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ASME VIII Div.

1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

Hub Material/Fig Cover Material

SA-266-2/ 24.1(a) SA-516-70

Design Pressure Design Temperature Corrosion allowance

Clamp Material/Fig SA-266-2/ 24.2(a)

80.00 barg o 150.00 C 1.50 mm 1390.80 mm 5232.10 mm2 41206.23 mm2 13664.00 mm2 23379.73 mm2 4162.50 mm2 1613.48 mm2 0.00 mm2 4941.57 mm2 4941.57 mm2 5.00 mm 10.00 mm 1230.80 mm 905.00 mm 1377.80 mm 1364.80 mm 78.50 mm 122.00 mm 356.00 mm 158.75 mm 1.00 45.00 mm 65.00 mm 15.00 mm 39.15 mm

1 A=outside diameter of hub 2 Abl=total cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 AC=total effective clamp cross-sectional are =A1+A2+A3 A1=partial clamp area =(Cw-2Ct)Ct A2=partial clamp area =(/2)*Ct2 A3=partial clamp area =(Cw-Cg)lc Am1=total cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug required for the operating conditions=Wm1/2Sb Am2=total cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug required for gasket seating=Wm2/2Sa Am3=total cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug required for assembly conditions=Wm3/2Sa Aml=total required cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug taken as the greater of Am1,Am2,Am3

11 b=effective gasket or joint-contact -surface seating widht (Table 2-5.2) 12 bo=basic gasket or joint-contact -surface seating widht (Table 2-5.2) 13 B=inside diameter of hub Bc=radial distance from connection centerline to center of bolts 14 [Fig.24-1 sketch (e)] 15 C= diameter of effective clamp-hub reaction circle =(A+Ci)/2

16 Ci= inside diameter of clamp 17 Cg= effective clamp gap determined at diameter C 18 Ct= effective clamp thickness (Ct shall be equal to or greater that r ) 19 Cw= clamp widht 20 eb=radial distance from center of the bolts to the centroid of the clamp cross section =Bc-(Ci/2)-lc-X f=hub stress correction factor from Fig. 2-7-6.(For values below 21 limit of the figure, use f=1.0). h/h o = 0.345 g 1 /g o = 1.460 go=thickness of hub neck at small end 22 23 g1=thickness of hub neck at intersection with hub shoulder 24 g2=height of hub shoulder (g2 shall not be greater than T) g'=radial distance from hub inside diameter B to the hub shoulder 25 2 ring centroid =[Tg1 +h2g2(2g1+g2)]/[2(Tg1+h2g2) ]

PStylianopoulos

Pressure Vessel Engineer

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ASME VIII Div.1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

26

G= diameter at location of gasket load reaction.Except as noted in Fig.24-1 (Set it as OD of contact face) , G is defined in Table 2.5.2

1259.00 mm 80.00 mm 40.25 mm 0.00 mm 139.00 mm 231.67 mm 65.70 mm 39.34 mm 19.94 mm 9959357.65 N 9564657.00 N

27 h=hub taper length hD=radial distance from effective clamp-hub reaction circle to 28 the circle on which HD acts = [C-(B+g1)]/2 29 30 hG=radial distance from effective clamp-hub reaction circle to the circle on which HG acts .For full face gaskets geometries,hG=0 hn=hub neck length [minimum length of hn is 0.5g1 or 1/4 in. (6 mm), whichever is larger]

0.5 31 ho=(Bgo) hT=radial distance from effective clamp-hub reaction circle to 32 the circle on which HT acts = [C-(B+G)/2]/2

33 34 35 36

h2=average thickness of hub shoulder =T-(g2tan)/2


'

=actual h =axial distance from the hub face to the hub shoulder ring centroid =[T2g1+h22g2]/[2(Tg1+h2g2) ] H=total hydrostatic end force =(/4)G2P HD=hydrostatic end force on bore area =(/4)B2P HG=difference between total effective axial clamping preload

37 and the sum of total hydrostatic end force and total joint contact surface compression=[(/2)W/tan(+)]-(+p) Hm=total axial gasket seating requirements for makeup 38 (bGy or the axial seating load for self-energizing gaskets if significant) Hp= total joint contact surface compression load 39 =2bxGmP.For self energized gaskets use Hp=0 or actual retaining load, if significant 40 41 42 43

W=W(95)

298895.92 N

0.00 N

0.00 N 394700.65 N
2 2

HT=difference between total hydrostatic end force and hydrostatic end force on bore area=H-HD Ic=moment of inertia of clamp relative to neutral axis of entire section=(A1/3+A2/4)Ct +A3lc /3-AcX = (g1T3)/3+(g2h23)/3-(g2h2+g1T)h'2 La=distance from W to the point where the clamp lug joins 168.00 mm 350.00 mm 80.00 mm 15.00 mm 8.50 mm 0.00
2

56775688.60 mm

Ih=moment of inertia of hub shoulder relative its neutral axis


4 414845.45 mm

the clamp body [Fig.24-1,sketch(e)] 44 Lh=clamp lug height [Fig.24-1,sketch(e)] 45 Lw=clamp lug width [Fig.24-1,sketch(e)] 46 lc=effective clamp lip length 47 lm=effective clamp lip moment arm=lc-(C-Ci)/2 48 m=gasket factor for table 2.5.1

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Pressure Vessel Engineer

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ASME VIII Div.1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

49 MD=moment due to HD,= HDhD 50 MF=offset moment = HD(g1-g0)/2 51 MG=moment due to HG,= HGhG MH= reaction moment at hub neck (See stress calculation) 52 0.5 ' 2 ' =Mo/{1+[1.818/(Bg1) ]x[T-h +(3.305Ih)/(g1 (B/2+g ))]} 53 Mo=total rotational moment on hub (See stress calculation) ' 54 MP=pressure moment=xPBT(T/2-h ) 55 MR=radial clamp equilibriating moment =(/2)W{h -T+[(C-N)tan]/2}
'

384977.44 Nm 95646.57 Nm 0.00 Nm Nm 76.72 Nm -16184.24 Nm 25931.83 Nm 1360.80 mm 80.00 barg 6.00 mm 1720.00 bar 1720.00 bar 1379.00 bar 1379.00 bar 1379.00 bar 1379.00 bar 40.00 mm 10258253.57 N 555037.78 N 1749870.89 N

W=Wm1

56 MT=moment due to HT,= HThT 57 N=outside diameter of hub neck 58 P=internal design pressure 0.5 59 Q=reaction shear force at hub neck=1.818MH/(Bg1) (See stress calculation) 60 r=clamp or hub cross section corner radius =1/4"(6mm) min.,Ctmax. 61 Sa=allowable bolt stress at room temperature 62 Sb=allowable bolt stress at design temperature SOH=allowable design stress for hub material at 63 (operating condition) design temperature 64 65 66 SAH=allowable design stress for hub material at (assembly condition) room temperature SOC=allowable design stress for clamp material at (operating condition) design temperature SAc=allowable design stress for clamp material at

(assembly condition) room temperature 67 S1=hub longitudinal stress on outside at hub neck 68 S2=maximum Lame' hoop stress at bore of hub 69 S3=maximum hub shear stress at shoulder 70 S4=maximum radial hub shear stress at the neck 71 S5=clamp longitudinal stress at clamp body inner diameter 72 S6=clamp tangentiall stress at clamp body outer diameter 73 S7=maximum shear stress in clamp lips 74 S8=clamp lug bending stress 75 S9=effective bearing stress between clamp and hub 76 T = thickness of hub shoulder per.Fig.24-1 77 78 79 80 W=total design bolt load required for operating or assembly condition as applicable( See stress calculation) We=total effective axial clamping preload on one clamp lip and hub shoulder (gasket seating or assembly)= (/2)W/tan(+),W=W(95) Wm1=minimum required total bolt load for the operating conditions(See stress calculation) Wm2=minimum required total bolt load for gasket seating (See stress calculation)

PStylianopoulos

Pressure Vessel Engineer

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ASME VIII Div.1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

81

X=clamp dimension to neutral axis per Fig.24-1,sketch (f) ={[Cw/2-Ct/3]Ct2-[(Cw-Cg)/2]lc2}/Ac

48.85 mm 0.00 Mpa 14.00 deg 5.00 deg 5.00 10.00 deg

82 y=gasket seating stress from table 2.5.1 Z=clamp-hub taper angle ,deg.For gasket seating and preload 83 Z=+,for operating Z=- (See stress calculation) 84 a=hub transition angle ,deg=45 max. 85 =friction angle,deg 86 =clamp shoulder angle,deg. 40 max. (actual/for calc.) BOLT LOADS Operating condition 87 88 Minimum operating bolt load, Wm1 for operating condition Wm1=0.637(H+HP)tan(-)= Total required bolt cross-sectional area per clamp lug Am1=Wm1/2Sb= Gasket seating 89 90 Minimum operating bolt load, Wm2 for gasket seating Wm2=0.637Hmtan(+)= Total required bolt cross-sectional area per clamp lug Am2=Wm2/2Sa= Assembly 91 92 93 Minimum operating bolt load, Wm3 for assembly Wm3=0.637(H+HP)tan(+)= Total required bolt cross-sectional area per clamp lug Am3=Wm3/2Sa= total required cross-sectional area of the bolts per clamp lug Aml=max(Am1,Am2,Am3)= CLAMP CONNECTION DESIGN BOLT LOAD 94 95 Operating condition W=Wm1 = Assembly W=(Aml+Abl)Sa= HUB MOMENTS Operating conditions 96 MD= 97 MG= 98 MT= 99 MF= 100 MP= 101 MR= Operating condition 102 MO=MD+MG+MT+MF+MP+MR= 384977.44 Nm 0.00 Nm 25931.83 Nm 95646.57 Nm 76.72 Nm -16184.24 Nm MD= MG=We(C-G)/2 MT= M F= MP= MR= Assembly

555037.78 N 1613.48 mm2

0.00 N 0.00 mm2

1699899.37 N 4941.57 mm2 4941.57 mm2

555037.78 N 1749870.89 N

0.00 Nm 609340.26 Nm 0.00 Nm 0.00 Nm 0.00 Nm 0.00 Nm 490448.33 Nm

PStylianopoulos

Pressure Vessel Engineer

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ASME VIII Div.1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

Assembly 103 Mo=[(/4)W(C-G)]/tan(+)= CALCULATION OF HUB STRESSES Operating condition 104 MH= reaction moment at hub neck= 105 Q=reaction shear force at hub neck= 106 107 108 109 Hub Longitudinal stress
2

609340.26 N

[Nm] [N]

432620.11 2809903.06 Allowable 1949.20 819.15 874.13 162.70 2068.50 1379.00 1103.20 1103.20

[bar]
2

S1=f{PB /[4(B+g1)g1]+1.91MH/[g1 (B+g1)]}= Hub hoop stress S2=P(N2+B2)/(N2-B2)= Hub axial shear stress S3=0.75W/T(B+2g1)tanZ= Hub radial shear stress S4=0.477Q/g1(B+g1)= Assembly [bar] [Z=-] [bar] [bar]

110 MH= reaction moment at hub neck= 111 Q=reaction shear force at hub neck= 112 113 114 115 Hub Longitudinal stress
2

[Nm] [N] [P=0] [P=0]

537493.63 3491065.15 Allowable 1962.54 0.00 899.83 202.14 2068.50 1379.00 1103.20 1103.20

[bar] [bar]

S1=f{PB /[4(B+g1)g1]+1.91MH/[g12(B+g1)]}= Hub hoop stress S2=P(N +B )/(N -B )= Hub axial shear stress S3=0.75W/T(B+2g1)tanZ= Hub radial shear stress S4=0.477Q/g1(B+g1)= [bar] [Z=+] [bar]
2 2 2 2

CALCULATION OF CLAMP STRESSES Operating condition 116 117 118 119 120 Clamp Longitudinal stress Clamp tangential stress S6=(W/2)[1/Ac+lebl(Ct-X)/Ic] Clamp lip shear stress S7=1.5W/[(Cw-Cg)CtanZ]= Clamp lug bending stress
2 S8=3WLa/LWLh

Allowable [Z=-] 833.73 634.99 248.89 285.45 1770.97 2068.50 2068.50 1103.20 1379.00 2206.40

[bar] [bar] [bar] [Z=-] [bar]

S5=(W/2CtanZ)[1/Ct+3(Ct+2lm)/Ct2]=

Bearing stress at clamp to hub contact S9=W/(A-Ci)CtanZ [bar]

[Z=-]

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Pressure Vessel Engineer

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ASME VIII Div.1 A-24

DESIGN RULES FOR CLAMP CONNECTIONS

CALCULATION OF CLAMP STRESSES Assembly condition 121 122 123 124 125 Clamp Longitudinal stress Clamp tangential stress S6=(W/2)[1/Ac+lebl(Ct-X)/Ic] Clamp lip shear stress S7=1.5W/[(Cw-Cg)CtanZ]= Clamp lug bending stress S8=3WLa/LWLh2 Bearing stress at clamp to hub contact S9=W/(A-Ci)CtanZ [bar] [Z=+] CALCULATION OF COVER HEAD 126 d=diameter, or shor span Fig. UG-34 (m)=O.D. of hub 127 C=factor depending on assembly method= 128 E=joint efficiency= 130 S=Cover allowable stress at design temperature = 129 Cover minimum thickness t=d(CP/SE)0.5+c= 1390.80 mm 0.30 1.00 1379.00 bar 184.98 mm [bar] [bar] [Z=+] [bar]
2

Allowable [Z=+] 858.24 2001.94 256.21 899.93 1823.03 2068.50 2068.50 1103.20 1379.00 2206.40

S5=(W/2CtanZ)[1/Ct+3(Ct+2lm)/Ct ]= [bar]

PStylianopoulos

Pressure Vessel Engineer

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