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Gears

Classica,on of Bearings
According to load bearing media Hydrodynamic Hydrosta,c Rolling According to type of loads Radial Axial Radial and axial According to Material used Cast iron Aluminium Brass Teon/Nylon Babbit(,n and lead base alloy) According to Material used Rotaing Oscilla,ng sliding

Note:- Steel bearings has 1% chromium and 1% carbon this steel can be made very hard and tough by heat treating

Hydrodynamic Bearings(Fig Below)s eferred as Sleeve Bearings for radial loading R hrust Bearing for axial load T ig clearance does not allow building up pressure B oo liJle clearance of the size of surface roughness can also ruin the bearing T due to contact of peaks of the ma,ng surfaces. learance depends upon load, length of sleeve journal diameter, rota,onal C speed and oil viscosity

Plain Journal Bearing:- lain bearings are also called as bush or sleeve bearings. P he bearing sleeve is also called bearing shell T mall bearings are in one piece S arger bearings are made in two halves L ome ,me collars are provided S n oil hole is used to put oil A mall bearings used sintered metal that contains lubricant in its pores S abbiJ, Bronzes, Aluminum alloys, Porous metal and Plas,cs are B material for journal bearings

SLEEVE BEARING SUPPORTS


imple Bearing support S lummer Block P edestal Support P all bracket W oot step bearing F

Simple Bearing support

Plummer Block

Pedestal Support

Foot Step bearing

The cage for the balls is traditionally made of thin steel, but some bearings now use molded plastic cages, because they cost less to make and cause less friction.

Cylindrical Roller bearing

Angular Contact Bearing

Thrust Bearing

Taper Roller Bearing

Spherical Roller Bearing

Needle roller bearing Self aligning roller thrust bearing

Bearing Suxes: Suxes are used to iden,fy designs or variants which dier in some way from the original design, or which dier from the current standard design, each bearing manufacture have there own sux & this is where it becomes a liJle confusing, The most commonly used suxes are listed below, Sux RS, LU, DU, RSR, E Bearing with one rubber seal Example 6205 LU Sux 2RS, 2RSH, 2RS1, LLU, DDU, 2RSR, EE bearing with two rubber seals Example 6205 LLU Sux Z, ZR bearing with one metal shield Example 6205 ZR

ears are used for posi,ve power transmission for increasing or decreasing speed. G Gear ra,o is generally not more than 5. or higher gear ra,o worm and worm wheels are used. F mall gears are called pinion. S ack is a gear with innite diameter which means it is straight. R

ypes of gears ???? T

Gear Terminology

Gear Tooth Calcula,ons


Types of Pitches:- Circular pitch(CP) Diametral Pitch (DP) Module(m) PCD(pitch circle diameter) Z(no of teeth)

CP = ( x PCD) / Z DP = Z/PCD , m = PCD/Z If one pitch is known others can be calculated CP = x m ; DP = 1/m = /CP ; CP x DP = Gear and Tooth Propor,ons:- Addendum(a) = m ; Dedendum (d) = 1.157 m ; Whole Depth = a + d; Clearance = .157 m ; Out side gear diameter = PCD + 2m ; Root Diameter = PCD-2.314 m ; Base Circle Diameter = PCD x Cos() Where is Pressure angle Angle Between two adjacent teeth = 360/ Z

The module of gear can be selected from the list of standard modules as follows:{ IS 2535:1978 revised 1991] 1 2 3 4 6 9 14 1.125 2.25 3.25 4.5 16 1.25 2.5 3.5 5 6.5 10 18 1.375 2.75 3.75 5.5 7 11 20 1.5 1.75

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Calculate PCD ,OD, Root Diameter, CP and DP for a gear having 30 teeth and 4 module with pressure angle 20o