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Subject : Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled VERTICAL Elliptical Head Vessel Subscribe FREE Magazine Rev.

0.1
Author : Kenny Subscribe FREE News Letter
Checked : JoeWong webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Accurate Wetted Areas for Partially Filled Vessels", by Richard C. Doane"
Chemical Engineering, December 2007
WebBlog : Chemical & Process Technology
Equation for the wetted surface area of a VERTICAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:
Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, d 1 m
Liquid depth, l 1 m
B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head
Calculations
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, A
Wet, Cyl
3.14
m
2
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, A
Wet,Head
1.08
m
2
where: Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel 4.23 m
2
A
Wet,Cyl.
= wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m
2
A
Wet,Head
= wetted surface area of elliptical head, m
2
l = height of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m
d = vessel diameter, m
Disclaimer : The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing and
intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or accuracy of
these methods.
The Wetted surface area of a partially filled VERTICAL vessel is the sum of two components:
a) partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) partial wetted surface area of the heads.
d
l
l d A
Cyl Wet
. .
. ,
t =
2
,
084 . 1 d A
Head Wet
=
Subject : Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled Horizontal Elliptical Head Vessel Subscribe FREE Magazine Rev. 0.1
Author : Ankur Srivastava (Chemical Engineer) ankur_2061@hotmail.com Subscribe FREE News Letter
Checked : JoeWong webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Accurate Wetted Areas for Partially Filled Vessels", by Richard C. Doane"
Chemical Engineering, December 2007
WebBlog : Chemical & Process Technology
Equation for the wetted surface area of a HORIZONTAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:
where: 3.1415927
A
Wet,CYL
= wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m
2
L = tangent-to-tangent length of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m
R = vessel inside radius, m (also equal to D/2 where D is the vessel inside diameter)
H = maximum liquid depth, m
Note: Angles are measured in radians
B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head
where:
A
Wet,Head
= wetted surface area of one elliptical head, m
2
F = Fractional liquid level = H / 2R
e = eccentricity of the elliptical vessel head = 0.866 for the common 2:1 ellipsoidal head
We will simplify the equation by substituting A and B for the factors "F-0.5" and "Sqrt (1+(12*(F-0.5)^2)"
Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, D 1 m
Vessel Length, L 1 m
Maximum liquid depth, H 1 m
Eccentricity (Elliptical head),e 0.866
Calculations
Vessel Inside Radius, R 0.5 m
Fractional liquid level, F 1.000
Factor A 0.500
Factor B 2.0000
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, A
Wet, Cyl 3.14
m
2
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, A
Wet,Head 1.08
m
2
Wetted Surface Area of two heads 2.17 m
2
Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel 5.31 m
2
The Wetted surface area of a partially filled horizontal vessel is the sum of two components:
a) The partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) Twice the partial wetted surface area of the heads.
In the oil and gas industry, horizontal vessels with 2:1 ellipsoidal heads are very common and the calculation specifically addresses a
horizontal vessel with 2:1 ellipsoidal head
Disclaimer : The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing and
intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or accuracy
of these methods.
L
2R
H
|
.
|

\
|
=

R
H R
COS LR A
Cyl Wet
1
,
2
( ) ( )
( ) ( )

(
(

+ +
+ + + =
3 2
5 . 0 12 1 5 . 0 4
ln
4
1
1 5 . 0 12 1 5 . 0
2
2
2
2
,
F F e
e
F F
R
A
Head Wet
t
)
`

+
+ + =
3 2
4
ln
4
1
1
2
2
,
B A e
e
B A
R
A
Head Wet
t
Subject : Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled Horizontal Elliptical Head Vessel (Simplified) Subscribe FREE Magazine Rev. 0.1
Author : Kenny Subscribe FREE News Letter
Checked : JoeWong webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Fire, Vessel and The Pressure Relief Valve", WY, Wong"
Chemical Engineering, May 2000
WebBlog : Chemical & Process Technology
Equation for the wetted surface area of a HORIZONTAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:
where:
A
Wet,CYL
= wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m
2
L = tangent-to-tangent length of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m
R = vessel inside radius, m (also equal to D/2 where D is the vessel inside diameter)
H = maximum liquid depth, m
Note: Angles are measured in radians
B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head
where:
A
Wet,Head
= wetted surface area of one elliptical head, m
2
F = Fractional liquid level = H / 2R
e = eccentricity of the elliptical vessel head = 0.866 for the common 2:1 ellipsoidal head
Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, D 3 m
Vessel Length, L 6 m
Maximum liquid depth, H 1 m
Eccentricity (Elliptical head),e 0.866
Calculations
Vessel Inside Radius, R 1.5 m
Fractional liquid level, F 0.333
Factor A -0.167
Factor B 1.1547
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, A
Wet, Cyl 22.16 m
2
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, A
Wet,Head 3.84 m
2
Wetted Surface Area of two heads 7.68 m
2
Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel 29.84 m
2
The Wetted surface area of a partially filled horizontal vessel is the sum of two components:
a) The partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) Twice the partial wetted surface area of the heads.
In the oil and gas industry, horizontal vessels with 2:1 ellipsoidal heads are very common and the calculation specifically addresses a
horizontal vessel with 2:1 ellipsoidal head
Disclaimer : The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing
and intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.
L
2R
H
|
.
|

\
|
=

R
H R
COS LR A
Cyl Wet
1
,
2
( ) |
.
|

\
|

=
R
H R
COS R A
Head Wet
1 2
2
2
178 . 2
,
t