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Tugas Ibu Cut LATIFA Exersises 11 10.

Find equation of the line which passes through A ( 3, -2 ) and has slove 3 The condition under which P ( x, y ) moves is that the slove of AP is 3 Answer : y y1 = m( x x1) y (-2) =
2 2 3 2 2

y = 3 - 2 - 2 y = - 4

( x 3)

y + 2 = 3 - 2

Exsercise 12 10. Find the equation of the circle inscribed in the regular hexagon here shown Answer :

The perimeter of the square whose sides (s) are 2 cm. each s = 4(2) = 8 cm. 2 The area of the inscribed circle is where r = half of s, the side of the square, so:
2

cm. So the equation of the circle inscribed is x2 + y2 = r2. x2 + y2 = 12 x2 + y2 = 1

Exercise 14. Graph of Equations Examine the following equations as to intercepts, symmetry, the x intevals for which y is real, and the x intervals for which y is imaginary, and draw the graph : 14. 2 Answer :
2

x intercept : set y = 0

y intercept : set x = 0

2
2

8
2

2 2 2

8 8

8
2

8 8

8 8 8

The graph for this equation cannot draw, because the point y are imaginary

The axis of symmetry is the line is

=0

Exercise 17 6. Draw the graph for each of the following pairs of equations and find their points of intersection

Exercise 21. The slope and Point slove Equations

Find The intercepts and slope of each of following lines, and by the aid of the intercepts draw each line : 4. 2y + 7x = -9 Answer : 2y + 7x = -9 2y = -7x 9 therefore, slope = -7

For x intercept, set y equal 0 2y = -7x 9 2.(0) = -7x 9 7x = - 9 ;9 x = 7 intercept x = (


;9 7

For y intercept, set x equal 0 2y = -7x 9 2y = -7.(0) 9 2y = -9 ;9 y= 2

,0)

intercept y, = ( 0 ,

;9 2

Exercise 22 Through each of the vertices A ( 5, 3), B (7, -1), C (-1, 5) of the triangle ABC draw a line parallel to the opposite side, and for the triangle thus formed consider the following : 24. The perpendicular bisectors of the sides are concurrent. Answer :

Exercise 25 Find the distances from the following lines to the points specified in each case 1.Line 8x+6y=55 ; points(10,2), (9,6), (4,5), (4,-1), (-1,1)

d1 = | d2= | d3= | d4= | d5= |

: : 2 :2 : : 2 :2 : : 2 :2 : : 2 :2 : : 2 :2

|= | |= | |= | |= | |= |

:6 2;55 82 :62

| =|

8 : 2;55 | 64:36

= 3,7 = 5,3 = 0,7 = -2,9 = -5,7

8 9:6 6;55 82 :62 82 :62 82 :62 82 :62

| =|

72:36;55 | 64:36 32:3 ;55 | 64:36

8 4:6 5;55

| =|

8 4:6 ; ;55 8 ; :6 ;55

| =| | =|

32;6;55 | 64:36 ;8:6;55 | 64:36

Exercise 27 Find the equation of the line through the point (-3, 4 ) and subject to the following conditions : 4. The sum of the intercept is 12 Answer :

where a and b are x and y intercepts of the line. b = 12 a since the line passes through ( -3, 4 ) So substitute x = -3, 1nd y = 4 in this equation and solve for a.
;3:4 ( 2 a)

a + b = 12

+ + +

2a 2a 4 2a

;3

-36 + 3a + 4a = ( -36 +7a = 2 2 2

a)

+ 7 5 36 9

36

+ 4 a = -4 V

a=9

b = 12 a V b = 12 - a b = 12 + 4 b = 16 b = 12 - 9 b=3

Exercise 27 Find the common point of any two lines of the system and show that this point is on each of the other lines. 65. if r is the radius of a circle with center at ( 0, 0 ), all lines of the system y = mx + 2 are tangent to circle.

Exercise 27 96. From P ( 4, 6 ) and Q ( 7, 1 ) draw the perpendiculars PR and QS to the line 5x 3y = 36, and find the length of RS. RS is Called the projection of segment PQ upon the line. For simple solution, see Ex 97. Answer :

Exercise 28 Find the center and the radius of each of following circles and draw figure : 5. 2 + Answer : 2 + 2 + 2 x=3
2 2 2

6 6
2 2 2 2

6 + 9 + 3 3 3
2 2 2

+9 9 9 3 2 +
2 2

+ + + y=0

So the center of circle ( 3, 0 )

And than the radius is 3

Exercise 29 Draw circle subject to the following conditions , and find the equation of each circle : 10. Tangent to both axes and passing through (2,1). Answer : The equation for circle with center (a,b) and radius R is
2

If the circle is tangent to both axes, then the points of tangency are (R,0) and (0,R) Therefore, the circle must be centered at the point (R,R) The circle passes through the point (2,1) : So,
2

Solve for R : 4 4R + 2 + 2 2 2 6 + 5 2 2 + 2 2

6 + 5

6 + 5 5 This gives two solution, R=5 and R=1

So, there are two circle which satisfy the requirement : 5


2 2

+ + 5

2 2

Exercise 30 Find the equations of the tangents to the following circles under the stated conditions, and find the points of contact : 12. 2 +
2

3;

2 3

Answer : The center of circle (0,0) and the radius 3 2 +


2 2

3 2

3 3 3

2 2

3 3 3

3,6 5555 3

3,6 5555 3

So the point are (3,6 5555 3 , 3,6 5555 3

Exercise 32 Such circles are said orthogonal 18. Find the condition that 2 +
2

+ + +

2 +

+ + +

Exercise 33. Transform each of the following equations by means of a rotation of the axes through the acute angle 13. 2 Answer : +
2