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Stretch Silagefilm

Masterbatches Designed for Agricultural Applications

stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311

Advantages of Silage in Agriculture by Use of Stretch Silagefilm 1. Stretch Silagefilm must be UV-stabilised to withstand a minimum of 1 year under outdoor exposure.or as 3-layer coextruded film. because silage enables earlier harvest. The usual wall thickness for such films is in a range of 19-25 Micron. 4. stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 2/8 . Stretch Silage-film has an adhesive surface (either on the outside. Compared to conventional harvest. Minor loss of nutrient in feed. which enables airtight wrapping of the harvest. Bales are recommended to be wrapped with 50% overlap. 3. Gabriel-Chemie has long term experience in the field of coloration and light stabilisation of Stretch Silagefilms. bale wrapping is relatively independent from weather conditions. Enables better degree of mechanisation during production of silage.Stretch Silagefilm Stretch Silagefilms are used in agriculture for bale wrapping after hay harvesting. Bales are often wrapped with a minimum of 4 film layers ( ideal 6 layers ) under prestretching forces and are stored outdoors. on the inside or on both). Criterias for Stretch Silagefilm Stretch Silagefilm is manufactured either as Mono. Better nutrient content in basic feed. Bale wrapping is a method of producing basic feed. 2. 5.

FUVAO) o UV-Masterbatch natural In 3-layer coextruded films.. if the use of combination-products should become necessary to increase the opacity of film. stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 3/8 . product suggestions and dosage recommendations can be obtained from our Technical Service . so the preference should be given to the use in the inside layer according to possibilities during manufacture of the film.FUVAO) are used in the middle layer only.. Particular information.. Lifespan Expectation of a Stretch Silagefilm After 1 year outdoor exposure the Stretch Silagefilm should retain at least 50% tensile strength..please contact our responsible sales representative. the light stabilisation should take place in all 3 layers! Usually combined colour/UV concentrates (extension code . It has to be taken into account that UV-stabilisation must be designed regarding to maximum possible annual sun radiation energy which is typical to geographic area of application..Stretch Silagefilm The typical formulation of a 3-layer coextruded Stretch Silagefilm can be as follows: inner layer Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 o + o/+ middle layer + + + outside layer o o o + combined colour/UV (extension code ..

Latest measurements of the Austrian Central Meteorological Institute show that the annual sun radiation energy has risen due to climatic alterations to an average of approximately 100kLy in Austria.19 kJ/cm2  1 kLy = 1.11632 Wh/cm2 = 11. stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 4/8 . A conversion to other energy units is possible. The sun radiation energy is usually expressed in kLy (Kilolangley) units. even in some areas about 110kLy. Diagram shows as an example the development of the sun radiation energy in Vienna/Austria relating to the year of measurement: 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 1995 1993 1991 Year 1989 1987 1985 1983 1981 Sun Radiation in kLy A suitable UV-stabilisation of a Stretch Silagefilm must refer to geographical area(s) of exposure and their average sun radiation energy as well as to the wall thickness of the Mono. the yearly sun radiation energy in Central Europe was assumed with an average of 80 kLy per year.or 3-layer coextruded film.5 J/cm2 = 4.63 kWh/m2  1 hour of sunshine (average value) = 45 Ly (from 33 Ly to 77 Ly !) 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Annual Sun Radiation in Vienna/Austria In the past. the conversions in other units can be done as follows:  1 kLy = 1000 Ly Langley  1 kLy = 4187.Stretch Silagefilm Global Radiation in kLy/Year The annual sun radiation energy depends on meteorological conditions and can show very different values according to place of the exposure.

but also lifetime of plastic articles used outdoors. stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 5/8 . which have been proven through extensive field trials. In particular pesticides and insecticides based upon sulphur or halogenated compounds or acid separating substances can lead to a considerable loss of efficiency due to interactions with light stabilisers. The UV-B radiation is the highest energy part of solar irradiation reaching the ground and this phenomenon is mainly attributed to the decrease of the ozone layer in the atmosphere.  Mechanical damages to film occurring on the bale surface during outside storage. but also can decrease effectiveness of applied light stabilisers in the film. This deteriorates not only the quality of the silage itself. Therefore our combined colour/UV concentrates (extension code. Which Influences Can Impair the Lifetime of a Stretch Silagefilm  The lifetime of Stretch Silagefilm is definitely influenced by the kind and quality of used polymers. Once evaluated polymer-formulations should remain unchanged. allows water and oxygen to come into contact with the wrapped silage property. causing uncontrolled fermentation process and formation of fungus and/or mildew. As a result this affects not only human health and crop growth. as measured by the NASA Satellite Nimbus 7.  Contact media like agrochemicals applied in agriculture can also affect the UV-stability of a Stretch Silagefilm. has significantly increased in many regions of the world (also in Europe). Gabriel-Chemie is therefore monitoring NASA global satellite data showing sun radiation energy all over the world and is taking this into consideration when recommending a light stabilisation..  Undesired fermentation process in the silage can lead to formation of volatile biogenic sulphur substances what can be a further reason of loss of efficiency due to interactions with light stabilisers.Stretch Silagefilm Over the last decades the amount of UV-B radiation.FUVAO) contain weather resistant pigments only...  Pigments can improve or deteriorate the results of UV-stabilisation of a Stretch Silagefilm..

.FUVAO) exclusively weather resistant pigments for the coloration of Stretch Silagefilm.Stretch Silagefilm It has to be taken into account that dark colours consume more energy from sunlight radiation than light colours. stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 6/8 ...FUVAO) incorporate the highest quality pigment dispersion in order to avoid formation of windows and holes in the film when stretched. which are proven by long term experience. respective of individual layer of coextruded film and required opacity of the film is an pre-requisite to one providing optimum recommendations to the customer. so that the surface of bales absorb higher temperatures.. Gabriel-Chemie uses in combined colour/UV concentrates (extension code . An indication of about the wall thickness (Micron) of required monolayer film. In dark colours higher amount of light stabilisers has to be used with regard to colour in question.... Important Criteria for the Coloration and Light Stabilisation of Stretch Silagefilm Gabriel-Chemie adapts the coloration and light stabilisation of a Stretch Silagefilm depending upon the desired lifespan expectation and according to geographical area of application in co-operation with the customer. compatible with the applied light stabilisers. which could lead to accelerated ageing of the polymer.. Gabriel-Chemie has extensive experience in the area of the coloration and stabilisation of Stretch Silagefilm and is a competent partner in this field of application. Gabriel-Chemie combined colour/UV concentrates (extension code .

Stretch Silagefilm Colour Examples for Combination Products Colour/UV Natural White similar to Pantone 344 C similar to Pantone 557 C similar to Pantone 5763 C similar to Pantone Warm Gray 1 C similar to Pantone Cool Gray 7 C stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 7/8 .

O. Rusayl Industrial Area.b. TVK-Ipartelep P. 117 Sultanate of Oman T +968 / 24 44 92 58 F +968 / 24 44 92 64 info@gal.gabriel-chemie.gabriel-chemie. K Lihovaru 172 CZ-533 41 Láznĕ Bohdaneč T +420 46 / 604 92 01 F +420 46 / 604 92 04 info@cz.L P.com Gabriel-Chemie Polska sp.06 Bucuresti Romania T +40 / 722 434 357 F +40 / 314 024 027 info@ro.r. P.com Our net of AGENTS and DISTRIBUTORS is listed on our website: www.com info@gabriel-chemie.o. Parzniewska 4 PL-05 804 Pruszków T+ 48 (0)22 / 738 64 00 F+ 48 (0)22 / 738 64 01 info@pl.com Gabriel-Chemie Romania S.com Gabriel-Chemie UK Ltd.o. P.com Gabriel-Chemie Deutschland GmbH Ritzenschattenhalb 1 D-87480 Weitnau/Oberallgäu T +49 (0)8375 / 9201-0 F +49 (0)8375 / 9201-30 info@de.gabriel-chemie.O. z o. Transfesa Road Paddock Wood. Box 175.Contacts Stretch Silagefilm Gabriel-Chemie Gesellschaft m.16 – C.com Gabriel-Chemie Hungaria Kft.com stretch silagefilm_en_ed1_200311 8/8 .gabriel-chemie. Kent.com Gabriel-Chemie France 269/287 Rue de la Garenne F-92000 Nanterre T +33 (0)1 / 47 60 07 45 F +33 (0)1 / 47 60 19 46 info@fr.H.R.gabriel-chemie.gabriel-chemie.com Gulf Additives LLC 4-C.gabriel-chemie.com Gabriel-Chemie Schweiz AG Kirchstraße 17 CH-8274 Gottlieben T +41 (0)71 / 666 60 90 F +41 (0)71 / 666 60 99 info@ch.com Gabriel-Chemie Bohemia. s.O.gabriel-chemie.gabriel-chemie.P. TN 12 6 UT T +44 (0)1892 / 83 65 66 F +44 (0)1892 / 83 69 79 info@uk. Box 209 H-3581 Tiszaújváros T +36 (06)49 / 521 459 F +36 (06)49 / 522 297 info@hu.C. Box O.gabriel-chemie.P. Industriestrasse 1 A-2352 Gumpoldskirchen T +43 (0)2252 / 636 30-0 F +43 (0)2252 / 627 25-0 www.gabriel-chemie.