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ETank 2000

User Guide
Version 1.7.200

E-Ware Inc.
FABRICATION, PETROCHEMICAL, AND MECHANICAL
ENGINEERED SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS FOR TANKS AND VESSELS
HEADQUARTERS
4611 Broad River Road, Ste I
Columbia, SC 29210 USA
Phone: +1.803.750.9055
Fax: +1.803.750.1654

E-WARE HQ, SALES WORLDWIDE: esales@etank.com


To pay online with your C.C., contact E-Ware HQ sales, or your local authorized ETank reseller.
OUTSIDE NORTH AMERICA SALES : CONTACT E-WARE HQ FOR RESELLER NEAREST YOU.
INTERNET SITE
http://www.etank.com
TECHNICAL SUPPORT

For E-Ware e-mail tech support addresses, view the contact page at ETanks internet site.
VM / FAX ETank Help Line 24 hours a day: +1.702.543.2616 (USA). Provided by NNTE.
If purchased from a reseller, contact them for tech support e-mail addresses.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Installing ETank 2000


TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................................................... 2
TABLE OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................................... 6
INTRODUCING ETank 2000............................................................................................................................................ 7
The ETank User ........................................................................................................................................................... 7
The ETank Company.................................................................................................................................................... 7
ETank Features............................................................................................................................................................ 7
Limited Warranty.......................................................................................................................................................... 8
Versions of ETank ........................................................................................................................................................ 8
Licensing ETank........................................................................................................................................................... 8
Support and Update Subscriptions (SUS) ..................................................................................................................... 9
ETank SUS Benefits..................................................................................................................................................... 9
Upgrading ETank FOR DOS to ETank 2000................................................................................................................. 9
DEMO Software Distribution Policy .............................................................................................................................. 9
IMPORTANT!!.............................................................................................................................................................. 9
Referral Benefits .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Before you Un-Install or Re-Install the ETank 2000 Demo ...........................................................................................10
ETank 2000 Full Version Install Notes .........................................................................................................................11
ETank 2000 Mobile User Version Install Notes ............................................................................................................11
ETank FIRST RUN : SET OPTIONAL ETank DB SECURITY......................................................................................12
What is DB Security? ..................................................................................................................................................12
Set the DB Login Password (optional)..........................................................................................................................12
Set the DB File Deletion Password (optional) ..............................................................................................................13
REGISTERING ETank Full Version (for legacy customers with FV only) .....................................................................14
ETank License Exclusive Benefits...............................................................................................................................15
Expert Tank Design and Software Tech Support .........................................................................................................15
KEYBOARD AND MOUSE CONTROL OF ETank ..........................................................................................................16
Legacy Keystroke Commands (ETank for DOS compatibility) .....................................................................................16
Windows Keystroke Commands ..................................................................................................................................16
Mouse Control (version 1.2 and later)..........................................................................................................................16
OPENING AND CREATING TANK FILES ......................................................................................................................17
Open Tank File Screen................................................................................................................................................17
Importing and Exporting Tank Files .............................................................................................................................17
ETank CONFIGURATION WINDOW ..............................................................................................................................18
Tools > Options > General Tab ...................................................................................................................................18
Tools > Options > Colors Tab......................................................................................................................................21
Tools > Options > Behavior Tab ..................................................................................................................................22
Tools > Options > Archive Options Tab .......................................................................................................................23
Tools > Options > Design Tab .....................................................................................................................................24
TANK SETUP SCREEN..................................................................................................................................................27
Job Number.................................................................................................................................................................27
Date of Calculations ....................................................................................................................................................28
Date of Fabrication or Inspection .................................................................................................................................28
Designer, Project, Tag, Plant, Plant Location, Site.......................................................................................................28
Standard .....................................................................................................................................................................28
API 650 Appendix A or J .............................................................................................................................................28
Mode: Design or Re-Rate ............................................................................................................................................28
Remarks......................................................................................................................................................................28
Keystroke Options .......................................................................................................................................................29
Mouse Options ............................................................................................................................................................29
DESIGN DATA SCREEN................................................................................................................................................30
Outside Diameter of Tank............................................................................................................................................30
Shell Height.................................................................................................................................................................30
Design Pressure at Top of Tank ..................................................................................................................................30
Design Vacuum at Top of Tank ...................................................................................................................................31
Design Temperature of the Tank .................................................................................................................................31
Seismic Zone ..............................................................................................................................................................31
Importance Factor .......................................................................................................................................................31
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Site Amplification Factor .............................................................................................................................................31


Basic Wind Velocity.....................................................................................................................................................31
Contents of Tank .........................................................................................................................................................32
Specific Gravity of Contents ........................................................................................................................................32
Joint Efficiency............................................................................................................................................................32
Roof Type ...................................................................................................................................................................32
Bottom Type................................................................................................................................................................32
ROOF DESIGN SCREEN ...............................................................................................................................................33
Roof Input Data ...........................................................................................................................................................34
Roof Material (All) .......................................................................................................................................................34
Pitch of Roof (S.S. Cone / Structural Cone).................................................................................................................34
Dish Radius of Roof (Dome or Umbrella).....................................................................................................................34
Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance (All) ...........................................................................................................................34
Live Load (All) .............................................................................................................................................................35
Ground Snow Load (All) ..............................................................................................................................................35
Roof Insulation Thickness (All) ....................................................................................................................................35
Roof Insulation Density (All) ........................................................................................................................................35
Frangible Roof Design (S.S. Cone)..............................................................................................................................35
Compression Ring Detail (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella) ..............................................................................................35
Roof Weld Type at Compression Ring (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella) ..........................................................................35
Length of Angle Leg Parallel to Shell (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella) ............................................................................35
Toriconical / Torispherical Head (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)........................................................................36
Knuckle Radius (All except Structural and Flat Roofs) .................................................................................................36
Flange Length (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)...................................................................................................36
FLAT ROOF DESIGN.....................................................................................................................................................37
Roof Attachment Type.................................................................................................................................................37
Roof Bolt Circle ...........................................................................................................................................................37
If Stayed Roof, Enter Pitch ..........................................................................................................................................37
STRUCTURAL CONE ROOF DESIGN ...........................................................................................................................38
Supported Roof Restrictions and Assumptions* (ETank 1.7 or earlier) .........................................................................38
Number of Intermediate Girder Rings ..........................................................................................................................38
Girder Ring Detail Screen............................................................................................................................................38
Rafter Types List Box ..................................................................................................................................................40
Rafter Selection Screen...............................................................................................................................................40
Adding User-Defined Beams on the Beam Selection Screens .....................................................................................41
Girder Types List Box ..................................................................................................................................................42
Girder Selection Screen ..............................................................................................................................................42
Column Types List Box................................................................................................................................................42
Column Selection Screen ............................................................................................................................................42
SHELL DESIGN SCREEN ..............................................................................................................................................43
API-650 Shell Design Method (Standard API 650) .......................................................................................................43
Shell Weld Type..........................................................................................................................................................43
Maximum Liquid Level ................................................................................................................................................43
Use Maximum of either S.G. or 1.0 (Mode Re-Rate, Standard API 650)......................................................................44
Shell Insulation Thickness ...........................................................................................................................................44
Shell Insulation Density ...............................................................................................................................................44
Adding a Shell Course.................................................................................................................................................44
Shell Course List Box ..................................................................................................................................................44
Removing a Shell Course............................................................................................................................................44
Edit Shell Course Width ..............................................................................................................................................44
Edit Shell Course Material ...........................................................................................................................................44
Edit Actual Shell Course Thickness .............................................................................................................................45
Edit Shell Course Corrosion Allowance........................................................................................................................45
ANCHOR DESIGN SCREEN ..........................................................................................................................................46
Number of Anchors .....................................................................................................................................................46
Diameter of Anchor Bolt Circle ....................................................................................................................................46
Anchor Bolt Material ....................................................................................................................................................47
Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance.................................................................................................................................47
Nominal Anchor Bolt Size............................................................................................................................................47
Calculate Anchor Chairs? ............................................................................................................................................47
Autocompute Anchor Chairs? ......................................................................................................................................47
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Chair Material..............................................................................................................................................................47
Chair Top Plate Type ..................................................................................................................................................47
Chair Style ..................................................................................................................................................................47
a Chair Top Plate Width ...........................................................................................................................................47
b Chair Top Plate Length..........................................................................................................................................48
k Chair Vertical Plate Width......................................................................................................................................48
c Chair Top Plate Thickness .....................................................................................................................................48
e Load eccentricity ...................................................................................................................................................48
f Distance between the front of the Top Plate and the Bolt Hole Edge ......................................................................48
g Distance between Vertical Plates...........................................................................................................................48
h Height of Anchor Chair ..........................................................................................................................................48
j Vertical Plate Thickness .........................................................................................................................................48
BOTTOM DESIGN SCREEN ..........................................................................................................................................49
Bottom Plate Material ..................................................................................................................................................49
Bottom Plate Corrosion Allowance...............................................................................................................................49
Actual Bottom Plate Thickness ....................................................................................................................................49
Reinforced Lining? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate) ........................................................................................................49
Leak Detection? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate) ............................................................................................................50
Cathodic Protection? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate) .....................................................................................................50
Original Thickness of First Shell Course (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate) ........................................................................50
Number of Shell Elevation Measurements Taken (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate) ..........................................................50
Shell Elevation Measurements List Box (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate).........................................................................50
Pitch of Conical Bottom (Cone) ...................................................................................................................................51
Radius of Domed Bottom (Dome)................................................................................................................................51
Dead Load (Cone, Dome)............................................................................................................................................51
Fixed Load (Cone, Dome) ...........................................................................................................................................51
Compression Ring Detail (Cone, Dome) ......................................................................................................................51
Roof Weld Type at Compression Ring (Cone, Dome)..................................................................................................51
Length of Angle Leg Parallel to Shell (Cone, Dome)....................................................................................................51
Toriconical / Torispherical Head (Cone, Dome) ...........................................................................................................52
Knuckle Radius (All except Structural and Flat Roofs) .................................................................................................52
Flange Length (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)...................................................................................................52
COMPRESSION RING / WIND GIRDER DESIGN SCREEN ..........................................................................................53
Roof Compression Ring / Top Wind Girder Type.........................................................................................................53
Angle Type (ROOF COMP RING) ...............................................................................................................................53
Number of Intermediate Wind Girders .........................................................................................................................53
Intermediate Wind Girder Type ...................................................................................................................................54
Angle Type (Intermediate Wind Girder) .......................................................................................................................54
Bottom Compression Ring...........................................................................................................................................54
Angle Type (Bottom Comp Ring)................................................................................................................................54
Add a USER DEFINED angle to the ETank data DB....................................................................................................55
NORMAL & EMERGENCY VENTING DESIGN SCREEN...............................................................................................56
Calculating Venting Requirements...............................................................................................................................56
Product Flash Point .....................................................................................................................................................56
Maximum Fill Rate ......................................................................................................................................................56
Maximum Empty Rate.................................................................................................................................................57
Is Drainage away from the Tank Provided ...................................................................................................................57
Thickness of Non-Combustible Insulation ....................................................................................................................57
NOZZLE & MANWAY DESIGN SCREEN .......................................................................................................................58
Adding a Nozzle or Manway ........................................................................................................................................58
Removing a Nozzle or Manway ...................................................................................................................................58
Simple Nozzle Calculations (API-650 tables)** ............................................................................................................58
Simple Nozzle Calcs - Input Data ................................................................................................................................59
Naming a Nozzle.........................................................................................................................................................59
Type of Nozzle ............................................................................................................................................................59
Size.............................................................................................................................................................................59
Flange Facing .............................................................................................................................................................59
Schedule .....................................................................................................................................................................59
Height .........................................................................................................................................................................59
Reinforcement Pad Thickness .....................................................................................................................................59
Reinforcement Pad Diameter or Length.......................................................................................................................59
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Reinforcement Pad Width ...........................................................................................................................................59


Detailed Nozzle Calculations (API-620 method)**........................................................................................................60
Detailed Nozzle Calcs Input Data .............................................................................................................................60
Material .......................................................................................................................................................................60
Neck Joint Efficiency ...................................................................................................................................................60
Area Joint Efficiency on Which nozzle is Mounted.......................................................................................................60
Neck Thickness ...........................................................................................................................................................61
Corrosion Allowance....................................................................................................................................................61
Length of Internal Projection........................................................................................................................................61
Fillet Weld Thickness at Repad OD.............................................................................................................................61
Fillet Weld Thickness at Nozzle OD ............................................................................................................................61
Nozzle ID ....................................................................................................................................................................61
Length of External Projection ......................................................................................................................................61
Orientation on Shell.....................................................................................................................................................61
**Detailed Nozzle Calculations ....................................................................................................................................61
Viewing Individual Nozzle Reports...............................................................................................................................61
PIPE SCHEDULE AND COUPLING WINDOW ...............................................................................................................62
REPORT VIEWER WINDOW .........................................................................................................................................63
How-To : View Full Tank Report ..................................................................................................................................63
How-To: View Specific Reports ...................................................................................................................................63
Command : Print Report (x pages) ..............................................................................................................................64
Command : Save to Disk.............................................................................................................................................64
Command : Copy Report .............................................................................................................................................64
Option : Keep Page Marker on Copy ...........................................................................................................................64
Keystrokes ..................................................................................................................................................................65
Mouse .........................................................................................................................................................................65
HOW-TO USE THE ETANK BLANK REPORT TEMPLATE ............................................................................................66
MATERIAL EDITOR WINDOW.......................................................................................................................................67
Navigation...................................................................................................................................................................67
Adding a Material to ETank .........................................................................................................................................67
Material Name.............................................................................................................................................................67
API-650 Listed?...........................................................................................................................................................68
SI Units? (future use)...................................................................................................................................................68
Defunct?......................................................................................................................................................................68
Adopted?.....................................................................................................................................................................68
Imported?....................................................................................................................................................................68
Classification...............................................................................................................................................................68
Allowed Types.............................................................................................................................................................68
Allowed Groups ...........................................................................................................................................................68
Sy (PSI) ......................................................................................................................................................................69
Sut (PSI) .....................................................................................................................................................................69
Sa 620 (PSI)................................................................................................................................................................69
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Density (LBF/IN ) ........................................................................................................................................................69
Max T (IN.)..................................................................................................................................................................69
R100 , R150, R200, R201, R250, R300, R350, R400, R450, R500 .............................................................................69
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E100, E200, E300, E400, E500 (x 10 psi) ..................................................................................................................69
SY200, SY300, SY400, SY500 (PSI)...........................................................................................................................69
ASME Chart (Version 1.4 or later) ...............................................................................................................................69
Archiving ETank Tanks and Materials Data and Restoring Archives................................................................................70
How ETank Stores Data ..............................................................................................................................................70
One-Click ETank Database Updates..........................................................................................................................70
Archiving ETank Databases ........................................................................................................................................70
Where are the Archive Databases? .............................................................................................................................70
Accessing an Archive (not available in Demo).............................................................................................................71
Compacting ETank Databases ....................................................................................................................................71
Exporting Tank Files to Disk........................................................................................................................................71
Automatically Exporting Tank Files to Disk .....................................................................................................................72
TROUBLESHOOTING....................................................................................................................................................73

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TABLE OF FIGURES
Figure 1: ETank 1.6.600 and earlier: If You Un-Install ETank Demo, do NOT remove shared files..................................10
Figure 2: ETank 1.6.700 and later use an MSI installation package. So the 'Remove None' option should not be
necessary. ...............................................................................................................................................................10
Figure 3: PC must have USB Port for USB Hasp Key .....................................................................................................11
Figure 4: On First Run of ETank Demo, you can Setup Optional DB Security .................................................................12
Figure 5: If you assign a Login Password, you must enter it before ETank will run. .........................................................12
Figure 6: If you assign a File Deletion Password, you must use it to delete a tank file. ....................................................13
Figure 7: In ETank Demo go to Help=>About, and click the Register Button ...................................................................14
Figure 8: After clicking Register... Button, ETank Demo Displays Registration Instructions .............................................14
Figure 9: When running ETank, click the status bar panels to select Functions or change mode and standard................16
Figure 10: The Tank Setup Screen .................................................................................................................................27
Figure 11: The Tank Design Data Screen .......................................................................................................................30
Figure 12: Real-Time Roof Output Data..........................................................................................................................34
Figure 13: In the Girder Ring Detail Screen, click the Ring # column entry to edit the Ring Radius, Number of Girders,
and Number of Rafters for that girder ring. ...............................................................................................................38
Figure 14: On the Rafter Selection Screen, Click the top list box entry to select it, then assign a rafter to it by clicking on
an entry from the bottom beam list...........................................................................................................................40
Figure 15: On the Selection Form for Rafters, Girders, or Columns, you can add a custom Beam to ETank by hitting the
[Insert] key when the bottom list is selected, or by clicking Create New button. .................................................41
Figure 16: Shell Design Screen. The edit controls are displayed when you select a shell course number. .....................43
Figure 17: Anchor design screen.....................................................................................................................................46
Figure 18: Bottom design screen.....................................................................................................................................49
Figure 19: Intermediate Wind Girder design screen. .......................................................................................................53
Figure 20: When adding a User Defined Angle, you must enter a description, the section modulus, and the crosssectional area for it. .................................................................................................................................................55
Figure 21: Venting design screen. ..................................................................................................................................56
Figure 22: On Nozzle Design Screen, select the Size box, then hit [F1] to display the International Pipe Schedule. ........62
Figure 23: Report Viewer, with page marker checked, permits copying the report into the ETank Blank Report template,
and utilizing the macro to properly insert page breaks. .............................................................................................64
Figure 24: Go to Tools=>Materials Editor to open the Materials Editor utility...................................................................67
Figure 25: Navigation buttons and list box on the Material Editor allow you to view ETank's existing materials. ..............67

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INTRODUCING ETank 2000


The ETank User
ETank is software for the practicing engineer as an aid to design. As such, it is intended
to supplement rather than replace the engineers skill and judgment. Numbers
generated by ETank may be meaningless or even incorrect for a given application if the
input data has not been wisely chosen. It is the users responsibility to employ this
program and its results in a sound and proper manner.
The ETank Company
ETank is used worldwide by large and small fabrication firms, as well as tank inspection
companies (who re-rate ASTs in accordance to API-653). For a sample of our ETank
customer list, visit the ETank Internet site.
ETank Features
ETank performs calculations for designing or re-rating welded steel or aluminum
vertical above-ground storage tanks (ASTs). Tank fabricators and tank inspectors use
etank to verify tanks are built in accordance with U.S.A National Standards, including:
American Petroleum Institutes API-650 (Appendices A, J, E, F, M, S), API-620 (Incl.
Appendix L), API-653 (Incl. Appendix B), and API-2000.
Underwriters Laboratories UL-142 (Vertical Tanks).
ANSI B96.1 (Aluminum Tanks)
Structural Roof design and other Best Engineering Practices, including Brownell &
Young, Jawad, and AISI.

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Limited Warranty
E-Ware strives to ensure correct output based on accepted engineering practices, but
software errors may occur, and it is the responsibility of the user to notify E-Ware, Inc
of any engineering or software errors found within ETank. If the customer owns a
current valid ETank license, E-Ware will release program fixes as soon as possible, most
of the time within 24 hours.
E-Ware cannot warranty that ETank suits your purpose. Take a look at the Features list
above. Read this manual and exercise ETank. Only by becoming an ETank Demo User
can you determine if ETank will meet your needs. It is the Demo Users responsibility to
evaluate all features of the program prior to purchase. This includes creating and
saving tank files, designing and rerating tanks, and printing all the related reports.
Versions of ETank
1. ETank 2000 Demo allows only three tank diameters, and you cannot export or
import tank files, but otherwise it is a fully functional program. Download the ETank
2000 Demo for free from the ETank Internet site. http://www.etank.com/
2. ETank 2000 Full Version The FV uses software security and can run on a single pc.
It can only be run after it is unlocked using a registration code that is issued upon
receipt of the registration file generated by the ETank 2000 Demo. (NOT FOR NEW
SALES, ONLY SUS CUSTOMERS)
3. ETank 2000 Mobile User The MU uses a HASP hardware key to run on any PC with a
USB port (if necessary an LPT type key can be ordered. Contact E-Ware HQ for
availability). (ALL NEW SALES).
Licensing ETank
E-Ware offers volume-licensing discounts, in addition to the already competitive single
License price. Take a look at our price list and see if you agree that ETank offers the
best value of any CAE Tank Design software today. The price list is installed with the
ETank Demo program, and there is a shortcut to it in the Start menu. For the latest
price list, see www.etank.com

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Support and Update Subscriptions (SUS)


New ETank customers are granted a 6-month SUS period. SUS Renewals can be
purchased for 12-month periods. Discounts on multiple licenses are available for SUS
renewals as well. Contact E-Ware HQ for SUS pricing.
ETank SUS Benefits
1. STAY UP TO DATE: Youll always receive the latest ETank 2000 release, whenever
new API or tank design standards are added to ETank.
2. EXPERT TANK DESIGN AND TECH SUPPORT: youll also have BOTH software tech
support, AND tank design support at your fingertips, available either by phone or email. If you are puzzled with a tank design issue, then e-mail E-Ware your question.
Either the creator of ETank, Jeffcoat Smitt, or another fully experienced tank/vessel
designer, will answer your tank-design questions.
3. LOWER COSTS: Youll save money when compared to allowing your SUS to expire.
Upgrading ETank FOR DOS to ETank 2000
For existing E-Ware customers who have purchased ETank for DOS, In order to receive
the discounted upgrade price, you must turn in your DOS Key Disk (or send a scanned
image of a disabled notched key disk).
DEMO Software Distribution Policy
ETank is distributed as demo-ware. This means you are free to copy the ETank demo
CD, install the ETank Demo on any PC in your office. While you may make a backup
copy of ETank Demo on CDROM, please do not distribute it.
IMPORTANT!!
Refer other users to the ETank website to request latest ETank Demo links, so that they
can be certain they are running the latest example of ETank.
http://www.etank.com/ETankRequest.htm
Referral Benefits
There are referral benefits if you introduce someone to E-Ware, and they purchase
ETank. Do not give them a copy of your ETank Demo, but instead please refer them to
the ETank Internet site, or have them contact E-Ware (contact information at the front
of this manual.)

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Before you Un-Install or Re-Install the ETank 2000 Demo


Demo Un-Install: Always use Add / Remove Programs in the Windows Control
Panel to Remove ETank 2000 from your PC . (Start->Settings->Control Panel>Add/Remove Programs). Always remove any installed ETank 2000 program before
attempting to re-install ETank 2000. When prompted to remove shared components,
select Keep, or Remove None

Figure 1: ETank 1.6.600 and earlier: If You Un-Install ETank Demo, do NOT remove shared files.

Figure 2: ETank 1.6.700 and later use an MSI installation package. So the 'Remove None' option should not be
necessary.

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ETank 2000 Full Version Install Notes


Use the latest installer and notes included on your Full Version CD-ROM from E-Ware.
ETank 2000 Mobile User Version Install Notes
A. USB Port Required: USB Hasp Key is required to be connected to the PC where you
want to run ETank 2000 Mobile User Version.

Figure 3: PC must have USB Port for USB Hasp Key

B. Purple USB Key is Standalone: The Mobile User Version of ETank is for local PC
execution. The MU version cannot be run over the network with the purple USB Key.

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ETank FIRST RUN : SET OPTIONAL ETank DB SECURITY


What is DB Security?
ETank 2000 stores all user tank data and supporting data into two databases. The main
DB is ETank2000.mdb, and the data DB is ETank2000DAT.mdb
Using the DB security options below allows you protect your tank files in two ways:
1) You can keep others from running ETank, and / or
2) You can keep others from deleting your tank files while ETank is running.
Set the DB Login Password (optional)
This option uses a password to keep unauthorized people from running ETank 2000.
When you run ETank for the first time, it will display the Setup ETank DB Security
window (Figure 8). If you leave (NONE) as the password, ETank will not challenge you
for the password on subsequent runs of ETank. To change the DB Login Password, use
the Configuration Screen.

Figure 4: On First Run of ETank Demo, you can Setup Optional DB Security

If you assign a Database Login Password, you will be prompted to enter that
password in order to run ETank. (Figure 9)

Figure 5: If you assign a Login Password, you must enter it before ETank will run.

If you lose your Login Password and cannot run ETank, there will be a fee for
resetting your database. REMEMBER YOUR LOGIN PASSWORD, OR SELECT (NONE) TO
DISABLE THE LOGIN PASSWORD.

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Set the DB File Deletion Password (optional)


This option uses a password to keep other people from deleting your files while ETank
2000 is running. When you run ETank for the first time, it will display the Setup ETank
DB Security form shown above. If you leave (NONE) as the password, ETank will not
challenge you for the password when you select the Delete button on the Open File
Screen.
If you do assign a DB File Deletion Password, then on the Open File Screen, you will
be prompted to enter the password in order to delete any files from the ETank
database. (Figure 10).

Figure 6: If you assign a File Deletion Password, you must use it to delete a tank file.

File deletions are permanent when you use the Delete button on the Open File
Screen.

Since all of your ETank files are stored in the ETank2000.mdb database, it is
recommended that you periodically make backups of it to prevent accidental loss. Or
you can use the Auto-Export / Backup feature in the Configuration Options screen
(General Tab) to backup your tank files to a local or remote directory.

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REGISTERING ETank Full Version (for legacy customers with FV only)


In order to run ETank Full Version, it must be registered. The Full Version uses
software security and can only be installed to run a single PC (per license). Follow the
steps below to register the Full Version.
NOTE: If you do not have e-mail access, the registration instructions are also in the
ETank Demo, Help=>About window (Figure 10). Click the Register button to see the
instructions (Figure 11).

Figure 7: In ETank Demo go to Help=>About, and click the Register Button

Figure 8: After clicking Register... Button, ETank Demo Displays Registration Instructions

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ETank License Exclusive Benefits


The ETank licensed versions do not have tank diameter restrictions, nor does they
expire. Furthermore, as an ETank customer, you are granted a six-month SUS period.
See the Section Support and Update Subscription for more information.
Expert Tank Design and Software Tech Support
E-Ware customers current with their SUS can receive tank design answers related to
ETank (tank design email address will be given to new customers).
You can email software technical support, or call the ETank help line 24 hours a day
(see contact information at front of this manual.) E-Ware staff will strive to answer
within 24 hours after receiving your messages, and usually in the same business day.

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KEYBOARD AND MOUSE CONTROL OF ETank


Legacy Keystroke Commands (ETank for DOS compatibility)
[ESC]

[F1]

[F3]
[F5]

[F10]

On the Main ETank form, use this key to return to the previous
design screen.
On the Configuration Options form, or other forms with a Cancel
button, use this key to close the form without committing changes.
Use this function key to display further option screens. For
example: on the Supported Roof Screen, when your cursor is in
the Number of Girder Rings field, hitting [F1] will bring up the
girder ring design screen.
On the Main ETank form, use this function key to proceed to the
next design screen.
If you are on the Setup Screen, then [F5] opens the Configuration
Form.
If you are on a Design Screen (e.g. Roof Design or after it), then
[F5] displays the respective report showing calculations that have
been made.
Use this function key to exit ETank.

Windows Keystroke Commands


[Tab]
[Shift][Tab]
[Alt][F4]
[Enter]
[ESC]
[Alt][Shortcut key]
[Ctrl][Shortcut key]

Move to the next control on the screen.


Move to the previous control on the screen.
Exit ETank.
Used to select default OK button when displayed.
Used to select default Cancel button when displayed.
Used to access the menu. For example: [Alt][F] will access the file menu.
Used to select a menu item on the menu bar. For example: [Ctrl][O] is one
way to access the Open menu item of the File menu.

Mouse Control (version 1.2 and later)


At the bottom of the ETank main screen, you will see a status bar panel. With the
mouse, you can click on the status bar options, and ETank will execute those
commands. For example, in Figure 13, below, you could click on the ESC, F3,
Mode (Design or Re-Rate), or Standard (API-650, API-620, etc), panels. Notice the
Report panel is disabled here, so clicking it would not do anything.

Figure 9: When running ETank, click the status bar panels to select Functions or change mode and standard.

- 16 -

OPENING AND CREATING TANK FILES


When ETank 2000 first runs, there is no tank file open. The only menus that show
when tank files are closed are the File Tools, and About menus.
To open an existing ETank file, you may use key sequence F1, Ctrl-O, or Alt-F-O, or you
, or select the Open item from the File menu.
can click the Open File button
To create a new ETank file, you may use key sequence Ctrl-N or Alt-F-N, or you can
click the Open File button

, or select the Open item from the File menu.

Open Tank File Screen


The ETank 2000 Open File screen displays two windows:
1. The left window shows you the complete ETank file list available to open by Job title.
2. The right window shows File Fingerprint, which is the summary design details of
any Tank file you select in the left window file list.
Select a file from the File List text box, and you will see the file summary on the File
Fingerprint text box. Click Open to open the ETank file, Delete to delete the ETank
file, or Cancel to close the Open File form without opening a file.
Importing and Exporting Tank Files
If you have previously created ETank files using ETank for DOS, or exported Tank Files
with ETank 2000, then you may import your existing files with the Full Version of ETank
2000:
Click File->Import->ETank Tank File, or Ctrl-D
NOTE: ETank 2000s Exported tank file extension is .TXT, and for ETank for DOS, the
tank file extension is .650
NOTE: The title of the exported tank file will be its Job Number.

- 17 -

ETank CONFIGURATION WINDOW


To open the Configuration Options screen, go to menu Tools->Options.
Using the Configuration Options screen, you can configure General, Color, Behavior,
Archive Options, and Design settings for ETank to better suit your usage.
The following tables describe the items you may change on each Tab, the data types or
limits for each setting, and their effects on using ETank.
Tools > Options > General Tab
The general tab is used for configuring general functionality in ETank.
Item
Option : Allow Network
Printer
File Import / Export Path

Description
ETank will permit a UNC
path to a printer to be used.
Folder for importing and
exporting ETank tank files.

Data type / Limits

Effects / Notes

Text Any valid local or


UNC (network) windows
folder.

ETank will use this folder to


perform any import or
export functions.

This permits two users to


share tank files over the
network and pool tank files
into a common folder
location.

Default Designer

Click the Browse


button to locate the folder
with a dialog box.
Option that makes ETank
automatically save tank files
to the export folder every
time the user saves the tank
to the ETank local
database.
Folder for etank to use as a
temporary file path during
operation.
New tank file default setting.

Report Company Name

Name of the person to fill in


as the tank designer.
Report setting.

Option : Export Backup

Temporary File Path

Name of the company to


appear in the header for
each page on the ETank
reports.

Report Left Print Margin


(in.)

Report setting.
Left margin to set for
reports. Depending on your
printers limitations on
- 18 -

When you use File > Export


> This Tank (or All Tanks),
ETank will open to this
location, but you may
override it.

Yes / No Check box.

Text Any valid local or


UNC (network) windows
folder.
Text Max. length 50

If blank, ETank uses the


installed folder location.
Check means ETank will
export all tank files saved to
the folder shown in File
Import / Export Path

If blank, ETank uses the


installed folder location.
On all new tank files, the
Designer box will be filled in
with this value.
If blank, the printed reports
will only show the Job name
in the header.
If not blank, the printed
reports will show both the
Company name and the Job
name in the header.
ETank currently creates the
margin by padding the left
side with whitespace. This
is why the report font in
ETank is fixed-width.

Report Lines per Page

margins, this may not be


exact.
Report settings.

ETank will use this to


determine when to insert a
page break.
May not be exact, because
ETank will check to ensure
no orphan lines remain on
the bottom of a page.

Command: Hasp Sharing

ETank security setting.

(Only on MU)

Permits users with other


ETank hasps to introduce
and use their hasp on a PC
where an original hasp was
already operational.
Used to change the ETank
login password.

Command: Change Login


Password

Command: Change Deletion


Password

Command: Update Main


Database

Used to change the tank


deletion password.

Performs any updates


available for the ETank
Main database.
The Main DB holds your
tank files.

Command: Update Data


Database

Performs any updates


available for the ETank
Data database.
The Data DB holds material
data, user defined
materials, structural beam
data, nozzle data, etc.

Command: General
Defaults

Reset certain values on the


General Tab to the factory
- 19 -

You must verify the old


password.
If (NONE) was previously
used, then enter nothing.

If a password is set, ETank


will display the login screen
for the local database, and
you must login before
ETank will run.

Enter the new password,


then verify it when
prompted.

If a login password is not


set, ETank will run without
prompting a login.

Entering a blank will reset


the old password.
Same as above.

On the Open file screen, if


the deletion password is set,
then you must enter it to
delete a tank file from the
database.

If the Main DB is up to date,


this button will be grey, and
will say Current MDB=nnn,
where nnn is the Main DB
version number.

If the deletion password is


not set, you can freely
delete any tank file in the
tank file list of the Open
tank screen.
If ETank detects your Main
DB needs updating, it will
prompt you once to go to
this screen to click the
button.

If the Data DB is up to date,


this button will be grey, and
will say Current DDB=nnn,
where nnn is the Data DB
version number.

If your Main DB is up to
date, this button will be
disabled.
If ETank detects your Data
DB needs updating, it will
prompt you once to go to
this screen to click the
button.
If your Data DB is up to
date, this button will be
disabled.

defaults.

- 20 -

Tools > Options > Colors Tab


ETank by default uses the color scheme set for the Windows system it is running on. The color tab can be used to
change the colors used.
Item
Text Fore Color

Text Back Color


Frame Fore Color
Frame Back Color
Form Fore Color
Form Back Color
Message Fore Color

Command: Color Defaults

Description
Sets the fore color of the
text controls.

Sets the back color of the


text controls.
Sets the fore color of
frames in ETank windows.
Sets the back color of
frames in ETank windows.
Sets the fore color of all
ETank windows.
Sets the back color of all
ETank windows.
Sets the fore color of RealTime messages on the
ETank design screens.
Resets the color values on
the Colors tab to the factory
defaults.

- 21 -

Data type / Limits


Choose a preset color from
the drop-down list, or select
other in the list to assign
a custom color.

Effects / Notes
All text controls will display
the color selected.

Same as above.

To assign default colors,


click the Color Defaults
command.
Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Same as above.

Tools > Options > Behavior Tab


These options change the interaction level of ETank with the user.
Item
Option: Automatic Save
Tank Files between Screen.

Drop-down List: Cursor


Selection.

Option: Use Silent Warning


Messages

Slider: Calculation
Validation Delay.

Command: Behavior
Defaults

Description
Option to have ETank
automatically save the input
data when you have a tank
open and are navigating the
design screens.
When moving into a text
box, this setting determines
where and how the cursor is
located in the text.

Determines if ETank
displays Real-Time
warnings only on the
screen, or in addition use a
pop-up box for showing
warnings.
Determines the length of
time ETank waits after you
finish typing in data before it
validates the value and
performs the Real-Time
design calculations.
Resets the values on the
Behavior tab to the factory
defaults.

- 22 -

Data type / Limits


Yes / No check box.

Effects / Notes
If checked, ETank will
perform an automatic save
to the local database.

Choose All, Start, or End

End Places the cursor at


the end of the current text.
Start Places the cursor at
the beginning of the current
text.

Yes / No check box.

Number. Between 0.2 and


1.6 seconds.

All Highlights the current


text.
Check this box to minimize
the pop-up warning
messages ETank uses
during tank design
calculations.
ETank will wait this long
before validating text input.
You should set this to suit
your data entry speed.

Tools > Options > Archive Options Tab


Item
Command: Change
Main DB (tanks)
Archive Options.

Description
A new window displays the current Archive
options for the Main DB.

Data type / Limits

Effects / Notes
This affects how
ETank configures the
Main DB archive when
you use the menu
Tools > DB Utilities
> Create Archive >
Main DB
or menu
Tools > DB Utilities
> Create Archive >
All ETank Databases

Command: Change
Data DB (Materials,
etc) Archive Options.

This affects how


ETank configures the
Data DB archive when
you use the menu

A new window displays the current Archive


options for the Main DB.

Tools > DB Utilities


> Create Archive >
Data DB
or menu
Tools > DB Utilities
> Create Archive >
All ETank Databases

Option: Use Silent


Warning Messages

Determines if ETank displays Real-Time


warnings only on the screen, or in addition use
a pop-up box for showing warnings.

Command: Archive
Defaults

Resets the values on the Archive Options tab


to the factory defaults.

- 23 -

Yes / No check box.

Check this box to


minimize the pop-up
warning messages
ETank uses during
tank design
calculations.

Tools > Options > Design Tab


These options change the calculation settings for ETank, as well as default tank file
settings for new Tank files.
Item
Option: Default No API-650
App. F calculations when
Tank Design Pressure (P) =
Zero.
Default: Pressure Units

Default: Shell Weld Type

Description
This sets the default value
for No API-650 App. F
calcs when Tank P = 0, on
the Setup design screen.
This determines the default
input units accepted for
Design Pressure and Design
Vacuum.
This determines the type of
shell weld set for new tank
files.

Data type / Limits


Yes / No check box.

Drop-down list, noneditable.


English units permitted are
PSI or Inches H2O.
Drop-down list, noneditable.

Effects / Notes
If checked, ETank will skip
App. F calculations for roof
when the design internal
pressure (P) is zero.
Any open tank will use this
setting.

New tanks will use this


setting. Existing tanks are
unaffected.

Select Butt Welded or Lap


Welded.
Default: Repad API-650
Design Basis for Tank Roof
Nozzles.

This affects the simple


Nozzle design calculations.

Option: Enforce API


Minimum Thicknesses

Jeffcoat

Select from:
Use API Default in.
t-Basis = roof t-Calc
MAX t_rpr(Roof t-Calc, in.)
MIN t_rpr(Roof t-Calc, in.)

Jeffcoat

Option: Summary Report


MAWP / MAWV Calcs

Drop-down list, non-editable.

Determines whether the


summary page appears in
the report to display the
Maximum Allowable
Working Pressure and
Vacuum on the tank.
Determines whether ETank
enforces the API minimum
thickness requirements.

Yes / No check box.

If checked, the MAWP /


MAWV Summary appears
in in the Full Report.

Yes / No check box.

Affects any open tank, in


Design Mode.
This uses API minimums
such as 3/16 for shell
courses above the first shell
course, as well as the roof.
Other minimums may be
affected.

Option: Enforce API


Maximum Roof thickness

Determines whether ETank


uses the API maximum roof
thickness requirements.

Yes / No check box.

If you enter a thickness less


than the minimum, then it
will be overridden by the
API minimum.
Affects any open tank, in
Design Mode.
This uses the API maximum
of inch for self-supported
roofs: cone, dome, and
umbrella.
Other maximums may be
affected.

- 24 -

Option: Enforce SelfSupported Cone Minimum


Pitch (2 in 12)

Determines whether ETank


enforces a minimum for the
roof pitch on self-supported
cone roof tanks.

Yes / No check box.

Affects any open tank.

Option: Use Maximum of


Snow Load and Live Load.

Determines whether ETank


considers the snow load and
live load as mutually
exclusive.

Yes / No check box.

Currently, 2 in 12 is the
minimum recommended
roof pitch.
Affects any open tank.

Option: Force Non-Annular


Bottom to meet API-650
3.5.1

Set t-Actual to t-Design


Values.

Maximum API-650 App. S


or App. M Multiplier is 1

Enforce API Maximum


Nozzle Sizes
Use Jawad method in
Stiffening Ring Calculations

Maximum Self-Supported
Roof thickness (in.)

Maximum Corrosion
Allowance.
Command: Design Defaults.

If checked, ETank uses the


maximum of either the snow
load or live load in the roof
calculations.
If unchecked, ETank
combines the Snow Load
and Live Load in the roof
calculations.
Affects any open tank, in
Design Mode.

Determines whether ETank


modifies the bottom design
to make non-annular bottom
plate stress acceptable, per
API-650 3.5.1.

Yes / No check box.

Determines whether ETank


will automatically reset the
t.Actual to t.Required for
roof, shell, and bottom
thicknesses.

Yes / No check box.

Determines if stress
reduction factor for
materials according to API
can exceed 1.

Yes / No check box.

If checked, then ETank will


automatically reset t.Actual
if it is less than t.Required.
Affects any open tank.

Determines whether the


nozzle size ranges shown in
the API tables are enforced.
Determines whether ETank
uses the Jawad calculation
methods for stiffeners are
used in conjunction with the
ASME formula.
This overrides API
maximum roof thickness,
and can exceed the default
(1/2 in.)
This permits corrosion
allowance to exceed the
default of in.
Resets the values on the
Design tab to the factory
defaults.

Yes / No check box.

A multiplier greater than one


could increase design stress
values, if the materials
yield stress value is greater
than the divisors specified in
S.3.5.1 or M.3.6.
Affects any open tank.

Yes / No check box.

Affects any open tank.

Number. Must be greater


than zero.

Affects any open tank.

Number. Must be greater


than zero.

Affects any open tank.

- 25 -

If checked, then for a nonannular flat-bottom tank


ETank may reset the bottom
shell course so that the
bottom plate thickness
meets the API
requirements.
Affects any open tank, in
Design mode.

- 26 -

TANK SETUP SCREEN


When you create a new Tank file or load an existing one, ETank begins on the Setup
Screen. On this screen you enter descriptive items such as job title, tank designer,
project name, project site, project location, and tag number of the tank.
Most importantly, you specify the ETank Mode of operation, as well as the Design
Standard for ETank to use for tank calculations.

Figure 10: The Tank Setup Screen

Job Number
The text entered in the JOB NUMBER field is for your reference, and will be used as the
File Name for the Tank if you need to export your Tank file. Since you are using 32-bit
windows, the file name (including path) can be up to 255 characters.

- 27 -

NOTE: ETank for DOS Tank files have extension .650. ETank 2000 Tank files have
extension .TXT
Date of Calculations
ETank automatically enters the last date that it made calculations.
Date of Fabrication or Inspection
Enter the date the tank was fabricated or inspected.
Designer, Project, Tag, Plant, Plant Location, Site
These job descriptions are for your reference, but can be left blank.
Standard
API-650: API-650 is used for the design of flat-bottomed, vertical storage tanks with
pressures up to 2-1/2 psig and a maximum temperature of 500 degrees F. Roofs can be
open-topped, self-supported conical or domed roofs, or structurally supported cones.
ETank can optionally design tanks to Appendix A for small tanks and Appendix J for
shop-assembled tanks. Appendix F is used if an internal pressure is specified.
API-620: API-620 is used for the design of vertical storage tanks with a pressure of
up to 15 psig and a maximum temperature of 250 degrees F. Tank bottoms can be
either flat, conical or dished. Roofs can be open-topped, self-supported conical or
domed roofs, or structurally supported cones.
UL-142: UL-142 is used for the design of flat-bottomed tanks containing combustible
or flammable liquids up to a design pressure of 1/2 psig. The maximum capacity of a
UL-142 tank is 50,000 gallons. Roofs can be conical or domed.
API 650 Appendix A or J
When ETank is in Design Mode, and youve selected API-650 as the Standard, you will
have the option of specifying API-650 Appendix A or J. Appendix A is the optional
design basis for small tanks. Appendix J is the optional design basis for shop-fabricated
tanks.
Mode: Design or Re-Rate
Choose Design for Design Mode or Re-Rate for Re-rate Mode. Tank Fabricators
normally leave it in Design Mode, and API-653 Tank Inspectors usually use ETank in
Re-Rate mode.
If design mode is selected, ETank will strictly use the appropriate design code selected.
If there is an aspect of the tank not covered by the code, then ETank will select an
appropriate substitute.
If re-rate mode is selected, ETank will use API-653 as a guideline along with API-650.
Remarks
Tank remarks are for your reference only. Limit remarks to 64,000 characters or less.
- 28 -

NOTE: Only the first 700 characters will be saved if you Export a Tank File in ETank for
DOS format (.650),
Keystroke Options
[F3] will advance ETank to the Design Data Screen.
[F5] will Run the Full Report for the Tank.
[F10] will exit ETank (not shown on status bar to reduce clutter).
[ESC] will do nothing. (Previously it closed the program.)
Mouse Options
Clicking on the Status Bar Panels that display the Function Key options will activate
that option.

- 29 -

DESIGN DATA SCREEN


On the design data screen, the general parameters for your tank design are entered.
You specify the overall dimensions, roof and bottom type, and operating conditions.

Figure 11: The Tank Design Data Screen

Outside Diameter of Tank


Enter the outside diameter of the tank in feet.
Shell Height
Enter the overall height of the shell in feet.
Design Pressure at Top of Tank
Enter the design pressure in the vapor space of the tank at full liquid level in either psig
(PSI) or inches water column (Inches H 2O) (Default Pressure units are set in the
Configuration Screen).
- 30 -

You can enter pressure data in units different than the default unit expected by ETank
by adding a unit suffix to the number. A pressure value entered without a unit suffix
will be assumed to be in the default units that is selected in the Configuration Screen.
By adding a unit suffix, ETank will convert the entry to the default units before running
calculations.
For example, if the default pressure unit is PSI and you want to enter a pressure of 12
Inches H2O, this can be accomplished by entering 12IN, or 12INCH or 12INCHES.
If the default pressure unit is Inches H 2O, and you wish to enter a pressure of 1 psig,
then you could enter 1PSIG, or 1PSI.
Design Vacuum at Top of Tank
Enter the design vacuum in the vapor space of the tank at full liquid level in either PSI
or Inches H2O. Unit conversions work the same as described for Design Pressure.
Design Temperature of the Tank
Enter the design temperature of the tank in degrees F.
Seismic Zone
Refer to Figure E-1 in API-650 illustrating seismic zones of the United States. Enter the
correct zone from the figure or from your specifications. Entering a seismic zone of zero
will prevent the program from performing a seismic analysis.
[F1] when in this text box will show you a form displaying the Figure E-1 in API-650.
You can select the appropriate seismic zone from the list.
Importance Factor
This is used in seismic calculations. The API-650 standard states that the factor should
be 1.0 unless the purchaser specifies an increased value. The maximum value should
be 1.25 and this value should be applied only to tanks that must provide emergency
post-earthquake service or to tanks that store toxic or explosive substances in areas
where an accidental release of the product would be considered dangerous to the safety
of the general public.
[F1] when in this text box will show you a form displaying the categories relating to
Importance Factor. You can select the appropriate factor from the list.
Site Amplification Factor
Enter the factor according to the soil condition. See API-650 Table E-3 for appropriate
coefficients.
[F1] when in this text box will show you a form displaying the Table E-3 coefficients
relating to soil conditions. You can select the appropriate coefficient from the list.
Basic Wind Velocity
Enter the maximum wind velocity the tank should experience, in miles per hour.
- 31 -

Contents of Tank
This is optional and is for information only.
Specific Gravity of Contents
Enter the specific gravity of the highest density liquid the tank should contain.
Joint Efficiency
Enter the joint efficiency to be used for the tanks bottom, shell, and roof plates. This
value is based on the type of radiography performed. Range is 0.35 to 1. For example,
enter 0.7 when re-rating a tank if the actual joint efficiency is unknown. Refer to API653 3rd Edition, Table 4-2.
Roof Type
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available roof types. Click an entry
to make a selection. Roof type options include self-supported conical, self-supported
domed or umbrella, open-top (no roof), structurally supported conical, or flat roof.
Bottom Type
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available bottom types. Click an
entry to make a selection. Bottom type options include annular flat, non-annular flat,
conical, or dished.

- 32 -

ROOF DESIGN SCREEN

- 33 -

t-D
e
t-C sign
a
P_ lc
m
P_ ax_
m int
M ax_ ern
ax e a
x l
M imu ter
in m na
im
l
A c u m X -S
tu
X ec
Kn al X -S tion
uc -S ec al
Kn kle ect tion Are
uc t-C ion al a
R kle al al Are For
oo P c Ar a
ea of Fra
f W _m
of Ro ng
ei ax
gh _
R of ible
oo to
t int
f-t S Ro
o- he of
Sh ll
el Jo
l J in
oi t
nt

Roof Type
Self-Supp. Conical
Self-Supp. Conical (Frangible)
Self-Supp. Dome / Umbrella
Self-Supp. Toriconical
Self-Supp. Torispherical
Structural Conical
Flat

Figure 12: Real-Time Roof Output Data

Roof Input Data


NOTE: The following input fields are specific to the roof-type shown in parenthesis.
Roof Material (All)
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available materials. Click an entry
to make a selection.
Pitch of Roof (S.S. Cone / Structural Cone)
For both the conical roof and the supported cone roof, the pitch or slope of the roof
must be entered.
Notice the range of permitted Pitch is shown in the Pitch label next to the text box.
For instance, in Design mode, for a non-frangible, self-supported conical roof, the pitch
must be greater than or equal to 9 in/ft. For a frangible, self-supported conical roof, the
pitch must be less than or equal to 2 in./ft.
In Re-Rate mode, ETank allows a larger range of values.
Dish Radius of Roof (Dome or Umbrella)
In Design Mode, the maximum radius is 1.2 times the tank diameter, and the minimum
is 0.8 times the tank diameter.
In Re-Rate mode, ETank allows a larger range of values
Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance (All)
Enter the design corrosion allowance specified for the roof plates.
- 34 -

Live Load (All)


Enter the design live load (expressed as pressure) to be supported by the roof. The
pressure exerted by a standing average-weight adult American male is about 25 PSF.
Ground Snow Load (All)
Enter the design snow load to be supported by the roof.
Roof Insulation Thickness (All)
Enter the thickness of the roof insulation.
Roof Insulation Density (All)
This is only used if the roof insulation thickness.
Frangible Roof Design (S.S. Cone)
A frangible roof is permitted only on self supported conical roofs. In Design Mode, Roof
Pitch must be less than or equal to 2 in 12.
Compression Ring Detail (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella)
This value is only available for roof types without a Knuckle Radius.
This is only used when you have specified a roof compression ring on the Comp. Ring /
Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen.
Enter the letter denoting the detail of the compression ring from API-650 Figure F-1.
Valid values are A through I, or blank.
Hitting [F1] while in this text box displays the API-650 compression ring detail diagram
in a separate window.
Roof Weld Type at Compression Ring (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella)
Select Butt Weld or Lap Weld to specify how the roof compression ring is attached to
the tank.
NOTE: Only available for roof types without a Knuckle Radius.
NOTE: This is only used when you have specified a roof compression ring on the Comp.
Ring / Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen.
Length of Angle Leg Parallel to Shell (S.S. Cone, Dome, Umbrella)
Enter the length of the roof compression ring angle that is parallel to the top shell
course plate.
NOTE: Only available for roof types without a Knuckle Radius.
NOTE: This is only used if you have 1) specified a roof compression ring on the Comp.
Ring / Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen, and 2) assigned the Compression Ring
Detail (above) the value of D.
- 35 -

Toriconical / Torispherical Head (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)


Check this option when your top head design includes a knuckle and flange.
If tank top head has a knuckle, then the variables related to the roof compression ring
are not available, and a roof compression ring is not allowed.
Knuckle Radius (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)
Inside radius of top head knuckle.
NOTE: In design mode, ETank will not allow a knuckle radius less than 6% of Tank OD.
Flange Length (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)
Enter the length of the roof flange to be used at the end of the top head knuckle.

- 36 -

FLAT ROOF DESIGN


On the Flat Roof Design Screen, additional text fields and list boxes are displayed.
These are in addition to the variables described in the Roof Design Screen section.
Roof Attachment Type
Select Flanged or Bolted flat head type. If you select Bolted, then the Roof Bolt Circle
text box is displayed (below).
Roof Bolt Circle
Enter the nominal flat roof bolt circle diameter.
If Stayed Roof, Enter Pitch
If your flat roof uses structural cross members, enter the largest unsupported length
between them, or between them and the edge of the roof.

- 37 -

STRUCTURAL CONE ROOF DESIGN


Supported Roof Restrictions and Assumptions* (ETank 1.7 or earlier)
For ETank 2000 version 1.7 and earlier, you do not need to specify the number of
columns, because ETank uses the following design restrictions and assumptions:
1) (Restriction) No Girders at Shell circumference. Rafters to shell can be assigned.
2) (Assumption) One column per girder in each intermediate girder ring.
3) (Restriction) Zero columns at shell circumference.
4) (Restriction) One center column. Depending on your tank height, your center
column might be composed of two or more pieces, but ETank is only interested in
using the longest unsupported column length.
*NOTE: ETank uses the design method published in Brownell & Youngs, Process
Equipment Design for structural roof calculations.
On the Structural Roof Screen, most text boxes from the self-supported roof screen are
shown. For the input data not covered here, you will find them covered in the Roof
Design Screen section. In this section are described the additional text fields and list
boxes displayed uniquely for the Structural Roof Design.
Number of Intermediate Girder Rings
Enter the number of intermediate girder rings to be used (rings of girders between the
shell and the center column.)
To display the Girder Ring Detail Screen, place the cursor in this text box and Hit [F1].
adjacent to the text box.
Alternatively, click the More button
Girder Ring Detail Screen

Figure 13: In the Girder Ring Detail Screen, click the Ring # column entry to edit the Ring Radius, Number of
Girders, and Number of Rafters for that girder ring.
- 38 -

After hitting [F1] when in Number of Intermediate Girder Rings text box, or clicking
the button next to it, you will see the Girder Ring Detail Screen.
For each intermediate Girder Ring, you must specify the Ring Radius, Number of
Girders and Number of Rafters.
For the Shell Ring (circumference), you only need specify the Number of Rafters.
ETank assumes no girders at shell circumference*.
*NOTE: See the section above, entitled Supported Roof Restrictions and
Assumptions.

- 39 -

Rafter Types List Box


In the list box you will see a listing of the currently selected rafter types for each inner
Girder Ring as well as the outer Shell Ring. The number of Rings shown will be 1 plus
the Number of Intermediate Girder Rings.
To display the Rafter Selection Screen, place the cursor in this text box and Hit [F1].
adjacent to the text box.
Alternatively, click the More button
Rafter Selection Screen

Figure 14: On the Rafter Selection Screen, Click the top list box entry to select it, then assign a rafter to it by
clicking on an entry from the bottom beam list.

The top list box shows the rafter types currently selected for each inner girder ring (if
present), and the shell ring. The bottom list box displays list of beam types available
for selection.
To make a rafter selection, first select the ring in the top list box you want to change,
then click on the entry in the bottom list box you wish to assign. Once you have
assigned rafters for each ring radius, click the Close button to return to the Structural
Roof Design Screen.
NOTE: The Required Z real-time calculation will continue to display undefined until
the number of rafters and girders for that girder ring radius have been selected. See
the section above, entitled Girder Ring Detail Screen.

- 40 -

Adding User-Defined Beams on the Beam Selection Screens


While you have the Rafter, Column, or Girder selection screen open, you can add a
user-defined structural beam to the master list displayed on the bottom of the window.
To add a new beam, select the bottom list box, and hit the [INSERT] key, or click the
Create New [Rafter/Girder/Column] button to display text boxes for adding a beam to
the list. Hit the [ESC] key, or click Cancel Create [Rafter/Girder/Column] button to
cancel the addition. See Figure 19 for an example of the insert beam mode.

Figure 15: On the Selection Form for Rafters, Girders, or Columns, you can add a custom Beam to ETank by
hitting the [Insert] key when the bottom list is selected, or by clicking Create New button.

When adding a user-defined beam to ETank, you must specify five parameters, as
follows:
Type
Enter the name or description of the beam.
NOTE: If you export a Tank File to ETank for DOS, Type is truncated to 40 characters.
Z (IN3)
When adding a beam to ETank, this is the section modulus.
R (IN.)
When adding a beam to ETank, this is the radius of gyration.
Weight (LBF/IN.)
When adding a beam to ETank, this is the weight per linear dimension.
Area (IN2)
When adding a beam to Etank, this is its cross-sectional area.

- 41 -

Girder Types List Box


If you enter a non-zero number for the Number of Intermediate Girder Rings text box,
this list box displays the currently selected girders for each inner Girder Ring. Since no
girders can be assigned to the outer Shell ring, it is not displayed.
NOTE: If Number of Intermediate Girder Rings is zero, then this list box is disabled.
To display the Girder Selection Screen, place the cursor in this text box and Hit [F1].
adjacent to the text box.
Alternatively, click the More button
Girder Selection Screen
Use this screen the same way as the Rafter Selection Screen (above). You can add
beams on this screen as well. See the section Adding Your own Structural Beam.
Column Types List Box
This list box shows the currently selected columns for the center, and for each
intermediate girder ring (if they exist). There are no columns assumed or permitted at
the Shell circumference. See Supported Roof Restrictions and Assumptions section,
above.
To display the Column Selection Screen, place the cursor in this text box and Hit [F1].
adjacent to the text box.
Alternatively, click the More button
Column Selection Screen
Use this screen the same way as the Rafter Selection Screen (above). You can add
beams on this screen as well. See the section Adding User-Defined Beams.
NOTE: Always check your design by hitting [F5] or clicking the Specific Report
to view the roof report after assigning rafters, girders and columns. The
button
girder design calculations use the weight of the rafters and the column design
calculations use the weights of both the rafters and girders.

- 42 -

SHELL DESIGN SCREEN


This screen is where you input data for the tank shell. With the release of ETank 2000,
you may now enter corrosion allowance values for each shell course.
To edit shell course data, you click on the shell course number in the list box displaying
the shell course data.

Figure 16: Shell Design Screen. The edit controls are displayed when you select a shell course number.

API-650 Shell Design Method (Standard API 650)


Press F1 to choose either the One-foot Method" or the "Variable Design Point Method".
When Re-Rating a tank, ETank will automatically switch to the "Variable Design Point
Method" if necessary to prevent reducing the liquid level.
Shell Weld Type
Select Butt Weld or Lap Weld to specify how the shell courses are attached.
Maximum Liquid Level
Enter the maximum liquid level that the tank will see in service.

- 43 -

Use Maximum of either S.G. or 1.0 (Mode Re-Rate, Standard API 650)
Choose Yes if you want ETank to select the maximum of the tank contents specific
gravity or 1.0 when performing shell calculations.
Shell Insulation Thickness
Enter the shell insulation thickness if it is on the tank shell.
NOTE: ETank assumes external insulation. Added to projected area in wind
calculations.
Shell Insulation Density
Enter the shell insulation density. Used only if Shell Insulation Thickness is non-zero.
Adding a Shell Course
To add a shell course to the tank, click the Add button. When adding a shell course,
ETank copies the t-Actual, the Material, and the corrosion allowance from the lower
shell course. Also, the height of the shell entered on the Design Data Screen is used
and evenly divided among the shell courses.
Shell Course List Box
The Course Width, Material, Thickness, and Corrosion Allowance must be specified for
each shell course.
To enter shell course data, click the Course # you want to edit in the Shell Course List
Box.
Removing a Shell Course
To remove a shell course from the tank, click the Remove button. ETank will add the
width of the removed course to the top shell course.
Edit Shell Course Width
After selecting the Course # you want to edit in the Shell Course List Box, the edit
controls including the shell course Width text box are displayed.
Enter the width of the selected shell course to assign it. NOTE: The top course width
cannot be changed. You must modify the lower shell course widths to arrive at the
proper top course width.
Edit Shell Course Material
After selecting the Course # you want to edit in the Shell Course List Box, the edit
controls including the shell course Material list box are displayed.
Click the Down Arrow of the list box to display the drop-down list of available materials.
Select an entry to assign the material for the selected shell course.

- 44 -

Edit Actual Shell Course Thickness


After selecting the Course # you want to edit in the Shell Course List Box, the edit
controls including the shell course Actual Thickness text box are displayed.
Enter the actual shell course thickness to assign it for the selected shell course.
Edit Shell Course Corrosion Allowance
After selecting the Course # you want to edit in the Shell Course List Box, the edit
controls including the shell course Corrosion Allowance text box are displayed.
Enter the corrosion allowance to assign it for the selected shell course.

- 45 -

ANCHOR DESIGN SCREEN


On the Anchor Design Screen, ETank calculates Wind, Seismic, and Anchor
requirements, and you can specify how many anchors are used on the tank as well as
specify certain anchor chairs as well.
Previously, the DOS version of ETank did not design anchor chairs. With the release of
ETank 2000, you can design or evaluate anchor chairs. (Ref. AISI Steel Plate
Engineering Data, Dec. 92, Vol. 1, Part VII)
ETank evaluates wind moment, seismic, and other stress calculations.

Figure 17: Anchor design screen.

Number of Anchors
Enter the number of anchor bolts or legs used.
Diameter of Anchor Bolt Circle
Enter the bolt circle diameter in feet.

- 46 -

Anchor Bolt Material


Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available materials. Click an entry
to make a selection.
Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance
Enter the corrosion allowance for the anchor bolts.
Nominal Anchor Bolt Size
Enter the nominal bolt size used.
Calculate Anchor Chairs?
If this box is checked, you must enter anchor chair data (see below).
Autocompute Anchor Chairs?
If checked, and ETank is in Design Mode, then you only need to specify dimensions a,
b, and k for the anchor chair (see below). ETank will automatically design the chair.
NOTE: If you leave it checked and put in your own values for a, b, and k, ETank may
override your entered values.
If this is unchecked, ETank requires you to enter dimensions c through j, and it will
not override your entered values.
Chair Material
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available materials. Click an entry
to make a selection.
Chair Top Plate Type
This specifies whether the top plate of the anchor chairs is discrete, or a circumferential
ring (completely encircling the shell normal to the vertical axis).
NOTE: If selecting discrete top plate, then the a text box will be enabled. If
circumferential ring is selected, then the a text box is disabled.
Chair Style
Currently there are only two types of anchor chairs detailed for design in ETank. Since
the shell of the tanks designed in ETank are vertical and have no skirt, the chair style
consists of specifying whether the vertical plates of the anchor chair are tapered
(trapezoidal), or straight (rectangular).
a Chair Top Plate Width
Circumferential length of chair top plate.
NOTE: You must enter this only if Top Plate Type has been set to Discrete

- 47 -

b Chair Top Plate Length


Radial length of chair top plate.
k Chair Vertical Plate Width
Radial width of the chair gusset plate.
NOTE: If Chair Style is set to tapered, k represents the average vertical plate width.
c Chair Top Plate Thickness
e Load eccentricity
This is the point at which the bolt load is assumed to act against the chair. ETank
selects the highest loading condition from net uplift, seismic, and wind calculations.
f Distance between the front of the Top Plate and the Bolt Hole Edge
g Distance between Vertical Plates
Enter the spacing between the gussets, assumed to be parallel.
h Height of Anchor Chair
Enter distance between the bottom plate and top of chair top plate.
j Vertical Plate Thickness
Enter the thickness of the gussets.

- 48 -

BOTTOM DESIGN SCREEN


On the Bottom Design Screen, the following controls will be displayed.

Figure 18: Bottom design screen.

Bottom Plate Material


Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available materials. Click an entry
to make a selection.
Bottom Plate Corrosion Allowance
Enter the corrosion allowance for the bottom plates.
Actual Bottom Plate Thickness
Enter the actual bottom plate thickness used or the average thickness measured when
Re-Rating a tank.
Reinforced Lining? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)
Select "Yes" or "No" from the drop-down list depending on whether the bottom has
reinforced lining.

- 49 -

Leak Detection? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)


Select "Yes" or "No" from the drop-down list depending on whether the bottom has leak
detection.
Cathodic Protection? (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)
Select "Yes" or "No" from the drop-down list depending on whether the bottom has
cathodic detection.
Original Thickness of First Shell Course (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)
Enter the original thickness of the first shell course. This will default to the shell
average thickness.
Number of Shell Elevation Measurements Taken (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)
Enter the number of external shell elevation measurements taken.
Shell Elevation Measurements List Box (Flat Bottom, Mode Re-Rate)
If the number of elevation measurements is non-zero, the Shell Elevation
Measurements Frame will display. Enter the elevation measurements in inches.
Measurements should be equally spaced around the circumference of the tank with a
minimum of eight (8) measurements. ETank will calculate an optimum sine curve to fit
the data using the Least Squares Method. The actual measurements will then be
compared to the optimum curve to calculate the differential settlement.

- 50 -

Pitch of Conical Bottom (Cone)


For the conical bottom, enter the slope of the bottom (rise over run).
Radius of Domed Bottom (Dome)
For the domed bottom, enter the radius of the bottom, in feet.
Dead Load (Cone, Dome)
Enter the design live load (expressed as pressure) to be supported by the roof. The
pressure exerted by a standing average-weight adult American male is about 25 PSF.
Fixed Load (Cone, Dome)
Enter any point loads to be supported by the bottom head.
Compression Ring Detail (Cone, Dome)
This value is only available for bottom heads without a Knuckle Radius.
This is only used when you have specified a bottom compression ring on the Comp.
Ring / Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen.
Enter the letter denoting the detail of the compression ring from API-650 Figure F-1.
Valid values are A through I, or blank.
Hitting [F1] while in this text box displays the API-650 compression ring detail diagram
in a separate window.
Roof Weld Type at Compression Ring (Cone, Dome)
NOTE: Only available for bottom heads without a Knuckle Radius.
This is only used when you have specified a bottom compression ring on the Comp.
Ring / Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen.
Select Butt Weld or Lap Weld to specify how the bottom compression ring is
attached to the tank.
Length of Angle Leg Parallel to Shell (Cone, Dome)
Enter the length of the bottom compression ring angle that is parallel to the bottom
shell course plate.
NOTE: Only available for bottom heads without a Knuckle Radius.
NOTE: Only used if you have 1) specified a bottom compression ring on the Comp. Ring
/ Intermediate Wind Girder Design Screen, and 2) assigned the Compression Ring
Detail (above) the value of D.

- 51 -

Toriconical / Torispherical Head (Cone, Dome)


Check this option when the tank bottom head design includes a knuckle and flange.
NOTE: If the tank bottom has a knuckle, then the variables related to the bottom
compression ring are not available, and a bottom compression ring is not allowed.
Knuckle Radius (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)
Inside radius of bottom head knuckle.
Note: In design mode, ETank will not allow a knuckle radius less than 6% of Tank OD.
Flange Length (All except Structural and Flat Roofs)
Enter the length of the bottom flange to be used at the end of the bottom head knuckle.

- 52 -

COMPRESSION RING / WIND GIRDER DESIGN SCREEN


ETank performs wind calculations on this screen. It also assumes equal spacing to the
intermediate wind girders (shell stiffeners).

Figure 19: Intermediate Wind Girder design screen.

Roof Compression Ring / Top Wind Girder Type


Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available Stiffening Ring types.
Click an entry to make a selection. See API-650 Figure 3-18 and Table 3-22 for
Stiffening Ring types. A user-defined type may be selected.
Angle Type (ROOF COMP RING)
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available angle types. Click an
entry to make a selection. If the Stiffening Ring Type is User-Defined, you can Add
angles to or Delete angles from the ETank data DB by pressing the "Insert" or "Delete"
keys. See note below on inserting a new angle.
Number of Intermediate Wind Girders
Enter the number of intermediate wind girders on the shell, not including the top or
bottom compression rings.
- 53 -

Intermediate Wind Girder Type


Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available Stiffening Ring types.
Click an entry to make a selection. See the note above for Roof Compression Ring.
Angle Type (Intermediate Wind Girder)
Click the down arrow to display the drop-down list of available angle types. Click an
entry to make a selection. If the Stiffening Ring Type is User-Defined, you can Add
angles to or Delete angles from the ETank data DB. See note below on inserting a new
angle.
Bottom Compression Ring
This is available for dished or conical bottoms only. Click the down arrow to display the
drop-down list of available Stiffening Ring types. Click an entry to make a selection.
See the note above for Roof Compression Ring.
Angle Type (Bottom Comp Ring)
This is available for dished or conical bottoms only. Click the down arrow to display the
drop-down list of available angle types. If the Stiffening Ring Type is User-Defined, you
can Add angles to or Delete angles from the ETank data DB. Click an entry to make a
selection. See note below on inserting a new angle.

- 54 -

Add a USER DEFINED angle to the ETank data DB


1) Select User Defined for either the Top Compression Ring, or Intermediate Wind
Girder, or Bottom Compression Ring
2) Move the cursor to the Angle Type list box below it, and hit the [INSERT] key.
Then you will see the Add User Defined Angle Type box will display (see Figure
21).

Figure 20: When adding a User Defined Angle, you must enter a description, the section modulus, and the
cross-sectional area for it.

- 55 -

NORMAL & EMERGENCY VENTING DESIGN SCREEN


This screen calculates normal and emergency venting requirements per API-2000.
Interactive calculations will be shown giving pressure and vacuum normal venting
capacity required, as well as Emergency Venting capacity required in cubic feet per
minute (CFM).

Figure 21: Venting design screen.

Calculating Venting Requirements


If you select Yes from the drop-down list the interactive calculations will be displayed,
and the Venting Report can be generated by hitting [F5], or clicking the Specific
Report button on the toolbar.
Product Flash Point
Enter product flash point temperature.
Maximum Fill Rate
Enter maximum rate of fluid volume flow into the tank under normal conditions.

- 56 -

Maximum Empty Rate


Enter maximum rate of fluid volume flow exiting the tank under normal conditions.
Is Drainage away from the Tank Provided
Select Yes or No from the drop-down list.
Thickness of Non-Combustible Insulation
Enter thickness of non-combustible insulation.

- 57 -

NOZZLE & MANWAY DESIGN SCREEN


ETank allows you to detail the placement of nozzles and manways on the tank being
designed or re-rated. You specify repad dimensions and nozzle sizes for simple
calculations. For detail nozzle calculations, you specify more nozzle and repad details.
Interactive messages display the total Roof Nozzles, Shell Nozzles, Roof Manways, Shell
Manways, and Other Nozzles currently listed for the tank.
Adding a Nozzle or Manway
To add a nozzle to the tank, click the Add button. ETank does not copy any prior
nozzle information.
Removing a Nozzle or Manway
To remove a nozzle from the tank, click the Remove button. Any data you entered for
that nozzle will be erased.
Simple Nozzle Calculations (API-650 tables)**
If the Detailed Nozzle Calculations is not checked for a selected nozzle, ETank
performs minimum repad size calculations using API-650 tables for area make-up.

- 58 -

Simple Nozzle Calcs - Input Data


Naming a Nozzle
Enter an identifier for the nozzle or manway. You may enter up to 25 characters to
identify it.
If you export a Tank File to ETank for DOS, the name is truncated to 8 characters.
Type of Nozzle
Click the down arrow to display a list of nozzle / manway types. You may specify it to
be a Roof Nozzle, Roof Manway, Shell Nozzle, Shell Manway, or Other (perhaps a drain
nozzle). Click an entry from the list to select it.
Size
When on this text box, you can hit [F1] to display the Pipe Schedule and Coupling
Window for selecting nozzle or coupling sizes, or you can type the nominal pipe size of
the nozzle or manway directly.
Flange Facing
For reference only. Enter the type of flange (e.g. RFSO).
If you export a Tank File to ETank for DOS, the name is truncated to 6 characters.
Schedule
For reference only. Enter the schedule or neck thickness, in inches.
If you export a Tank File to ETank for DOS, the name is truncated to 4 characters.
Height
Enter the height of the nozzle or manway centerline from the bottom of the first shell
course.
Reinforcement Pad Thickness
Enter thickness for the REPAD used on the selected nozzle. If there is no nozzle
REPAD, enter zero.
Reinforcement Pad Diameter or Length
Enter the outside diameter or length of the REPAD used on the selected nozzle. If there
is no nozzle REPAD, enter zero.
Reinforcement Pad Width
If a non-circular REPAD is used, enter the width of the REPAD used on the selected
nozzle. If the nozzle is using a circular REPAD, enter zero.
NOTE: ETank gets nozzle & manway data from API-650. This data can be overridden
by entering a new value.
- 59 -

NOTE: ETank will calculate repad dimensions required when you hit [F2]. In Design
mode, it may override your repad entered dimensions.
Detailed Nozzle Calculations (API-620 method)**
If the Detailed Nozzle Calculations check box is checked for a selected nozzle, ETank
performs repad size calculations, and nozzle reinforcement calculations using API-620
methods.

Detailed Nozzle Calcs Input Data


Material
This is the nozzle or manway material type. If repad is used on the nozzle, it is
assumed to be of the same material.
Neck Joint Efficiency
This is the joint effiency for the neck of the nozzle or manway. Seamless pipe joint
efficiency, for instance, should be 1.
Area Joint Efficiency on Which nozzle is Mounted
When the nozzle or manway is mounted on the tank, the Area Joint efficiency is the
tank joint efficiency where the nozzle or manway is located. For instance, if the nozzle
- 60 -

is mounted at a weld seam of the tank, then Area Joint Efficiency should equal the joint
efficiency of the tank specified on the Design Data Screen.
Otherwise, if the nozzle or manway is not mounted on a weld seam, you can enter a 1
for Area Joint Efficiency.
Neck Thickness
This is the thickness of the selected nozzle or manway.
Corrosion Allowance
This is the neck corrosion allowance for the nozzle or manway selected.
Length of Internal Projection
This is length of neck projection into the tank for the nozzle or manway selected.
Fillet Weld Thickness at Repad OD
This is the the outer fillet weld thickness at the selected nozzle or manways repad
edge.
Fillet Weld Thickness at Nozzle OD
This is the neck fillet weld thickness for the selected nozzle or manway.
Nozzle ID
This is the internal diameter for the selected nozzle or manway.
Length of External Projection
This is length of neck projection outside the tank for the nozzle or manway selected.
Orientation on Shell
This is the circumferential orientation on the tank shell where the selected nozzle or
manway is located. Usually, 0 denotes the centerline orientation for shell or roof
manway or primary nozzle.
**Detailed Nozzle Calculations
This checkbox applies only to the specific nozzle or manway that is currently selected.
Viewing Individual Nozzle Reports
On the Nozzle Design Screen, you can double click a nozzle in the real-time output list
box, and ETank will run a report just for that nozzle.

- 61 -

PIPE SCHEDULE AND COUPLING WINDOW


After hitting [F1] when in the Size text box on the Nozzle Design Screen, the
International Pipe Schedule window will appear (Figure 21).

Figure 22: On Nozzle Design Screen, select the Size box, then hit [F1] to display the International Pipe Schedule.

Here you can choose to view 10S, STD, XS, or XXS pipe schedule lists, or Threaded /
Socket Full / Half Height coupling lists by clicking the appropriate option buttons on the
upper right side of the form.
Select a pipe from the list that you want to assign for the selected nozzle, and click the
Close button. The Size and Schedule will be filled in automatically for both simple
and detailed nozzles. Furthermore, the nozzle ID and nozzle neck thickness will be
filled in automatically for detailed nozzles.

- 62 -

REPORT VIEWER WINDOW


The report displays the report you have selected, which can be printed by clicking the
Print button. Alternatively, you can select the text in the text box and copy it to
another word processor.
How-To : View Full Tank Report
On the Setup and Nozzle Screens, click the Full Report button
Report from the Reports menu.

, or select Full

How-To: View Specific Reports


On any design screen, you can hit [F5] to bring up the specific report for the design
screen you are currently viewing. You may also click the Specific Report button, or
select the specific report show in the Reports menu.

- 63 -

Figure 23: Report Viewer, with page marker checked, permits copying the report into the ETank Blank Report
template, and utilizing the macro to properly insert page breaks.

Command : Print Report (x pages)


Sends the viewed ETank report directly to the printer.
Command : Save to Disk
Allows you to save the ETank report to disk as an .RTF text file.
Command : Copy Report
Use this to copy the report to a word processor, such as Microsoft Word. After you click
this button, the entire ETank report is copied to the Windows clipboard. You can then
switch to another application and use the paste option to paste the report.
Option : Keep Page Marker on Copy
If this option is checked, ETank will insert page break markers, which are replaced by
page breaks in the macro found in the ETank Blank Report template.
- 64 -

Keystrokes
[PGUP] and [PGDN] will scroll through the report.
Mouse
If you have a wheel mouse, click on the report window then scroll using the wheel.

- 65 -

HOW-TO USE THE ETANK BLANK REPORT TEMPLATE


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Run your ETank report as desired.


On the Report Viewer screen, check the option Keep Page Marker on Copy.
Click Copy Report
Open the ETank Blank Report template for MS Word. Go to Start -> Program
Files -> E-Ware Inc > ETank 2000 -> Word 97 ETank Report Template
Enable the macros in the ETank Blank Report document, when prompted by Word.
Hit [Ctrl-A] to select all the text in the blank report template. Delete the existing
text.
Hit [Ctrl-V] or click Paste to insert your ETank report text (copied from step 3).
Hit [Alt-F8] to open the macros screen in Word.
Run the ETankReport1_6_7 macro.

- 66 -

MATERIAL EDITOR WINDOW


With this utility, you can Add a Material, Copy an Existing Material, or Edit a Material
that you previously added to ETanks Data DB.
To open the Materials Editor, go to Tools=>Materials Editor and the Material Editor
utility will open (Figure 22).

Figure 24: Go to Tools=>Materials Editor to open the Materials Editor utility.

Navigation
At the bottom of the screen are the navigation buttons, and a navigation list box.
These let you view the existing materials in the ETank data DB (Figure 23).

Figure 25: Navigation buttons and list box on the Material Editor allow you to view ETank's existing materials.

Adding a Material to ETank


Click the Add button to clear the form and start adding a material.
Because of the differences in the way API-650, API-620, & ANSI B96.1 deal with
different materials, the materials database has been designed to handle several
different scenarios.
You must provide the following Material Data:
Material Name
The material name must be unique in the Data DB list.

- 67 -

API-650 Listed?
This should be checked if API-650 allows the material to be used for the purpose
specified in the Allow Types list box (below).
SI Units? (future use)
Since this feature is not yet available, you should leave it unchecked. Check this to
enter data in metric units.
Defunct?
Check this if you do not want allow New Tank Files to reference the material.
Existing tank files that reference a defunct material will show a prefix Defunct on the
material name when you open the tank file. The reports will still run, and they will not
show the prefix.
Adopted?
If unchecked for an imported tank material (see below), the material will not appear for
New Tank Files. Only the imported tank file that references the material can use it.
If checked for an imported tank material, the material will appear on design screens as
permitted by its Allowed Types attribute (see below).
Imported?
If checked, then the material was automatically added by ETank when you imported a
Tank File from another ETank user. ETank adds materials from imported tank files
when it does not find the material name in your ETank data DB.
If unchecked, then this material did not come from an imported Tank File.
Classification
When adding a material, you must specify a material class.
Permitted ETank classifications are carbon steel, stainless steel, high nickel steel alloy,
or aluminum alloy.
Allowed Types
When adding a material, you must specify at least one allowed type, which is the form
of the material to be used.
Permitted ETank material types include plate, structural, welded pipe, seamless pipe,
forged pipe, or bolting.
Allowed Groups
When adding a material, you must specify what API-650 group to which the material
should be classified. Select No API-650 Groups if you are unsure, or want to skip it.

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Permitted ETank material groups are None, API-650 Group I (1), API-650 Group II (2),
API-650 Group III (3), API-650 Group IIIA (3A), API-650 Group IV (4), API-650 Group
IVA (4A), API-650 Group V (5), API-650 Group VI (6).
Sy (PSI)
2% Offset Yield Strength taken from API-650 Table 3.2 or API-620 Table 3.1
Sut (PSI)
Ultimate tensile strength taken from API-650 Table 3.2 or API-620 Table 3.1
Sa 620 (PSI)
The maximum allowable tensile stress from API-620 Table 3.1. This is used for API-620
calculations and is not modified for temperature changes.
NOTE: The maximum design temperature for API-620 is 250 F.
Density (LBF/IN3)
Material density in lbf/in3
Max T (IN.)
Maximum allowable thickness per API-650 2.2.2
R100 , R150, R200, R201, R250, R300, R350, R400, R450, R500
Allowable Stress Reduction Factors (no units) for the given temperatures (F).
For carbon steel, this value can be taken from API-650 Table M-1.
For stainless steel, this value must be calculated by dividing the allowable stress at a
given temperature by the allowable stress at ambient temperature given in API-650
Table S-2.
E100, E200, E300, E400, E500 (x 10 6 psi)
Modulus of Elasticity for the given temperatures (F).
For carbon steel, this value can be taken from API-650 Table M-2.
For stainless steel, this value can be obtained API-650 Table S-6.
SY200, SY300, SY400, SY500 (PSI)
Yield Stress at specific temperatures. For carbon steel, this field is not used. ETank
uses the Allowable Stress Reduction Factors. For stainless steel, this value can be
obtained API-650 Table S-5.
ASME Chart (Version 1.4 or later)
This is optional. If the ASME Section VIII chart is listed, you can assign it to the
material being added. Any material that has an assigned ASME chart will permit ETank
to calculate the ASME B factor for vacuum calculations.
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Archiving ETank Tanks and Materials Data and Restoring


Archives
How ETank Stores Data
ETank uses two databases. The Main DB stores user entered tank data, and the Data
DB stores reference information, such as material data (including user-defined
materials), compression ring data (including user-defined compression rings), nozzle
size data, and structural beam data (including user-defined rafter/column/girder data).
One-Click ETank Database Updates
Periodically, E-Ware releases updates to ETank that permits more input data to be
specified for a tank design, or changes or adds to the supporting data. Starting with
ETank 1.4 and later, ETank can detect if your databases are out of date, and update
them automatically, without requiring you to download new databases, or manually
migrating your tank files. If ETank detects your current databases are not the latest
versions, ETank will inform you of that, and tell you to go to the Configuration Options
Screen (General Tab), and use the Update DB buttons.
Archiving ETank Databases
With ETank 1.4 or later, you can archive the ETank Databases to safeguard your data in
case you need to uninstall ETank, or want to allow another user to use your databases.
Archives of either or both the ETank Main DB and Data DB may be created at any time.
Go to Tools->DB Utilities->Create Archive.., and select Main DB, Data DB, or all
Databases. If the Archive Options have not been previously specified, using the
Configuration Options Screen (Archive Options Tab), then ETank will automatically
display the Archive Options screen for you to specify the actions you want ETank to
take when archiving. Using the default archive options is recommended.
Where are the Archive Databases?
ETank will maintain the archives in a subdirectory call Archives. So if you installed
ETank to the default location (C:\Program Files\ETank2000), then the archives would
be found at C:\Program Files\ETank2000\Archives.
NOTE: Archive databases may be deleted at any time without any side effects to the operation of ETank.

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Accessing an Archive (not available in Demo)


Once you create at least one archive of the Main DB, you can access it later by going to
File->Tank Archives.. and selecting it from the list. On the top of this list is shown the
Current Main DB, which is your ETank default Main database.
Once you create at least one archive of the Data DB, you can access it later by going to
Tools->Material Archives and selecting it from the list. On the top of this list is shown
the Current Data DB, which is your ETank default Data database.
NOTE: If you specified a password when creating the archive, then that will be required
access an archive later.
Compacting ETank Databases
You can compact your ETank databases periodically to conserve disk space. Go to
Tools-> DB Utilities->Compact DBs. When compacting an ETank database, ETank will
automatically create an archive of it, if one has not been previously created.
Exporting Tank Files to Disk
ETank can export any tank file as a text file, suitable for saving to your project folder,
or e-mailing to another ETank user. To export a tank file, you must first open it, then
click File-> Export. ETank will use the Job as the file name, and assigns a .txt
extension by default (unless you change the file format to one of the ETank DOS
formats then the file extension will be .650). ETank will use the import / export file
path setting as the initial directory to save the file, but you can select and save the file
to any valid directory. You can change the Import / Export File Path setting in the
Configuration Options Screen (General Tab).

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Automatically Exporting Tank Files to Disk


Check the Export Backup checkbox in the Configuration Options Screen (General Tab).
If this option is checked, any time you click the save button to save a tank to the
ETank Main DB, the tank is automatically exported to the path specified in the Import /
Export File Path text box of the Configuration Options Screen (General Tab). If no
path was specified there, then ETank will export to its local path (the default ETank
directory will be C:\Program Files\ETank2000)

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TROUBLESHOOTING
Known Issues with 1.7.2 and earlier Mobile User Version:
The hasp drivers are not recognized by ETank when installed on Vista Business 64-bit
edition.

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