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Routers are physical devices that join multiple wired or wireless networks together. Technically, a wired or wireless router is a Layer 3 gateway, meaning that the wired/wireless router connects networks (as gateways do), and that the router operates at the network layer of the OSI model. By maintaining configuration information in a piece of storage called the routing table, wired or wireless routers also have the ability to filter traffic, either incoming or outgoing, based on the IP addresses of senders and receivers. Some routers allow the home networker to update the routing table from a Web browser interface. Broadband routers combine the functions of a router with those of a network switch and a firewall in a single unit.

Wifi or WiFi, is a mechanism that allows an electronic device to exchange data wirelessly over a computer network. A device enabled with Wi-Fi, such as a personal computer, video game console, smartphone, tablet, or digital audio player, can connect to a network resource such as the Internet via a wireless network access point. An access point (orhotspot) has a range of about 20 meters (65 ft) indoors and a greater range outdoors. Hotspot coverage can comprise an area as small as a single room with walls that block radio signals or a large area, as much as many square miles, covered by multiple overlapping access points. "Wi-Fi" is a trademark of the Wi-Fi Alliance and the brand name for products using the IEEE 802.11 family of standards. Only Wi-Fi products that complete Wi-Fi Alliance interoperabilitycertification testing successfully may use the "Wi-Fi

CERTIFIED" designation and trademark

A Wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router but also includes the functions of a wireless access point and a network switch. They are commonly used to allow access to the Internet or a computer network without the need for a cabled 1

connection. It can function in a wired LAN (local area network), a wireless only LAN (WLAN), or a mixed wired/wireless network.

Routers may also be used to connect two or more logical groups of computer devices known as subnets, each with a different sub-network address. The subnets addresses recorded in the router do not necessarily map directly to the physical interface connections.[2] A router has two stages of operation called planes Control plane: A router records a routing table listing what route should be used to forward a data packet, and through which physical interface connection. It does this using internal pre-configured addresses, called static routes. Forwarding plane: The router forwards data packets between incoming and outgoing interface connections. It routes it to the correct network type using information that the packet headercontains. It uses data recorded in the routing table control plane.

1.4.1.ACCESS Access routers, including 'small office/home office' (SOHO) models, are located at customer sites such as branch offices that do not need hierarchical routing of their own. Typically, they are optimized for low cost. Some SOHO routers are capable of running alternative free Linux-based firmwares like Tomato.

1.4.2.DISTRIBUTION Distribution routers aggregate traffic from multiple access routers, either at the same site, or to collect the data streams from multiple sites to a major enterprise location. Distribution routers are often responsible for enforcing quality of service across a WAN, so they may have considerable memory installed, multiple WAN interface connections, and substantial onboard data processing routines. They may also provide connectivity to groups of file servers or other external networks.

1.4.3.SECURITY External networks must be carefully considered as part of the overall security strategy. Separate from the router may be a firewall or VPNhandling device, or the router may include these and other security functions. Many companies produced security-oriented routers, including Cisco Systems' PIX and ASA5500 series, Juniper's Netscreen, Watchguard's Firebox, Barracuda's variety of mail-oriented devices, and many others.

1.4.4.CORE In enterprises, a core router may provide a "collapsed backbone" interconnecting the distribution tier routers from multiple buildings of a campus, or large enterprise locations. They tend to be optimized for high bandwidth

A Wi-Fi technology pioneer and recognized leader in carrier Wi-Fi applications, Ruckus Wireless introduced the industrys first complete, end-to-end managed, wireless broadband access (WBA) solution that gives service providers a cost-effective, build-asyou-grow model for offering broadband data services in developing urban environments at a fraction of the cost of alternative approaches. The Ruckus WBA solution includes outdoor mesh APs, customer premises equipment (CPE), a new line of smart Wi-Fi backhaul systems and system-wide remote management. Ruckus has combined high-speed 802.11n technology with its patented, state-of-the-art intelligent antenna designs and innovative dynamic beamforming software to overcome interference problems that have plagued many outdoor Wi-Fi networks, delivering more extensive, stable coverage than conventional outdoor Wi-Fi systems. The Ruckus dynamic antenna system also enables more efficient spatial reuse in wireless mesh networks by varying the direction of each packet transmission, adjacent mesh APs often can transmit simultaneously on the same channel thereby maximizing network capacity.

In the well-populated parts of developed countries, existing wireline phone and cable TV infrastructure made broadband relatively easy to offer, and availability is now very high. Everywhere else, the high costs of current options, such as deploying new wireline infrastructure or large-scale macro-cellular wireless models like WiMAX, are big barriers to further broadband subscriber growth. The Ruckus Smart Wi-Fi Broadband Access System is the industrys first and only complete end-to-end solution for last-mile access based on 802.11n and adaptive beamforming. It includes customer premise equipment, meshed Wi-Fi access points, high-speed wireless backhaul, and comprehensive network-wide element and service management. The solutions unrivaled performance in wireless broadband applications is driven by several factors: 1. outstanding wireless coverage, capacity, and interference rejection from the industry-leading performance of Ruckus smart antenna technology 2. smart, hybrid meshing and simple point-to-point backhaul designs for straightforward deployment 3. smart QoS, for true carrier-class management of multi-play traffic and access control throughout the network 4. large-scale success in the crucial test of real-world deployments


Ruckus basiclly provides us with three kinds of routers Zoneplex Indoor,Zoneplex Outdoor and MediaPlex CPE usually called as the Access Points (APs) Indoor APs Smart WLAN 802.11 systems for large-scale indoor deployments. Outdoor APs Smart WLAN 802.11 systems for outdoor deployments. MediaFlex APs Carrier-class, multimedia Wi-Fi customer premise equipment for broadband service providers.

2.1Types of routers indoor APs,Outdoor APs,Mediflex APs from left to right


Media Flex routers are again available in different series

2.2.1 RUCKUS MEDIAFLEX 7200 SERIES is two products in one. It is the

worlds first CPE specifically designed and optimized for broadband operators building large-scale Wireless Broadband Access Networks. It acts as a wireless access gateway, providing reliable connectivity to Wireless Broadband Access nodes, as well as an extended range indoor 802.11n (2.4 GHz) access point. The Ruckus Wireless Broadband Access solution lets operators deliver reliable, indoor/outdoor, always-on, broadband services using Smart Wi-Fi technology at a fraction of the cost and complexity of conventional alternatives.

2.2.2.THE MEDIAFLEX 7000 SERIES:It is the first carrier-class 802.11n

multimedia system designed to reliably distribute High Definition (HD) IP-based video (IPTV) over Wi-Fi. A complete solution for video-grade wireless networking, the MediaFlex system consists of the Ruckus MediaFlex 7811 multimedia access point (AP) and the Ruckus MediaFlex 7111 multimedia Wi-Fi adapter. With these two fully-loaded products, consumers can now enjoy multimedia content anywhere in their homes, all without wires.

2.2.3.MEDIAFLEX 2800 SERIES :Today, theres more multimedia content and

more ways to enjoy it than ever. And with the MediaFlex 2800 series, consumers gain complete freedom and flexibility to distribute this voice, video, and data content all over their homes, all over standard Wi-Fi all without wires. The first wireless multimedia service platform of its kind, the MediaFlex 2800 series combines innovative, patent-pending smart antenna and traffic management technologies into a single system. It gives broadband operators unprecedented visibility into and control over subscriber Wi-Fi environments, all the way down to end devices. And it lets service providers accelerate deployment, minimize installations costs, and maximize service potential.

2.2.4.MEDIAFLEX 2200 SERIES: For broadband operators building large-scale

broadband wireless networks, Ruckus Wireless presents the first system purpose-built and optimized to help subscribers get and stay connected the MediaFlex 2200 series (a one port version, the MediaFlex 2211 and a five-port version, the MediaFlex 2225). The MediaFlex 2200 series is two products in oneacting as a high-gain wireless access gateway as well as an extended range indoor 802.11b/g access point The MediaFlex 2200 series gives operators the signal strengthand the coverage area demanded in those Wi-Fi-hostile urban environments.


3.1Ruckus Router

Well think of Wireless phone aka Mobile Phones. Mobile Service providers install towers at certain places to provide "coverage" to a particular area. And mobile phones link with those towers to communicate. Based on the same principle, think of a ADSL Router equipped with Wireless connectivity that can send and receive data signals through such towers. In technical terms, these towers are actually not towers, but small, hi powered equipments (Access Points, AP) that are fitted on tallest buildings in a locality.

These APs will send/receive wireless data signals to a spot Wireless emitter/receiver. In wireless broadband, this is done by a equipment called wireless router at the customer point.


The following illustration shows the front view of a ZF2925 AP, highlighting the four LED indicators that can be used to assess both device and network status.

3.1.1Front View of Ruckus Router

3.1.2 Rearview of Ruckus Router

Physical Characteristics

External power adapter Input: 100-120V AC Input: 220-240V AC Output: 12V DC, 1A


Physical Size Weight

14.2cm (L), 12.2cm (W), 7.5cm (H) 220 grams

Internal software-configurable antenna array with directional and omni high-gain


elements that provide up to 63 unique antenna patterns External RP-SMA connector option 1 port (with or without external antenna) 5 ports (without external antenna) Auto MDX, auto-sensing 10/100 Mbps, RJ45 Power/status, Ethernet status, Wi-Fi status, Wi-Fi network quality indicator

Ethernet ports

LED display

Operating temperature: 32 F (0C) - 104F (40C)

Environmental conditions

Operating humidity: 15% - 95% non condensing



Your building shall be lighted with Broadband by a very compact and lightweight module called as the access point (AP), which looks exactly like a light fixture (see actual picture below).These fixtures are mounted on a pipe like element on the terrace wall, in a manner that is similar to how building illumination lamps are mounted (see actual picture below).You will see in the 3rd pic that the unit is hardly noticeable from the ground.


A 1/2 Mtr pipe for fixing small electronic equipment weighing under 3 kgs will be mounted on the parapet wall for receiving the Broadband feed from the TDN network The equipment are very-low power units and each consumes less than 10 watts of power ,which is what a night lamp would typically consume. This by far is the most compact, light weight and low power consumption wireless broadband equipment used anywhere in the world.



FEATURES Simple Installation that Reduces Support Costs. Unprecedented reliability and dramatic increases in coverage High-Performance Meets Cost-Effectiveness. Extending Signal Coverage and Increasing Reliability. Proven Streaming Performance. Provides Flexible System Architecture. Features Innovative Wireless Service Management Technology.

APPLICATIONS Ensure the highest quality of multimedia service delivery to subscribers, with a single wireless system that supports voice, video, and data. Provide flicker-free distribution of simultaneous HD IPTV streams over standard Wi-Fi. Speed time to revenue while cutting installation times and costs in half Give customers more freedom to place televisions and other digital devices anywhere in their homes, without running costly, clunky Ethernet or coaxial cabling. Deliver 20 (802.11g) to 50 (802.11n) Mbps of guaranteed (worst case) bandwidth to any corner of a 5,000 square foot home.


Thus Ruckus has combined high-speed 802.11n technology with its patented, state-ofthe-art intelligent antenna designs and innovative dynamic beamforming software to overcome interference problems that have plagued many outdoor Wi-Fi networks, delivering more extensive, stable coverage than conventional outdoor Wi-Fi systems. The Ruckus dynamic antenna system also enables more efficient spatial reuse in wireless mesh networks by varying the direction of each packet transmission, adjacent mesh APs often can transmit simultaneously on the same channel thereby maximizing network capacity.


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