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# PE424UCR/HWMD

Dr. Guru

## Half-wave Rectifier: DC Motor with freewheeling Diode

We have already examined the operation of a half-wave rectifier circuit feeding a dc motor (HWM). During that discussion we realized that the rectifying diode D is kept open by the current in the motor when the diode is revered biased. To ensure that the diode D remains off when it is reverse biased, we place a freewheeling diode across the motor as shown in the figure below. The effect of the freewheeling diode changes the operation of the rectifying circuit and that of the motor as explained in this section. The dc motor is assumed to be operating in its steady-state with an almost constant induced (back) emf. Motor's Data: R L Ea 4 . 10 .mH 50 .V

## The given source voltage: v s ( t ) 170 .sin ( t ) .V f 60 .Hz

where and

Vm

The impedance of the motor, its magnitude, and the phase angle are z R j . .L Z z or Z = 5.497 = 43.304 deg

arg ( z )

Diode D will turn on only when the input voltage is just above the back emf of the motor. The angle at which the diode will begin conduction is asin Ea Vm = 17.105 deg

PE424UCR/HWMD

Dr. Guru

## Feb. 06, 2006

Expected solution:

i( t)

Vm . Z .

sin ( t L R

Ea R

K1 .e

tan

where

tan

K1

tan .

Ea R

Vm . sin ( Z

K1 = 35.902 A

## Transition from D to Freewheeling diode (FWD) takes place at t . The current in D at t :

i( )

Vm . Z

sin (

Ea R

K1 .e tan

i ( ) = 9.994 A

The commutation from D to FWD takes place at t . Therefore, the extinction angle is = 3.142 rad or = 180 deg

## When the freewheeling diode begins conduction, the differential equation is L. di ( t ) dt R .i ( t )

t

Ea 0

Ea = 12.5 A R

Expected solution:

i ( t ) K2 .e tan L R

Ea R tan = 0.943

where

tan

PE424UCR/HWMD

Dr. Guru

K2

Ea R

i ( ) .e tan
t

K2 = 630.484 A

i o2 ( t )

K2 .e

tan

Ea R

## The current is zero again when t :

tan .ln

K2 .R Ea 0 , 0.01 .. 2 .

= 211.726 deg

Diode current:

i D ( t )

if t ,

Vm . Z

sin ( t

Ea R

K1 .e tan , 0

## Output voltage: FWD current: DC motor Current:

v o ( t )

if t , v s ( t ) , if ( t , 0 , Ea ) if t , i o2 ( t ) , 0 i FWD ( t )

i FWD ( t ) i ( t )

i D ( t )

## Input and Output Voltages

200 150 v o ( t ) 100 50 v s( t ) 0 50 100 150 200 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180200 220 240 260280 300 320 340 360 180 t .

PE424UCR/HWMD

Dr. Guru

## Current in Rectifying Diode D

25 20 i D( t ) 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 180 t .

## Current in the FWD Motor and FWD

25 i ( t ) i FWD( t ) 20 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 180 t .

Theoretical Analysis:

I odc

1 . 2 .

## DC Power supplied to the dc motor:

P odc

I odc .Ea

P odc = 323.565 W

PE424UCR/HWMD

Dr. Guru

I orms

1 . 2 .

i D ( a) da
2

## i FWD ( a ) d a PR P oT I orms2 .R PR P odc P R = 429.411 W P oT = 752.976 W

2

I orms = 10.361 A

## Total power supplied to the motor:

Note that the effective input current is not the same as the effective output current due to the freewheeling diode in the circuit. i D ( a)2 da

I srms

1 . 2 .

S input

I srms

Power factor:

pf

pf = 0.612