 dBm 29 mA 22 mA 0.85 uA 9,5 x 9,5 x 1,2 $ 4,50

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eBoat: UFSC's Electric Boat

Real alternative for remote areas


No fossil fuels Reasonable

performance Low impact

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eBoat: Mechanical Design

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eBoat: Automation Design

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eBoat at the Brazilian Solar Challenge

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eBoat at the Frisian Solar Challenge

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Smart Spaces and ALTATV

ALTATV
Gateway & Control Media Center & iDTV

come for free!

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Smart Spaces around the TV Set

EPOSMote + ALTATV
PLC Wireless ALTATV
Portable Gateway Smart

EPOSMotes
outlets

EPOSMotes
& Control
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things

UFSC Green Building

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UFSC Green Building: Power Generation


Block A - 35 kWp Crystalline Silicon c-SI Pluto 205 (8 kWp) Amorph Silicon a-SI PVL 144 (27 kWp)

CIGS ASCENT 140 (7 kWp)

Crystaline Silicon c-SI Pluto 205 (8 kWp)

Block B - 15 kWp

TOTAL POWER

50 kWp
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UFSC Green Building: Energy Storage

Lithium-ion Batteries
20 years life-span 7000 cycles (full-discharge) 95% efficiency

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UFSC Green Building: Backup System

Full connected
Smart

outlet

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UFSC Green Building: Smart Outlet


Standard outlet around EPOSMote PLC or ZigBee communication


Sensors Actuators Control

Energy meter Low-power standby

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UFSC Research Center on Renewable Energies

InPETRO

Institu to

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UFSC Research Center on Renewable Energies

Parking Work Toilets Living Moving Access

5000 m

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Final Remarks

Now is the right time to make our Cities smarter IoT is a fundamental piece of future Smart Cities First Smart Cities demonstrators
PC Ordinary
No Oversized,

and smartphone technology


notion of time and space

TCP/IP (v4/v6)

hard to verify, not green

Next technological milestones


Cross-layer
Routing, transport, positioning, Service-oriented elements

optimization (protocol integration)


timing

Dynamic

Privacy

Reactive adaptation of parameters (e.g. duty cycle) Coordinated protocol alterations (aided by a meta-protocol)

adaptation

and Trustfulness

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LISHA/UFSC

The Software/Hardware Integration Lab at the Federal University of Santa Catarina has been established in 1984 to promote research on the frontier between software and hardware Embedded Systems Operating Systems Computer Networks Related Applications

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