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Q1.

Q2.

Q3.

To describe the motion of bodies these are generally considered size as point objects. For this which of the statements is true (a) the laws of motion are valid only for truly point size objects (b) the laws of motion are valid for all bodies which move distance much larger than their own sizes (c) the laws of motion are valid for all bodies irrespective of their sizes and the distance they move (d) the laws of motion are valid for large bodies even if they move distance much less than their sizes Which of the following in a closest example of motion in one dimension (a) a train moving on a railway track (b) a boat sailing on a lake over distances small compared to earth radius (c) a billiard ball in motion (d) earth moving around the see The position-time graph for an object is shown below. x This is an example of (a) motion in one dimension x0 (b) motion in two dimensions (c) motion in three dimensions (d) stationary object
True

Q4.

Which of the graphs (velocity-time) represents uniform motion


(v) (v)
(v)

velocity (v)

(a) Q5.

Q6.

Q7.

(t) (t) (t) (d) (b) (c) A body is uniform motion in one dimension moves from a position x at time t to another position at time t. Which of the statements is wrong for this motion. (a) the actual distance covered in time t to t is the magnitude of displacement (b) the velocity calculated by making any choices for t and t always gives the same result (c) a larger value of the difference t t will give a small value of the velocity because velocity is obtained by dividing by t t (d) a larger value of x x will give larger value of the velocity. For a body in uniform motion in one dimension, which of the following statements is not true (a) the body has constant speed (b) the body has constant velocity (c) the body has constant acceleration (d) the body moves equal distance in equal time intervals. Which of the graphs (positiontime) represents uniform motion in one dimension

time(t)

position (x)

(a)
x

tim e (t)

(b)
x

(c)

(d)

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Q8.

Q9.

For uniform motion in one dimension which f the statements is not true (a) both speed and velocity can be positive (b) both speed and velocity can be negative (c) velocity can be either positive or negative but speed is always positive (d) both speed and velocity can be zero Which of the following graphs describing the uniform motion of two bodies (1) and (2) represents zero relative velocity between them.
Position x (2) (1)

(2) (1)

(a)
(2) x (1)

time (t)

(b)
x (2) (1)

(c)

(d)

Q10. Which of the following does not represents motion with constant acceleration
velocit y v

velocity

(a)
vel ocit y

time (t)

(b)
vel ocity

tim e

(c)

time

(d)

tim e

Q11. The figure below describing the motion of a body in one dimension state which statement is not true (a) segment AB and EF represents motion with uniform velocity (b) segment BC represents motion with positive acceleration (c) segment CD represents motion with constant acceleration (d) segment DE represents motion with negative acceleration

Position E A2 C A1 A B D F

Time

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Q12. Which of the following curves describes motion with positive constant acceleration.

v
velocity v

(a)
v

time (t)

(b)
v

t (c) (d) Q13. Which of the following represents motion with negative constant acceleration motion
vel ocity v
v

(a)
v

tim e (t)

(b)
v

t (c) (d) Q14. Which of the following does not represent a constant acceleration motion
vel ocity v

velocity v

(a)
velocity

tim e (t)

(b)
velocity

time (t)

tim e time (c) (d) Q15. A car accelerates on a straight road from rest to a speed of 50 m/s in 25 sec. The distance covered by car in this time is (a) 1250 m (b) 625 m (c) 2 m (d) 1/2 m
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Q16. Two trains move with speeds 100 km/hr on parallel trades opposite to each other. Which statement is true (a) The relative velocity between trains is 200 km/hr (b) The relative velocity between train is zero (c) The relative velocity between trains is 100 km/hr (d) The velocity of earth relative to both trains is same 20 Q17. In the displacementtime graph below the ratio of speeds during the first two seconds and the next four 25 displacement seconds i 10 (a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 5 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 3 : 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 tim e

Q18. For the velocitytime graph below what is the ratio of the distance covered by the body in the last two seconds of its motion to the total distance covered (a) 2 : 3 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 1 : 3 (d) 1 : 4

20 15 velocity 10 5 1 2 3 5 6 7 time (s)

Q19. The variation of the speed of a car with time is given as The maximum acceleration is in the segment

D Speed B C A Time E

(a) AB (b) BC (c) CD (d) DE Q20. A car accelerate from rest at constant rate for sometime after which it decelerate at constant rate to come to rest. If the total time of motion is t, the maximum velocity acquired by the car is (a) / + (b) + / (c) 2 + 2/() t (d) 2 2/() t Q21. A train moves from rest to rest for time t, accelerating at constant rate a for sometime and then decelerating at constant rate for the remaining time. The distance covered is

1 1 1 + 2 1 2 (b) + t 2 (c) (d) t t 2 2 + Q22. When a particle is in motion, its (a) average speed is equal to the magnitude of its average velocity (b) average velocity can never be zero (c) average speed can never be zero (d) average velocity is always half he sum of initial and final velocity Q23. Two trains are heading towards each other on the same track with velocity v1 and v2 respectively. The drivers, noticing this when the trains are at a distance apart, apply brakes, giving same acceleration to each train. The necessary condition for no collision is
(a)

t +

(a)

(v1 + v 2 )2
4

<

(b)

2 v1 + v 2 2 < 4

(c)

2 v1 + v 2 2 < 2

(d)

(v1 + v 2 )2
8

<

Q24. Which of the following is not a vector quantity (a) displacement (b) speed (c) velocity Q25. A body falls from rest under gravity. The distance moved by it during the 2nd second is
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(d) acceleration

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(a) 1/2 g (b) g (c) 3/2 g (d) 2g Q26. The velocity of a body which has fallen freely under gravity through a height h is given as gp hq. p, q are given by (a) p = 1, q = 1 (b) p = 1 q = 1/2 (c) p = 1/2 q = 1/2 (d) p = 1/2 q = 1 Q27. The velocity time graph of a body is shown in the figure. The acceleration of the body v (a) decreases with time (b) is uniform (c) increases with time (d) decreases in the beginning and the starts increases
t

Q28. A wooden block, starting from rest, slides down are inclined plane of length L with an acceleration a0 and reaches the bottom with a speed of 10 m/s. If the length of the plane were 2L, it would reach the bottom with a speed. (a) 5 m/s (b) 10 m/s (c) 14 m/s (d) depending upon the angle of inclination Q29. A body moving with an initial velocity v covers a distance of 15 m in the sixth second and 19 m in the eighth second. It has an acceleration (a) zero (b) 1 m/s2 2 (c) 2 m/s (d) which can be determined only if v is known Q30. A body starting from rest has a velocity 2 ms1 when it has covered a distance 2m. Its velocity after covering a distance 20 m is (a) 10 m/s (b) 20 m/s (c) 102 m/s (d) 210 m/s Q31. A body when released from certain height reaches ground in 40. The time taken to cover half the distance is (a) 2 sec (b) 22 sec (c) 42 sec (d) 2 + 2 sec Q32. A body released form the roof of a building 10 m high takes time t to hit the ground. It will take twice as much time if it is dropped from a height of (a) 14 m (b) 20 m (c) 28 m (d) 40 m Q33. The linear speed of the seconds hand of a wall clock is 1.05 cm s1. The length of the seconds hand is nearly (a) 1 cm (b) 5 cm (c) 10 cm (d) 60 cm v Q34. The velocitytime graph of a body is shown. The distance covered by the body two seconds after start is 9 m/s (a) 8 m (b) 12 m 5 m/s (c) 16 m (d) 20 m
4s t

Q35. A body under uniformly acceleration motion covers 20 m in first second and another 40 m in the 2nd second. The initial velocity of the body is (a) zero (b) 5 m/sec (c) 10 m/sec (d) 20 m/sec Q36. A ball thrown vertically upwards reaches a maximum height of 20 m and falls back to the thrower. It will reach time after (g = 10 m/s2) (a) 2 sec (b) 4 sec (c) 8 sec (d) 16 sec Q37. The distancetime graph of the motion of a body is s given below. It represents the body (a) in uniform motion (b) thrown vertically upwards (c) released from the top of a tower t (d) none of the above Q38. The acceleration of a particle starting from rest varies with time according to the relation a = kt + c, k and c being constants. The velocity of the body after time t will be

1 2 1 1 2 1 2 kt + ct (c) kt 2 + ct (d) kt + ct 2 2 2 2 Q39. A body freely falling from a tower of height h covers a distance h/2 in last second of its motion. The height of the tower is (g = 10 ms2) nearly (a) 50 m (b) 55 m (c) 58 m (d) 60 m
(a) kt2 + ct (b)
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Q40. For a particle moving with a constant speed along a straight line AB, the hodograph will be (a) a straight line parallel to AB (b) a straight line perpendicular to AB (c) a circle with diameter along AB (d) first a point

Answers
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. (b) (a) (d): (a): (c): (c): (a) (b): (a): (b) (a): (b): (c): (c) (b): (c) (c): (d): (c): (a): (d): (c): (c): (b) (c): (c) (a): (c): (c): (d) (b): (d): (c): (b) (c): (b): (c): (b): (c): (d): position remains constant with time velocity remains constant with time displacement will also be large if time interval is large acceleration will change the velocity speed can not be negative; negative speed is meaningless x is constant for equal Ts; equal slopes of the st. line. AB represents stationary state so does EF velocity increases uniformly velocity decreases uniformly slope is not constant Acc. = 50/25 ms2 ; s = 1/(2) at2 in inverse to time intervals in proportion to the areas under the respective curves. CD is the steepest portion maximum slope t1 (t t1) = 0 and v = t1 as in Q20 (a) speed is always taken to be +ve use s = ut 1/(2) at2, s s1 = 1/(2) g, s2 = 1/(2) g . 22 at t increase slope decrease v2 u2 = 2as s = ut + 1/(2) at2 2 u2 2as, v = u + at s = ut + 1/(2) t2 as above in 60 sec the second travel a distance 2 s = ut + 1/(2) at2 as above s = 1/(2) at2 a parabola direct integration gives the result s = ut + 1/(2) at2, v2 a2 = 2as def. of hodograph.

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