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Inspection and Rehabilitation

Inspection and Rehabilitation
Inspection and Rehabilitation
Inspection and Rehabilitation
Inspection and Rehabilitation
Inspection and Rehabilitation

Moffatt & Nichol, internationally recognized experts in waterfront structural engineering and marine design, provides clients with engineering services directed towards the extension of service life. The focus of these efforts is on existing marine structures, bridges and other engineered structures for port, military, and transportation clients. The firm offers service life/durability modeling capabilities to provide significant added value to projects.

Services are performed by registered engineers and engineer-divers who understand the structural significance of observed degradation and damage. The result is effective assessments and engineered solutions for cost-conscious clients. The recommendations are commonly translated into construction projects resulting in rehabilitation and/or facility modernization.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Above Water Inspection

2

Below Water Inspection

4

Material Sampling and Testing

6

Service Life Modeling

7

Bridge Inspection

8

Rehabilitation and Upgrade Engineering Design

9

Construction Phase Services

10

Inspection and Rehabilitation in Action

11

Inspection and Rehabilitation - a Global Practice

16

Inspection and Rehabilitation

Above Water Inspection

M offatt & Nichol personnel approach each inspection and re- habilitation project with a solid methodical and analytical

engineering-based process. Experienced in a wide variety of struc- tures and diverse environments, the company is well equipped to carry out inspections from simple, straightforward tasks to more intricate projects that require complex material sampling and test- ing regimens.

Inspection of structures requires a safe, well thought-out approach, particularly in difficult-access scenarios commonly found underneath pier and bridge structures; with in-roadway inspection; and other hard-to-access locations.

Services include concrete degradation surveys; above and below deck inspection of piers, wharves and bridges; material sampling and testing; excavation and testing of buried structures; inspection of mechanical and electrical utilities; and cathodic protection system inspection.

Navy Pier Rehabilitation, Unified Port of San Diego

Hard-to-access Structures

Hard-to-access Structures Confined-space entry and bridge snoopers are commonly used during inspection

Confined-space entry and bridge snoopers are commonly used during inspection

Below Deck Inspection Using a man- lift to perform underdeck inspection – portion of field
Below Deck Inspection
Using a man-
lift to perform
underdeck
inspection –
portion of field
notes shown
below
Below Deck Inspection Using a man- lift to perform underdeck inspection – portion of field notes

2

Below Deck Inspection Using a man- lift to perform underdeck inspection – portion of field notes

Above and below deck inspection of piers, wharves and bridges

Hands-on inspection and testing of structural members
Hands-on inspection
and testing of structural
members

Manlift for access to timber pier

Material sampling/mooring hardware inspection

Material sampling/mooring hardware inspection Extracting concrete cores for petrographic analysis Inspection of mooring

Extracting concrete cores for petrographic analysis

hardware inspection Extracting concrete cores for petrographic analysis Inspection of mooring hardware and foundations

Inspection of mooring hardware and foundations

Inspection of mechanical and electrical utilities

Inspection of mechanical and electrical utilities Typical utilities include steam, compressed air, waste water, potable
Inspection of mechanical and electrical utilities Typical utilities include steam, compressed air, waste water, potable

Typical utilities include steam, compressed air, waste water, potable water, oily waste, electrical switchgear and transformers

Above Water Inspection

Corrosion-related concrete damage surveys

Corrosion-related concrete damage surveys Documenting below deck damage

Documenting below deck damage

Corrosion-related concrete damage surveys Documenting below deck damage

Excavation and testing of buried structures

Excavation and testing of buried structures Inspection of tie- rods and deadman structures Excavating to expose

Inspection of tie- rods and deadman structures

Excavating to expose a closed-cell steel sheet pile cofferdam

Examination of cathodic protection systems

Examination of cathodic protection systems Inspection and assessment of coatings and life-cycle perfor- mance of steel

Inspection and assessment of coatings and life-cycle perfor- mance of steel structures in the marine environment

Below Water Inspection

B elow water structural engineering inspections are con- ducted with a dual emphasis - safe diving operations and

the placement of experienced structural engineers in the marine environment. Moffatt & Nichol maintains a team of more than 40 strategically-located engineer-divers, ready to respond to below water inspection assignments throughout the U. S. and around the globe.

The firm’s personnel perform dive operations with a careful assessment of safety, environmental and task requirements in a wide variety of above and below water climatic conditions, including limited visibility (turbid water), currents, confined conditions and extremely cold water. Moffatt & Nichol maintains strategically located dive vessels and support craft to enable personnel to gain access to most operational facilities.

personnel to gain access to most operational facilities. Below water inspections are conducted in strict accordance

Below water inspections are conducted in strict accordance with the firm’s in-house “Safe Diving and Vessel Operations Manual.” Moffatt & Nichol is certified by the Association of Diving Contractors International (ADCI) and performs diving operations in compliance with ADCI, OSHA and Army Corps of Engineer

requirements.

Engineer-Divers Moffatt & Nichol places engineers in the water to evaluate engineering problems. The
Engineer-Divers
Moffatt
&
Nichol
places
engineers
in
the
water
to
evaluate
engineering
problems.
The
firm’s
divers
have
the
expertise,
equipment
and
experience
to
safely
inspect
and
assess
submerged
structures.
These
inspections
produce
innovative
repairs
leading
to rehabilitation
and extension
service
life
of vital
infrastructure.
The American
Below
Water
inspection
work
is of based
upon
Three Moffatt & Nichol principals
Society
of Civil
Engineers
Standard
Practice
Manual
No.
101,
“Underwater
were contributing authors.
Investigations.”

4

were contributing authors. Investigations.” 4 LEVEL I INSPECTION General reconnaisance (“swim-by”) of

LEVEL I INSPECTION

General reconnaisance (“swim-by”) of structure

General reconnaisance (“swim-by”) of structure LEVEL II INSPECTION Close visual examination (removal of

LEVEL II INSPECTION

Close visual examination (removal of marine growth) of structural elements

visual examination (removal of marine growth) of structural elements LEVEL III INSPECTION Material sampling and/or testing

LEVEL III INSPECTION

Material sampling and/or testing

visual examination (removal of marine growth) of structural elements LEVEL III INSPECTION Material sampling and/or testing

Below Water Inspection

Moffatt & Nichol’s engineer-divers routinely perform inspections of piers and wharves; seawalls and bulkheads; graving docks; cable arrays and ranges; rock structures (revetments and breakwaters); marinas; debris surveys; outfalls; and miscellaneous marine facilities.

Timber Structures

and miscellaneous marine facilities. Timber Structures Timber pile remnant after marine borer attack. Concrete

Timber pile remnant after marine borer attack.

Concrete Structures

pile remnant after marine borer attack. Concrete Structures Remnants of a hollow pre-stressed concrete pile damaged

Remnants of a hollow pre-stressed concrete pile damaged by delayed ettringite formation.

Steel Structures

damaged by delayed ettringite formation. Steel Structures Uneven corrosion pattern on steel H-pile. Debris Survey

Uneven corrosion pattern on steel H-pile.

Steel Structures Uneven corrosion pattern on steel H-pile. Debris Survey Portion of demolished ship superstructure

Debris Survey

Uneven corrosion pattern on steel H-pile. Debris Survey Portion of demolished ship superstructure located as part

Portion of demolished ship superstructure located as part of a debris survey.

ship superstructure located as part of a debris survey. Locating steel beams, cable and rope to

Locating steel beams, cable and rope to be removed prior to sheet pile installation

Material Sampling and Testing

T he effect of the marine environment on structural mate- rials can be harsh and unforgiving. The service life and

structural capacity of elements composed of reinforced con- crete, structural steel, timber, and composites are affected by limited inspection and lack of routine maintenance.

Moffatt & Nichol’s engineers are highly skilled in the above and below water sampling, testing and assessment of materials. This Inspection and Rehabilitation (I&R) skill- set, coupled with structural engineering expertise, allows for the evaluation and diagnosis of material degradation - ultimately resulting in innovative rehabilitation schemes aimed at maintaining or increasing load capacity; extension of service life; and return-on-investment.

Sampling and testing techniques include:

Concrete

core sampling

compressive strength testing

chloride ion testing

petrographic analysis

scanning electron microscopy

concrete chemistry

transport properties

• corrosion mapping (ASTM C-876)

reinforcing bar location and concrete cover readings

corrosion damage assessment

reinforcing bar sampling and testing

corrosion rate measurement

Structural Steel

ultrasonic thickness measurements

coating evaluations

half-cell potential measurements

coupon extraction and testing

cathodic protection system inspection and evaluation

Timber

dissolved oxygen testing

core sampling

creosote retention

wood type / property / strength testing

• dissolved oxygen testing • core sampling • creosote retention • wood type / property /

6

• dissolved oxygen testing • core sampling • creosote retention • wood type / property /

M offatt & Nichol uses Stadium ® , a service life prediction modeling software, as a design

tool. This validated software achieves a reliable and quantifiable estimate of service life for new concrete infrastructure and the remaining service life of existing structures. Tailored design recom- mendations can be produced to suit clients needs, assuring optimum return on their investments. Using state-of-the art inspection and forensic techniques, Moffatt & Nichol can reliably forecast future performance of a given concrete structure.

Stadium ® software combines the ion migration of chlorides with solid phase concrete degradation mechanisms. Through field sampling and laboratory testing, existing and potential degradation mechanisms can be identified, and intervention alternatives determined. These tools supplement detailed condition assessments and help predict service life, allowing life cycle costing of future maintenance and repairs that meet client expectations.

Service Life Modeling

This work typically involves:

Field Sample Collection and Testing

coring for chloride ion sampling

corrosion measurements

coring for petrographic analysis

coring for transport properties

Laboratory Testing

chloride ion testing

petrographic / scanning electron microscopy

concrete transport properties

Deterioration Mechanisms

chloride ion - induced corrosion

carbonation - induced corrosion

external sulfate attack

delayed ettringite formation

Identification of Intervention Alternatives

sealants

cathodic protection system

internal coatings

external coatings / jackets / wraps

chloride extraction

coatings / jackets / wraps • chloride extraction Drying test apparatus Typical screen menu from “STADIUM

Drying test apparatus

/ wraps • chloride extraction Drying test apparatus Typical screen menu from “STADIUM ® ” service

Typical screen menu from “STADIUM ® ” service life modeling software

Bridge Inspection

Bridge Inspection Fort Madison Bridge, IA M offatt & Nichol provides bridge inspec- tion services to

Fort Madison Bridge, IA

M offatt & Nichol provides bridge inspec- tion services to the U. S. Navy, numer-

ous departments of Transportation (DOTs) and other infrastructure owners. This work typically involves aspects of above and below water inspection; material sampling and test- ing; and specific inspection related to fracture- critical members and bridge scour. The firm has numerous engineering personnel holding National Bridge Inspection Standards (NBIS) certification as Inspection Team Leader as de- veloped by the National Highway Institute.

This work is often accomplished in association with Moffatt & Nichol’s well-established Transportation Practice – the firm having developed significant experience in bridge design throughout the United States and internationally as represented by landmark projects such as San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge and Virginia Dare Bridge.

San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge and Virginia Dare Bridge. Admiral Clarey Bridge to Ford Island,

Admiral Clarey Bridge to Ford Island, Pearl Harbor, HI

Highway 24 Bridge over the Columbia River, WA

Harbor, HI Highway 24 Bridge over the Columbia River, WA Shockoe Bottom Viaduct, Richmond, VA 8

Shockoe Bottom Viaduct, Richmond, VA

8

Use of bridge snooper for below deck inspection

Bridge over the Columbia River, WA Shockoe Bottom Viaduct, Richmond, VA 8 Use of bridge snooper

Rehabilitation and Upgrade Engineering Design

O nce Moffatt & Nichol engineer-diver personnel

have established the above and below water condition of a structure, and have overseen any necessary follow-on ma- terial sampling and testing, the same personnel are in a position to prepare reports, plans, specifications and cost estimates (PS&E) for execution of repairs. These repairs are made on the basis of facility sustainment, reha-

repairs are made on the basis of facility sustainment, reha- State-of-the-art PS&Es are prepared by the
repairs are made on the basis of facility sustainment, reha- State-of-the-art PS&Es are prepared by the
repairs are made on the basis of facility sustainment, reha- State-of-the-art PS&Es are prepared by the

State-of-the-art PS&Es are prepared by the same engineer-divers that performed investigations. These qualified personnel are in a unique position to expertly and efficiently translate findings and deliver cost-effective PS&E - ensuring that nothing is lost in the process. These materials can be used for soliciting construction services to execute the work in either conventional “design-bid-build” or “design-build” procurement methods.

Rehabilitation and Upgrade Engineering Design Services include:

structural repair - timber/steel/concrete

complete facility rehabilitation / modernization

structural analysis / load capacity of existing structures (pile-supported structures, cranes/ forklifts and mooring hardware)

berthing and mooring analysis (mooring hardware load-testing)

preparation of design/build RFP solicitation packages

existing facility assessment

Phase Services

The repair methodology that is developed after the inspection process involves the application of unique processes in adverse locations and environments. This work is typically associated with above and below water construction – often in response to fluctuating tidal and weather conditions. The same personnel that are responsible for the inspection, assessment and design of repairs supervise the rehabilitation process.

and design of repairs supervise the rehabilitation process. Moffatt & Nichol engineer-divers routinely monitor the

Moffatt & Nichol engineer-divers routinely monitor the progress and quality of contractor efforts in the field to verify that the work is in compliance with the plans and specifications, removing uncertainty from the construction process. Efforts are made to ensure economical use of unit-price materials and protection of the environment – resulting in effective repairs designed to extend the service life of the structure.

designed to extend the service life of the structure. This work may involve: • confined space

This work may involve:

• confined space entry

below water inspection

night-time tide-related observation

rapid deployment of engineer-divers

quick response to emergent conditions

general construction observation

Inspection of concrete repair and restoration is a specialty of the firm and includes:

mark-out of concrete repair areas

measurement of demolition and repair quantities

• “28-day” follow-on inspection

of concrete repair areas • measurement of demolition and repair quantities • “28-day” follow-on inspection 10

10

of concrete repair areas • measurement of demolition and repair quantities • “28-day” follow-on inspection 10

Inspection and Rehabilitation in ActionRail

Partial List of Clients

US Navy

US Coast Guard

City of Norfolk

Port of Los Angeles

The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey

Port of Long Beach

Port of San Diego

Port of Seattle

North Carolina State Port Authority

Port Metro Vancouver

Port of Tacoma

Tampa Port Authority

Georgia Port Authority

The projects illustrated on the following pages showcase facilities where the Moffatt & Nichol Inspection and Rehabilitation process has been successfully implemented…

Philadelphia Regional Port Authority

New York City Economic Development Corporation

Washington State Department of Transportation

ExxonMobil

ConocoPhillips

BP

Chevron

British Gas, Tunisia

Kuşadasi Port, Turkey

BP Chevron British Gas, Tunisia Kuşadasi Port, Turkey Atlantic LNG, Trinidad Inspection and Rehabilitation 11

Atlantic LNG, Trinidad

Inspection and Rehabilitation in Action

I&R Services Extends Service Life of Port of San Diego’s 10th Avenue Marine Terminal

Project highlights included:

engineer-divers

materials testing

engineering reports

• plans specifications and cost estimates

construction period services

concrete placed below water using anti-washout mixture

12

T he Port of San Diego’s 10th Avenue Marine Terminal was constructed in 1956 by placing a mass rock and concrete

wall (cyclopean seawall) to retain a 96-acre land mass.

Forty years later, the seawall was found to be severely compromised with 3 – 4 ton rocks falling out of the face - creating large voids. Moffatt & Nichol Blaylock engineer-divers performed Inspection & Rehabilitation services to define the problem, assess the severity, develop the solution, and monitor the construction.

This $16 million award-winning project was completed six months ahead of schedule and $1 million under budget. The I&R-based engineering solution resulted in a 50 year extension of service life as opposed to costly demolition and replacement.

life as opposed to costly demolition and replacement. Repair, Rehabilitation & Preservation 9 8 6 7

Repair, Rehabilitation & Preservation

9 8 6 7 5 4 3 11 10 2 1 Repair Process
9
8
6
7
5
4
3
11
10
2
1
Repair Process
1
1

Drill 20” diameter hole

2
2

Drive 30’ long steel H-pile

3
3

Form and place below water concrete

4
4

Remove marine growth

5
5

Set steel sheet pile

6
6

Drill and place steel wale

7
7

Place cementitious backfill

8
8

Form and cast concrete cap

9
9

Place new foam-filled fenders

10
10

Dredge to -42.0 MLLW

11
11

Place closed-cell concrete mat

Inspection and Rehabilitation

13

repair

Inspection and Rehabilitation in Action

“New Deck Approach” Rehabilitates World War II-Era Piers 1, 3, 4 and 5 at Naval Base San Diego

Pier 4 Before

inspection

14

The Naval Facilities Engineering Command had scheduled Pier 1 for conventional “cut and patch” concrete repairs. This was done to address extensive reinforcing steel corrosion-related damage and general deterioration of the facility. Moffatt & Nichol performed above and below water field investigations and, after preliminary engineering analysis, proposed an alternate engineering solution that consisted of the following:

Rehabilitation of substructure (piling and pile caps)

Construction of new reinforced concrete deck (on top of the old deck)

Improvement of pier deck load capacity for mobile truck cranes

Upgrade of utility services (steam, potable water, compressed air, waste water and electrical).

Upgrade of mooring hardware and fender systems

new deck

• Upgrade of mooring hardware and fender systems new deck Repair, Rehabilitation & Preservation 4 5

Repair, Rehabilitation & Preservation

4 5 3 2 6 1
4
5
3
2
6
1

Repair Process

1 1
1 1

Repair existing pile cap

and piles

2
2

Abandon existing concrete deck and beams

3
3

Place new pile cap dowels

4
4

Remove existing top side utilities. Place new concrete deck

5
5

Install new electrical/ mechanical utilities

6
6

Place new fender systems

The result of this process was the modernization of mission critical pier facilities with extended service life at a fraction of the cost associated with demolition and construction of new piers.

Pier 4 After
Pier 4 After

Inspection and Rehabilitation

15

LNG Facility, Cove Point, MD

Embarcadero Facilities, Unified Port of San Diego, CA

Victor Wharf, Guam

LNG

Dock, Tunisia

Inspection and Rehabilitation, A Global Practice

Moffatt & Nichol engineer-divers are strategically located to mobilize on a local or global basis

Marine Oil Terminal, Clifton Ridge, Lake Charles, LA

16

Pearl Harbor, HI

to mobilize on a local or global basis Marine Oil Terminal, Clifton Ridge, Lake Charles, LA

June 2010

Corporate Office: 3780 Kilroy Airport Way, Suite 750 Long Beach, California 90806 phone: 562-590-6500 fax:

Corporate Office:

3780 Kilroy Airport Way, Suite 750

Long Beach, California 90806

phone: 562-590-6500

fax: 562-590-6512

www.moffattnichol.com