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distance relay calculation for REL 511 FOR TANTA WEST - PATROOL

zyateast

patrool

17km ,400 mm ,ASCR

tanta west

2.7km,400mm,ascr

PROTECTED LINE DATA


C.T.R
P.T.R
U.Z.R

400
66000

5
100

LINE IMPEDANCE
Z1 = R1+ JX1
R1s
Z0 = R0 +JX0
R0

SHORTEST LINE

80
660
0.121212

Z1
Z0

L KM
0.026836
0.170182

0.111927
0.798545

L KM

0.16897

XL2

LONGEST LINE patrool-zyateast


RL3

0.342
2.44

2.7
X1s
X0

patrool-zyateast
RL2

0.082
0.52

17

0.704727

ROL2
1.071515

L KM

0.16897

XL23

XOL2
5.027879

17
R0L3
1.071515

0.704727

X0L3
5.027879

the fault resistance setting shall be limited to


the max. load is given to
45.7248 MVA
66
AT ph.ph fault the fault resistance is equal to the arc resistance between the faulted phases . By the use of the van warring formula the
max. arc resistance can be estimated the max . Short circuit current
1000
arc length m
5
Rarc= 28700*L arc/( Iarc)^ 1.4
9.054238
Rarc sec
1.097483
R arc ph.ph =
1.097483
at phase to earth fault is equal to the arc resistance between the faulted phase and earth added with the effective twoer footing
resistance
l arc m
10
if there is earthed wire connecting each tower to each other the effective footing resistance can be considered less than 10 ohm
R FOOT
10
1.212121
Rarc ph.e =
2.309605
Rarc + R foot
ZONE 1 FORWARD
R1
0.022811
X1
0.095138
R0E
0.144655
X0E
0.678764
RF= < 3*X1
RF=
0.285415
RFn=<4.5 x1
RFn =
0.428122

X2=XLS+0.5*XL2 > 120%XL


resistive reach
Rzone 2 = R1 +0.5 *RL2

0.464291

R0E2=R0+0.5*R0L2
X0E2=X0+0.5*X0L2
RF =<3*X2
RFn=<4.5 x2

0.705939
3.312485
1.392873
2.089309

ZONE 2 FORWARD
>
0.134313

0.111321
Zone 1 reach in resistive direction for phase-to-earth measurement.
RFNZn =< 4.5 x Xn
where n =number of zone
Zone 1 reach in resistive direction for phase-to-phase measurement.
RFZn =< 3 x Xn
where n =number of zone

ZONE 3 FORWARD
R3 =1*(L1+L3)
0.195806
X3= 1*(L1+L3)
0.816655
R0E3 =1*(L1+L3)
1.241697
XOE3=1*(XOL1+XOL3)
5.826424
RF =<3* X3
2.449964
RFN=<4.5*X3
3.674945
ZONE -4 FORWARD
R4 =1.2 RZ3
X4 = 1.2 XZ3
R0E =1.2 R0E Z3
X0E 4 = 1.2 X0EZ3
RF4 =1.2 RFZ3
RFN4 = 1.2 RFNZ3

0.234967
0.979985
1.490036
6.991709
2.939956
4.409935

ZONE 5reverse
R5 =1.2 RZ4
0.352451
X5=1.2XZ4
1.469978
R0E5=1.2*R0EZ4
2.235055
XOEZ5=1.2*X0EZ4
8.390051
RF5=1.2*RFZ4
3.527948
RFNZ5=1.1*RFNZ4
4.850928
rf/x5
2.4 >0.35&<3 ok
rfn/x5
3.3 <4.5
0k
ZONE
XPP
RPP
RFPP
RFPE
XOPE
1 0.095138 0.022811 0.285415 0.428122 0.678764
2 0.464291 0.111321 1.392873 2.089309 3.312485
3 0.816655 0.195806 2.449964 3.674945 5.826424
4 0.979985 0.234967 2.939956 4.409935 6.991709
5 1.469978 0.352451 3.527948 4.850928 8.390051
GFC
1.616976 0.387696 3.880742 5.336021 9.229056
MINIMUM LOAD IMPEDANCE
U min = 0.9 *66 kv
59.4 I max.
P max.
74
Rload min. = (Umin)/ Pmax.
47.68054
Rload min.sec
5.779459
applying a margin of 10% Rload min =
5.201514

GFC ( genral fault criteria )


X1PP=1.1XZ5
1.616976
R1PP=1.1 RZ5
0.387696
X0PE=1.1 X0EZ5
9.229056
R0PE=1.1 R0Z5
2.45856
RFPP=1.1 RFZ5
3.880742
RFPE =1.1 RFPEZ5
5.336021
rf/x
2.4
rfn/x
3.3
ROPE
TIME
0.144655
0
0.705939
0.45
1.241697
0.9
1.490036
1.5
2.235055
1.5
2.45856
1.5
ZL= U/MVA
47.68054
ZL SEC
5.779459
= COS (Rloadmin /ZL)

26
MUST BE GREATER (APROX. 5 THAN

31
with p.f =0.85
=
31.7
max = + 5
36.7
4.850928
<
5.201514

LOAD ENCROACHMENT CHECCK


the value of resistive reach setting for zone -5
4.850928
RFN< Rload min
power swing detection
Xin= 1.1 XZ5
XIN =
1.616976
RIN =1.2 RFZ5
RIN =
4.233537
KX =

125%

KRIN

5.291921 <

RIN < 0.8 RL min<


4.623568

4.623568

0k

TIME DELAY O/C RELAY


Iset = 1.2*Imax. (atUmin)/K WHERE K IS RESET FACTOR
I max.
719.279
Iset =
908.563
11.35704
E/F WILL BE 40% of max. current
WE WILL TAKE O/C RELAY SETTING IS 800 AMP
Ie/f set=
302.8543
3.785679
DEAD LINE DETECTION
U <
30%

IP<

20%