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New book: Inequalities with Beautiful Solutions V. Cirtoaje, V. Q. B. Can, T. Q.

Anh

8122009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-

hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/new-book-inequalities-withbeautiful_20.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 13 Comments

Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 90 [D. Grinberg]

3122009
If are positive real numbers, then

First proof. We have

Thus, it follows that

or

which is just the desired inequality. Equality holds if and only if

Second proof. Having in view of the identity

we can write the desired inequality as

Without loss of generality, assume that

Since

and

by Chebyshevs Inequality, we have

or

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 89 [V. Q. B. Can, P. H. Duc]

3122009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. By applying the known inequality

for

and

we get

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or

Using now the obvious inequality

we have

and hence, it is enough to check that

Setting

The above inequality is equivalent to

or

But this is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 88 [V. Q. B. Can]

3122009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Denote

By the AM-GM Inequality and the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

Equality holds if and only if

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 87 [Unknown author]

3122009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. Letting
that and the inequality becomes

and The

where condition

and

such implies

We see that it suffices to prove this inequality for the inequality in the form

In this case, we may write

Now, since numbers such

and that

there exist some positive real and The above

inequality becomes

Using the AM-GM Inequality and the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we get

Therefore,

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Remark. The proof of this problem gives us the fourth proof of the previous problem, because the condition implies

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 86 [T. Q. Anh]

3122009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

First

proof. Setting

and

where

are

positive

real

numbers. The inequality becomes

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and

Multiplying these two inequalities, we get

It follows that

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Using again the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Multiplying these three inequalities and then using the known inequality

we get

Therefore, it suffices to show that

which is true according to the AM-GM Inequality. Equality holds if and only if

Second proof. Setting

and

we have

By the AM-GM Inequality, we get

This yields

Using inequality

this

in

combination we get

with

the

obvious

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Dividing each side of this inequality by

it becomes

or

Now, using the trivial inequality

we get

which completes the proof.

Third

proof. Since
such that

and and

there

exist

some

positive

real

numbers

After making this substitution,

the inequality becomes

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and

Therefore,

It suffices to show that

which is just a known result.

Remark. The proofs of this problem gives us various proofs of the previous problem, because we have for any

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 85 [J. Chen]

27112009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. Without loss of generality, assume that


get Thus, by Bernoullis Inequality, we have

From

we

On

the

other

hand,

it

is

known

that

for

any

positive

real

number

According these two inequalities, we see that it suffices to show that

Since

and

we get

Besides, it is clear from the AM-GM Inequality that

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Setting

we get

and the inequality becomes

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 84 [D. D. Lam]

26112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers, no two of which are zero. Prove that

Proof. Without
consider:

loss

of and

generality,

assume

that

There

are

two

cases

to

Case 1.

Write the inequality as

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

so it is enough to prove that

This inequality reduces to

or equivalently,

Setting

and

we get

Substituting into the above inequality, it becomes

which is the third degree Schurs Inequality.

Case 2.

In this case, we write the inequality as

or

Since

it suffices to show that

We have

and

hence we get

Thus, it is enough to check that

or

This inequality is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

or

or

or

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 83 [Unknown author]

26112009
If are nonnegative real numbers, then

Proof. Without loss of generality, assume that


Inequality, we have

Using the fourth degree Schurs

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

so it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The for

proof

is

completed. and again for

On

the

assumption and

equality

holds

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Inequality 82 [Unknown author]

26112009
If are nonnegative real numbers, then

Proof. Setting

We for set

will

show

that

in

order Indeed,

to

prove if to have

the

original

inequality, then

it

suffices we

to

prove

it can

and

Now, using the AM-GM Inequality, we get

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality reduces to

which is obviously true, and the proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

and

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Inequality 81 [Unknown author]

25112009

If

are real numbers, then

Proof. Since

and

it suffices to prove the initial inequality for Inequality, we get

Now, using the Cauchy-Schwarz

and

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and hence, it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The proof is completed.

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Inequality 80 [Unknown author]

25112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Squaring both sides, the inequality can be written as

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Using now the AM-GM Inequality, we get

and thus, it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 79 [Unknown author]

25112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Without loss of generality, assume that

By this assumption, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is true because by the AM-GM Inequality,

and

Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 78 [V. Cirtoaje]

24112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Without loss of generality, we may assume that


Inequality, we have

By the Cauchy-Schwarz

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality is equivalent to

or

Since

and

it suffices to prove that

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have check that

So, it is enough to

Since equivalent to

and

, this inequality is

which

is

true

because

The

proof

is

completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 77 [D. D. Lam]

23112009
If are nonnegative real numbers, then

Proof. In the nontrivial case when two of


the inequality as

are nonzero, we take square both sides and write

Applying the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality in combination with the trivial inequality

we get

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality reduces to

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and thus, it is enough to to check that

Without loss of generality, assume that

is between

and

From the AM-GM Inequality, we have

On the other hand, one has

Combining if

these or

two

inequalities, or

the

conclusion or

follows.

Equality

occurs

if

and

only

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Inequality 76 [Unknown author]

23112009
If are nonnegative real numbers such that then

Proof. By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

If that

then

this

is

trivial.

So

let

us

assume

From the fourth degree Schurs Inequality,

we get

So, it is enough to check that

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore,

The for

proof

is and

completed.

On

the

assumption

we

have

equality

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Inequality 75 [V. Cirtoaje]

21112009
If are nonnegative real numbers such that then

Proof. The inequality can be written as

or

If that Inequality

then Setting

this

is

trivial.

So

let

us

assume

now

From the fourth degree Schurs

we get

Then, it suffices to prove that

or

Now, we will use the remark: if

then

to get

and hence, it is enough to prove that

This inequality reduces to

which for

is

obviously

true

because and

The

proof

is

completed.

Equality

holds

and again for

or any cyclic permutation.

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Inequality 74 [Unknown author]

20112009
If and are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Setting

and

for any

the inequality becomes

or

This inequality can be written as

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and this completes the proof.

Comments : 2 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 73 [V. Q. B. Can]

17112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

First proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Then, it follows that

Adding this and the two analogous inequalities, we get the desired result. Equality holds if and only if

Second proof. After using the AM-GM Inequality, we see that it suffices to prove that the following
stronger inequality holds

Due to homogeneity, we may assume that

The inequality becomes

Among equal to Let

there are two numbers which are both less than or equal to and be these numbers, we have

or greater than or

and hence

It suffices to show that

By Holders Inequality, we have

Thus, it follows that

The proof is completed.

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A collection of articles about inequalities

17112009
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. Four On On On a On a An An An Arithmetic Applications a Class Geometric Method Some of of of Proving A A Note Sharp About Independent Parametrization Original on A the Bound Breaking on a of an Acute of Compensation RCF Inequality Elementary and LCF Involving Symmetric Three-Variable Method Unexpectedly the On The The An On On Solution of the A An Two Weighted Inequality Jensen Some One Cyclic Best The Some An An Maximum On Inequality Area a Generalizations Substitutions, Symmetric Generalizations Geometric Proof Ternary Inequalities with Inequalities Polynomial a on on Type Inequalities Conjecture Homogeneous Constant for Equal Mixing Minimum Point Two of a Variable Nice Triangle Useful and Its Proving Simple Power Elementary On The Variations A Inequality for of for a Triangle Problem of an Inequalities Polynomial of Inequality of Quadratic with with Popovicius and Forms Its in Blundons Ordered Power-Exponential of via Variable Symmetric in a Product an Proof on Inequality of Three an Useful Product of Subject of Inequality to from and of Logarithms, Side the IMO from Open IMO IMO 2005. Inequalities. Inequality. Inequality. Logarithms. part II. Month. 2001. History. Inequalities. Inequality. Applications. Inequality. Triangles. Variables. Functions. Functions. Four. Means. Triangle. Theorem. Variables. Problem. Inequality. Mean. Inequality. Applications. Inequalities. Inequality. Method. Theorems. Inequalities. Medians. Inequalities. Inequalities. Degree Contraints.

Power-Exponential Inequalities

Arithmetic_Algebraic

Mean

Inequality Double

Inequality

26. A Pair of Inequaities for the Sums of the Medians and Symmedians of a Triangle.

38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. Two The Simple The

On On Proving Trigonometic Entirely The

Some the Inequalities Using Substitutions Mixing

Geometric AM-GM Linear with Broad Variables Variables LCF an Unconventional for Symmetric and Algebraic EV

Inequalities. Inequality. Functions. Results. Method. Method. Method. Theorems. Jensen. Inequality. Inequality. Means.

SOS-Schur Mixing of on RCF, Unrigorously

Stronger Applications

Variations An Inequalities

50. Muirheads Inequality.

Comments : 7 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 72 [P. H. Duc]

16112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

Therefore,

It suffices to prove that

or

Setting

and

this inequality can be written as

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 71 [P. H. Duc]

16112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Since

the inequality can be written as

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and thus, the proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 70 [V. Cirtoaje, P. T. Nam]

16112009

Let

be real numbers such that

Prove that

Proof. Notice

that

Therefore,

by

using

the

Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we get

This is what we want to prove.

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Inequality 69 [Unknown author]

16112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers such that

Prove that

Proof. From the given relations, we have

therefore,

From this, it follows that

Now, by multiplying each side of the desired inequality, we can write it as

which is equivalent to

or

Setting

and

the inequality becomes

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Taking square root of each side of this inequality, we get the desired result. The proof is completed. On the assumption for and we have equality for and and again

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Inequality 68 [T. Q. Anh]

15112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

Due to homogeneity, we may assume that the known inequality

Now, using the AM-GM Inequality and

we get

Thus, it suffices to show that

or equivalently,

After expanding, we can write this inequality as

or

which is obviously true according to the fourth degree Schurs Inequality and the AM-GM Inequality. The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 67 [P. K. Hung]

15112009
If are nonnegative real numbers such that then

First proof. In the nontrivial case when two of


inequality holds

are nonzero, we claim that the following

or

Since

this inequality can be written as

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Thus, we can easily see that the above inequality is clearly true for that In this case, using the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Let us assume now

This completes the proof of the claim and by using it, we get

This is what we want to prove. Equality holds if and only if permutation.

and

or any cyclic

Second proof. Since

the inequality can be written as

Notice that for any nonnegative real number

we have

Using this inequality, it suffices to prove that

or

Setting

From the fourth degree Schurs Inequality

and the given hypothesis, we get

It follows that

The proof is completed.

Third proof. Write the inequality as

Since Setting

the

case

is

trivial,

let

us

assume

that

From the fourth degree Schurs Inequality

we get

Using this result, we see that it suffices to prove that

This inequality is equivalent to

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The proof is completed.

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Inequality 66 [N. D. Toan]

14112009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. The desired inequality can be written as

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality reduces to

which is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 65 [Unknown author]

12112009
Let be positive real numbers such that

Prove that

Proof. The case

is trivial, so let us assume that

and

We will prove that this and By

is a contradiction. From the given hypothesis, we have Vietas Theorem, we see that and

are two positive roots of the quadratic polynomial

From

we find that

Since

it follows that

or

Since and

we have

Now, we proceed in the same

way as the above step to see that

are two positive roots of the quadratic polynomial

From

we find that

But this is contradiction because

So, we must have

and the proof is completed.

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Inequality 64 [L. D. Thanh]

10112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Since
have

by the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Since can be written as

and

this

inequality

Using the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality again, we get

and

and hence, it suffices to show that

which is equivalent to the known inequality

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 63 [V. Cirtoaje, V. Q. B. Can]

10112009
If and then

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Inequality 62 [V. Q. B. Can]

10112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Since

the desired inequality can be written as follows

Since

it is equivalent to

This inequality is true since by the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Comments : 4 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 61 [V. Q. B. Can]

10112009

Let

be real numbers such that

Prove that

Proof. As a little remark, we see that

and hence, the desired inequality can be written as

which is true according to the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality

Equality holds if and only if

or

and

or any cyclic permutation.

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Inequality 60 [Unknown author]

9112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to show that

Now, using the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we get

According to this inequality, we see that it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

Equality holds if and only if

Remark. In the same manner, one can also prove that

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Inequality 59 [M. Bancos]

9112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Since
have

by the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we

Adding this and its analogous inequalites, we get

Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 58 [V. Q. B. Can]

9112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers satisfying Prove that

Proof. Firstly, we claim that for any

the inequalities holds

The first inequality is equivalent to

or

which is true because The second inequality is equivalent to

or

which is true because

Turning back to our problem, assume that have

By the above two inequalities, we

and

Therefore, it suffices to show that

Setting

this inequality becomes

We have

So,

the

last

inequality

is

true

and

our

proof and

is

completed.

On

the

assumption

equality holds for

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Inequality 57 [V. Cirtoaje]

8112009
If and then

(a)

(b)

Proof. (a) Setting

and

the inequality becomes

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore,

It suffices to show that

or equivalently,

Since

it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

Equality holds if and only if

(b) Setting

and

the inequality becomes

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore,

It suffices to show that

or equivalently,

This inequality is true because

Equality holds if and only if

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 56 [T. Q. Anh]

8112009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. Since

the inequality can be written as

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This reduces to

which is true according to the Power Mean Inequality. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 55 [V. Cirtoaje]

8112009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. The inequality can be written as

Since

it is equivalent to

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and

Therefore, the last inequality is true and the proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 54 [V. Cirtoaje]

8112009
Find the largest positive real number such that

for any positive real numbers

such that

Proof. Setting

and

the inequality becomes

Letting of

we get

or

We will show that

is that largest value

such that the desired inequality holds; that is, to prove that

Since that

and and

there

exist

some

positive

real

numbers

such

After making this substitution, the above inequality becomes

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and hence, it suffices to show that

which is just an identity.

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Inequality 53 [V. Cirtoaje]

7112009
If and then

Proof. (a) We prove that

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is true according to the AM-GM Inequality. Equality holds if and only if

(b) We prove that

Setting

and

this inequality becomes

or equivalently,

Since

and

it suffices to show that

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore the last inequality is true and our proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if , or and

Another proof for (b). In the nontrivial case

by the AM-GM Inequality, we get

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or

Since

it is enough to check that

This inequality is equivalent to

which is obviously true.

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 52 [MacLaurin]

6112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Due
that

to and

symmetry

and

homogeneity,

we

may

assume

The inequality becomes

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we get

Now, since

we have

and

Thus, by Chebyshevs Inequality,

Combining this with the above inequality, we get

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 51 [Unknown author]

6112009
Given an integer sequence of real numbers find the maximal constant satisfies for then having the following property: if a and

Proof. We

choose

This

sequence

satisfies

the

given We will

hypothesis and after substituting into the desired inequality, we get show that the maximal constant holds is

that is, to show that the following inequality

We will prove this inequality by induction on

For

we have

because for for all we Since will

So, the inequality is true for show and by the inductive hypothesis, we have that it

Now, assume that it holds also for holds

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Setting

the above inequality becomes

or

From this, we see that the inequality for

holds if we have

or

Since all

for all and hence we get

we can easily deduce that

for

It follows that

Since

for

we obtain

and the proof is completed.

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Inequality 50 [Unknown author]

6112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Without loss of generality, we may assume that

Write the inequality as

By the fourth degree Schurs Inequality, we have

and hence, it suffices to show that

or

Since

and

we get

The for

proof

is

completed. and again for

On

the

assumption and

equality

holds

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Inequality 49 [M. Rozenberg]

5112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers, not all are zero. Prove that

First proof. By the AM-GM Inequality and the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Using some simple computations, we can write this inequality as

which is true because it is the fourth degree Schurs Inequality. Equality holds if and only if or and or any cyclic permutation.

Second proof. We consider two cases.

The first case is when

In this case, we can see

immediately that the inequality can be deduced from the third degree Schurs Inequality

In the second case

we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is equivalent to

But this is clearly true because

The proof is completed.

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Inequality 48 [V. Cirtoaje]

5112009
If and then

Proof. (a) We prove that

There are two cases to consider.

Case 1.

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or

We have

so this inequality is true.

Case
have

2.
and

Setting The inequality can be written as

and

We

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Thus, it suffices to show that

or

This inequality is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

(b) We prove that

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Since

we have

and thus, we see that the above inequality is true if

or equivalently,

which is true according to the third degree Schurs Inequality and the AM-GM Inequality

Equality holds if and only if

or

and

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Inequality 47 [C. Pohoata]

4112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality and the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is in succession equivalent to

The last inequality is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 46 [D. D. Lam]

4112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers, no two of which are zero. Prove that

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Since

this inequality can be written as

or equivalently,

Now, by Chebyshevs Inequality, we have

and thus, it suffices to show that

After some simple computations, we can write this inequality as

which if

is

Schurs or

Inequality. and

The

proof

is

completed.

Equality

holds

if

and

only

or any cyclic permutation.

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Inequality 45 [Unknown author]

4112009
Let be a given triangle. Prove that for any positive real numbers the inequality holds

Proof. Setting

Since

the inequality can be written as

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Since

and

this inequality is equivalent to

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

and thus, we obtain

The proof is completed.

Remark. From the proof above, we can see that the following more general statement holds: If are real numbers and are three angles of a triangle, then

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Inequality 44 [T. Q. Anh]

3112009
Prove that for any positive real numbers we have

Proof. This inequality is Problem 87 page 123 in the book:


V Quc B Cn, Trn Quc Anh, Bt ng thc v nhng li gii hay, Hanoi publishing house, 2009 (220 pages).

Remark. This inequality is stronger than the known one proposed by Vasile Cirtoaje: If are positive real numbers, then

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 43 [V. Cirtoaje]

3112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. For the sake of contradiction, assume that there exist positive real numbers

such that

Setting

It is easy to see that

and

Therefore,

Since

and

we have

It follows that

or

But it is clear from the third degree Schurs Inequality that

So, what we have assumed is false. Or in the other words, for any positive real numbers must have

we

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Comments : 4 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 42 [V. Q. B. Can]

3112009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. This inequality is Problem 100 page 142 in the book:


V Quc B Cn, Trn Quc Anh, Bt ng thc v nhng li gii hay, Hanoi publishing house, 2009 (220 pages).

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 41 [Carlson]

3112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. This inequality is Problem 138 page 210 in the book:


V Quc B Cn, Trn Quc Anh, Bt ng thc v nhng li gii hay, Hanoi publishing house, 2009 (220 pages).

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Inequality 40 [Unknown author]

3112009
If are positive real numbers such that and then

Proof. Write the inequality as

or

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is equivalent to

Since

it suffices to show that

Without loss of generality, assume that

From

we have

and hence

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

or

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Inequality 39 [V. Q. B. Can]

2112009
If are real numbers such that then

Remark. This inequality is stronger than the known one proposed by Vasile Cirtoaje in Crux Mathematicorum:

Comments : 2 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 38 [J. Dodyk]

2112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

According to this inequality, we get

Therefore,

From this, we see that the desired inequality is true if

But this inequality is true, since it is equivalent to the obvious one

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Remark. In the same manner, one can also prove that

Comments : 2 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 37 [P. K. Hung]

2112009
Let be nonnegative real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. Since

the inequality can be written as

Using the well-known inequality

we get

and hence, it suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

Since

we get

Therefore, it is enough to check that

where

and

This is a well-known inequality.

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Inequality 36 [D. B. Loc]

2112009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. Write the inequality as

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality and the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

which is true according to the AM-GM Inequality

Equality holds if and only if

and

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Inequality 35 [T. Q. Anh]

2112009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. After using the AM-GM Inequality, we see that it suffices to prove that the stronger inequality
holds

This is equivalent to

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Multiplying this and its analogous inequalities, we get the desired inequality. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 34 [T. Q. Anh]

2112009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. After using the AM-GM Inequality, we see that it suffices to prove that the stronger inequality
holds

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Multiplying this and the two analogous inequalities, we get the desired result. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 33 [T. Q. Anh]

2112009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

It follows that

Therefore, it is enough to prove that

After homogenizing, this inequality becomes

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

Equality holds if and only if

or any cyclic permutation.

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Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 32 [D. D. Lam]

2112009
If are positive real numbers, then

First proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

It follows that

and hence, it suffices to prove that

Setting

and

this inequality becomes

Using the well-known inequality

we see that it is enough to check that

which is equivalent to the obvious inequality

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Second proof. By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Without loss of generality, assume that

Since

and

by Chebyshevs Inequality, we get

So, it suffices to show that

Setting

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Also, it is easy to verify that

So, it is enough to check that

or

Since

this inequality is true and the proof is completed.

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Inequality 31 [Unknown author]

31102009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. Setting

then it is clear that and

Multiplying these inequalities, we get

from which the conclusion follows.

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Inequality 30 [P. K. Hung]

31102009
Let be nonnegative real numbers, no three of which are zero. Prove that

Proof. By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

It follows that

and hence

It suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

which is obviously true according to the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality. Equality holds if and only if and or any cyclic permutation.

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Inequality 29 [Unknown author]

30102009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality and the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

This is obviously true according to the AM-GM Inequality, so our proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

Comments : 2 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 28 [D. Grinberg]

30102009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Please visit my new page: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2010/01/inequality-62-dgrinberg.html

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Inequality 27 [V. Cirtoaje]

30102009
Let (a) (b) be nonnegative real numbers. Prove that

Proof. (a) Without of generality, we may assume that

is between

and

Now, with notice that

and

we may apply Minkowskis Inequality to get

It suffices to prove that

This reduces to

which if

is

obviously or

true. or

The

proof or

is

completed.

Equality

if

and

only

(b) that

In

the

nontrivial Setting

case

when

two

of

are

nonzero,

we

assume

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

Since

the last inequality is equivalent to

or

This is true because

and

The if

proof or

is

completed. or or

Equality

holds

if

and

only

Another proof of (a). After squaring, the inequality can be written as

Since Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we get

and

by

the

Adding this and its analogous inequalities, we get the desired result.

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Bi ging seminar [by V. Q. B. Can]

30102009
y l cc bi ging c son bi V Quc B Cn: 1. Dn bin tha th: donbienthuatru 2. Phng php chuyn v: chuyenvi 3. K thut thm tch bt trong bt ng thc Cauchy-Schwarz:conmatkinhdien

4. My first seminar: seminar-nd

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Inequality 26 [G. Dospinescu]

30102009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. This inequality is Problem 106 page 152 in the book:


V Quc B Cn, Trn Quc Anh, Bt ng thc v nhng li gii hay, Ha Noi publishing house, 2009 (220 pages).

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Inequality 25 [P. V. Thuan]

30102009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

Now, by using the well-known inequality

we get

From this, we see that the above inequality is true if we have

or equivalently,

Since

this inequality can be written as follows

Since Equality holds if and only if

the last inequality is obviously true, and the proof is completed.

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Inequality 24 [Unknown author]

29102009
If are nonnegative real numbers such that

then

Proof. Without loss of generality, we may assume that

Then, we have

It suffices to prove that

or

This is true, since by the AM-GM Inequality, we have

The for for

proof

is

completed. and

On

the

assumption and

equality

holds again

and

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Inequality 23 [V. Q. B. Can]

29102009
Let be real numbers. Prove that

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Inequality 22 [V. Q. B. Can]

29102009
If and are positive real numbers such that then

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Inequality 21 [Unknown author]

29102009
Let be real numbers such that maximum value of the expression and Find the

Proof. We will show that

with equality if

and

Let us consider two cases

Case 1.

Since

we have

Case

2.

Since

we

have

and

hence

According to this result, we have

or

Combining this with the obvious inequalities

we get

The proof is completed.

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Inequalty 20 [V. Q. B. Can]

29102009
Let be positive real numbers such that

Prove that

Proof. Without
and

loss

of

generality,

assume

that

Setting

It is easy to see that

and

Therefore,

From this inequality, we deduce that

and hence

This is what we want to prove. On the assumption if

equality holds if and only

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Inequality 19 [V. Cirtoaje]

29102009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

First proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequailty, we have

Then, it suffices to prove that

or

This is true because by the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Equality holds if and only if

Second proof. Since

the inequality can be written as

Now, by the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Adding this and its analogous inequalities, we get the desired result.

Remark. Actually, the more general statement holds: Let be nonnegative real numbers such that If then

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Inequality 18 [Unknown author]

29102009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. One

can

prove

this

inequality

in

the

same

way

with Inequality

7 [see

here:http://canhang2007.wordpress.com/2009/10/28/inequality-7-unknown-source/].

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Inequality 17 [Unknown author]

29102009
If are positive real numbers such that then

Proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality is equivalent to

or

By using the given hypothesis, this inequality can be written as

which is obviously true. Equaity holds if and only if

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Inequality 16 [P. K. Hung]

28102009
Let be nonnegative real numbers, no two of which are zero. Prove that

Proof. By Holders Inequality, we have

Therefore, it suffices to prove that

This inequality is equivalent to

which is true according to Schurs Inequality. Equality holds if and only if cyclic permutation.

and

or any

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Inequality 15 [Unknown author]

28102009
Cho Chng minh rng

Li gii 1. Bt ng thc cn chng minh tng ng vi

S dng bt ng thc AM-GM, ta c

Kt hp hai bt ng thc ny li, ta c th a bi ton v chng minh bt ng thc mnh hn nh sau

Bt ng thc ny tng ng vi

hay l

Do khi

, nn bt ng thc ny hin nhin ng. ng thc xy ra khi v ch

Li
c

gii

2. Khng
v

mt

tnh

tng

qut,

gi

Khi

gi

thit,

ta

Ta s chng minh rng

Tht vy, bt ng thc ny tng ng vi

lun ng v

Hon ton tng t, ta cng c

S dng hai nh gi ny kt hp vi gi thit

ta thu c

V nh th, bi ton c a v chng minh bt ng thc sau

Khai trin ra, bt ng thc ny tr thnh

S dng gi thit

ta c

chnh l iu phi chng minh.

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 14 [Unknown author]

28102009
If are nonnegative real numbers, then

Proof. Let us consider two cases:


The first case is when In this case, we have

and

so the inequality holds. For the second case, we have Then, by using the estimation

it suffices to prove that

which is true because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 13 [D. Grinberg]

28102009
Let be positive real numbers. Prove that

Proof. Setting
inequality becomes

and

where

are some positive real numbers. The

By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

and hence, it suffices to prove that

which is Schurs Inequality, and the proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 12 [M. Rozenberg]

28102009
If are nonnegative real numbers such that and then

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

It suffices to prove that

or equivalently,

By Schurs Inequality, we see that

and thus, it is enough to check the following inequality

or

This is true, because

The proof is completed. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 11 [Unknown author]

28102009
If are positive real numbers, then

Proof. By the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, we have

Therefore, it is enough to prove that

This is equivalent to

or

By the AM-GM Inequality, we have

Adding this and its analogous inequalities, the conclusion follows. Equality holds if and only if

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Inequality 10 [V. Q. B. Can]

28102009
Let be positive real numbers such that Prove that

with equality if

and

I would like to dedicated this inequality to Mr Vasile Cirtoaje. Because the equality case of this inequality is also the equality case of his famous result:

If

are real numbers, then

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Inequality 9 [N. V. Dung]

28102009
Cho l cc s thc dng tha mn Chng minh rng

Li gii. Ch rng

T suy ra, ta c th vit li bt ng thc cn chng minh di dng

Do

bt ng thc tng ng

R rng n ng vi

Xt trng hp

khi s dng bt ng thc AM-GM, ta c th a v chng minh bt ng thc mnh hn l

tng ng

Do

nn ta ch cn chng minh

Vi rng li

, bt ng thc ny c th c vit

N ng, bi v ta c

Bi ton c chng minh xong. ng thc xy ra khi v ch khi

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Inequality 8 [T. Q. Anh]

28102009
Let be nonnegative real numbers satisfying Prove that

Proof. Let

and

By Holders Inequality, we have

Also,

From these two inequalities, we deduce that

Thus, it is sufficient to show that

Since

this is equivalent to

or

which is obviously true according to the AM-GM Inequality. Equality holds if and only if or and or any cyclic permutation thereof.

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Inequality 7 [Unknown author]

28102009
Let be the side-lengths of a triangle. Prove that

Proof. Let
inequality becomes

and

where

are positive real numbers. The

or equivalently,

Let

and

The last inequality can be written as

or

Since

we have

and hence

Also, since

we have

Now, from

these two inequalities, we see that the above inequality is true if we have

This inequality is equivalent to

or

which is true because

The proof is completed.

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Cu chuyn nh v mt bt ng thc [by Dr. T. N. Dung]

28102009
Nm 1996. Hi ti mi v nc cha c 1 nm. K thi Olympic 30/4 t chc ti trng LHP. Thy Thi Minh ng ni ti gi mt s cho BTC k thi. V trong s cc bi ton thi cho lp 10 c bi ton do ti xut c chn. l bi ton:

Cho

Chng minh rng

Bi ton ny c chn c l nh cch pht biu gn gng, s p v c bit l li gii rt ngn gn. C th nh sau: Ta c

Du bng xy ra khi v ch khi

tc l khi

Tuy li gii n gin nh vy, nhng y l mt bi ton khng d, nht l i vi hc sinh lp 10. Kt qu din ra ng nh vy, ch duy nht c bn V c Ph gii c bi ny bng cch dng Cauchy-Schwarz c trng s. My t rut ca ti, trong c L Quang Nm, b tay, d Nm ni: Em th dng o hm cng khng c, hnh nh du bng khng xy ra. Thc ra th chc l Nm tnh nhm, ch nu dng o hm th bi ton ny cng kh tm thng, ch gii phng trnh o hm bng v xt du mt cht l ra. trong bi ton ny. Theo mt ngha no ,

y ti mun k mt cht v cc hng s l cc hng s p nht c th. Cu chuyn th ny

t ra bi ton, ti mun tm GTLN ca biu thc dng

bng cch s dng bt ng thc C-si c trng s. C th, ti vit

Ti mun chn

sao cho v tri khng ph thuc vo

ng thi tn ti

du bng xy ra

ng thi hai bt ng thc AM-GM.

T y ti c h Ch l t u n gi ti vn cha chn s!). c chn v V Thay nn vo n phng

v do ti chn gin trnh nht u l ti chn c T trc (nghim chn trc tham v y ti ti

V chnh l nhng hng s xut hin trong ton ni trn.

Nh vy, chn c nhng hng s p (dn n nhng li gii p), i khi cc tc gi phi lm mt bc i ngc nh vy, ch khng phi l cc s c trng ri tm ra

Bi ton Olympic 30/4 sau ny cn c s dng mt ln na trong mt cuc thi ca bo THTT. Xt v mt mt no , n l mt bi ton kh tm thng v l mt bt ng thc mt bin, c th chng minh kh d dng bng o hm. Tuy nhin, i vi ti, y vn lun l mt bi ton ng nh. V ti vn thng dng n minh ha cho phng php h s bt nh khi p dng bt ng thc AM-GM.

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Inequality 6 [Unknown author]

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-6unknown-author.html Very sorry for this change.

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Inequality 5 [N. V. Hung]

28102009

Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-5n-v-hung.html Very sorry for this change.

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New book: Bt ng thc v nhng li gii hay

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/new-bookbat-ang-thuc-va-nhung-loi-giai.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 5 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 4 [V. Q. B. Can]

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-4v-q-b-can.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 2 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 3 [P. S. Tan, D. D. Lam]

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-3p-s-tan-d-d-lam.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 4 Comments Categories : Inequalities

Inequality 2 [Uknown author]

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-2unknown-author.html Very sorry for this change.

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Inequality 1 [N. V. Huyen]

28102009
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/inequality-1n-v-huyen_20.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 1 Comment Categories : Inequalities

Old and New Inequalities 2, Vo Quoc Ba Can Cosmin Pohoata

4112008
Because of some inconvenient things, I am now moving all my databases to my new blog: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com. You can view this box at this address: http://can-hang2007.blogspot.com/2009/12/old-and-newinequalities-2-vo-quoc-ba.html Very sorry for this change.

Comments : 7 Comments Categories : Inequalities